Premium Essay

Influence of Music to Language Learners

In: English and Literature

Submitted By ellenjane19
Words 2565
Pages 11
The Effect of Music on Second Language
Vocabulary Acquisition
This Document Originally Appeared in
NATIONAL NETWORK FOR EARLY LANGUAGE LEARNING Volume 6,
Number 3 Spring 1993
Suzanne L. Medina, Ph.D. School of Education Graduate Education
Department California State University, Dominguez Hills 1000 East
Victoria Street Carson, CA 90747 Fax: (310) 514-0396 E-mail: smedina@forefrontpublishers.com It is currently a common practice to use songs in the classroom to support second language acquisition. The literature abounds with positive statements concerning music as a vehicle for first and second language acquisition. At the same time, empirical support for music as a vehicle for second language acquisition is lacking and there is concern that music may be simply a supplemental activity with little instructional value. In this study, the effect of music on the acquisition of English vocabulary in a group of second grade limited-English proficient children is reported.
Incidental Vocabulary Acquisition
In recent years, second language researchers have concerned themselves with the acquisition of vocabulary and have distinguished between vocabulary that is acquired incidentally and vocabulary that is acquired intentionally. During the preschool years, children rely exclusively on the oral language they listen to in order to acquire their first language. This acquisition of language takes place before children can read and without explicit instruction of any kind. Furthermore, even after children begin to attend school, they continue to acquire vocabulary that has not been learned formally. Of the 3,000 words the average child acquires each year, only a portion is learned as a result of the instruction received in school.
Thus, the remainder of these words must be learned incidentally from a variety of sources (Nagy & Herman, 1987).
There...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Pronunciation Teaching Case Study

...What accents are normally considered as the modeling pronunciation among Chinese EFL learners? Which one is preferred, the British accent or the American accent? ii. What factors affect learners’ language ideologies in choosing so? iii. Is there any corelationship between learners’ attitudes towards those pronunciation models and their attitudes towards the Chinese English accent? Two testable hypotheses are proposed for the first two research questions, with the first one based on He’s (2004) attitude study in Guangdong University of Foreign Studies and the second one based on similar research conducted in Czech by Benková (2013). i. RP and GA are still considered as the English modeling pronunciation in China, and Chinese EFL learners are more inclined to learn the British accent. ii. Possible factors might be (1) the influence from schools and teachers, (2) learners’ contact with English (studying abroad experiences and chances to use English), (3) the influence of the mass media like music, movies, or TV...

Words: 735 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Lpengts

...2.1 Influence:  influence (noun): the power to affect someone or something. influence (verb): to influence someone or something is to have an effect on what they are or do. (Allen, 2003: 217).  People are influenced by the things that surround them. This mostly refers to what we see and hear on a daily basis.  Power leads one to influence people, no power leads one to be influenced. Power in this regard may refer mostly to money.  Peer pressure is another form of influence, where one would do something to rather fit in, than take a stand and be different.  It is easier to influence people who are uncertain about themselves and their values, than people who are self-assured. Often, peope who are less educated, feel inferior to those who are well educated. Therefore, uneducated people are often influenced by educated people. This is also seen in politices.  The language we use, the clothes that we wear (fashion), our behavior or attitude etc. are all things that are influenced by the society we live in.  Influence can either have a positive or a negative outcome. Social class:  Social class has to do with ones’ place in society.  People are ussually grouped into social classes according to the amount of money they make, but also on the education they have recieved.  People with higher social status ussually have more influence over those with a lower social status.  A person’s social status influences the way the live, dress, eat, speak, what they read, what music......

Words: 1551 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Article

...to look at their lives, because it provides opportunities to look for potential that was left behind in their early years of life, and which can be develop through programs. The majority of teachers have implemented activities that foster the different learning styles, but currently there are schools that depend on book-based teaching, and excessive repetition. As a result teachers label students as being smart or not by relying on just using one or two learnings style which may not be indicative of the student’s intelligence. (National Science Foundation, 2005)      By recognizing and understanding the different learning styles educators can better understand the techniques to use with different students. The learning styles have more influence than a person might realize. A person best learning styles might guide the way they learn. The different learning styles also change the way a person represents experiences, and the way they retain information. According to researchers each learning style uses different parts of the brain. By using the different areas of the brain during learning, a person might remember more of what they learned. Researchers using technologies devises have been able to find out the key areas of the brain responsible for each learning style. For example; the occipital...

