Premium Essay

Information Technology and Accounting

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By johnnyjayce
Words 4110
Pages 17
International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance, Vol. 1, No. 1, June, 2010
2010-023X

Information Technology roles in Accounting
Tasks – A Multiple-case Study
Maria do Céu Gaspar Alves

Abstract—Nowadays the business world is changing at a faster and faster pace. The reasons given for this is globalization, highs information technology (IT) investments and the rapid pace of technological change. Organizations are responding in different ways and at different rates to the wide range of IT based opportunities and pressures. The purpose of this paper is to focus on the effects of IT related organizational changes on the management accounting function and to contribute to the body of knowledge about to what extent IT affects the ability to solve accounting tasks. The relationship between IT and accounting practices was investigated qualitatively using six case studies and we will measure the impact of IT on accountants’ tasks. The findings suggest a tendency for change and the decentralization of accounting tasks.
Index Terms—Accounting, Accounting Information Systems,
Financial Documents, Information Technology, Management
Information System.

I. INTRODUCTION
Nowadays the business world is changing at a faster and faster pace. The reasons given for this is globalization, highs
IT investments and the rapid pace of technological change in combination with escalating costs of research and development (Frishamar, 2002). The role of information technology (IT) has shifted over the last decades (Teng &
Calhoun, 1996) to become an important part of how companies manage and control their resources.
Organizations are responding in different ways and at different rates to the wide range of IT based opportunities and pressures (Johnson et al., 1986). Decisions regarding the building of technical IT architecture should be closely linked...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Accounting Information Technology

...leads to data exchange difficulty. Moreover, the limited capital and scarce resource restrained front end service capability. Based on the analysis, we recommend Empire to address the B2B, B2C to facilitate the back-end system and front end service. Furthermore, the systems of Empire are not integrated. The use of multiple systems and manual intervention lead to inefficiency in Accounting and Customer Services teams. We recommend Empire to implement ERP to improve the efficiency and growing potential. (Table 1: Strategic Alignment) From the case and our study, there are different projects that could be launched to increase fund, revenue and promote the efficiency. By using scoring we found out that going public is our “must do” project(Table 2: Project Portfolio). AGC’s Recommended Portfolio As we mentioned above that we used scoring to pick a “must do” project, which is going public. To assist IPO implementation, having an ERP system is the most crucial project for Empire. Highlighted Projects to Be Taken Forward to Gate B The highlighted projects to take forward to Gate B are Accounting Systems, Sarbanes Oxley Software, Fraud, Identity and...

Words: 919 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Information Technology and Accounting Fraud

...Information Technology and Accounting Fraud History has shown the accounting network has come a long way from the days which included manual general ledgers to the present where electronic general ledgers are a necessity. In the electronic world we now live in, the accounting information system requires us to utilize computer systems and intranets, which transfer vital information at a much more rapid speed. Information systems used for accounting purposes is a function used by businesses internally. These highly sophisticated systems report financial data for users from entry-level staff, key decision makers, stakeholders, and investors. These systems provide owners of all businesses and management the supporting data required for making critical decisions, although these systems may encounter threats which can obstruct their overall effectiveness. Account information systems can become so complex for businesses they prove to be ineffective and inefficient for the everyday use in business operations. These high complexities may take place when business owners or management make efforts to construct an information system which gathers far more information that is needed, or use the system for reasons outside the scope of their original purpose. Businesses who lack the adequate technology or employees familiar with accounting systems may find this technology difficult to use. Management must ensure the accounting systems implemented......

