Premium Essay

Information Technology and the Us Patriot Act

In: Business and Management

Submitted By utjzfanatic
Words 438
Pages 2
Information Technology and The US Patriot Act
On Wednesday October 1, 2003 financial Institutions throughout the United States were required to implement structures in support of the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act (US Patriot Act), 2001. It was critical for a bank to initiate information technology that monitored and flagged accounts, transactions, and suspicious persons without sacrificing the security and safety of its customers.
Shortly after the 9/11 attacks, the Bush Administration proposed and, on October 26, 2001 signed into law, the USA Patriot Act. Some claim that the Patriot Act is simply a device used to create a feeling of fear in US citizens against terrorism on United States soil and according to Patrice LeClerc and Kenneth Gould it “is a piece of legislation that restricts political freedom more than any other piece of legislation in America’s 227-year history. In doing so it violates the most fundamental political premises upon which the United States justifies its existence (2006)” They go on to say that the act treats every American citizen like a terrorist suspect. The Patriot Act’s implementation created the Department of Homeland Security which is most commonly known for creating a very extensive list of restrictions and intensive searches at airport security lines. Because the terrorist acts of 9/11 were funded with US dollars and withdrawals were made through common Automated Teller Machines, financial institutions were required to implement security procedures that flagged large transactions. Businesses that were authorized to cash checks over 1,000.00 were required to register, and any person requesting to open a new account would be required to present identification that omitted them from known terrorist lists as provided under the Office of...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Information Technology Acts

...Information Technology Acts Mayra Gonzalez BIS/220 October 28, 2013 Jadie Giorgis Information Technology Acts While information technology continual to move ahead over the years, ethical concerns turn into an issue. Accordingly, the government executed specific acts to govern these concerns. Even as some of these acts exists, this text centered on two sections specifically: US Patriot Act of 2001, and Fair Credit Reporting Act of 1970. Whereas the Patriot Act was executed to lessen terrorist activities by the use of the internet, the Fair Credit Act was executed to give every American with be on a par with credit opportunities. The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism, also well-known as the Patriot Act of 2001 was enacted in 2001. The Patriot Act was established to “deter and punish terrorist acts in the United States and around the world, to enhance law enforcement investigatory tools, and other purposes” (US). Table 1.1 below provides a synopsis of the sections of the Patriot Act involving financial institutions and their operations. Table 1.1 Sections of the Patriot Act of 2001 Section Purpose | 311 “Special Measures for Jurisdictions, Financial Institutions, or International Transactions of Primary Money Laundering Concern | 312 Special Due Diligence for Correspondent Accounts and Private Banking Accounts | 313 Prohibition on U.S. Correspondent Accounts with Foreign......

Words: 998 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Patriot Act and Its Effect on Corporations

...The Patriot Act and its Effect on Corporations SECR 5080 – Term Paper 9 May 2015 Table of Contents Abstract – page 3 Introduction – page 3 Current State of Affairs as by the law – page 5 Impact on computing – page 6 Surveillance on Businesses – page 9 Penalty on non-compliance – page 10 Internet Service Providers – page 10 Conclusion – page 12 References – page 13 Abstract The Patriot Act was written into law just a mere 45 days after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States. The Patriot Act was intended to counter terrorism by providing law enforcement agencies and intelligence agencies with an easier means to target those connected to terrorism. The Patriot Act has had a great impact on corporations, how they are surveilled and monitored, and huge penalties on noncompliance of the Patriot Act. This paper will further discuss the Patriot Act and its effects on Corporations. Introduction The terrorist attack on the United States on September 11, 2001 shook the foundation of the faith that America had in her security. This prompted congressional action on counteractive action to avoid a repeat occurrence of the terrorist attack on US soil. Measures that were taken included the passage of a Congressional Act referred to as the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT) Act of 2001, hereby referred to as the Patriot Act. The passing of the Patriot Act was...

Words: 3253 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Information Technology Act

...Information Technology Act Greg Bennett BIS/220 January 15, 2013 Nikia Johnson Information Technology Act Information technology continues to forge ahead and has done so from day one. Technology, moving forward, and becoming more advanced and sophisticated, adds growing concern over the ethical integrity of that technology. In correlation with those concerns, the United States government implemented various acts to aid control in these concerns and combat unethical behavior. Given the number of implemented acts, this paper focuses on two specific sections: the Fair Credit Reporting Act of 1970, and the U.S. Patriot Act of 2001. The implementation of the Fair Credit Reporting Act of 1970 enabled each American to be on an even plane with credit opportunities. The government executed the U.S. Patriot Act in 2001, in part because of the atrocity of 9/11, to lessen terrorist activities by the use of the Internet and cyberspace. Fair Credit Reporting Act of 1970 The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) ordained to “protect consumers from the disclosure of inaccurate and arbitrary personal information held by consumer reporting agencies” (Consumer Privacy Guide (2001). The Fair Credit Reporting Act (1970). 2001). At the time when this act was established, American citizens were not viewed equally by credit facilities when attempting to purchase homes or vehicles. This act was a means of governing and guaranteeing equal opportunity and consideration for......