Words: 949 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Philosophy of Education

...when they hear people ask what their philosophy of education is. This paper offers techniques and strategies that educators can implement when writing their personal philosophies. Also included in this paper are my belief statements on my personal philosophy on education. Lastly, my paper discusses the influences that have helped shaped my philosophy on education. “Your personal philosophy is not just a written statement. It is a perspective that involves your beliefs and values and becomes the basis from which you make decisions about what is important and about your role as an educator” (Armstrong, Henson, & Savage, 2009, p. 278). Through experience and research I wholeheartedly believe that developmentally appropriate practice is the best model for early childhood education. Children learn exceptionally well when in an environment that encourages play and exploration. Being a part of a preschool program it is my goal that the environment should provide experiences that are interactive and engaging for the age levels of the children it serves. Play is a powerful tool that benefits children’s intellectual, social, emotional, physical and language development. Writing a teaching philosophy can be a very daunting task, Montell (2003) suggests, “reflecting on what you don't like can give you insights about what you do like," and that can help you to define your own teaching philosophy and goals.” Therefore, below are various statements that......

Words: 1482 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Learning Preferences

...styles and preferences have great influence on the way an individual will learn. Your individual preferred learning styles “can guide the way you learn and change the way you internally represent experiences, the way you recall information, and even the words you choose” (Brown, 2003, para. 1). Learning styles group ways that people learn and describe strategies that help with learning. Some people find that they have one main style of learning. Others will find that they use different styles in different circumstances. There is no right or wrong style. By being able to recognized and understand your personal learning preferences, you can use strategies better suited to you. This will improve the speed and quality of your learning experiences. The VARK learning styles questionnaire is a tool that can help learners identify their preferred learning styles. VARK learning styles, consist of four styles of learning preferences. Visual learning (pictures, movies, diagrams), auditory learning (music, discussion, lectures), reading and writing (making lists, reading textbooks, taking notes), and kinesthetic learning (movement, experiments, hands-on activities) complete these styles (Cherry, 2014). After completing the VARK questionnaire the author discovered that her prefer learning style was multimodal. Aural and read-write were equally strong focuses for her, which VARK puts into the category multimodal (Fleming, 2011). An aural or auditory learner learns by hearing......

Words: 804 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Unit 25: Menu Planning and Product Development

...UNIT 25: MENU PLANNING AND PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT Get assignment help for this unit at assignmenthelpuk@yahoo.com LO1 Understand factors that influence menu planning decisions Menu development and policy overview: principles of menu planning; types of menu; menu balance; creativity; consumer expectations; religious, cultural, ethnic and social influences; fads and trends; fashions; themes Menu compilation: factors eg taste, colour, texture, portion size, temperature, appearance, commodity planning, seasonal factors Recipe development: creativity; cookery styles; nutritional composition; consistency of product; methods eg fresh commodities, prepared foods, combination of fresh and prepared foods, cook-chill/freeze, batch cookery; call order; timing Food service systems: variations to standard service methods eg silver, table, buffet, tray, counter; food presentation; addressing consumer needs and expectations; timing LO2 Understand menu product development planning processes Idea generation: SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats); market and consumer trends; focus groups; employees; user patterns and habits; brainstorming of new menu, service or restaurant concept Idea screening and concept testing: elimination of unsound concepts prior to devoting resources; developing and marketing; feasibility; cost; production issues Business analysis: estimated selling price; sales volume; profitability; breakeven point; market testing; technical......

Words: 991 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Vark Analysis

...evidence suggesting that personal learning preferences have no actual influence on learning results. (Pashler H et al 2008). Neil Fleming's VARK model is one of the most popular representations. In 1987, Fleming developed an inventory designed to help students and others learn more about their individual learning preferences. In Fleming's model, sometimes referred to VARK learning styles, learners are identified by whether they have a preference for visual learning (pictures, movies, diagrams), auditory learning (music, discussion, lectures), reading and writing (making lists, reading textbooks, taking notes), or kinesthetic learning (movement, experiments, hands-on activities). Visual Learners Visual learners learn best by seeing. Graphic displays such as charts, diagrams, illustrations, handouts, and videos are all helpful learning tools for visual learners. People who prefer this type of learning would rather see information presented in a visual rather than in written form. Assessment: * Do you have to see information in order to remember it? Do you pay close attention to body language? Is art, beauty, and aesthetics important to you? Does visualizing information in your mind help you remember it better? If you can answer yes to most of these questions, chances are good that you have a visual Learning style. Aural Learners Aural (or auditory) learners learn best by hearing information. They tend to get a great...

