Individual Paper

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By galaxy19
Words 347
Pages 2
routing protocols (RIP, OSPF, and EIGRP)

Citation Work:
* Deng, J., & Wu, S. (2014, April 1). Comparison of RIP, OSPF and EIGRP Routing Protocols based on OPNET. Retrieved September 30, 2014, from http://www.sfu.ca/~sihengw/ENSC427_Group9/Final Report .pdf
* Adler, S. (2013, March 11). Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) Informational RFC Frequently Asked Questions. Retrieved September 30, 2014, from http://blogs.cisco.com/getyourbuildon/cisco-opens-up-eigrp/
* Schluting, C. (2006, June 01). Understanding ospf routing. Retrieved from http://www.enterprisenetworkingplanet.com/netsp/article.php/3610496/Networking-101-Understanding-OSPF-Routing.htm
* Differences between ripv1 or ripv2. (2014, 09 21). Retrieved from http://computernetworkingnotes.com/routing-static-dynamics-rip-ospf-igrp-eigrp/rip-routing.html

TCP three-way handshake
The three-way-handshake is a method used in a TCP/IP network to create a connection between a local host/client and server. It is a three-step method that requires both the client and server to exchange SYN and an ACK (acknowledgment) packet before actual data communication begins.
A three-way-handshake is primarily used to create a TCP socket connection. It works when:
* A client node sends a SYN data packet over an IP network to a server on the same or an external network. The objective of this packet is to ask/infer if the server is open for new connection.
* The target server must have open ports that can accept and initiate new connections. When the server receives the SYN packet from the client node, it responds and returns a confirmation receipt - the ACK packet or SYN/ACK packet.
* The client node receives the SYN/ACK from the server and responds with an ACK packet.

Upon completion of process, the connection is created and the host and server can communicate.

Citation…...

Similar Documents

Week Four Individual Paper

...Week Four Individual Paper XXX ACC/290 September XX, 2012 XXX Week Four Individual Paper The current reading supports that commercial accounting and generally accepted accounting principles, strongly advise the accrual basis of accounting versus the cash basis of accounting. The accrual basis of accounting confirms that when transactions alter a business’s financial statements they are recorded during the period that the events happened, regardless if there was an exchange of cash or not. An example of the accrual basis would be businesses who recognize revenues earned, regardless if cash was received or not. The accrual basis also recognize when expenses are incurred, even if cash was not paid. The other potential option to the accrual basis is the cash basis. The major difference between the two accounting basis’, is that under the cash basis a business will record their revenue only at the time that cash is received. Additionally, they record expenses only when cash is received. For these reasons, the cash basis of accounting is not allowed under generally accepted accounting principles. This is due to the fact that the cash basis does not record revenue when it is earned, and therefore violates the principle of revenue recognition. At the same time, the cash basis does not allow for recording the expenses as they occur, which is a violation of the matching principle. The cash basis measures can mislead or misrepresent the true financial picture of...

Words: 430 - Pages: 2

Individual Paper

...Defining Marketing Carolina Flores MKT/421 November 5, 2012 This individual assignment is about the personal definition of marketing from two different sources. Also will explain the relevant part of marketing in organizational understanding contained by the definitions from these two sources Basic marketing: A marketing strategy planning approach (Perrault, Cannon & McCarthy, 2011). New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin, and “What is marketing?” (2000-2012) to support the definitions will include three examples of business and understanding the importance of the marketing role in a company. Marketing has strategies and tactics to recognize, produce, and sustain a satisfactory relationship with the customers and as results of this is a high importance for customer and the person who promotes or exchanges goods or services. Marketing is a way to achieve an organization’s goals and objectives predicting clients’ needs to satisfy the services and goods that it has been offered from manufacturers to the costumers (Perrault, Cannon, & McCarthy, 2011). Marketing is the collective process by which individuals and organizations gain what they need and want via forming and exchanging value with others (What is Marketing? 2000-2012). The management method of do in advance the needs in the future or forecasting in the event, recognizing customers’ needs, and fulfilling the needs of customers is the number one prerequisite in which...

