Premium Essay

Individual Behavior

In: Business and Management

Submitted By jamal3182
Words 5352
Pages 22
The state of chronic absence from work. Absenteeism is usually addressed through progressively stricter disciplinary measures that can result in the termination of the individual's employment. This is generally governed by the organization's attendance policy. The employee handbook frequently documents expected attendance and consequences for absenteeism.

The role of the supervisor in managing absenteeism
According to the most recent CCH Unscheduled Absence Survey, employers are losing ground when it comes to keeping workers on the job. Unscheduled absenteeism rates have risen to their highest level since 1999. What continues to be of most concern is that almost two out of three employees who don’t show up for work aren’t physically ill.
For most companies, the responsibility for managing absenteeism has fallen primarily on immediate supervisors. These supervisors are often the only people who are aware that a certain employee is absent. They are in the best position to understand the circumstances surrounding an individual’s absence and to notice a problem at an early stage. Therefore, their active involvement in the company’s absence procedures is pivotal to the overall effectiveness and future success of an absence policy or program.
Sadly, however, most supervisors have not received any guidance or training in managing absenteeism. They have been left on their own to carry out the often unpopular task of identifying, confronting and resolving absence abuse.
To ensure that supervisors are comfortable and competent in their role of managing absenteeism, they need to have the full support of senior management. All parties must be aware of the aim of absence policies and procedures. Should there be discrepancies between departments; a policy can lose its effectiveness.
To provide more consistency, supervisors should be trained in their responsibilities about...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Models of Individual Behavior

.......................................20  1.7 Humanistic Approach ........................................................................................25  1.7.1 Humanistic Models of Consumer Behaviour..............................................25  1.9 Summary ............................................................................................................28  References................................................................................................................29  Figure 1.1: Stimulus-Organism-Response Model of Decision Making........................7  Figure 1.2: Cognitive Consumer Behaviour Models ..................................................10  Figure 1.3: Major components of the Theory of Buyer Behavior ..............................11  Figure 1.4: The Theory of...

Words: 10006 - Pages: 41

Premium Essay

The Effect of Behaviors and Intercourse on Individuals

...The Effect of Behaviors and Intercourse on Individuals Connections between people form society as it is today. Without these connections people would be able to better protect themselves from harm, but they would also be lost. In chapter four of the novel Connected the authors discuss the connections that are directly and indirectly made by people. Different situations such as, the passing of STDs, behavior while eating, smoking and drinking, and contagious suicide are examples have the ability to be both directly and indirectly connected. One harmless connection can cause a chain reaction, and before long many more people are involved. A connection between two people may seem insignificant; however, these connections cause others to experience similar situations. Connections in Sexual Relations Sexual relations are a form of connection. One person may have relations with one person, who has relations with another person, and so on. This type of connection is an indirect connection, meaning a couple’s friends’ friends’ friend can affect the original couple. STD’s are spread indirectly through a community. Supposing that couples follow the no-partner-swapping rule then theoretically, a person could contract an STD from another person through five connections. These different connections referred to as networks. These different networks can range anywhere from a high school setting, to an entire community. It is thought that the “core” of the network is made......

Words: 976 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Analysis of Mars Model and Individual Behavior in Xyz Company

...organization’s behavior determines by culture, structure, leadership, internal and external factors of organization; therefore, the manager must be able to recognize and react to the factors in order to achieve the organization’s goals. Human behavior in the organization is complex and it differs from every individual to another. Organizations face challenges to match the task, manager and subordinate in an efficient and effective way. Manager or Management in the organization should analyze the tasks, required skills and assemble a team that match each other skills; therefore the management can create an enrich and conflict free team which need to perform the job well. This report is based on XYZ Company’s challenges such as declining of Sales, low level of employee morale and low level of motivation. Also other behavioral issues observations such as conflicts in the work place, absenteeism, lack of trust and integrity between the superior and the subordinates, occasional sabotage, high temper people with severe stress. This report is primarily based on the study of the MARS model, type of individual behavior in organizations and ethics and values in the workplace. Also this report contains the solution for the above problem. Literature Review a. MARS Model MARS model is a model explain individual behavior as a result of internal and external factors or influences acting together. The name of the model is an acronym for individual......

