Individual Paper

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By galaxy19
Words 347
Pages 2
routing protocols (RIP, OSPF, and EIGRP)

Citation Work: * Deng, J., & Wu, S. (2014, April 1). Comparison of RIP, OSPF and EIGRP Routing Protocols based on OPNET. Retrieved September 30, 2014, from http://www.sfu.ca/~sihengw/ENSC427_Group9/Final Report .pdf * Adler, S. (2013, March 11). Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) Informational RFC Frequently Asked Questions. Retrieved September 30, 2014, from http://blogs.cisco.com/getyourbuildon/cisco-opens-up-eigrp/ * Schluting, C. (2006, June 01). Understanding ospf routing. Retrieved from http://www.enterprisenetworkingplanet.com/netsp/article.php/3610496/Networking-101-Understanding-OSPF-Routing.htm * Differences between ripv1 or ripv2. (2014, 09 21). Retrieved from http://computernetworkingnotes.com/routing-static-dynamics-rip-ospf-igrp-eigrp/rip-routing.html

TCP three-way handshake
The three-way-handshake is a method used in a TCP/IP network to create a connection between a local host/client and server. It is a three-step method that requires both the client and server to exchange SYN and an ACK (acknowledgment) packet before actual data communication begins.
A three-way-handshake is primarily used to create a TCP socket connection. It works when: * A client node sends a SYN data packet over an IP network to a server on the same or an external network. The objective of this packet is to ask/infer if the server is open for new connection. * The target server must have open ports that can accept and initiate new connections. When the server receives the SYN packet from the client node, it responds and returns a confirmation receipt - the ACK packet or SYN/ACK packet. * The client node receives the SYN/ACK from the server and responds with an ACK packet.

Upon completion of process, the connection is created and the host and server can communicate.

Citation…...

Similar Documents

Individual Learning Paper

...Individual Learning Paper PSY 103 April 28, 2008 As ever changing individuals, there are many learning experiences that one encounters every day of one’s life. These event s can be good or bad. But the ultimate goal is to learn from them. I will discuss from a psychological viewpoint, my personal learning experience with the mistake of giving a minor permission to drink wine while at home without clear and implemented guidelines. I was about 15 years old when my father gave me permission to drink wine freely in the home. He assumed that he was teaching me the properly way to consume and enjoy the taste of various wines. My father’s rationing was that if I learned from an adult instead of another minor this would keep me from abusing alcohol. Unfortunately that was not the case. Being inexperienced to the risk of over drinking, I experienced firsthand what being drunk felt like. I had in the past few months enjoyed the flavor of very chilled wine. My father would place a bottle in the freezer along with our glasses for about 10 to 20 minutes or so. After the wine and glasses were chilled, my father and I would partake in the enjoyment. One particular Friday evening my father did his usual routine with the wine and glasses, except that he unintentionally left the wine bottle in the freezer. I went back to get myself another glass full, only to notice that the wine had......

Words: 706 - Pages: 3

Week Four Individual Paper

...Week Four Individual Paper XXX ACC/290 September XX, 2012 XXX Week Four Individual Paper The current reading supports that commercial accounting and generally accepted accounting principles, strongly advise the accrual basis of accounting versus the cash basis of accounting. The accrual basis of accounting confirms that when transactions alter a business’s financial statements they are recorded during the period that the events happened, regardless if there was an exchange of cash or not. An example of the accrual basis would be businesses who recognize revenues earned, regardless if cash was received or not. The accrual basis also recognize when expenses are incurred, even if cash was not paid. The other potential option to the accrual basis is the cash basis. The major difference between the two accounting basis’, is that under the cash basis a business will record their revenue only at the time that cash is received. Additionally, they record expenses only when cash is received. For these reasons, the cash basis of accounting is not allowed under generally accepted accounting principles. This is due to the fact that the cash basis does not record revenue when it is earned, and therefore violates the principle of revenue recognition. At the same time, the cash basis does not allow for recording the expenses as they occur, which is a violation of the matching principle. The cash basis measures can mislead or misrepresent the true financial picture of a...

