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Integrated Circuit

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Processor | Transistor count | Date of introduction | Manufacturer | Process | Area | Intel 4004 | 2,300 | 1971 | Intel | 10 µm | 12 mm² | Intel 8008 | 3,500 | 1972 | Intel | 10 µm | 14 mm² | MOS Technology 6502 | 3,510 | 1975 | MOS Technology | | 21 mm² | Motorola 6800 | 4,100 | 1974 | Motorola | | 16 mm² | Intel 8080 | 4,500 | 1974 | Intel | 6 μm | 20 mm² | RCA 1802 | 5,000 | 1974 | RCA | 5 μm | 27 mm² | Intel 8085 | 6,500 | 1976 | Intel | 3 μm | 20 mm² | Zilog Z80 | 8,500 | 1976 | Zilog | 4 μm | 18 mm² | Motorola 6809 | 9,000 | 1978 | Motorola | 5 μm | 21 mm² | Intel 8086 | 29,000 | 1978 | Intel | 3 μm | 33 mm² | Intel 8088 | 29,000 | 1979 | Intel | 3 μm | 33 mm² | Intel 80186 | 55,000 | 1982 | Intel | | | Motorola 68000 | 68,000 | 1979 | Motorola | 4 μm | 44 mm² | Intel 80286 | 134,000 | 1982 | Intel | 1.5 µm | 49 mm² | Intel 80386 | 275,000 | 1985 | Intel | 1.5 µm | 104 mm² | Intel 80486 | 1,180,000 | 1989 | Intel | 1 µm | 160 mm² | Pentium | 3,100,000 | 1993 | Intel | 0.8 µm | 294 mm² | AMD K5 | 4,300,000 | 1996 | AMD | 0.5 µm | | Pentium II | 7,500,000 | 1997 | Intel | 0.35 µm | 195 mm² | AMD K6 | 8,800,000 | 1997 | AMD | 0.35 µm | | Pentium III | 9,500,000 | 1999 | Intel | 0.25 µm | | AMD K6-III | 21,300,000 | 1999 | AMD | 0.25 µm | | AMD K7 | 22,000,000 | 1999 | AMD | 0.25 µm | | Pentium 4 | 42,000,000 | 2000 | Intel | 180 nm | | Atom | 47,000,000 | 2008 | Intel | 45 nm | | Barton | 54,300,000 | 2003 | AMD | 130 nm | | AMD K8 | 105,900,000 | 2003 | AMD | 130 nm | | Itanium 2 | 220,000,000 | 2003 | Intel | 130 nm | | Cell | 241,000,000 | 2006 | Sony/IBM/Toshiba | 90 nm | | Core 2 Duo | 291,000,000 | 2006 | Intel | 65 nm | | AMD K10 | 463,000,000[1] | 2007 | AMD | 65 nm | | AMD K10 | 758,000,000[1] | 2008 | AMD | 45 nm | | 8-Core AMD Bulldozer | 1,200,000,000 [2] | 2012 | AMD | 32nm | | Itanium 2 with 9MB cache | 592,000,000 | 2004 | Intel | 130 nm | | Core i7 (Quad) | 731,000,000 | 2008 | Intel | 45 nm | 263 mm² | Six-Core Xeon 7400 | 1,900,000,000 | 2008 | Intel | 45 nm | | POWER6 | 789,000,000 | 2007 | IBM | 65 nm | 341 mm² | Six-Core Opteron 2400 | 904,000,000 | 2009 | AMD | 45 nm | 346 mm² | 16-Core SPARC T3 | 1,000,000,000[3] | 2010 | Sun/Oracle | 40 nm | 377 mm² | Six-Core Core i7 (Gulftown) | 1,170,000,000 | 2010 | Intel | 32 nm | 240 mm² | 8-core POWER7 | 1,200,000,000 | 2010 | IBM | 45 nm | 567 mm² | Quad-core z196[4] | 1,400,000,000 | 2010 | IBM | 45 nm | 512 mm² | Dual-Core Itanium 2 | 1,700,000,000[5] | 2006 | Intel | 90 nm | 596 mm² | Quad-Core Itanium Tukwila | 2,000,000,000[6] | 2010 | Intel | 65 nm | 699 mm² | Six-Core Core i7 (Sandy Bridge-E) | 2,270,000,000 [7] | 2011 | Intel | 32 nm | 434 mm² | 8-Core Xeon Nehalem-EX | 2,300,000,000[8] | 2010 | Intel | 45 nm | 684 mm² | 10-Core Xeon Westmere-EX | 2,600,000,000 | 2011 | Intel | 32 nm | 512 mm² |

Processor | Transistor count | Date of introduction | Manufacturer | Process | Area | NV3 | 3,500,000 | 1997 | NVIDIA | 350 nm | | NV5 | 15,000,000 | 1999 | NVIDIA | 250 nm | | NV15 | 25,000,000 | 2000 | NVIDIA | 180 nm | | NV40 | 222,000,000 | 2004 | NVIDIA | 130 nm | 305 mm² | G80 | 681,000,000 | 2006 | NVIDIA | 90 nm | 480 mm² | RV770 | 956,000,000[9] | 2008 | AMD | 55 nm | 260 mm² | GT200 | 1,400,000,000[10] | 2008 | NVIDIA | 55 nm | 576 mm² | RV870 | 2,154,000,000[11] | 2009 | AMD | 40 nm | 334 mm² | Cayman | 2,640,000,000 | 2010 | AMD | 40 nm | 389 mm² | GF100 | 3,000,000,000[12] | 2010 | NVIDIA | 40 nm | 529 mm² | GK104 | 3,540,000,000[13] | 2012 | NVIDIA | 28 nm | 294 mm² | Tahiti | 4,310,000,000[14] | 2011 | AMD | 28 nm | 365 mm² | GK110 | 7,100,000,000[15] | 2012 | NVIDIA | 28 nm | |

In 2010, the processor model Quad-Core Itanium 2 achieved two billion transistors on a single chip. There has been a significant reasonable increase in the number of transistors used in integrated circuits over the years. Between 2000 and 2010, the number went from 42,000,000 to an astounding 1,000,000,000. The rate of growth since the first processor was introduced in 1971 and the transistor count of the present day is phenomenal. By 2020 we should easily surpass 100 billion transistors on a single chip. 1. Wikipedia the free encyclopedia 2. www.intel.com/content/www.us/en/history/museum-story-of-intel-4004.html

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