Words: 1014 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Vark Analysis

...will explore through. In order for an individual to be a successful learner they must be familiar with their own learning style, whether they have learned this through trial and error or by taking an assessment such as the VARK questionnaire. The VARK questionnaire developed in 1987 and is a tool that people can use to identify their own individual learning style. Consisting of sixteen different questions, based upon different learning scenarios, your answers are evaluated to establish which type of a learner you are. There are four types of learners based on the questionnaire, which are: visual, aural, read/write, and kinesthetic or someone who scores similarly in two or more areas is defined as multimodal. Based on the VARK, visual learners “want the whole picture” and they “are often swayed by the way something looks” (Fleming & Mills, 1992). Visual learners prefer to look at pictures and graphs instead of listening or writing. Aural learners, according to the VARK, want to hear the content. The written word is not as valuable to an aural learner as content they hear (Fleming & Mills, 1992). VARK read/write learners “believe the meaning are within the words, so any talk is OK but a handout is better” (Fleming & Mills, 1992). Individuals that score as kinesthetic learners, learn by performing or getting their hands dirty, they “need to do things to understand” (Fleming & Mills, 1992). This type of learner prefers to be guided through the task and then duplicate it and......

Words: 1061 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Vark Questionnaire

...results showed more of a connection to a kinesthetic learner with a strong leaning towards visual and audio learning. Understanding learning styles will assist in developing effective learning strategies which will improve learning abilities. The VARK questionnaire is a valuable tool, for assisting the learner, in understanding their preferred learning style, and allows the teacher to be able to adapt and improve their way of conveying information. A personal questionnaire will be assessed in order to help discus the purpose of a VARK questionnaire. Kinesthetic (K) is the preferred learning style with a preference for hands on learning. The kinesthetic learning style involves developing experience and knowledge in the area of learning (Gilakjani, 2012). Instead of listening to a lecture or observing someone else demonstrating the material, the kinesthetic learner prefers doing the learning activity in order to gain the knowledge. They prefer using their hands and body in order to focus and learn. This makes sense because retaining information was found easier when allowed to be able to physically engage in the learning process. When sitting still listening to a lecture, there were issues with focusing and learning the material. The other potential learning styles are audio, visual, and read/write. The test determined scores second highest on audio and visual with the lowest being the read/write learning style. Visual learners must see the learning material in order to......

Words: 1076 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Concept Analysis

...July 11, 2012 Introduction According to The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language similarity is the (a) “equivalence,” (b) “resemblance” and (c) corresponding “features” or characteristics” (2009). There are various ways of defining similarity the most common term shared is comparison. Accuracy and consistency are essential when providing patient care and it should be displayed within nursing practice, communication, and documentation. Institute of Medicine reports that there are over 98,000 deaths caused by preventable errors (1999). The purpose of this paper is to respond to a peer reviewed concept analysis article, describing the method of analysis, the steps of the process, results for each step and to apply the concept to a practice situation. Concept Analysis The Electronic Health Record (EHR) improves the exchange of patient data, accuracy, and quality of patient care. Poor communication and technology can impede a positive outcome for the patient. A core competence of nursing is documentation of patient’s response to nursing interventions and effectively communicating the care given. In the article Concept Analysis of Similarity Applied to Nursing Diagnoses: Implications for Educators the author uses the Walker and Avant concept analysis of similarity. In nursing, concept analysis clarifies unclear concepts and gives a mean to common understanding within nursing practice. “The purpose of a concept analysis is to describe the concept well...

Words: 995 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Howard Gardner's Eight Intelligences

...there are multiple abilities that are present in each person. He believed that even though all abilities are inherent in each individual, they are not all equally strong. Some learners are highly developed in some areas, moderately so in some and completely underdeveloped in others. The operation of the different abilities in different people is not only due to individual characteristics such as genetics but also due to environmental and cultural factors. The intelligences that Gardner distinguished are linguistic or verbal, logical-mathematic, spatial, musical, kinaesthetic, interpersonal and intrapersonal. He later added the eighth one being naturalistic. With the appropriate stimulation and support, each of these can be developed to a satisfactory level in each person even though different ones will remain stronger in different people. Linguistic/Verbal Intelligence Linguistic or otherwise known as verbal intelligence as defined by Gardner is the ability to speak or write well. In other words this form of intelligence indicates the ability to use words effectively, orally or in writing. Verbal intelligence includes the ability to manipulate the structure, meaning and practical use of language (Nieman and Monyai, 2006:86). Learners with this ability are good at using their words. They can use language to persuade people, communicate about issues and to remember things. They think...