Words: 334 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Impact of Information Technology on Accounting

...anaCHAPTER 1 DECISION MAKING AND THE ROLE OF ACCOUNTING TEXT REFERENCE: Hoggett, J.R., Edwards, L., & Medlin, J., Accounting in Australia, Fifth Edition, Chapter 1. OBJECTIVES: When you have studied this chapter, you should be able to: 1. understand the nature of decisions and the decision-making process. 2. appreciate the wide range of economic decisions made in the marketplace. 3. explain the nature of accounting and its main functions. 4. identify the potential users of accounting information. 5. use information to make simple economic decisions. 6. understand the role of accounting information in the decision-making process. 7. understand the differences between accounting for management and accounting for external users. 8. understand how the accounting profession is organised in Australia. 9. identify the different areas of the economy in which accountants work. 10. understand the importance of ethics in business and accounting and how to recognise and handle ethical dilemmas as part of the decision-making process. 1 Chapter 1 STUDY TIPS FOR CHAPTER 1 1. This is an important chapter because it lays the foundation for all topics that will follow. 2. Make sure that you understand each new term as it is introduced. 3. Pay particular attention to the significance of accounting information for decisionmaking processes. 4. Identify the types of activities that are carried...

Words: 2983 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Impact of Information Technology on the Accounting Profession

...THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON THE ACCOUNTING PROFESSION. 1.1 Introduction It has become increasingly necessary for all businesses to incorporate Information Technology (IT) solutions to operate successfully and be able to maintain a competitive edge within the market they operate. As a result, many corporations have adopted Information Technology on a large scale by investing in Enterprise Resource Planning systems (ERPs) to accomplish their business transactions and data processing needs. Through the use of technology, various organisations have ventured into more efficient ways of conducting their business operations. Focus has since shifted to adopting the latest technology in order to beat competition. In light of the accounting division, this has meant adopting different forms of ERPs, some of which have led to huge failures even in reputable organisations. In some organizations, decisions with regards to adopting newer technology are made independent of the accounting function. This implies taking on such projects without prior consultation of personnel in the accounting division. As a result, some of the failures in those projects have adversely affected the accounting function of many organizations. In this study of the Impact of Information Technology on the accounting function I intend to establish a conclusion as to whether the impact being made by Information Technology on the accounting profession is positive or negative with particular attention...

Words: 1366 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The Impact of Information Technology on Accounting System

...THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON ACCOUNTING SYSTEM A CASE STUDY OF FIRST CITY MONUMENT BANK PLC MAKURDI ABSTRACT This study examines the impact of information technology on accounting system. The researcher has done this research using primary and secondary sources of data thereby adopting the questionnaire method and personal interview as a data collection technique. The statistical tool adopted in testing hypothesis was analyzed using chi-square. The major findings of this research revealed that, the positive impact of information technology outweighs the negative impact and both banks and customers benefit from it. Fraud is a major problem associated with information technology as it is on the increase by the day. The research recommended that, Government should improve the electricity supply in the country; they should support local IT firms by providing loans, and lowering tariffs with a view to encouraging them in carrying out their activities. TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Tittle page - - - - - - - - i Approval page - - - - - - - - ii Declaration - - - - - - - - iii Acknowledgement - - - - - - - iv Dedication - - - - - - - - v Abstract - - - - - - - - vi Table of contents - - - - - - - vii CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the study - - - - - 1 1.2 Statement of the Problem. - - - - 2 1.3 Objectives of the......

Words: 2144 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Impact of Information Technology on Accounting Systems

...[1] ICPA, “Review and Resume”, Accounting Terminology Bulletin no. 1, (1953), par 9. [2] N. Conn, “Objectives of Financial Reporting by Business Enterprises”, Statement of Financial Accounting Concepts no. 1, (1978), par 9. [3] W. Ballada and S. Ballada, “Basic Accounting”, DomDane Publishing, (2011), pp. 20, 88-90. [4] Information Technology, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_technology, (Accessed 2013). [5] M. Ghasemi, V. Shafeiepour, M. Aslani and E. Barvayeh, “The Impact of Information Technology (IT) on Modern Accounting”, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 28, (2011), pp. 112–116. [6] http://www.e-conomic.co.uk/accountingsystem/glossary/accounting-system, (Accessed 2013). [7] K. I. Dandago and A. S. Rufai, “Information Technology and Accounting Information System in the Nigerian Banking Industry”, Asian Economic and Financial Review, vol. 4, no. 5, (2013) June, pp.655-670. [8] J. Moscove, P. Sinkin and P. Bagranoff, “A Theory of Interdependent Demand for a Communication Service. Bell Journal of Economics, vol. 5, no.1, (1999), pp. 283-292. [9] J. Hall, Accounting Information System, (2008), pp. 11-28, ISBN-10: 0324560893, ISBN-13: 9780324560893. [10] S. Shanker, “How is Information Technology Used in Accounting?”, Chron Small Business Demand Media, (2013). [11] M. Amidu, et al., “E-Accounting Practices among Small and Medium Enterprises in Ghana”, Journal of Management Policy and Practice, vol. 12, no.4, (2011), p. 152. [12]......

