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Individual Reflection on Team Experience

In: Business and Management

Submitted By shadylady
Words 3774
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Introduction: Individual Reflection on Team Experience
Today in many industries and organizations group/team work is a tool for effective achievement of organizational goals. Understanding the way groups develop and how they impact organizational success is important to the effective use of groups in organizations. One of the most common models to describe how groups develop was described by Tuckman. Tuckman studied group development as it was seen in group therapy. This was then extrapolated to involve the development of all groups and teams that exist in areas such as those seen in organizations. In 1966, Tucker proposed that group development progressed through four identifiable stages which were named forming, storming, norming and performing. The Tuckman model for the stages of group development is one of the most cited models in the business world. Over the years there were other studies that also agreed that groups go through stages and they had identified that there appeared to be an “ending” stage as well. In 1977 Tuckman with Jensen reviewed who the stages of group development had evolved over the years since his first proposal of the stages of group development and in response to other studies they added a final stage of group development which the called adjourning (Tuckman & Jensen, 1977). The adjourning stage will not be reviewed in this paper since there was no real adjourning stage with this group.
Another model for group development is the punctuated equilibrium (PE) model which was proposed by Gersick in 1988 (Hall, 2007). In the PE model groups do not go through stages by go through states of stability or equilibrium. The PE model has three phases. Phase 1 is the group developing agendas and norms, followed by and upset of the equilibrium followed by a new period of equilibrium Phase 2 (Hall, 2007). The punctuated equilibrium is a 3 stage...

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