Free Essay

Information Technology Ethical Issues

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By zareen
Words 382
Pages 2
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ETHICAL ISSUES

Ethics is in accordance with the standards or rules for behavior or a practice especially the standards of professionalism. Information ethics is defined as a branch of ethics that is directed to the relationship between dissemination, organization, use and creation of information, and the moral and ethical codes governing human behavior in a society. Information system have raised ethical questions for both organizations and Individuals since they all create opportunities for intense social change, and thus putting at risk the current distribution of powers, rights, money and obligation. There are various ethical issues in information system privacy being one of them. Privacy is the right of a particular organization, including the state or individual to be left alone, free from interference and surveillance from others. Personal information of a particular individual or organization is critical, and the way they are handled can significantly interfere with the individual or the group. Privacy entails what information about an individual or an organization must a reveal to others, extend to which the information should be given and under what conditions. The information of a particular person or group should be safeguarded adequately to prevent its access by others without permission or consent. There are some of personal information that must be revealed to others, for example, the age of an individual, address, gender and marital status. This information is precious especially when the individual is an employee of a particular company or organization since it helps in identifies the particular individual in the company. Different organizations collect massive amounts of data and use for its various purposes, for example, profit and loss analysis, its economic status, and money allocation to various departments in the organization. This helps a lot in the smooth running of the organization and used for analysis purpose. Some individuals or organizations can breach privacy and access people’s information that they are not obligated to without the consent of the people or organizations owning the respective information and end up producing a copyright of what they have. Therefore, it is crucial to safeguard the information and maintain its privacy. There are different protective measures that can be used as security safeguards and enforcement actions in order to address privacy issues. These measures involve both humans and technology.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Ethical Issues for It and Information Professionals

...Ethical Issues for IT and Information Security Professionals Sandra J. Crossin Information Security Management- MGMT 394 Embry Riddle Aeronautical University Abstract This paper summarizes and evaluates an article addressing the ethical issues involved with being information security personnel. It will attempt to show several areas where ethics can become an issue and stimulate questions regarding activities that are not illegal, but in most cases are not ethical either. The Information Security industry does not have a specific and regulate “code of ethics” to the extent which physicians, attorneys, accountants or other professionals who have access to personal information do. This paper will attempt to evaluate whether or not such a code and its ensuing regulations should be developed. Keyword: Information Security Personnel Professionals such as doctors, lawyers, accountants and so forth, have jobs which allows them to have access to other individual’s private information and whose duties can affect the lives of others. These professionals receive training and take courses that instruct them regarding the ethical issues involved in their respective professions. Most established professions have confronted their ethical issues, which have then been “codified” by law and are strictly monitored and regulated [ (Schinder, 2005) ]. In the IT industry, security personnel weld a certain amount of power due to the access they have to......

Words: 581 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Advances in Information Technology Create Ethical Issues That Drive Congressional Acts

...Advances in Information Technology Create Ethical Issues that Drive Congressional Acts Ethics refers to what is morally good or bad, the division of right and wrong. The increase in ethical issues rises as information technology advances. What is unethical is not necessarily illegal. Therefore, congress is forced to set guidelines protecting consumer’s privacy, accuracy of information, the ownership and value of such information and who has access to it. The Electronic Funds Transfer Act of 1978 and the Health Information Portability and Protection Act of 2006 are just two examples of these types of acts. Information technology advances in order to keep up with the demands of the modern world. One such way, is the availability to access money from automated tellers and point of sale terminals. Congress implemented the Electronic Funds Transfer Act in 1978 to establish the basic rights, liabilities and responsibilities of consumers who use electronic funds services and financial institutions who offer those services. (FDIC, 2006). This law protects an individual consumer’s privacy by ensuring the financial institution protects the digital data it is storing and that it does not disseminate that information to the wrong individual. The financial institution must ensure it receives and authentic information from the consumer and accurately transfer the information into the computer system. The ETA also identifies error resolution and limits liability for any......

Words: 451 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Social, Legal, and Ethical Issues in the Information Age

...Chapter 5 Social, Legal, and Ethical Issues in the Information Age Teaching Objectives Students should be able to answer the following questions: 1. What ethical, social, and political issues are raised by information systems? 2. Are there specific principles for conduct that can be used to guide decisions about ethical dilemmas? 3. Why does contemporary information technology pose challenges to the protection for individual privacy and intellectual property? 4. How have information systems affected everyday life? 5. How can organizations develop corporate policies for ethical conduct? Key Terms The following alphabetical list identifies the key terms discussed in this chapter. The page number for each key term is provided. |Accountability, 154 |Intellectual property, 164 | |Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), 176 |Liability, 154 | |Computer abuse, 173 |Non-obvious relationship awareness (NORA), 153 | |Computer crime, 173 |Opt-in, 161 | |Computer vision syndrome (CVS), 177 |Opt-out, 161 | |Cookie, 160 ...