Words: 3789 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Individual Behavior

...Given Focus: Regulating individual behavior is the basic yet essential approach to managing organizational output. Analysis: Value and personality + other factors e.g. cultural or physical environments → Individual behavior → Organizational output Content 1. Organizational Output by Individual Behavior 2. Individual Behavior 2.1 Definition 2.2 Types & Causes 2.2.1 Task Performance 2.2.2 Organizational Citizenship 2.2.3 Counterproductive Work Behaviors 2.2.4 Joining and Staying with the Organization 2.2.5 Maintaining Work Attendance 3. Value & Individual Behavior 4. Personality & Individual Behavior 5. Conclusion   1. Organizational Output by Individual Behavior Some people say organizational output is affected by individual behavior. To examine the statement, let us firstly take a look at individual behavior. 2.2.3 Counterproductive Work Behaviors (CWBs) Counterproductive work behaviors are known as voluntary behaviors that have the potential to directly or indirectly harm the organization1. These behaviors can be intentional or unintentional and result from a wide range of underlying causes and motivations. The variety of acts that are considered CWBs has led to attempts by researchers to create a coherent typology of CWBs. One four-class typology of CWBs divided the CWBs into the following categories: 1. Production deviance - involving poor attendance behaviors like leaving early, intentionally working slow, or taking unnecessarily long......

Words: 1131 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Foundations of Individual Behavior

...Chapter 12: FOUNDATIONS OF INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR Individual Behavior Sets Performance Behaviors- task performance,customer service,productivity. Withdrawal Behaviors-absenteeism,turonover,job disengagement. Citizenship behaviors-helping,volunteering,job engagement. Dysfunctional behaviors-antisocial behavior,intentional wrong doing. PERCEPTION – is the process through which people receive,organize,and interpret information from environment. * Psychological Contracts -is the set of individual expectations about the employment relationship. * Perception and Attribution Attrubution -is the process of explaining events. Attribution error -overestimates internal factors and underestimates external factors as influences on someone’s behavior. Self serving bias-explains personal success by internal causes and personal failures by external causes. * Perceptual tendencies and distortions * Stereotypes -occurs when attributes commonly associated with group are assigned to an individual. * Halo effects -occurs when one attribute is used to develop an overall impression of a person or situation. * Selective Perception -is the tendency to define problems from one’s own point of view. * Projection -is the assignment of personal attributes to other individuals. The lists of job preferences often attributed to Millennials include: * Meaningful work * Positive organizational culture *......

Words: 848 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Individual Behavior Assignment

...Individual Behavior Assignment After completing the big 5 personality questionnaire, my scores were determined as the following: |Dimension |My Percentile % | |Openness to Experience/Intellect |65 | |Conscientiousness |79 | |Extraversion |83 | |Agreeableness |38 | |Neuroticism |66 | Openness to Experience/Intellect Given my scores above, I will discuss my personality type and whether or not it fits well with my current role as a Senior Policy Aide for a Minneapolis City Council Member. The first dimension I will discuss is Openness to Experience/Intellect. Openness to Experience/ Intellect is linked with active imagination, artistic warmth, attentiveness to inner feelings, complexity and independent judgment (Matzler, Bidmon, Grabner-Kräuter, 2006)....

Words: 1653 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Behavior of Individual Investors

...The Behavior of Individual Investors* Brad M. Barbera and Terrance Odeanb aGraduate bHaas School of Management, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA. Tel.:+1 (530) 752 0512 School of Business, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Tel.:+1 (510) 642 6767 Contents 1.  The Performance of Individual Investors 1.1  The Average Individual 1535 1535 1.1.1  Long-Horizon Results 1.1.2  Short-Horizon Results 1.1.3  Market vs. Limit Orders 1540 1542 1543 1.2  Cross-Sectional Variation in Performance 1544 2.  Why do Individual Investors Underperform? 1547 2.1  Asymmetric Information 1547 2.2 Overconfidence 1547 2.3  Sensation Seeking 1549 2.4 Familiarity 1550 3.  Disposition Effect: Selling Winners and Holding Losers The 1551 3.1  The Evidence 1551 3.2 Why Do Investors Prefer to Sell Winners? 1557 4.  Reinforcement Learning 1559 5.  Attention: Chasing the Action 1559 6.  Failure to Diversify 1560 7.  Are Individual Investors Contrarians? 1564 8. Conclusion 1565 References 1565 The bulk of research in modern economics has been built on the notion that human beings are rational agents who attempt to maximize wealth while minimizing risk.These agents carefully assess the risk and return of all possible investment options to arrive at an investment portfolio that suits their level of risk aversion. Models based on these *  e thank Nicholas......