Words: 430 - Pages: 2

Individual Paper

...Defining Marketing Carolina Flores MKT/421 November 5, 2012 This individual assignment is about the personal definition of marketing from two different sources. Also will explain the relevant part of marketing in organizational understanding contained by the definitions from these two sources Basic marketing: A marketing strategy planning approach (Perrault, Cannon & McCarthy, 2011). New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin, and “What is marketing?” (2000-2012) to support the definitions will include three examples of business and understanding the importance of the marketing role in a company. Marketing has strategies and tactics to recognize, produce, and sustain a satisfactory relationship with the customers and as results of this is a high importance for customer and the person who promotes or exchanges goods or services. Marketing is a way to achieve an organization’s goals and objectives predicting clients’ needs to satisfy the services and goods that it has been offered from manufacturers to the costumers (Perrault, Cannon, & McCarthy, 2011). Marketing is the collective process by which individuals and organizations gain what they need and want via forming and exchanging value with others (What is Marketing? 2000-2012). The management method of do in advance the needs in the future or forecasting in the event, recognizing customers’ needs, and fulfilling the needs of customers is the number one prerequisite in which......

Words: 986 - Pages: 4

Bba Individual Research Paper:

...Each student will prepare a research paper based on an aspect of their group case. This could include research into the company, the industry, the macro-environmental issues facing the company or industry, etc. The case report should be typed in Times New Roman, 12pt font with 1-inch margins. The paper should not exceed 10 pages double spaced (this does not include the cover page, table of contents, executive summary, appendices, or bibliography). A shorter paper is acceptable as long as the topic is dealt with sufficiently. Please include: 1) A cover page with the title of the paper, your name, student number, and the course number. 2) Include a table of contents 3) Use headings to address the different parts of the paper: a. Introduction: Provide an overview of the topic you have chosen. This should include the title of your case and the specific area you want to examine. b. Main findings: (you can use other headings as necessary depending on your paper.) c. Conclusion: Summarize your main discoveries. 4) Include a Reference page that includes all the sources you used in creating your paper. The paper is worth 15% towards your final grade and will be marked based on the following: 1) Overall presentation (i.e., the cover page, page numbers, headings, clarity of grammar, references page, etc.) 3 marks. 2) Contents (the quality of the research and the discoveries you made about the topic). 10 marks. ......

Words: 256 - Pages: 2

Individual Marketing Paper

...Individual Marketing Research Paper MKT-421 Individual Marketing Research Paper Kudler Fine Foods While developing the Kudler Fine Foods marketing campaign strategy it is critical to identify areas which will need additional marketing research. By identifying areas for needed additional market research, Kudler Fine Foods can better target its marketing strategy and tactics. By analyzing competitive intelligence, Kudler Fine Foods can better assess opportunities within its current marketing strategy. Background Kudler Fine Foods was founded in 1998 when its first store was built by Kathy Kudler. The company maintains its main base in San Diego, California and services the neighborhoods of La Jolla, Del Mar, and Encinitas. Each store has more than 16,000ft of modernized groceries and fresh organic specialty foods. Kudler Fine Foods prides itself on offering high quality foods, both domestic and imported. The company maintains specific strategic practices to introduce planning unrealistic goals and objectives. Although the company services a niche market in a minimal geographic area, the grocery industry is inherently competitive. The success of the company is attributed to its high standards in human resources and inventory control. By identifying additional areas for marketing research and analyzing competitive intelligence, Kudler Fine Foods will be able to expand its operations and establish more......