Words: 5310 - Pages: 22

Free Essay

Ethical Issues of Information Age

...THE ETHICAL ISSUES OF THE INFORMATION AGE The information age as defined by generation of today is growing up surrounded with intellectual capital that is formed through the use of information. Information means increasing the capacity of the mind to achieve its goals, resulting of an input from another mind”. (Mason, 2012) The construction of high importance of intellectual capital is also very important because of all the different ethical issues. These issues are defined as certain values relating to the conduct of human with respect to what’s right or wrong. The four main ethical issues are, property accuracy accessibility and privacy these are what we need to be more aware of. In disputing the aspect of privacy, it’s important that we pay close attention to two important issues: the growth and value we place on informational technology in our decision making. We should asked ourselves what type of information should a person reveal to others, or what type of conditions or type of things should we keep to ourselves without being forced to reveal them to others (Mason, 2012). The four different categories of private information can be divided into; private communication, and privacy of the body, personal information, and information about one’s possessions (Britz, 2012). For instance privacy can be violated with misuse of communication, the merging of documents, the retrieval of document, as well as alteration of information along with the failed attempt of......

Words: 715 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Information Technology and the Rise of Ethical Issues

...Information Technology and the Rise of Ethical Issues The purpose of this research is to identify what are the advances in information technology that resulted in new ethical issues necessitating the creation of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA), 1991, and the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA), 1998. To start examining the ethical issues of each act it was necessary to understand the meaning of the act and who the act affected. Each act applied to different age groups yet pertained some of the same ethical issues for the creation of each act. Once the meaning behind the acts were identified, the ethical issues were easy to recognize. Information Technology Information technology dramatically has changed the course of business in a rapid pace toward humanity. These advancements have made conducting business effective and efficient by the use of larger data storage, auto dialers, auto recordings, and identifiers, such as cookies or IP addresses to learn personal information. However, these advancements come with drawbacks that include morally and ethically wrong destruction toward individuals with their privacy and safety. Creation of Acts The Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA), 1991 was established for the consumers that did not wish to have telemarketers calling. The advancements in technology were enabling businesses to call residential phone numbers as well as sending facsimiles to market and sell products. The phone calls were...

Words: 700 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Technology and Ethical Issues

...executive if they were to die. Not only will members have what is usually in their will’s but now we have the option to have someone take responsibility of our social media accounts. Is this Ethical? Im sure we all will have many questions on this matter like these below. * If I die, and I want to be immortalized forever in Facebook glory, do I count toward the membership numbers? Does Facebook make advertising money on me forever? * Will Facebook run ads for tombstones, caskets, and flowers on my page when I die? * Can I set it up so certain "likes" disappear when I die? I mean, it was one thing when I "liked" Justin Bieber when I was alive. But do I really want people judging me when I'm dead? * What happens if my executor dies, too? Can he or she pass it on? Can I have 10 generations of my family running my Facebook page for me, so I can make sure everyone remembers two hundred years from now that I once watched How I Met Your Mother? * What happens when my executor goes through the "anger" stage of grief? Can we get a "clean restore point" for my page in case that individual defaces it? These are vital questions right? I think the big question would be who would we put as executive on such account? Will this burden the person I name executive? Facebook has many IT issues to face on this matter. Being memorialized after death sounds great especially where all loved ones no matter where they are in the world can still have a piece of what was......

Words: 404 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Legal and Ethical Issues Relating to Business Information

...Legal and Ethical Issues Relating to Business Information Introduction I this task I’m going to explain the legal and ethical issues in relation to the use of businesses information and also I’m going to explain operational issues as well in the last park of the task i going to analyse the legal ethical and operational issues using appropriate examples . Most people do not feel safe in putting or giving their personal details on different social networks like Facebook and Twitter and another organization who uses the personal detail from the people or customers , the reason being of many hackers invading other people's privacy this also can happen with many businesses as well such as Tesco ,Asda e.g. if they do not have a security system to keep them safe . Legal Issues These are various items of legislation to protect the use of business information. Data Protection Act 1998 is one of the legal issue business information. Many businesses store use information about people. The Data Protection Act protects information held about people from being misused. The information stored by businesses on databases must be: ✓ Obtained fairly and lawfully ✓ Used only for the purposes stated during collection ✓ Adequate, relevant and not excessive in relation to the intended use ✓ Accurate and up to date ✓ Not kept for longer than necessary ✓ Processed in line with your rights ✓ Subject to procedures to prevent unlawful processing, accidental loss,......