Words: 3428 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Individual Attitudes and Behavior

...PERCEPTION  Perception – is the process through which people receive, organize, and interpret information from the environment. PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTRACTS  Psychological Contract – is the set of individual expectations about the employment relationship. PERCEPTION AND ATTRIBUTION  Attribution - is the process of explaining events.  Attribution Error – occurs when observers blame another person’s performance failures more on internal factors relating to the individual than on external factors relating to the environment.  Self-serving bias – explains personal success by internal causes and personal failures b y external causes. Offers Contributions Offers Inducements Figure 15.1 Components in the psychological contract. PERCEPTUAL TENDENCIES AND DISTORTIONS  Stereotype – is when attributes commonly associated with a group are assigned to an individual.  Halo effects – occurs when one attribute is used to develop an overall impression of a person or situation.  Selective Perception – is the tendency to define problems from one’s own point of view.  Projection – is the assignment of personal attributes to other individuals.  Impression Management – is the systematic attempt to influence how others perceive us. PERSONALITY  Personality – is the profile of characteristics making a person unique from others. BIG FIVE MODEL  Extraversion – is being outgoing, sociable, and......

Words: 701 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Individual Behavior and Communication

...RUNNING HEAD: INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR AND COMMUNICATION Individual Behavior and Communication University of Phoenix Individual Behavior and Communication Individual behavior can be explained by multiple factors such as environment and genetics. People spend a large amount of their time at the workplace. There are elements within the organization that can affect how an individual behaves and listed in this paper are 9 aspects and how each affects individual behavior within 5 selected organizations: Arrowhead Water, 7-Eleven, AT&T, Chevy Chase Bank and The Grand Harbor Resort and Waterpark. Demographic Differences Demographic differences of companies result from companies expanding their business from local or regional to global corporations. While companies like The Grand Harbor and Chevy Chase Bank provide services to diverse group of customers, they have not attempted to operate their business globally. Other companies such as AT&T, Arrowhead and 7-Eleven have opted to maintain offices in a global environment. These companies also serve a diverse group of customers in the United States as well as throughout the world. As a result, the companies are able to adapt to the culture, customs, and attitudes of their customers and provide services based on the needs of the customers. Diversity “Diversity can be defined as a characteristic of a group of people suggesting differences among those people on any relevant dimension” (Hitt, Miller,......

Words: 2352 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Individual Behavior Within the Organization

...Division of City Schools Cabanatuan District II IMELDA INTEGRATED SCHOOL Imelda, Cabanatuan City S.Y. 2015-2016 ULAT TUNGKOL SA BUWAN NG WIKA Filipino: Wika ng Pambansang Kaunlaran Puno ng kulay at saya ang palatuntunan na matagumpay na idinaos para sa pagtatapos ng pagdiriwang ng Buwan ng Wika noong ika-27 ng Agosto, 2015 sa Imelda Integrated School. Tinampukan ang palatuntunan ng mga mga piling pagtatanghal ng mga guro at piling mag-aaral gaya ng balagtasan at pagsayaw. Ang pagdiriwang ng Buwan ng Wika ay nagtampok ng temang: “Filipino: Wika ng Pambansang Kaunlaran.” Sinimulan ang palatuntunan sa panalangin na pinangunahan ni Bb. Zenaida P. Leaño at ang Pambansang Awit na kinumpasan ni Gng. Rowena A. Austero. Ang Pambungad na Pananalita naman ay nagmula sa Punong Guro II ng Imelda Integrated School na si Gng. Rhoda U. Mangulabnan, Ph. D. . Napaisip naman ang mga manonood kung sila ba ay mag aabroad o mananatili sa bansa dahil sa mahusay na pagbabalagtas nila G. Leoneil M. Castro, Gng. Christine D. Sanchez at Gng. Cherry Joy P. Sansait. Napaindak naman ang mga manonood dahil sa pampasiglang bilang na nagmula sa mga piling mag-aaral ng Ikaanim na Baitang sa pamumuno ni Gng. Ruth M. Trinidad, MT II. Ang panghuling sayaw ng mga piling guro ang mas lalong nagpasaya at nagpatili sa lahat. Sa saliw ng maindayog na awitin ni Lea Salonga. Nagkaroon din ng paligsahan sa Buwan ng Wika; Lakan at Lakambini 2015. Nagpakita ang mga kalahok ng iba’t-ibang katutubong......

Words: 328 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Individual Consumer Behavior vs. Business Customer Behavior

...EMBA 2011 | MKTG901 ASSIGNMENT 2 | INDIVIDUAL CONSUMER BEHAVIOR vs. BUSINESS CUSTOMER BEHAVIOR | | ALPER ARSLAN | 10/30/2010 | INDIVIDUAL CONSUMER BEHAVIOR vs. BUSINESS CUSTOMER BEHAVIOR Individual consumer behavior is the process of how “individuals” act in selecting, using and disposing of goods, services, ideas or experiences to satisfy their needs and wants. Business customer behavior or organizational buying behavior on the other hand is a decisions making process by which “formal organizations” identify, evaluate and select among alternative brands or suppliers to satisfy their needs for products or services. When, why, how, and where individual consumers buy or do not buy a product? What about the business customers? How do they behave? What kind of a buying process do the individuals and business customers go through? What are the factors affecting their behavior and in what ways the behavior of these two parties differ? Answers to all these questions raised will be examined through several examples to come up with the major differences between the individual consumer buying behavior and the business customer buying behavior. As individual consumers we make countless number of buying decisions throughout our lives. While some of our purchases are made unconsciously or requires low involvement, in some others we go through a long decision process. But in general, the individual consumer behavior is related to internal or external stimuli, shaped by......