Words: 1802 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Different Ways of Learning

...During this past week this author has learned that a learning need is a need to change a behavior and as nurses we have been at the fore front as the educators for our patients and their families for the primary source of health education. People continually acquire knowledge and the ability to learn new skills and an important aspect of this is the individual’s agreement to learn. Many factors influence the learning process like the client’s educational needs, health beliefs and readiness, environment, health status and cultural and financial awareness to name a few. People are not the same and do not do things the same, therefore our learning styles, methods and strategies are different which brings this author to my learning style. According to the VARK Questionnaire: “ How Do I Learn Best?” it has been determined that this author’s learning preference is multimodal with read/write being the strongest learning preference with a score of twelve, followed by a score of eight for aural and kinesthetic and the weakest preference visual with a score of seven, however, for this author to understand what is being taught to me the educational content has to be laid out to enhance my learning experience through a visual learning style, it is essential for me to comprehend. It has to be interesting, not too long; if too long the author becomes bold and unmotivated. Pictures, maps, diagrams, and directions are a must. My preferred learning style is visual. Also the author is......

Words: 1041 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Eth305V

...Unique number 888608 WERKOPDRAGSKRYFBLOK - ASSIGNMENT WRITING PAD Tik -- Type Dosent se Kommentaar Tutorial Comments ETH305V – Assignment 2 Question 1: Theoretical background i) Prejudice Prejudice is a pre-held negative opinion, perception, or judgment a person holds or expresses against something or someone, without justification or analyzing facts. For example, when one meets a Muslim person, or sees someone dressed as a Muslim on a flight, one automatically perceives him/her to be a terrorist, and is suspicious or unreasonably “sure” that the Muslim person intends blowing up the plane. The negative perception was based purely on perception of the Muslim person‟s religious belief, and not by knowing the person personally etc., thus stereotyping deals with ill-informed description of people whilst prejudice is based on unjustifiable feelings towards someone. Social conflicts can be generated by racism, prejudice, and stereotyping; therefore efforts need to be made to reduce racist tendencies and prejudice in order to correct stereotyping. Ways of achieving this include more awareness education, and contact between the stereotyped and those who form stereotypes, as well as the accurate portrayal of individuals and groups in literature. ii) Stereotypes Stereotyping takes place when we conjure mental categories where one deposits people, items or events into conceptually specified groups. Stereotypes are formed as a result of the overload of experiences we have, and...

Words: 3651 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Media Literacy Education: Its Level of Implementation in Amontay National High School, Pitogo, Quezon

...Rationale The world is surrounded with beautiful trends and innovation which brought up the development in different branches or fields of professional activities such as business, education, etc. It is of great help that these numerous happenings also cater an opportunity to improve further quality of teaching instruction in the educational ground. This will utilize the upbringing of Philippine education standards. Due to this progress as bounded by technologies, the generation is conceived to be known now as generation “M”. Media as the core of this generation is delivered such that it remarkably influences greater people globally. It is one of the most dominant forces as its messages are decoded by the youths which lead them in shaping their own perceptions. Research studies showed 2/3 of toddlers view television daily for 2 hours, and kids and teens view television daily for 4 hours plus 2 hours exerted for staying on a computer (www.articlesphere.com, 2010). New Generations Philippines (2009) revealed that 63 percent of children aged 7 to 14 years old regularly use the Internet (play games, watch videos, or access information for school requirements). About 62 percent of kids in that age group (13 to 14 years old) go online to access social networking compared to the 44 percent of users aged 11-12 years old. 43 percent of pre-teens also use the Internet for instant messaging. An alarming truth may be set with this situation; that an average Filipino child who reaches......

Words: 755 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Sla Research

...Introduction: The study aims at analyzing influence of different learning style in acquisition of upper intermediate Bangladeshi EFL learners. A two-phase interview was conducted in which Phase One included a self-created general questionnaire that was used to identify learner's profile, learning history and linguistic background. Phase Two consists of focused questions which are prepared by emphasizing on learning style, learning process, learning aid, learning environment and emotional state which help acquire language skills. In the processes of analyzing, researcher used a self-created questionnaire to find out what type of learner the interviewee is. Phase One interview took place at 3 p.m. August 2, 2014 at interviewee's residence at Banani, Dhaka. The researcher came to know about the interviewee Rameesa Y Chowdhury through a friend of her. Rameesa is her friend's cousin and she met her at her friend's place. After being informed about her educational background and proficiency level, researcher became interested in interviewing her. She made a call to her showing keen interest to take her interview. Rameesa happily agreed and said when she would be remained free to give interview. The Researcher also informed her that the interview would not have conducted in specific time and she can take as much as she needed for answering each question and the information that she provides through giving answers in interview will be audio recorded. Then he got her appointment to...

Words: 5236 - Pages: 21