Words: 1036 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Information and Technology Acts

...Terrorism Strikes Janay Garcia BIS/220 1 April 2014 C. Chevannes When Terrorism Strikes Abuse of national security and terrorism are two of the most important issues our country is fighting to this day. Two acts have been implemented to help control these issues; although they were implemented 15 years apart they go hand in hand in protecting our country. The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA) was created in 1986 and states that anyone who obtains information without authorization is punishable under the Act. Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act (US Patriot Act) was established in 2001 after the terrorist attack on September 11, 2001. This Act allowed law enforcement to use tools that were already available to detect and prevent terrorism. What were the advances in technology that necessitated the creation of these acts? There are seven crimes listed under the CFAA: obtaining national security information, trespassing in a government computer, damaging a computer or information, compromising confidentiality, trafficking in passwords, threatening to damage a computer, and accessing to defraud and obtain value. Essentially, this act protects against hacking. The evolution of information technology (IT) though, has increased the vulnerability of our society. Robert Morris was the first person to be indicted under the CFAA in 1990. Morris was a graduate student at Cornell when he released a......

Words: 519 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Homelndsecurity

...battle over land expansion and the taking of the land from the Native Americans, some perceived them as savages or maybe even terrorist. Then we turned to secure our borders to prevent other nations from coming into our nation and grabbing up land. Then our pursuit of freedom expanded the globe and with other nations as we assisted in the attempt to spread democracy in countries struggling to become nations. In this attempt, there have been many enemies formed that despise the US and the pursuit of freedom. This has become a major concern of the US and on September 11, 2001, this concern became a reality. How could something so devastating be carried out against a world-leading nation? What was wrong with the infrastructure and how could it be fixed to prevent other terrorist attacks. The answer was to form a department in the federal government that would have the power to act and the power to share intelligence information. Terrorism and US Threats The FBI defines terrorism as “violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that violate federal or state law; appear to be intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; to influence the policy if a government by intimidation or coercion; or to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping.” (FBI.GOV, 2015) The definition further defines...

Words: 3262 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

The Patriot Act; Agree of Disagree

...The Patriot Act: Agree or Disagree Amanda Collier ENG/215 August 27, 2012 Bruce Massis The Patriot Act: Agree or Disagree President George W. Bush signed into law on October 26, 2001 The USA PATRIOT Act. The title of the Act is a letter acronym: Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (PUBLIC LAW 107–56—OCT. 26, 2001) This Act was written to prevent and punish terrorist acts here in the United States as well as around the world, to help law officers, and to strengthen U.S. measures. Three essays have been studied on this subject, (U.S. Patriot Act – Damian Coles, and The Patriot Act: Wise beyond Its Years – John Ashcroft, and Cassady Pitt - U.S. Patriot Act and Racial profiling: Are there consequences of discrimination?) to come up with this critical argument essay. There are advantages and disadvantages of the Patriot Act. Although The Bill of Rights gives us privacy that could be invaded, is effectual for our country because this helps law enforcement have more resources and more freedom to help. Here are two disadvantages of the Patriot Act to be discussed. First racial profiling and, second America’s right to privacy under the Bill of Rights. When someone is considered a criminal or terrorist just because of how they dress, look, or the religion they practice, this is racial profiling. Racial profiling was a problem in the United States even before 9/11 and the Patriot......

Words: 877 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Civil Rights or National Security

...Where is the balance between civil rights and national security? While the Patriot Act allows the US government the ability to monitor terrorists, drug cartels, and attacks on US soil, this law should not give government agencies the right to invade US citizens’ privacy. Did this law that was passed, soon after the 9/11 attacks, go too far in the name of national security? Are the seizures, wiretaps, and physical searches that are required to have probable cause sometimes overlooked? In several cases, outlined in this essay, our government has performed unpatriotic acts in the name of “national security” and has repeatedly challenged the very foundation of our constitutional freedoms. Fundamentalist groups and terrorists within them have been around for decades. Our government has the ability to monitor them, both here and abroad, and determine if there will be another threat against our Nation. Where is the balance between civil rights and national security? On October 26, 2001, President George W. Bush signed into law the Patriot Act with an overwhelming majority from Congress. The law was intended, in Bush’s words, to “enhance the penalties that will fall on terrorists or anyone who helps them.”  ("George W. Bush Signs The Patriot Act", n.d. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/george-w-bush-signs-the-patriot-act). The bill broadly expanded law enforcements ability to investigate and perform surveillance and altered more than 15 different statues that......

