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Indie Films

In: Film and Music

Submitted By sagar36
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Thomas Edison started the Motion pictures patent company, which also called the Edison trust. It was basically a combination of group of film companies which were Lubin, Vitagraph, Edison, etc. Edison trust also included the largest distribution company of that time which was owned by George Kleine and the top film stock supplier, Eastman Kodak. This company was created to monopolise the film industry. To break this monopoly, some filmmakers in 1908 started an independent film movement. These filmmakers believed that the Edison trust were trying to control the art form of filmmaking and wanted to preserve artistic side of filmmaking. It can be said that Edison through his company started the first Oligopoly in the film industry because he owned most of the film equipment’s patents such as projectors, camera and film stock.
Filmmakers who used their own cameras and projectors because of budget constraints where prone to lawsuits from Edison. Despite of Edison’s negative attitude towards small filmmakers, an independent cinema movement began to save the artistic element of filmmaking. To stay away from lawsuits, independent filmmakers moved to southern California to continue their work. California in the early 1900’s provided perfect terrain such as the ocean, hills, desert and also great weather to shoot all year round. But the most important factor for Hollywood to lure these independent filmmakers was its district court supported them against Edison trust lawsuits.
Many filmmakers moved to California and produced many small but creative films. But many who started as independent filmmakers, later started the second wave of Oligopoly in the west such as Louis B. Mayer and the Warner Brothers. The Edison trust were struggling to produce movies which appealed the consumers and also by 1915 the Supreme Court of the United States cancelled all Edison’s patents. In…...

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