Free Essay

International Criminal Law

In: Business and Management

Submitted By anabbie
Words 320
Pages 2
Resolution 827 (United Nations Security Council 25 de May de 1993)
Azuero, J. C. (2008). DIFERENCIAS ENTRE EL DERECHO PENAL INTERNACIONAL Y EL DERECHO INTERNACIONAL PENAL. Prolegómenos: Derechos y valores, dec, 181-211
Clariana, G. G. (1976). Sobre la Noción de Cooperación en el Derecho Internacional. Revista Española de Derecho Internacional N° 1
Comité Internacional de la Cruz Roja - Genova. (s.f.). El régimen de consentimiento del Estado contra la jurisdicción universal. Recuperado el 1 de Febrero de 2012, de CICR: http://www.icrc.org/spa/resources/documents/misc/5tdm9b.htm
Corzo Aceves, V. E., & Corzo Aceves, E. E. (2006). EL SISTEMA PENAL INTERNACIONAL. Revista Mexicana de Justicia, Los nuevos desafíos de la Procuraduría General de la República, Sexta Época, No. 13, 15-35
Domínguez, A. C. (2006). Derecho Penal Internacional. Valencia: Tirant lo Blanch. Kant, I. (1785). Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals. Germany.
Lemkin, R. (April 1946). Genocide. American Scholar
Oficina en Colombia del Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Derechos Humanos. (2003). Compilación de Derecho Internacional Penal: El Estatuto de Roma y otros instrumentos de la Corte Penal Internacional. Bogotá: Alejandro Valencia Villa
Plana, M. A. (s.f.). DERECHO PENAL INTERNACIONAL. Recuperado el 1 de Febrero de 2012, de LegalInfo-Panama.com: http://www.legalinfo- panama.com/articulos/dpi-1.pdf
Ruiz, L. C. (2006). La Corte Penal Internacional.
Salmón, E., & García, G. (s.f.). Los tribunales internacionales que juzgan individuos: el caso de los tribunales ad-hoc para la ex-Yugoslavia y Rwanda y el Tribunal Penal Internacional como manifestaciones institucionales de la subjetividad internacional del ser humanos. En Serie de Libros Azules Vol. VII "Las Naciones Unidas y los Derechos Humanos, 1945-1995"
Szczaranski, C. (2004). Culpabilidades y sanciones en crímenes contra los derechos humanos. Otra clase de delitos. Santiago de Chile: Fondo de Cultura Económica.
Vallejo, M. J. (2008). Crisis del Principio de Legalidad en el Derecho Penal Internacional. Bogotá: Ibáñez.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

War Crimes and the International Community

...Running head: War Crimes and the International Community War Crimes and the International Community Abhishek Gandhi Professor Farber Sociology 300 Summer 2012 Abstract What are war crimes? Inhuman acts have been committed in all wars throughout human history. It has only been in the last 2 centuries that certain acts that were committed during war were found to be so reprehensible that they were labeled war crimes. Even thought these acts were committed during the "fog of war", they still merited punishment in a court of law in the eyes of the international community. When military and political leaders began to systematically target large civilian groups because of their nationality, ethnicity, gender or religion, then the international community began to see the necessity of holding political leaders accountable for their political decisions in a court of law, (Hauss, 2003). After World War II, when the atrocities of the Holocaust became well known, the victorious Allied powers decided to hold war crimes tribunals to punish the political and military leaders of Germany and Japan. The Nuremberg and Tokyo trials were the first of their kind in establishing international precedent for the prosecution of war crimes. Later war crimes that were committed in Yugoslavia and Rwanda resulted in the creation of separate tribunals by the United Nations to punish the leaders who perpetrated these acts. Attempts......

