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Independence of the Judiciary in the United States

In: Historical Events

Submitted By ozmustafa
Words 2982
Pages 12
Judicial system can vary everywhere. Countries determine a judicial system based on their form of government. Islamic countries mainly adopt Sharia law or Islamic legal system, for instance; Sharia law system is applied in Iran. Another example, in former ottoman, Islamic legal system was substantially implemented depending on Quran, Sunnah, ijma and ijtihad, but especially after the Tanzimat Edict in 1839, the Ottoman Empire gradually began to adopt European law (beginning of democratization); on the other hand, there is independence of the judicial system due to the separation of powers in democratic countries. Separation of powers is an indispensable part of the democratic countries. Separation of powers consists of legislative, executive and judiciary. Briefly, duty of legislative makes the laws. Duty of executive implements the laws. Another part of the separation of powers; judiciary makes trial depending on the law. Judiciary is the most important organ of the separation of powers, and independence of the judiciary is essential in democratic countries. What is independence of the judiciary? Independence of the judiciary is basically separately from the legislative and executive branches . So, what is the level of independent judgment in democratic countries? We will talk about the American legal and judicial system in this article.
American legal system was adopted in 1789; it governs according to the constitution of the United States. All the rules of the legal system are established in the constitution such as the operation of courts, assignment of judges, their salaries and duties etc. America consists of 50 provinces, and America's legal system was also determined in a manner that protects of independence of the all provinces. Firstly, let’s talk about the appointments and salaries of judges. Assignment is done by political institutions (the United...

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