Words: 986 - Pages: 4

Individual Demonstrative Communication Paper

...Demonstrative Communication Shana Bly Washington University of Phoenix Business Communications and Critical Thinking BCOM/275 Tim Wolfe January 19, 2013 Demonstrative Communication Demonstrative communication is happening all around us, all of the time, and in all forms of communication! It is described as nonverbal and unwritten communication and encompasses everything from facial expressions to tone of voice, voice inflections, ocular expressions, and body language to name a few. From children in first grade to teenagers in high school, stay-at-home-parents to executives, and even the President of the United States use demonstrative communication everyday. This paper will examine how demonstrative communication can be effective and ineffective, positive and negative, for the sender and for the receiver. With technology continuing to boom specifically in the last decade, people have the ability to communicate in a wide array of devices. Traditionally, face-to-face communication has been the main way for business people to converse yet it is one of the most complicated. There is so much going on in what may appear as a simple five minute “back and forth”. There is the relationship between the two or more parties taking part in the conversation. Are they simply business associates? Are they also friends? Do they get along professionally meaning do they work well together? This is all before words have been spoken! “Our posture, our facial expressions...

Words: 1056 - Pages: 5

Individual Marketing Paper

...Individual Marketing Research Paper MKT-421 Individual Marketing Research Paper Kudler Fine Foods While developing the Kudler Fine Foods marketing campaign strategy it is critical to identify areas which will need additional marketing research. By identifying areas for needed additional market research, Kudler Fine Foods can better target its marketing strategy and tactics. By analyzing competitive intelligence, Kudler Fine Foods can better assess opportunities within its current marketing strategy. Background Kudler Fine Foods was founded in 1998 when its first store was built by Kathy Kudler. The company maintains its main base in San Diego, California and services the neighborhoods of La Jolla, Del Mar, and Encinitas. Each store has more than 16,000ft of modernized groceries and fresh organic specialty foods. Kudler Fine Foods prides itself on offering high quality foods, both domestic and imported. The company maintains specific strategic practices to introduce planning unrealistic goals and objectives. Although the company services a niche market in a minimal geographic area, the grocery industry is inherently competitive. The success of the company is attributed to its high standards in human resources and inventory control. By identifying additional areas for marketing research and analyzing competitive intelligence, Kudler Fine Foods will be able to expand its operations and establish more locations...

Words: 1318 - Pages: 6

Matthew Paul Individual Paper 1

...Individual Paper 1 – Critical Thinking and Communication Skills By Matthew Paul DMBA 610 Professor Kennedy Introduction In this paper, I will analyze the memo by applying the steps of the critical thinking model discussed in Asking the Right Questions to assess the arguments made. Among the other tasks I had to make, I will not just analyze the memo but I will evaluate the author’s argument as objectively as possible. I will also provide a thorough evaluation of the issues presented and assess ideas critically, demonstrating clear and consistent treatment of each evaluation. Furthermore, I will verify the information that was in the memo and I will note what is not in the memo. For the last closure of the argument, I will end this paper with a conclusion of what I have critically completed. 1. What are the issues and conclusions? On October 20, 2011, President of APEU Union Local 121, Mr. Hector Fuentes, sent a request to the Human Resource Manager, Ms. Mary Ford regarding notification letter sent by Governor Gloria Gainor. Mr. Fuentes wanted Ms. Ford to evaluate the letter he received from the Governor notifying the union that the state intends to outsource and privatize the information systems management function within the Department of Motor Vehicles. This memo that Mr. Fuentes received from Ms. Ford was in response to the request of Mr. Fuentes to be evaluate simply because of issues and...

