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Indian Financial Code

In: Other Topics

Submitted By mariakhan1810
Words 1972
Pages 8
Indian Financial Code
Summary
The Indian financial system is suffering from the problems of lack of financial inclusion, growth of unregulated shadow market, slow pace of innovation and the challenges of financial integration. It is felt that the present code of the financial sector need to be reviewed and altered, while keeping in mind the present needs of the economy. This is because most of the laws are very old, there are overlaps and inconsistencies, and there is lack of clarity in terms of regulations due to the presence of a number of regulators. It is also argued that the laws in India are traditionally evolved on a problem by problem basis.
With the advent of the New Economic Policy in 1991, substantial economic liberalisation took place in India. Between 1991 and 2002, progress was made in four areas. Firstly, capital controls were substantially reduced to give Indian Firms access to foreign market. Also, a new pension system was evolved and the monopolies of the public sector in the insurance field were broken up. This led to the formation of the new Insurance regulator, Insurance regulator and Development Agency. Additionally, significant increase in the equity market as a mechanism to raise finance by firms led to the formation of the financial market regulator SEBI. Also infrastructure institutions, National stock exchange and National Security Depository were also set up. Although, these moves were taken up in the right direction but they were considered to be inadequate because of the diverse nature of the Indian households and firms. There is a constant need of innovation in its product and processes in the financial sector in order to have a wider outreach. But these forces of innovation and competition are hampered by the present policy framework because of lack of clarity and inconsistencies on a number of issues. In order to address these...

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