Words: 1318 - Pages: 6

The Individual and the Enviornment Paper

...Naturalism and realism are responses to romanticism. This paper will explore the background of each and analyze the tension between the individual and the environment for chosen works by authors of each writing style. From 1860-1890 realism was prominent, developed as a reaction to romanticism as folks believed life was no longer seen through rose colored glasses. This was the civil war, the urbanization and industrializing of America and the emerging middle class as well as the upheaval and social change in the latter half of the 19th century with increasing rates of democracy and literacy. The characteristics of realism are reaction against romanticism and neoclassicism, factual is more important than intellectual or emotional, life is driven by fate. An example of realist writers includes Mark Twain, William Dean Howells, and Edgar Lee Masters. From 1865 -1895 regionalism was prominent and was also referred to as local color. It focuses on characters, dialect, and customs specific to a certain region. Regionalism is coincided with realism and sharing many of the same traits. Regionalism was developed due to the civil war and the building of a national identity, and the dual influence of romanticism and realism. An example of regionalist writers includes Kate Chopin, Mark Twain, and Willa Cather. From 1880-1920 naturalism was prominent and is the view that nature is all there is and the basic truths are truths of nature. Naturalism applies scientific principles of......

Words: 1028 - Pages: 5

Individual Paper on Leadership

...Individual Research Paper on Leadership Table of Contents Introduction 2 Practices of Admired Leaders 3 Survey and Interview Methods 4 Interpretation of Results 5 Interpersonal 5 Deep-Level Diversity and Ethics 6 Analytical 7 Areas for Improvement 7 Personal Philosophy of Leadership 8 Conclusion 8 References 9 Appendices 10 Appendix 1.1 Survey Questions and Results 10 Appendix 1.2 Interview Questions and Answers 11 Introduction As a woman in young adulthood with over ten years of experience in both the work force and student practice, I am able to take a look at my leadership as a journey of evolvement and growth. Through the years I have gained a deeper understanding of my personal strengths, my own set of values, the morals that guide me, and the person that I am. Each of these facets have continued on a forward path of evolution as I survive trials and tribulations, live through personal and professional experiences, and ingest new opportunities. This set of traits that makes up the person I am is reflected in the way I lead others and the perceptions that others have of my leadership skills. In this research paper I have attempted to gain a deeper understanding of my skills in leadership through deep personal reflection as a result of my peers and managers feedback, and the materials learned throughout my organizational leadership course. I also take a look into the traits and practices that I find to be the most beneficial and......

Words: 2723 - Pages: 11

Individual Assignment - Protocol Paper

...Individual Assignment: Protocol Paper NTC/362 Individual Assignment: Protocol Paper Describe Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) protocol model. The Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model is a seven-layer logical network architecture that is used to define the network protocol standards to enable OSI device to communicate to another by exchanging information. (Goleniewski, 2007) The seven layers in the OSI model include the physical layer, data link layer, network layer, transport layer, session layer, presentation layer, and application layer. Each layer has its own functions and responsibilities. The four lower layers of the OSI model contain the physical, data link, network, and transport layers. The physical layer is layer 1, which is the bottom layer of the OSI model. It transmits and receives signals, as well as specifying the physical details of Ethernet cables and other hardware behavior. The functions of the physical layer include managing hardware connections, handle sending and receiving of binary signals and encoding of bits. (Cengage Learning, 2011) The data link layer, layer 2, is responsible for managing access to the network and provides physical addressing, device-to-device delivery of frames, media access control, and MAC addresses. Layer 3 is the network layer, which handles the logical addressing and routing of PDUs across internetwork. It handles packet routing and access control through packet inspection. Transport layer is the 4th layer of......