Words: 2209 - Pages: 9

Psy 315 Individual Paper

...Research, Statistics, and Psychology Kathy A. Abeyatunge University of Phoenix Research, Statistics, and Psychology The field of psychology is described as the study of mental processes and behaviors using methods of scientific research. In their attempt to substantiate or invalidate their hypotheses psychologists employ the uses of two significant tools, research and statistics. Research helps us delve through the complex nature of the human psyche; permitting us to categorizing symptoms of psychological disorders and providing us with an understanding of ourselves and how we relate to the world. Statistics is the mathematical product of research findings. It is the recorded data that aids in the identification of truth. This paper will look into the role research and statistics have on the field of psychology, as well as define the scientific method and provide a comparative analysis of primary and secondary data. Research in the scientific sense is not akin to the everyday search for knowledge that human beings conduct through personal observation. Instead scientific research relies on logical methodology. “The scientific approach is characterized by four ideals: curiosity, skepticism, objectivity, and critical thinking.” These ideals are the basic structure referred to as the scientific method and in application they consist of a series of steps to ensure accurate results. Step 1) Observation. This is simply interest shown in answering a question about...

Words: 860 - Pages: 4

Individual Strategic Management Process Paper

...Individual Strategic Management Process Paper All companies have the mission to be successful. Success will come if upper management and leaders have a strategic management process. A strategic management process is “defining the organization’s strategy. It is also defined as the process by which managers make a choice of a set of strategies for the organization that will enable it to achieve better performance.” (Strategic Management Process , n.d.) The primary components of strategic management process are environmental scanning (gathering information), strategy formulation (developing long-range plans), strategy implementation (putting strategy into action), and evaluation and control (monitoring performance). (Thomas L. Wheelen, 2010). This process is needed so a company will know its goals, direction, and performance. It also helps to keep a company with or in front of the competition. Netflix is a company that has a successful strategic management process. The company with low priced DVD rental has evolved to online streaming with millions of subscribers. Netflix has long-term goals that are realistic to the usage of the population. They are aware that online TV has grown a big amount of audience in the last years and that it will continue to grow. The company has plans, know who their competitors are, and who their consumers are. “People love TV shows & movies. We love being the best possible place to enjoy them. Ours is an amazing opportunity to grow, innovate...

Words: 402 - Pages: 2

Eco372 Week 4 Individual Paper

...International Economics Paper Lisa Bailen ECO 372 September 9,2015 Brian Leben International Economics Paper The test for distinguishing good stimulus ideas from bad ones; is the proposal likely to raise the economy to a sustained, higher level of growth? Presidents have limited powers, particularly with something as big and ungainly as the U.S. economy. The president has little control over the massive forces such as technological advances, consumer-buying habits, outlines of international trade and variations in demographics (Heritage.org, 2008). In order to cut taxes, boost government spending or change laws to encourage investment, a president must gain the backing of Congress, which is not always easy. The president has little control over the government agency that probably wields the economic power, the Federal Reserve (Heritage.org, 2008). Congress on the other hand is the legislative, or lawmaking, branch of our national government. It shares power with the president and the Supreme Court. The writers of the U.S. Constitution thought Congress was so important, they listed it first! Congress has two parts, the Senate and the House of Representatives (scholastic.com, 2015). Congress has the ability to help pass stimulus plans or assist in stopping inflation. Example of the stimulus plan, lowering interest rates, increasing government spending and quantitative easing, to name a few. To stop inflation, raise interest rates and decrease government...

Words: 633 - Pages: 3

Week Five Individual Paper

...Business Analysis Business Analysis In this paper, an overall business analysis of Apple Inc. will discuss the company’s financial statements, the company’s financial health and how it compare to other companies in the industry and globalization and how it has affected the company’s business strategies. Lastly, a benchmarking analysis will be conducted in the following comparison with other companies in the same industry. Apple Inc. has the talents of Steven Jobs along with other top idealists. Having such talent clearly gives Apple the advantage over other competitors in this industry. The collaborative efforts of the leaders give Apple Inc. a clear strategic advantage. Apple main goal is to stay on top of its competition. In order to accomplish this goal, the employees have to spend long hours determining what the consumer’s want and how to design their products based on that outcome. A good example would be the development of the iPhone. The iPhone was derived from a display of information of the iPod. This included a bigger touch screen that helped in the development of the smart phone. This vision didn’t stop there; Jobs began to think in the future toward concepts of applications for the smart phone. Once it was realized that the iPhone was a personal computer, three years later Apple Inc. introduce the iPhone and its application system. According to (Bajarin, 2011) Apple raises the bar with every new generation of the iPhone. Apple’s new version of the iPad has...