Words: 1375 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Usa Patriot Act

...The USA PATRIOT ACT, commonly known as the Patriot Act, is an acronym for Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate tools required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001. On October 23, 2001, Republican Rep. Jim Sensenbrenner introduced H.R. 3162 incorporating provisions from a previously sponsored House bill and a Senate bill also introduced earlier in the month. The next day on October 24, 2001, the Act passed the House 357 to 66, with Democrats comprising the overwhelming portion of dissent. The following day on October 25, 2001, the Act passed the Senate by 98 to 1, with Russ Feingold the only opposition. This act was signed then into law by former president George W. Bush on October 26, 2011, just six weeks after the September 11th attacks to the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. This act reduced restrictions in law enforcement agencies’ gathering of intelligence with the U.S. The act also expanded the definition of terrorism to include domestic terrorism. The Patriot Act made many changes to U.S. law, such as the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (FISA), the Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 (ECPA), the Money Laundering Control Act of 1986 and Bank Secrecy Act (BSA), as well as the Immigration and Nationality Act. It was strongly opposed by Senator, Russ Feingold; he was the only Senator to vote against the bill. The final Act had a number of sunsets that was supposed to expire on December 15, 2005. On May 26, 2011,......

Words: 2019 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Usa Patriot Act

...The USA PATRIOT ACT, commonly known as the Patriot Act, is an acronym for Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate tools required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001. On October 23, 2001, Republican Rep. Jim Sensenbrenner introduced H.R. 3162 incorporating provisions from a previously sponsored House bill and a Senate bill also introduced earlier in the month. The next day on October 24, 2001, the Act passed the House 357 to 66, with Democrats comprising the overwhelming portion of dissent. The following day on October 25, 2001, the Act passed the Senate by 98 to 1, with Russ Feingold the only opposition. This act was signed then into law by former president George W. Bush on October 26, 2011, just six weeks after the September 11th attacks to the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. This act reduced restrictions in law enforcement agencies’ gathering of intelligence with the U.S. The act also expanded the definition of terrorism to include domestic terrorism. The Patriot Act made many changes to U.S. law, such as the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (FISA), the Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 (ECPA), the Money Laundering Control Act of 1986 and Bank Secrecy Act (BSA), as well as the Immigration and Nationality Act. It was strongly opposed by Senator, Russ Feingold; he was the only Senator to vote against the bill. The final Act had a number of sunsets that was supposed to expire on December 15, 2005. On May 26, 2011,......

Words: 2019 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

The Usa Patriot Policy Paper

...The USA Patriot policy paper University of Phoenix The USA Patriot policy paper The Patriot policy developed, after the horrible events of 9/11 attacks. It was in power to ensure that Americans would never have to deal with a tragedy as such again happening, to our beloved society and citizens. That we will protect and secure from the United States enemies and will be better equip, to prevent threats and attacks that are foreign and domestic. A paper we will discuss our point, of view of the Patriot Act and the related legislation that deal with the following areas. Like the Societal implications of the USA PATRIOT law and similar legislation limiting daily behaviors. Next are the worries associated to race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, age, and beliefs as they identify with police agencies and security services. After that are the effect with technology and globalization and the balance of individual rights against public safety. Another is the influence of domestic and international terrorism about federal agencies also private security companies, and lastly is the conclusion. Societal implications of the USA PATRIOT Act and related legislation limiting daily behaviors For some of the citizens of the United States, the Patriot Act has no tangible impact on them. Although groups feel that, it could be harsh effects on constitutional rights. The theory of the patriot act can give the government more freedom to spy on citizens and use the argument within their......

Words: 2235 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

By Leaps and Bounds

...By Leaps and Bounds Technology is a wonderful aide in our society. Having the ability to access information at the stroke of your fingertips is a gift to people. We are able to research on the go, carry multiple books to read in the palm of your hand, and even be able to navigate digitally rather than carry a paper map. There are so many benefits to technology and the advances quickly achieve, in a matter of months! However, like many things in life a good thing can be bad in the wrong hands. As much good technology provides society with by having information in a flash at their fingertips there is the ominous cloud of this same technology gathering information and using it to hurt others. Sharing information has now become dangerous and society must adapt to the ever-changing world of technology and protect them. One of the major changes seen in government was the adoption of the Patriot Act of 2001. This act pertains to the government being able to access personal information and share it under the covering of protection and security. The Department of Justice states, “The Department of Justice’s first priority is to prevent future terrorist attacks. Since its passage following the September 11, 2001 attacks, the Patriot Act has played a key part and often the leading role- in a number of successful operations to protect innocent Americans from the deadly plans of terrorists dedicated to destroying America and our way of life. While the results have been important...