Words: 1073 - Pages: 5

Individual Leadership Analytical Paper

...Individual Leadership Analytical Paper November 25, 2014 Abstract In order for a leader to be effective they must balance their approach to leadership. A leader cannot focus solely on the development of subordinates at the expense of the organization’s goals, and they cannot focus solely upon the organization while neglecting the people within it. In this paper I examine the leadership of one of my previous superiors to attempt to determine if his approach was effective, and why or why not. Introduction Leadership within the United States army is primarily focused upon accomplishment of the organization’s mission. That mission is to fight and win the nation’s wars (U.S. Army). There are many other areas of focus which support the primary mission. Leaders must ensure their subordinate’s well-being, as a sick soldier cannot fight. Leaders must develop their subordinates, as the United States army has been around since the founding of the country and will still be there when the leader is gone. The next generation of leaders must be prepared to take over and continue the army’s mission. Leaders must instill confidence in their subordinates. One area of focus which can sometimes be forgotten at lower levels is the appearance of soldiers. When soldiers look professional, fit, well-equipped, and prepared they inspire confidence in the civilian population. Americans, and others, view professional appearing soldiers as more competent and thus respect them......

Words: 2228 - Pages: 9

Individual Research Paper

...greed from his superior. This movie portrays the idea that greed, an unethical behavior, is an acceptable behavior that business individuals must cultivate to increase their wealth. So what is ethics? According to Spiceland, Sepe, and Tomassini (2007), ethics is “a code or moral system that provides a criteria for evaluating what is right and wrong” (Spiceland, Sepe, and Tomassni, 2007). Deontological theories base morality on certain duties or obligations and claim that certain actions are right or wrong regardless of the consequences that may follow from the actions. Deontology is a moral theory that depends on scriptures that are governed by rules, moral laws, and intuition. The word deontology is derived from the Greek term “deon” and “logos” which means the “study of duty” (Moreland, 2009). Moreland (2009) describes three features of deontology. The first is that “duty should be done for duty's sake” (Moreland, 2009). Moreland's (2009) second feature is for individuals to treat each other as “objects of intrinsic moral value” (Moreland, 2009). Individuals with this point of view believe that “some actions cannot be justified by their consequences” meaning that the end does not justify the means (Sevenpillarsinstitute, 2015). According to Sevenpillarsinstitute (2015), Immanuel Kant's formulation of deontological ethics states that each individual must act in a way that treats humanity as its own person and the next person as an end and never as a means......

Words: 1805 - Pages: 8

Week Five Individual Paper

...Business Analysis Business Analysis In this paper, an overall business analysis of Apple Inc. will discuss the company’s financial statements, the company’s financial health and how it compare to other companies in the industry and globalization and how it has affected the company’s business strategies. Lastly, a benchmarking analysis will be conducted in the following comparison with other companies in the same industry. Apple Inc. has the talents of Steven Jobs along with other top idealists. Having such talent clearly gives Apple the advantage over other competitors in this industry. The collaborative efforts of the leaders give Apple Inc. a clear strategic advantage. Apple main goal is to stay on top of its competition. In order to accomplish this goal, the employees have to spend long hours determining what the consumer’s want and how to design their products based on that outcome. A good example would be the development of the iPhone. The iPhone was derived from a display of information of the iPod. This included a bigger touch screen that helped in the development of the smart phone. This vision didn’t stop there; Jobs began to think in the future toward concepts of applications for the smart phone. Once it was realized that the iPhone was a personal computer, three years later Apple Inc. introduce the iPhone and its application system. According to (Bajarin, 2011) Apple raises the bar with every new generation of the iPhone. Apple’s new version of the iPad has......

Words: 1687 - Pages: 7

Individual Paper 2

...Individual Assignment 2: Case Study Wardell Johnson AMBA 610 Professor M. Frank Introduction It takes constant work to ensure that any given system maintains order. The universe has a natural tendency to lead to entropy “a process of degradation or running down or a trend to disorder” (Merrim-webster.com). What guides Humanity to function in a society in concert with their fellow man? It’s the ability to set up laws to govern the actions of the members of said society. According to researchers Kubasek, Brennan, & Browne (2011) great minds have always debated the purpose of laws. For instance, Plato expressed that law is a form of social control, and Aristotle posited that law is a rule conduct, an ideal of reason (Kubasek et al., 2011). No matter what ones philosophical views are in regards to legal systems whether good or bad, laws help societies maintain a sense of order, setting and maintaining a sense of normalcy, in efforts to prevent societal entropy. In America the foundation of our legal system is based on the U.S. Constitution created the nation’s founding fathers to ensure every citizen equal access to justice. Liebeck v. McDonalds and Pearson v. Chung are two highly publicize cases of Tort law. “The primary goal of tort law is to compensate the innocent persons who are injured or whose property as result of another conduct (Kubasel et al 2011, p.309). Both of these cases involve people who wanted to turn to the American legal system to obtain justice...