Words: 1687 - Pages: 7

Individual Paper 2

...Individual Assignment 2: Case Study Wardell Johnson AMBA 610 Professor M. Frank Introduction It takes constant work to ensure that any given system maintains order. The universe has a natural tendency to lead to entropy “a process of degradation or running down or a trend to disorder” (Merrim-webster.com). What guides Humanity to function in a society in concert with their fellow man? It’s the ability to set up laws to govern the actions of the members of said society. According to researchers Kubasek, Brennan, & Browne (2011) great minds have always debated the purpose of laws. For instance, Plato expressed that law is a form of social control, and Aristotle posited that law is a rule conduct, an ideal of reason (Kubasek et al., 2011). No matter what ones philosophical views are in regards to legal systems whether good or bad, laws help societies maintain a sense of order, setting and maintaining a sense of normalcy, in efforts to prevent societal entropy. In America the foundation of our legal system is based on the U.S. Constitution created the nation’s founding fathers to ensure every citizen equal access to justice. Liebeck v. McDonalds and Pearson v. Chung are two highly publicize cases of Tort law. “The primary goal of tort law is to compensate the innocent persons who are injured or whose property as result of another conduct (Kubasel et al 2011, p.309). Both of these cases involve people who wanted to turn to the American legal system to obtain...

Words: 2747 - Pages: 11

Individual Summary Paper

...Individual Summary Project Managerial Finance and Accounting 12/04/2014 Summarize situation at Merced Home Products: Stacy Cummins, a newly hired controller, was concerned about some information she has come across at the Home Security Division of Merced Home Products, Inc. She has found that the past several years of quarterly income statements were adjusted to make each successive quarter increase its profits, resulting in total annual profit which exceeded targeted profit for the year. Stacy also found letters from the company’s external auditors warning top management of the unusual use of standard costs. Stacy had found that the vice president, Preston Lansing, in charge of the Home Security Division, had rigged the standards so there were always large favorable variances. When Stacy brought the subject up with the President of Merced Home Products she was told the company was aware and, as long as the reports were good, that it was okay. Evaluate how it’s is possible that the standard costs are being “rigged”: Standard costs are used in relation to quantity and cost of inputs used in manufacturing goods or services. Lansing rigged the standard costs by saving up the favorable variations that he used to create a smooth pattern of growing profits in the first three quarters followed by a very high fourth quarter. Some of the major disadvantages of decision making authority by lower-level managers is they may make decisions without fully understanding the big...

Words: 1255 - Pages: 6

King Case Study Individual Paper

... U.S. v. King Case Study Elise Flanagan BCC 402 Bobby Kemp 14 March 2016 Introduction The purpose of this work is to discuss the relevancy of the court case the United States of America v. Richard D. King, Jr. and the influence it had on future cybercrime cases. A description will be given as to how the Fourth and Fifth Amendments are applied to cybercrimes, as well as an explanation how the Fourth and Fifth Amendments were addressed in this case. Further explanation on how the King ruling may apply to other cases involving computers or other devices that contain electronic evidence is provided. The 4th and 5th Amendments Applied To Cybercrimes The 4th Amendment can be applied to cybercrimes, but not the 5th Amendment. However, the 4th Amendment’s protection in regards to computers, the Internet and cybercrimes can only be applied to data content, not all content. An example of data content is found within remote storage files on computers and private email interactions. When the data is non-content data, i.e. email addresses, there is no assumption of guaranteed coverage and protection ruled under the 4th Amendment. Unlike the 4th Amendment, the 5th Amendment cannot always provide legal protection to an individual. The federal court made such a ruling in 2012, asserting that personal computers lacked the coverage many assumed was in place after the 4th was seen as a viable use for protection of individual rights. Application to This Case The 4th and 5th Amendments...