Words: 346 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Effects of Technology on Accounting Information Systems

...Effects of Technology on Accounting Information Systems James King University of Phoenix: ACC/340 Accounting Information Systems I Instructor: Ray Dahmer June 27, 2011 Effects of Technology on Accounting Information Systems The information age and the resulting technological advances have made an impact on every functional area of the accounting industry including auditing, taxation, financial, and managerial accounting (Bagranoff, Simkin, & Norman, 2008). Information systems consist of data input and processing devices, applications, personnel, and procedures, all of which produce information that management uses to make crucial business decisions (Bagranoff, Simkin, & Norman, 2008). This paper contains a discussion of modern accounting information systems and the influence of those systems in the changing landscape of the accounting profession. New Technology and Its Effect on Business The introduction of modern information technology into the accounting profession has produced advances in the industry and in the design of accounting information systems. All but gone are the days of spiral bound ledgers and adding machines. Accounting applications running on computer systems with two-gigahertz processors and gigabytes worth of memory perform accounting tasks in modern organizations. The information generated by modern accounting information systems from the data gathered by the input terminals within the system, informs managers about the......

Words: 981 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Information Technology Is Continually Changing the Nature of Accounting and the Role of Accountants

...Accounting Information System ACT 564 Homework Problem 1.1 Information technology is continually changing the nature of accounting and the role of accountants. Write a two-page report describing what you think the nature of the accounting function and accounting information system in a large company will be like in the year 2020. When thinking about the future of accounting and the accounting function and accounting information system, it is hard to imagine what it will be like in the future. We have come so far in such a little time technology wise. The year 2020 isn’t that far off into the future if you actually think about it and so much is bound to change! Though as a side note, if I started thinking about the Mayan calendar and how they believe the world will end on December 21, 2012. If this is true, will there even be the year 2020 to look forward to? I can remember my cousin, who is an accountant, doing all her work on paper and in a book. She always stayed late to make sure she wouldn’t get behind on her work. Now ten years later ninety percent of her work is all on the computer. Not only does this save her time but it can also make things easier when automated. In the next eight years, I believe that ninety-eight percent will all be done on the computer. The only thing that will need to be hands on or on paper will be backup copies in case something happens to the computer database. I expect large companies will only need maybe two......

Words: 363 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Positive Impacts That Information Technology Has Had in the Finance and Accounting Fields

...Positive Impacts that Information Technology has had in the Finance and Accounting Fields The role of Information Technology (IT) in today’s world cuts across almost all sectors of the economy and society. In finance and accounting, IT has played a significant role in ensuring the efficiency and effectiveness of accounting and finance activities (Half, 2012). Several IT networks and computer systems have shortened the lead-time necessary for accountants to make and present financial information to firms’ managements and other stakeholders. Moreover, the IT has also improved the overall efficiency of the information provided by the accountants to firms’ management departments. Accurate information by the accountants is crucial for appropriate and relevant decision making by the company. One of the biggest impacts of IT in accounting is the development and use of computerized systems in tracking and recording various financial transactions. Before the innovation of technology and its use in finance and accounting, recording of transactions took long and was never accurate. The paper ledgers, handwritten financial statements, and spreadsheets have been translated into computer systems for quick presentation of individual transactions into easily interpretable financial report (Half, 2012). Improved reporting is necessary for investors in the determination whether a company is an appropriate investment for growth opportunities. It also determines whether it has a potential...