Words: 2747 - Pages: 11

Role of Manager and Individuals Paper

...of Managers and Individuals Paper Timothy Joseph Whiteside MGT 426 Feb 1, 2016 Sharla Walker Roles of Managers and Individuals Paper The various roles of managers, and individuals in the change process The change process is a process which changes the state of things, or which results in change in an organization. Managers have various roles in the change process as well do individual employees. Managers have a well developed and unique relationship with the individual employees that are impacted by change. They are also the preferred sender of messages about change. Individual employee’s utilization rate, proficiency, and speed of adoption define the value of changes. They make changes to how they do their work daily. Their use and acceptance of solutions determines the success of their projects, and the ongoing benefits derived from the changes. With the individuals role in the change process they must provide reactions, and feed back to the changes and the change management efforts. Individuals by using an individual change management model take control of the personal transitions. They also seek out information related to the personal impact of and the business reasons for change. For managers in the change process they must identify, manage, and analyze resistances. They also provide feedback to the rest of the staff. Managers with direct reports communicate the personal messages about the change. Also they conduct individual and group......

Words: 885 - Pages: 4

Individual Assignment: Partnership Paper

...Individual Assignment: Partnership Paper FIN/419 March 19th, 2012 James Hagist Individual Assignment: Partnership Paper For this individual assignment titled partnership paper, I will write a 700-word paper in which I explain the roles of limited liability corporations and limited liability partnerships. In addition to explaining the roles of limited liability corporations and limited liability partnerships I will describe establishing my own company. Roles of Limited Liability Corporations The “Internal Revenue Service" (2012) website states that a Limited Liability Company (LLC) is a business structure allowed by state statute. LLCs are popular because, similar to a corporation, owners have limited personal liability for the debts and actions of the LLC. Other features of LLCs are more like a partnership, providing management flexibility and the benefit of pass-through taxation. There are advantages and disadvantages to being in an LLC, let’s start with providing the advantages, advantage one is taxes, when you are in an LLC there is no double taxation, advantage number two is liability, an LLC offers the same protection against liability that a corporation holds. The disadvantages, disadvantage number one is number of owners, an LLC must have at least two owners or members, disadvantage number two is taxes, an LLC must pay self-employment taxes. Roles of Limited Liability Partnerships According to "Nolo" (2012), a limited......

Words: 712 - Pages: 3

Individual Policing Functions Paper

...Individual Policing Functions Paper Monica Robinson University of Phoenix CJA/394 Individual Policing Functions Paper Policing has come a long way from the way it was decades ago. It has changed for the better even through there is still some room for more improvement. In policing today there are more officers, detectives, and other officials accounted for then there was in the past. Having all of these individuals within the criminal system, it has shape the government to provide better protection for its people. In policing in past and now in the present there are many different perspectives of policing functions. These functions stem from different levels of law enforcement which includes the local, state, and federal organizational levels. These are very important parts of the criminal justice system, because every individual within these levels must be sure to protect citizens, enforce law, and perform the duties that are required of them in order to keep the United States safe from criminals and terrorist attacks from other foreign countries that might try to attack the United States. As years have passed on within policing, there are many possible future changes that will have an effect in the field of policing. Within each level of policing there are many different roles in which every individual in the policing field must take part in if they are going to be on the law enforcement team. I say this because this is a very serious 24/7 operation...

Words: 1074 - Pages: 5