Words: 973 - Pages: 4

Mgmt 600 Individual Research Paper

...MGMT 600 Individual Research Paper Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwaid.com/shop/mgmt-600-individual-research-paper/ My individual Assignment is on the PIZZA Industry that should be basically about. A rubric for each of the potential topics is included in this spreadsheet. As you make your selection, think about which topic interests you the most! Make sure you read the FAQs below before you begin. Requirements for All Topics • Use APA —12-point font, legible font, double-space your text, use one-inch margins on your pages. • Properly cite all sources and use quotation marks or some other formatting to clearly identify all words which are not your own. • Review the tutorials located in our course Syllabus for additional information about originality. • Course Drop Box is configured to auto submit your work to Turnitin.com should be in your own words • Use the appropriate rubric for your topic selection. • Follow the rubric guidelines for length. • Your work must be original to this assignment. Do NOT reuse a paper from a prior course • Review the FAQ’s below for additional direction. FAQ’s Question 1: Does this paper replace the group business plan? No, this paper is in addition to your group business plan. Question 2: Should I use my team’s business idea for this paper? Some students find it easier to use the same topic, but you may choose another business idea for this paper if you prefer. Question 3: I noticed these topics are also...

Words: 734 - Pages: 3

Individual Assignment: Partnership Paper

...Individual Assignment: Partnership Paper FIN/419 March 19th, 2012 James Hagist Individual Assignment: Partnership Paper For this individual assignment titled partnership paper, I will write a 700-word paper in which I explain the roles of limited liability corporations and limited liability partnerships. In addition to explaining the roles of limited liability corporations and limited liability partnerships I will describe establishing my own company. Roles of Limited Liability Corporations The “Internal Revenue Service" (2012) website states that a Limited Liability Company (LLC) is a business structure allowed by state statute. LLCs are popular because, similar to a corporation, owners have limited personal liability for the debts and actions of the LLC. Other features of LLCs are more like a partnership, providing management flexibility and the benefit of pass-through taxation. There are advantages and disadvantages to being in an LLC, let’s start with providing the advantages, advantage one is taxes, when you are in an LLC there is no double taxation, advantage number two is liability, an LLC offers the same protection against liability that a corporation holds. The disadvantages, disadvantage number one is number of owners, an LLC must have at least two owners or members, disadvantage number two is taxes, an LLC must pay self-employment taxes. Roles of Limited Liability Partnerships According to "Nolo" (2012), a limited...

Words: 712 - Pages: 3

Individual Gardner Intelligence Paper

...Individual Gardner Intelligence Paper When defining intelligence there are three different approaches that have been discovered, such as the psychometric approach, the information-processing approach, and the theory of multiple intelligences. (Kowalski & Weston, 2011) Howard Gardner developed his on theory of multiple intelligences. His unique theory looked at each person as being intelligent in their own way. His theory was developed on the question “how are you smart?” verses the standard question “how smart are you?” In his research Gardner discovered that there were actually multiple intelligences, he gives a list of eight different intelligences that he considers to make an individual intelligent. The eight different intelligences include linguistic, musical, logical-mathematical, naturalist, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, intrapersonal, and interpersonal. “Gardner’s theory suggests that intelligence lies on not one but eight curves, one for each type of intelligence” (Kowalski & Weston, 2011). There are three major intelligence that I feel have impacted my personal life the first would be Bodily-Kinesthetic, Intrapersonal, and Intrapersonal. Bodily-Kinesthetic When I began this journey of discovering my own intelligence I learned a great deal about myself. I found that I am 95 percent bodily kinesthetic. I was finally able to put a name to how I learn and it described my personality exactly. I struggled in school which was embarrassing but I knew the problem was...

Words: 1055 - Pages: 5