Words: 1016 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

National Security Should Be More Important

...After stumbling around for a bit trying to figure out what's happening to him, Robert turned to Brill for help, who turns out be an ex-NSA agent and who was responsible for inventing some of the surveillance devices. Together, they fought the NSA using the same techniques used against them, and finally Robert got rid of all his accusation and went back to his peaceful life again. Although the plot of the movie might look like a little Hollywood style, the surveillance tools feathered in the movie, such as, phone wiretapping, Global Positioning System, voice and face recognition system, and some much advanced ones, are generally in use today. Apparently, the movie puts strong criticism on the abuse of such surveillance tools. It also warms us the potential threats to our privacy by unwarranted investigation under the disguise of national security purpose. Actually, protecting national security and respecting individual’s privacy are two goals we all want to achieve today. However, since 9/11, the government implemented more tools to...

Words: 1714 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

The Patriot Act

...The events of September 11th, 2001 potentially changed the legal structure of the United States. Following the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, the President and Congress saw fit to protect the United States by passing a bill called the Patriot Act. The Patriot Act significantly expanded the powers of law enforcement by allowing law enforcement and intelligence agencies to use types of electronic surveillance that were previously only allowed with legal warrants (Ibid, 2001). Additionally, the Patriot Act allows government agencies to detain suspected terrorists for unspecified lengths of time in order to investigate their activities (Ibid, 2001). The detainment of terrorist suspects does not allow these individuals access to an attorney, a trial, or any other guarantee promised in the Constitution. The United States legal and judicial systems utilize a network of checks and balances to ensure that the rights of citizens, as enumerated by the United States Constitution, are not violated. These systems call for crime investigation to require a warrant issued by the judicial branch in order to execute any search or seizure of personal property, as declared by the Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution (Madison, 1789). The framers of the United States started the Constitution with a Bill of Rights that set our inalienable rights. These rights are not allowed to be violated and the legal system is designed to protect these rights, even......

Words: 2363 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Information Technology Acts

...What were the advances in information technology that resulted in new ethical issues necessitating the creation of each act? Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act (US Patriot Act), 2001, renewed 2006 The “Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism” Act, more commonly referred to as the “Patriot Act”, was signed into law on October 26th, 2001 following the events of September 11th of that same year. At that time, existing laws regarding electronic information needed to be updated to provide federal law enforcement with greater access to investigate electronic platforms such as email, voicemail, other electronic information and personal property without the owner’s knowledge or consent. The act was implemented to capture the terrorists responsible for the attacks during 2001 but as it pertains to information technology; it removed many barriers for law enforcement agencies to gather intelligence from domestic sources to fight terrorism. Money laundering for example is hidden in a process of several electronic transactions which ultimately funds terrorist activities. The criminals take cash earned from illegal exploits and then deposit this cash into a banking institution from where it is then transferred to other accounts or credit cards, money orders, travelers cheques among other things so that it appears to be legitimate funds......

Words: 320 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

It Privacy

...Information Technology Practices and Privacy Concerns David Rebovich TS5536 – Ethical and Legal Considerations in Information Technology Professor Gold November 27, 2011 Technology has made it hard to live a life that is truly private. Many devices and services that people use on a daily basis are repositories for private information. Cell phones, with GPS services, can be helpful, but can also be used by authorities to track a person’s location. Social networking sites make it easy to stay in touch with people, but they also store personal information, and activity history that can be subpoenaed and used against a person if they are ever accused of a crime. Facebook postings in March, 2011 led to the arrest of one of the five suspects in the killing of a teenager in Queens New York. Anthony Collao, 18, was killed after attending a birthday party that was being hosted by gay hosts. The five suspects crashed the party, made slurs, and caused Collao, who was not gay, to leave because of the impending trouble. Collao, after leaving, was chased, beaten and killed, by the suspects. A fifth suspect charged in the fatal beating of a teen in Queens bragged about the attack in anti-gay Facebook postings, law enforcement sources said. (Mark Morales, 2011) The Patriot Act, signed into law shortly after the terrorist events of September 11, 2001, has the ability to be interpreted, by lawmakers, to allow the use of cell phone tracking by government agencies on......

Words: 1123 - Pages: 5