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Industrial Structure

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Submitted By botanical
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The industrial sectors
Industrial sector Definition Example
PRIMARY definition: The extraction of raw materials from the ground and sea Examples: mining, fishing, oil drill, forestry

SECONDARY definition: Processing of raw materials and manufactured goods
Examples: metallurgy, machine engineering, electronics

TERTIARY Definition: Provision of services.
Examples; stores, shops, transport, car hires

QUATERNARY Definition: Provision of information and administrative services
Examples: leasing, IT, real estates, financial services

There are four major types of industry in Canada/USA/Europe. Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary.
Primary Industries
Industries that take in raw materials from the natural environment. Also known as extractive industries. (known as primary because extraction, or removal of natural resources must happen before anything else can be made. Everything comes from the earth)
Primary industries in Canada include agriculture, mining, forestry, and fishing. Canada has one of the largest levels of natural products in the world
Primary industries are those that harvest or extract raw material from nature, such as agriculture, oil and gas extraction, logging and forestry, mining, fishing, and trapping.
Primary industries also create the basic materials for use in other industries, such as growing and harvesting wheat that can then be turned into the bread which you make your toast from every morning, or the raising of sheep for your Sunday roast.
You’ll actually find that there is a primary industry product in pretty much everything that surrounds us. From the wool that is shorn from sheep and spun into the clothes we wear, to the mines that produce metal to make cars and electronic equipment, and to the forests and quarries which produce all the different kinds of construction materials that go into building your house, our whole world is built with primary industry products.
Major businesses in the primary industry sector include agriculture, horticulture, agribusiness, fishing, aquaculture, forestry and all mining and quarrying industries.
DefinitionSave to Favorites
An industry involved in the extraction and collection of natural resources, such as copper and timber, as well as by activities such as farming and fishing. A company in a primary industry can also be involved in turning natural resources into products.
Primary industry tends to make up a larger portion of the economy of developing countries than they do for developed countries. See also service industry, secondary industry.

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Secondary Industries
Involves the processing of primary industry products into finished goods (stage two of previous skate diagram).
Commonly known as manufacturing industries. Includes products ranging from computers and rings to cans of fruit and bulldozers. There is both primary, and secondary types of manufacturing. secondary industries are : when raw materials is taken and are changed or processed into some type of new product or resource

Examples of secondary industry jobs are carpenters, bakers, builders, car manufacturers and sewing machinists
DefinitionSave to Favorites
The industrial sector of an economy that is dominated by the manufacture of finished products.
Unlike a primary industry, which collects and produces raw materials for manufacture, a secondary industry makes products that are more likely to be consumed by individuals. Examples of secondary industrydivisionsinclude automobilemanufacturing, steel production and telecommunications. Also called secondary sector of industry.

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Secondary industry = manufacturing (processing) industry => changes raw materials into products of more value, e.g. iron ore to steel, steel to motor vehicles
_ Mechanised factories (production) o heavy industry o light industry
_ Craft industries – hand skills, e.g. weaving, pottery, carpentry
Processing industry (Mid-technology industry) = SECONDARY
_ Heavy industry
- Power industry
- Metallurgy/Smelting industry
- Machine engineering (e.g. car industry)
- Chemical industry
- Armament industry (production)
_ Light industry
- Textile industry
- Food processing industry
- Printing industry
- Leather industry
- Paper and pulp (cellulose) industry
_ High-technology industry (machines)
- electronics and micro/nanotechnologies (e.g. medical appliances)
- rocketry (e.g. components and modules for spaceship construction)
- biotechnologies (e.g. improving crops to gain more harvest)
Heavy industry
Features: large-scale in operation, bulky products heavily dependent on their raw materials
=> located close to the source of their raw materials, e.g. iron and steel industry
Iron and steel industry
3 main iron and steel producing areas in the world:
1. Europe
2. Japan
3. USA

Steel industry

Tertiary Industries
Includes industries that provide services that support primary and secondary industries
Examples include education, government, radio, TV, hospitals

Quaternary Industries
Includes industries related to the processing of ideas rather than products. Accountants, researchers, computer programmers etc. The jobs are linked to one of the other types of industries.
DefinitionSave to Favorites
The portion of an economy that is based on knowledge applicable to some business activity that usually involves the provision of services. For example, the quaternary sector might include: information gathering, distribution and technology; research and development; vocationaleducation; businessconsulting; and strategicfinancial services.

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Basic Industries
Money to pay wages comes from outside of the community. Brings money into the community, or local economy. Eg mining, working for a multinational company
Non-basic Industries
Jobs that do not bring extra money into the community. E.g. work at a local restaurant, teacher

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