Indomie as a Market Leader

In: Business and Management

Submitted By muhibatul
Words 458
Pages 2
Pengertian Kepuasan kerja
Kepuasan kerja merupakan hal yang bersifat individual. Setiap individu mempunyai tingkat kepuasan yang berbeda-beda, seperti yang didefinisikan oleh Kreitner & Kinicki (2005), bahwa kepuasan kerja sebagai efektivitas atau respons emosional terhadap berbagai aspek pekerjaan. Definisi ini mengandung pengertian bahwa kepuasan kerja bukanlah suatu konsep tunggal, sebaliknya seseorang dapat relatif puas dengan suatu aspek dari pekerjaannya dan tidak puas dengan salah satu atau beberapa aspek lainnya. Blum (As’ad, 2000) mengatakan bahwa kepuasan kerja merupakan suatu sikap umum yang merupakan hasil dari beberapa sikap khusus terhadap faktor-faktor pekerjaan, karakteristik individual, serta hubungan kelompok di luar pekerjaan itu sendiri. Handoko (2001) mengatakan bahwa kepuasan kerja sebagai respon emosional menunjukkan perasaan yang menyenangkan berkaitan dengan pandangan karyawan terhadap pekerjaannya.
Tiffin mengemukakan bahwa kepuasan kerja berhubungan dengan sikap dari karyawan terhadap pekerjaan itu sendiri, situasi kerja, kerjasama antara pimpinan dan sesama pimpinan dan sesama karyawan. Locke dan Luthans berpendapat bahwa kepuasan kerja adalah perasaan pekerja atau karyawan yang berhubungan dengan pekerjaannya, yaitu merasa senang atau tidak senang, sebagai hasil penilaian individu yang bersangkutan terhadap pekerjaannya.
Herzberg di dalam teorinya Two Factors Theory mengatakan bahwa kepuasan kerja dan ketidakpuasan kerja merupakan dua hal yang berbeda serta kepuasan dan ketidakpuasan terhadap pekerjaan itu tidak merupakan suatu variabel yang kontinyu. Berdasarkan penelitian yang ia lakukan, Herzberg membagi situasi yang mempengaruhi sikap seseorang terhadap pekerjaannya menjadi dua kelompok yaitu kelompok satisfiers dan kelompok dissatisfiers. Kelompok satisfiers atau motivator adalah faktor-faktor atau situasi yang dibuktikannya…...

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