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Informatics

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Submitted By nurset2010
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Decisions in Health Care
In this paper the role of technology in decision making is presented and systems and informatics theories are discussed followed by the DIK Model, and the role of expert system in nursing care and medicine. Furthermore, the use of decision aids and decision support systems are presented in correlation with the uses of technology for patient and client management, and the paper is concluded with an analysis of the effect of technology on health care and health status.
Medical technology has major effects on health care decision making at the patient-physician interaction, community-health care institution, and the society-national government levels. Informatics and the development of what are known as tele-health/telemedicine have a variety of innovative uses to facilitate the decisions of health care professionals across the world. Some of these innovative uses are the ability to provide remote consultations among professionals outside of their facility, the ability to diagnosis and assess various disease states, the ability to access patients, and their medical histories, and the ability to prescribe medications and therapies. Many health care organizations are working to implement or upgrade their information systems. Hospitals are hiring information technology specialists to set up Intranets designed for the sharing of information among health care professionals, and is using public networks in the distribution of health-related information for teaching purposes. The innovation of telemedicine in health care has transformed the practice of medical decision making by increasing the possibility of alternatives, relinquishing of part of the role of decision maker to others in the health care system, and including the patients and the community to assist in the process.
Systems and Theories

In today’s health care system nurses...

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