Words: 2100 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Conventional Accounting System and Information Technology: Experiences in My Places of Work.

...CONVENTIONAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY: EXPERIENCES IN MY PLACES OF WORK. BEING A SEMINAR PAPER PRESENTATION IN ACCOUNTING AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FOR MASTERS IN ACCOUNTING (MAC) DEPARTMENT OF ACCOUNTING FACULTY OF ADMINISTRATION SCHOOL OF POSTGRADUATE STUDIES AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA, NIGERIA BY: KALU NNANNA NWONYUKU JUNE, 2013 CONTENTS 1.1.1 INTRODUCTION 1.2.1 THE MEANING OF ACCOUNTING AND ACCOUNTING PROCESS 1.2.2 THE ROLES AND FUNCTION OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION 1.2.3 BASIC ELEMENTS OF AN ACCOUNTING INFORMATION 1.2.4 BASIC ACCOUNTING POSTULATES AND PRINCIPLES 1.3.1 MEANING OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 1.3.2 ADVENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN ACCOUNTING SYSTEM 1.3.3. THE IMPORTANCE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY TO ACCOUNTING SYSTEM 1.4.1 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY USE FOR AN ACCOUNTING SYSTEM 1.4.2 SOFTWARE FOR ACCOUNTING INFORMATION SYSTEM 1.4.3 FACTORS TO CONSIDER WHEN CHOOSING ACCOUNTING SOFTWARE 1.4.4 HOW TO CHECK ACCOUNTING SOFTWARE 1.5.1 MERITS OF COMPUTERIZED ACCOUNTING......

Words: 12221 - Pages: 49

Free Essay

Correlation Between Management Accounting and Information Technology in Management Decision Making

...CORELAŢIA DINTRE CONTABILITATEA MANAGERIALĂ ŞI TEHNOLOGIA INFORMAŢIONALĂ ÎN LUAREA DECIZIILOR MANAGERIALE 1. Introducere Trăim într-o lume care se află în continuă schimbare. Un factor important care determină schimbarea este tehnologia care îşi pune amprenta tot mai mult asupra vieţilor noastre personale dar şi profesionale. La rândul ei evoluţia tehnologică este determinată de utilizarea sistemelor informatice. Modificările determinate de utilizarea sistemelor informatice influenţează semnificativ o mare parte din profesiile actuale inclusiv raportul dintre profesioniştii contabil şi cerinţele tot mai complexe şi solicitante ale locului de muncă. Creşterea volumul de informaţii de care au nevoie managerii în procesul decizional a determinat o utilizare tot mai intensă a sistemelor informatice în meseria contabilă. Cu ajutorul acestora, experţii contabili au reuşit să diminueze volumul informaţiilor pe care le procesează manual cât şi timpul necesar pentru întocmirea rapoartelor care ajuta managerii să ia decizii în cunoştinţă de cauză. Implementarea sistemelor informatice au o serie de avantaje asupra procesului decizional şi a organizaţiei, însă în acelaşi timp determină schimbări majore în munca efectuată de experţii contabili, dar şi de către managerii unei companii. Acelaşi lucru s-a întâmplat şi în România. Sistemele informatice au început să fie utilizate la scară largă, folosirea tehnologiei avansate cunoscând un avânt după trecerea la economia de piaţă....

