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What were the advances in information technology that resulted in new ethical issues necessitating the creation of each act?

Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act (US Patriot Act), 2001, renewed 2006
The “Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism” Act, more commonly referred to as the “Patriot Act”, was signed into law on October 26th, 2001 following the events of September 11th of that same year. At that time, existing laws regarding electronic information needed to be updated to provide federal law enforcement with greater access to investigate electronic platforms such as email, voicemail, other electronic information and personal property without the owner’s knowledge or consent. The act was implemented to capture the terrorists responsible for the attacks during 2001 but as it pertains to information technology; it removed many barriers for law enforcement agencies to gather intelligence from domestic sources to fight terrorism.
Money laundering for example is hidden in a process of several electronic transactions which ultimately funds terrorist activities. The criminals take cash earned from illegal exploits and then deposit this cash into a banking institution from where it is then transferred to other accounts or credit cards, money orders, travelers cheques among other things so that it appears to be legitimate funds used for legitimate business or personal uses. Terrorists are funded through money laundering much easier and faster with the advances of wire transfers foreign and domestic. They communicate across distant geographic locations via email and the ever popular cell phone. In wireless phone communication, many terrorists with use GSM technology where a mobile phone is used with a different SIM card...

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