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Words 400

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The main strength of observation is that it provides direct access to the social phenomena under consideration. Instead of relying on some kind of self-report, such as asking people what they would do in a certain situation, you actually observe and record their behaviour in that situation. This, in principle at least, avoids the wide range of problems associated with self-report. In an interview situation or in response to a questionnaire item, for example, a person may not always provide accurate or complete information, or they might answer in ways that correspond to what is socially desirable. There is a recognised source of bias in self-report techniques referred to as a 'social desirability set', which means that in many spheres of social life there are socially desirable ways of behaving and, consciously or unconsciously, individuals will tend to respond in that way, although in the 'real world' they might behave differently. Asking children whether they would tend to be helpful to other children in certain situations, for example, would be susceptible to such a source of bias

Diversity, Flexibility and Applicability

Observation can take diverse forms, from informal and unstructured approaches through to tightly structured, standardised procedures and can yield associated diverse types of data, both qualitative and quantitative. Observation, therefore, is applicable in a wide range of contexts.

Disadvantages

Practicability

One of the main disadvantages of observation is that it can be very time consuming and resource intensive. Observation may be a very desirable strategy to explore certain research questions, but it may simply not be feasible for the researcher with limited time and resources to carry out the observation and, therefore, alternative strategies would have to be pursued.

Observer Bias

A fundamental potential weakness of all...

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...MAT 221 Math is a very interesting and difficult topic for me at times, but I must admit that I enjoyed this week’s lesson on inequalities. I never knew that there were calculations for body mass index until now. Below, I have worked out calculations according to my height that let me know which weight(s) is healthy for me. In addition, I will also work calculations in between as well as the calculations that show which level of weight(s) that I need to stay away from, if I wish to extend my years here. According to page 151 in our textbook, we were given the formula for Body Mass Index or BMI as stated below: BMI= 703W H2 Next, we were asked to calculate the four intervals based on our own individual heights. My height is 72.23 inches. The various intervals include three compound between inequalities and one average inequality. Whenever BMI shows up in the inequalities I will substitute the formula and solve the inequality for W to point out the weight ranges that fit each category for my specified height. As documented, the first interval shows those who might have a longer life span than average. The compound inequality for this is: 17<BMI<22 17<703W<22 This is referred to as an equivalent inequality. H2 17<703W<22 Here H2 has been replaced by my actual height in inches. 72.232 17<703W <22 During the next step, I will multiply all three terms by the denominator. ......

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...Inequalities This assignment involves the use of inequalities in mathematical equations. The formula for finding Body Mass Index (BMI) is BMI =703W/H^2. In this formula W = weight in pounds In this formula H = height in inches. For this assignment four intervals based on our own personal heights must be calculated. I am 6 feet 4 inches tall. My height in inches (or H) equals 76. These intervals include inequalities that are categorized as between or compound inequalities. One interval in this assignment will be a regular inequality. Wherever “BMI” appears in the inequalities, we will exchange the formula and solve the inequality for W to find the weight ranges that fit each category for my height. The first interval calculates those who might have a longer than average life span. The compound inequality for this follows: 17<bmi<22 17<703W/76^2<22 17<703W/5776<22 17*5776<703W<22*5776 98192<703W<127072 (Dividing all by 703) 139.6756<w<180.7567 140<w<181 People with a height of 76 inches may have a longer lifespan if they weigh between 140 and 181 pounds (after rounding up). Now we will do something a little different from the previous problem. Below we will solve the 2nd inequality for the formula for W prior to entering the different values to find W. 23<703W/H^2<25 23H^2<703W<25H^2 Divide all by 703 23H^2/703<w Square H for insertion (76*76) =......