Words: 3163 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

The Effectiveness Comparison Between Mobile Based Learning Technology with Face-to-Face as a Teaching Method of Accounting Information System Critique

...Suryaningrum et al, 2014, ‘The effectiveness comparison between mobile based learning technology with face-to-face as a teaching method of Accounting Information System’, Global Conference and Finance Proceedings, Volume 9, Number 1. Authors conducted a study on the mobile-based teaching method to test if it will improve the student’s performance not only in technical skills but also in personal skills in learning Accounting Information System. The study was an exploratory research to develop a mobile learning application of Accounting Information Systems and test on the AIS mobile learning application made using the quasi-experimental research design. A pre-test exam was conducted where 50 accounting students who have completed Accounting Information Systems (AIS) courses were provided 20 randomly selected multiple-choice questions from 30 available questions with topic of data warehouse. The research result showed that before the student use mobile technology, their performance was not as expected. This pre-test result will then be compared with their exam score after taking advantage of the mobile learning application program which is still not published to date. The study reveals that the education system until now is mostly done by traditional face-to-face between students and educators with a shift in learning paradigm from conventional to sophisticated learning using technology. The development of ICT had clearly improved the education method in classrooms. On......

Words: 1329 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

The Impact of Information Technology on the Accountancy Profession in Nigeria

...THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON THE ACCOUNTING PROFESSION IN NIGERIA By: Idongesit Efiong Utah ABSTRACT This research focuses on assessing the impact of information technology on the Nigerian Accounting profession by examining four areas: Impact on the public and private sector, the challenges and reaction to the challenges posed by information technological innovation and information technologies enhancing effect on the Accounting profession. INTRODUCTION It is evident that we are in information driven age where information technology is a driving tool in the public and private sectors. The replacement of mainframe computers with personal computers which were affordable to most users has ushered us into an era of proliferation of information, speed of assess to and ability to disseminate information. The information technology revolution has brought about a drastic change in the business environment, its structure and the business process. Information technology has become a strategic tool that drives the strategic initiatives of organizations and businesses. Manual processes have been replaced with automated processes, routine bookkeeping and recording of financial information is being done electronically, and the ease and speed of transacting business has greatly increases. The accountant as a major player in the public and private sectors cannot afford to be left out. To function properly and competently the accountant must take the changes brought about by......

Words: 2891 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Bcom

...855 ERPA 2014 Role of technology in accounting and e-accounting Aysel Güneya* a Bilecik Şeyh Edebali UniversityApplied Sciences Faculty, Bilecik, 11210, Turkey Abstract Technological developments changed methods for carrying out tasks within the scope of accounting activities and transactions related to accounting was started to being carried out through electronic media. Growth and development growing rapidly in information technologies day by day have brought digital revolution in economic, social and cultural fields. Our era is information era and when we acknowledge that accounting is an information system, the way and processes of transacting businesses of enterprises have changed with usage of information technologies in enterprises and this influenced accounting closely. Necessity of keeping up with changing conditions of accounting led educators and practitioners to new pursuits. Enabling inclusion of information era and technologic factors in education by benefiting from digital resources as well as theoretical information in accounting education provided in universities and generating an interactive environment to keep student wakeful and preferring educational model in which information technologies are used is necessary. In order to achieve that, students should be provided to take target-driven accounting courses and an educational order should be generated in which students can evaluate and interpret information beyond recording and make......

Words: 2546 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Awesome

...1, June, 2010 2010-023X 103 Abstract—Nowadays the business world is changing at a faster and faster pace. The reasons given for this is globalization, highs information technology (IT) investments and the rapid pace of technological change. Organizations are responding in different ways and at different rates to the wide range of IT based opportunities and pressures. The purpose of this paper is to focus on the effects of IT related organizational changes on the management accounting function and to contribute to the body of knowledge about to what extent IT affects the ability to solve accounting tasks. The relationship between IT and accounting practices was investigated qualitatively using six case studies and we will measure the impact of IT on accountants’ tasks. The findings suggest a tendency for change and the decentralization of accounting tasks. Index Terms—Accounting, Accounting Information Systems, Financial Documents, Information Technology, Management Information System. I. INTRODUCTION Nowadays the business world is changing at a faster and faster pace. The reasons given for this is globalization, highs IT investments and the rapid pace of technological change in combination with escalating costs of research and development (Frishamar, 2002). The role of information technology (IT) has shifted over the last decades (Teng & Calhoun, 1996) to become an important part of how companies manage and control their resources. Organizations......

Words: 4119 - Pages: 17