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Introduction to Chemistry I (MAE1106)

Chapter 1: Properties, Measurement and Units


All things we can see, or touch, whether books, pencils, telephones, or people as they have some thing in common. They are all composed of matter which is defined as anything that takes up space and has mass.

Matter is generally considered to be a substance (often a particle) that has rest mass and (usually) also volume. Mass and weight are not really the same. The mass of a body is a measure of its resistance to a change in its velocity. Weight refers to the force with which an object of a certain mass is attracted by gravity to the earth or other body that may be near such as moon.

The volume is determined by the three-dimensional space it occupies, while the mass is defined by the usual ways that mass is measured. Matter is also a general term for the substance of which all observable physical objects consist

Properties of Substances

Physical (Properties and Changes)

A physical property is one that is displayed without any change in composition. (Intensive or Extensive) 1. Intensive: A physical property that will be the same regardless of the amount of matter. density: m/v • color: The pigment or shade • conductivity: electricity to flow through the substance • malleability: if a substance can be flattened • luster: how shiny the substance looks 2. Extensive: A physical property that will change if the amount of matter changes. • mass: how much matter in the sample • volume: How much space the sample takes up • length: How long the sample is
Physical Change
Change in which the matter's physical appearance is altered, but composition remains unchanged. (Change in state of matter) • Three main states of matter are: Solid, Liquid, Gas o Solid is distinguished by a fixed structure. Its shape and volume do not change....

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