Words: 2188 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Information Technology Ethics Issues Article

...Information Technology Ethics Issues Article Georgeanna Chapman BIS/221 March 23, 2015 C. Randall Shirley Information Technology Ethics Issues Article Memorandum To: C. Randall Shirley From: Georgeanna L. Chapman Date: 4/26/2015 Re: Information Technology Ethics Issues Article Summary Laws and Ethics Can’t Keep Pace with Technology The article that I chose to use is from MIT Technology Review. In the article; it was discussed on how Ethics can’t keep up with the growing use of Technology. 1. Employers can get into trouble in interviews asking potential applicants about their sexual preference, religion or political affiliation, yet can find all this information on social media and it isn’t against the law. 2. Laws forbid lenders from discriminating on the basis of race, gender and sexuality, but if their work history on Facebook doesn’t match their work history on LinkedIn, they are socially undesirable. “We haven’t come to grips with what is ethical, let alone with what the laws should be, in relation to technologies such as social media.” (Wadhwa, 2014, p. 1) The laws and ethical practices are forever evolving. With the public uproar about the surveillance by the NSA this actually pales in association with the data that Google, Apple and Facebook are collecting and people don’t seem to be concerned about that. You give these sites permission to collect this information and store it. We will have similar debates about self-driving cars,......

Words: 434 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Issues in Information Technology

...Brent C. Dugan IT101-AT6 Ethical issues in Information Technology Information Technology And Resource Use As of Autumn 2003, leadership of the Network for E (N4E) is being taken over by Professor Scott Matthews of Carnegie Mellon, one of its founding members. Jon Koomey began a leave of absence from LBNL beginning in August 2003 (his LBL email and phone will still reach him while he's on leave). Koomey et al., "Sorry, wrong number: The use and misuse of numerical facts in analysis and media reporting of energy issues.", which contains the most complete summary of the controversy over electricity used by office equipment, was published in the 2002 issue of Annual Review of Energy and Environment (also LBNL-50499). vol. 27,. pp. 119-158. Email JGKoomey@lbl.gov for a copy. Baer et al. "Electricity requirements for a digital society" was published at the end of 2002 RAND Corporation, MR-1617-DOE, ISBN 0-8330-3279-8. They concluded that projections of information technology totalling 50% of electricity use in twenty years are completely implausible. Instead, their scenarios project something under five percent for office and communications equipment in all cases by 2020. Ethics In Information Technology Are the ethical decisions that a technology user must make fundamentally different than those facing the ordinary person?   No, because it is difficult to resolve competing interests no matter what the nature of action or behavior is contemplated.   Is the......

Words: 961 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ethical Theories in Information Technology

...Abstract This assignment will define and discuss the ethical theory of Kantianism. Kantian ethics is based on abiding by moral laws that are universal for everyone. It allows us to rationalize our decisions based on our duty to do what is right. This assignment will also discuss how Kantianism represents my personal principles. Kantianism provides moral laws that provide a sense of equality for all people. There are also several arguments that are against Kantianism and will dispute the theory. But the overall goal of Kantianism is to ensure that every person is treated with respect. In addition, this assignment will discuss and defend my position on a contemporary IT issue using a practical ethical theory. Unit 1 Assignment 1 Ethical Theory-Kantian The ethical theory that I have chosen that best represents my personal principles is Kantianism. This theory was named after the German philosopher Immanuel Kant. According to Quinn, “Kant believed that people’s actions ought to be guided by moral laws, and that these moral laws were universal” (Quinn, 2013, para. 2). The universal law is the belief that everyone tries to do the right thing and be a rational person and therefore rational decisions can be applied to everyone in the world. Kantianism does not consider the consequences of the ethical issues to be important, rather it is based on what should be done or doing the right thing regardless of the consequences. Kant’s decision is based on the theory that nothing......

Words: 1571 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Ethical Issues in Information Systems

...Ethical Issues in Information System Sebron Fleming Strayer University CIS109 – Introduction to Management Information Systems November 22, 2015 Professor Jean-Robert Bokino Abstract Most would agree that the advancement of computer technology has greatly enhanced the lives of many in today's society; however, with these advancements some pitfalls have come into play that diminish these advancements. The greatest threat to the achievements that have been made is that the criminal element has found ways to intrude. One of the manners into which these intrusions have occurred is the criminal invasion of privacy and an attempt to attack the individual's identity. In many cases, these cyber attacks by criminals has caused a lose of consumer confidence and has forced internet users and consumers to carefully consider ways in which to protect themselves. The advancement of computer technology has allowed us to more easily and quickly accomplish those task that was at one time time consuming and both routine and exhaustive. We are now enabled to shop online via e-commerce and are afforded the ability to pay bills and even do our banking and pay taxes online. “New computer technologies for gathering, storing, manipulating, and communicating data are revolutionizing the use and spread of information. Along the way, they are also creating ethical dilemmas...forcing people to confront entirely new rights and responsibilities in their use of information and to reconsider......