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...Inequalities According to our textbook located on page 151 (Dugopolski, M. (2012) the formula for Body Mass Index (BMI) is: BMI = 703W H^2 Now, W is equal to an individual’s weight in pounds and H is equal to the height in inches. The height I will be using in the following problems is 70 inches. The stated intervals combine three compound between inequalities, and one “ordinary,” inequality. For the Body Mass Index (BMI) will be used in inequalities; for this formula they will also be supplemented to solve the inequality for W, that will define the ranges of weight that are particular for the height being utilized. Our first interval indicates which individual might have a longer life span then average. The compound interval that will be used is: 17 < BMI < 22 17 < 703W < 22 Equivalent inequality will be replacing BMI in the formula. H^2 17 < 703W < 22 (70)^2 I have replaced H^2 with my height in inches. 17 < 703W < 22 4900 We square the denominator and then multiply it by each numerator. In this case it will be 17, 703W, and 22. 17(4900)<703W(4900)<22(4900) It has now been cancelled. 49000 83300<703W<107800 Carry out the multiplication 83300<703W<107800 The terms are then divided by 703 in order to isolate W. 703 703 703 118.5<W<153.3 Those with the height of 70 inches may indeed have a longer than......

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...Inequalities MAT/221 07/14/2014 Compound inequalities and inequalities are useful for creating charts for doctors for the BMI, by giving people the range for how much they should and shouldn’t weigh according to their standards. These calculations could be misguided because they don’t account for certain aspects like body fat and or muscle mass, because to two weigh differently. The BMI equation is equal to 703W divided by H squared. The W stands for weight in pounds or LBS and H stands for height in inches. In the following height we will be using 65 inches. The first compound inequality is 17 less than W over H squared multiply 703 and less than 22. The first step to solving is to divide 703 to 17 and 22. Then multiply both the 17/703 and the 22/703 by h squared. And that will leave us with 17/703 * h^2 < w < 22/703 *h^2, now we will plug in the height of 65 in. and solve the compound inequality. We get the answer of 102.169 < w <132.219. The second problem is 23 less than W over H squared times 703 and less than 25. To solve this compound equality we first divide 703 to both 23 and 25 to remove the 703 from the middle. Then we multiply H squared into both 23 over 703 and 25 over 703. Giving us the problem of 23 / 703 * h^2 < w < 25 / 703 * h^2. The solved problem comes out to be 138.229 < w < 150.248. This we will be the BMI that I will be graphing and using for the interval notations. The notations for this problem are [138.229,......

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...The History of Inequality: Institutions and Citizenship Throughout history, inequalities have permeated many different societies to different extents. The exclusion of certain groups over the course of centuries and policies that favor the elite more often than not have allowed inequality to persist. Many different policies and factors result in these inequalities, so it can be difficult to narrow down which have the greatest impact, but by examining the history of different programs meant to reduce or perpetuate inequalities, it is clear that the issue of inequalities is one of policy rather than a natural state. According to de Barros, “The inequality caused by unequal opportunities is viewed by most people as fundamentally unfair” (de Barros, 27). This suggests the difference between inequality of opportunity and inequality of outcome. If there seems to be a positive correlation between these two forms of inequality, then we can claim there is something unfair about the system inherently. Furthermore, “some inequality may be tolerated, like inequality caused by differences in effort and talent, particularly when attempts to reduce it could interfere with other ethical objectives, such as privacy and individual freedom. Equality of opportunity is desirable, equality of outcomes (earnings, income, wealth) not necessarily” (de Barros, 27). For example, if a child who, because of chance and circumstance, grows up in a poor family and lacks access to a decent education......

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..."The Riddle of Inequality" The riddle of inequality, as Tillich explains, "...Cannot be solved." This inequality is the divider of people, of the have's and have-nots. It seems that this riddle has confused people since the beginning of time and was even discussed in the bible. People always wonder why some have more than others do; they wonder why this happens and how it can change. I believe that this riddle is natural and cannot be changed despite he best efforts of people. Tillich attributes this mystery of have's and have-nots to many factors. First is that if you were granted with inherited talents then you should use them in life to the best of your ability. But if you let them go to waste, then these talents will ultimately be taken away. It is unfair when things are taken away that we might have taken for granted due to lack of attention, such as, "...[the] intense joy and the presence of the mystery of life through the freshness of the young day or the glory of the dying day..." These things are only taken away because we do not pay enough attention to the simple beauty in life and in nature. Although all of these are examples of inequality, I do not agree with Tillich when he claims that this is due to the presence of the divine, by the choice of God. I believe inequality comes from ourselves. We may embrace, or else let it slip away. It is through our lack of conscientiousness that life becomes unequal. I attribute the basic inequalities in......

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