Words: 1970 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Guidance and Counseling displayed attitudes and form of behavior. Guidance service which are aimed at bringing about desirable adjustments in any particular area of experience must take in to account, the all round development of the individual. 2. Although all human beings are similar in many respect, individual difference must be recognized and considered in any effort aimed at providing help or guidance to a particular child. 3. The functions of the guidance is to help a person * Formulate and accept stimulating , worthwhile and attainable goals of behavior * Apply the goals to conduct his behavior. 4. Existing social, economic and politic unrest is giving rise to many maladaptive factors that require the cooperation of experienced and thoroughly trained guidance workers and the individuals with the problem. 5. Guidance should be regarded as a continuing process of service to an individual from young childhood through adulthood. 6. Guidance service should not be limited to the few who give observable evidence of its need, but should be extended to the all person of all ages who can benefit there from either directly or indirectly. 7. Curriculum materials and teaching procedure should evidence a guidance point of view. 8. Parents and teachers have guidance appointed responsibilities. 9. To administer guidance intelligently and with as thorough knowledge of the individual as is possible , programs of individual evaluation should be conducted and......

Words: 1102 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Synergetic Model

...Abstract The Communication Process that is based on the synergetic model has various factors that come into play in order for the communication process to function correctly. The Synergetic model needs many factors to in order to have a successful communication the factors are individual forces, societal forces, culture, and context. Each factor that is used in the synergetic model serves its purpose but overall work together with one another to help each other of the factor to complete the communication process. Those 4 major factors individual, societal forces, culture, and context have their own factors in which come into play with the communication process such as age, language, emotions, cultural differences, and social class. Each of the factors have some of the reasons why when having a conversation with someone else does not work out or misunderstand each other. Synergetic Model “A transactional model based on the roles individual and societal forces. Context and culture also come into play in the communication process.”[1] Is the meaning of synergetic model and is used in the communication process. The synergetic model occurs when 2 or more people create meaning while responding to each other in their environment. Synergetic model was created in 1948 to represent how the communication takes place. It took many engineers and scientists to develop and design the synergetic model to show and describe how it worked to the public. Over the years it was improved into...

Words: 985 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Free Will

... and fictitious ideas— plays the hand they are dealt as new objects, experiences, and relationships are thrown their way.” In other words: nature, the innate qualities a person is born with due to their genetic make-up, interacts with nurture, the personal experiences a person comes into contact with. This was earlier explained using the empirical concept behind psychology’s diathesis-stress models, which examine how an individual’s level of vulnerability to abnormal behavior or mental illness (the diathesis) interacts with environmental factors (the stress) to influence behavior and the development of mental disorders. Similarly, a person’s genetic distinctions (the diathesis) interact with environmental factors and events (the stress) to influence their own thoughts, desires, and behaviors, and thus, their individuality. The example used illustrated the hypothetical scenario of a person receiving a gaze from a total stranger in a public setting, but the scenario was carried out with three different individuals— each with a significant genetic distinction on the receiving end of the gaze. The first example demonstrated the stranger gazing into the eyes of a person born with...

Words: 1081 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Ego Development

...The stages of ego development according to Jane Loevinger is implicated to be ways to understanding, comprehending, and organizing of a person’s life experiences (McAdams, 2006). Through the different stages of ego will help to gain understanding into the personality of individuals in how each person is different in stages of their life by measuring by sentence completions test. The first stage of the ego development is considered to be invalid because the test guide lines of Jane Loevinger’s test is based on the subjects ability to talk and read, the test is a verbal sentence test; henceforth infants cannot verbally reply to the test. The second stage is the impulsive stage which is in early childhood, were the child acts impulsively in expressing their self as egocentric in how the child understands good behavior is rewarded and the acts of bad behavior is punishment for the act. The behaviorisms of the child are manifestations of being impulsive in their actions in selfish egocentric ways, which are dependent upon others and the bodily feelings (McAdams, 2006). The third stage of ego development is the self-protective stage which Loevinger viewed people as having understood and appreciation of rules and how important it is to obey the rules. The self-protective stage is in the awareness of possibilities of consequences to the cause and effects to obtain what they desire, want, or need from others. The manifestations possible are becoming opportunistic; manipulative in......

Words: 716 - Pages: 3