Words: 1065 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Ethical Issues Facing Information Technology

...Abstract Human beings are not always ethical. If we were all always ethical, there would be no need to discuss ethical matters. Rather, we sometimes do things that are not fair, not right, and not in the best interest of humanity or sometimes, ourselves. This research paper focuses on the ethical issues facing information technology. I will be identifying examples of those ethical issues, situations in which they occur, and helpful ways in which organizations can avoid abuse and catastrophes. Introduction Ethics is defined as moral principles that govern a person or group’s behavior. (insert reference) Now that we know the definition of ethics, then what are ethics in information technology? Ethics in information technology are a set of moral principles that police the use of computers and all forms of telecommunications used to receive, send, and store information. With the rise of information technology, more and more professionals have encountered ethical issues in the workplace and finding out there are situations in which ethical problems are becoming more prevalent. Some examples include; (1) problems with privacy and confidentiality, (2) computer security, and (3) computer crimes and computer related crimes. This paper will focus on these examples. Problems With Privacy and Confidentiality Information privacy is the right of an individual to determine what information is collected about them and how it......

Words: 1562 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Assignment 1 Ethical Issues in Information

...Assignment 1: Ethical Issues in Information Systems Antheus Bowden CIS109 – Intro Mgt. Info Systems Professor Arend Clayborn November 21, 2015 Ethics issues in information systems is the subject of this research paper, and if I was to choose one particular issue that interested me the most, it would be Privacy. It personally affected me in the workplace, so this paper will illustrate what I know firsthand. I’ll identify some human and technological protective measures I would use as security safeguards and enforcement actions in order to address the Privacy issue, list some problems related to management information systems that may arise from this issue, and propose at least one solution to address the problem in question. Privacy is the right of individuals to retain certain information about them without disclosure and to have any information collected about them with their consent protected against unauthorized access. In the workplace unfortunately, what we consider private could potentially be the reason for our employment or even our termination. Employers have monitoring systems that can measure performance and determine time spent at desk, and organizations, institutions, and firms can gather personal information and enter it into databases for their personal gain. One protective measure to safeguard my privacy would be to use a “private browsing mode”. That limits the web history kept on the computer, which will prevent others from accessing......

Words: 522 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Information Systems Ethical Issues

...Information Systems Ethical Issues Mrs. Monique Morris Intro to Management Information Systems – CIS 109 Strayer University Professor Masudur Chowdhury 09/06/2015 INFORMATION SYSTEMS’ ETHICAL ISSUES What are the ethical issues facing information systems? Ethical issues in information systems are a growing problem, with the advancement of technology. Everyone is using computers and the internet for personal tasks every day. People use the internet for paying bills, managing bank accounts and also for business transactions. The technologists in control of these information systems need to have great morals, and not be tempted to violate their ethics. The ten commandments of computer ethics are very similar to business ethics, and personal ethics. (Bidgoli, 2014) Basically, the commandments are for guidance to not do any harm or wrong towards another individual. There are laws against many of the issues with the information industry. For example, it is illegal to steal someone’s identity or personal information. Unfortunately, this is becoming more of a problem, the more people use computers for personal tasks. What are the more serious violations of ethics? One of the ten commandments of computer ethics is “Thou shalt not use a computer to steal.” (Bidgoli, 2014) This has got to be the most widely violated ethical issue. It is difficult to meet someone who has not been a victim of this violation. Identity theft is stealing. Unfortunately, to violate this......

Words: 748 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Information Technology Ethics Issues

...Information Technology Ethics Issues In the past thirty years technology has changed our lives significantly. It changed the way we communicate, the way we work, the way we interact with each other, to how we fight wars. With that being said, it has raised controversy and initiated intense debates that are often differentiated or entangled in scientific uncertainties or dishonest demagoguery. Law and ethics are struggling to keep pace with technology. For example, employers are forbidden and can face legal action if the ask interviewers about their, religion, political affiliation, or sexual preference. Nevertheless, they are able to turn to the internet like google or Facebook to determine if a candidate meets the job criteria by their beliefs, looks, or habits. It is against the law for lenders to discriminate a person based off their race, gender, and sexuality. However, they can deny a person a loan based on their Facebook friends that have a history of poor credit history or if their Facebook bios don’t match other websites like LinkedIn for example. Since laws have not kept up with modern day technology it causes regulatory gaps. As technology rapidly progresses the gaps seem to be getting bigger and bigger with time. Employment is not the only place where these regulatory gaps are happening. They are happening wherever technology exist. Technology has evolved so much in the last thirty years it’s nearly impossible to keep up causing our laws and ethical......

Words: 469 - Pages: 2