Words: 3270 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Global Crime Analysis Paper

...crimes can be categorized according to if the behavior is international and constitutes a crime against the world, or if the act is transnational that affects the interests of more than one state (Global Solutions, n.d.). The contents of this essay will identify the various major global crimes and criminal issues that have a global impact on national and international justice systems and processes. In addition, the text will discuss the various international justice systems and how these global crimes and criminal issues are addressed. Fueled by open borders, global markets, and the advancement of telecommunications, international crime has become a rising universal problem. In 1995, President Clinton classified international crime as a danger to the national interest of the United States. Therefore, before and since then the federal government has been busy in a converging effort to address various major global crimes, such as human rights and war crimes, organized crime and narcotics, cybercrime, environmental crime, and terrorism (Global Solutions, n.d.). Human Rights and War Crimes are inhuman acts committed by an extensive or systematic attack aimed against individuals, such as genocide, crimes against humanity, slavery, torture, aggression, and war crimes. Organized crime is a profit-driven criminal organization or group who work together to commit illegal acts to achieve a common goal and most international organized crime involves narcotics violations including......

Words: 1391 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Global Crime Analysis

...Global Crime Analysis Global Crime Analysis Global crimes cause global issues that affect the national and international justice system. For more than 20 years, as the world economy has globalized, so has its illicit counterpart. The international impact of global crime has risen to record levels. The increase in international crime represents the dark side of globalization. Transnational criminal organization has utilized ever-changing technologies, has adapted intricate network structures that are difficult to trace and stop, and have expanded their criminal activities. This has resulted in an unmatched scale of international crime. Global Crime Global crime threatens the safety and security of every person throughout the world. International crime is drug smuggling, human trafficking, trading in weapons, actions that involve serious violence and physical harm. Global crimes do not respect geographic borders. Non-violent crimes involve extortion, fraud, money laundering, counterfeiting, economic espionage, intellectual property theft, and cybercrimes. These global crimes are not influenced by violence, but cause major damage to those affected. Global Drug Trade According to the UN Drug Report 2012, between 153, and 300 million people consumed illicit drugs at least once last year (Wolf, 2012). Around 10% of users are considered “problem drug users”; this is a disturbing percentage because more than 100,000 people die each year as a result of illicit drug use (Wolf...

Words: 1235 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

International Humanitarian Law

...I. INTRODUCTION The main instruments of International Humanitarian Law (hereafter referred to as IHL) are the four Geneva Conventions of 12 August 19491 for the protection of war victims. These treaties which are universally accepted, protect the wounded, the sick, prisoners of war and civilians in enemy hands. They also protect medical services personnel such as medical personnel, medical units and establishments, and medical means of transport. As a matter of fact this kind of concern for the humanitarian aspect can be found in our ancient epics like the Mahabharata, where the rules of conduct of war as to the timing of attack and the prohibition attacking the unarmed were strictly laid down. The laws of Manu, a compilation of encyclopedic scope, which the British Professor Duncan M. Derrett a known authority on Hindu Law describes as a text "which constitutes India's greatest achievement in the field of jurisprudence" and regards this work as one of the world's premier compositions in ancient law, more valuable in every sense than Hammurabi and able to hold its own in comparison to the covenant and Priestly codes of Moses2 . Manu, while describing the duties of a King, warns against unusual cruelty even against an enemy in warfare, and has this to say, "fighting in a battle, he should not kill his enemies with weapons that are concealed, barbed, or smeared with poison or whose points blaze with fire. He should not kill anyone who has climbed on......

Words: 3960 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

America and the Global Legal System

...Introduction The global legal system is a very complicated and vague network of international, state, and non-government bodies. Each organization influences each other, but it is evident that the United States holds a singular importance in the system. Ever since the country entered the global stage, a far change from its beginnings as a nation with expressed neutrality, it has continuously played a growing part. The United States is able to play a part in the global legal system through its large influence in foreign affairs. Considered the current hegemon, it has been able to for simplicity sake dictate through its many outlets its preference of a legal system. They have been successful in this agenda with the assistance of the powerful Department of Justice, their numerous government agencies, as well as with the influence of American economic and humanitarian programs, among others. This paper will try to explain the United States’ power and influence of the global legal system, through practices such as transgovernmentalism and positive comity as well as by such bodies as the United States Supreme Court, the Department of Justice, the State Department, and the U.S. Agency for International Development. Also investigated is the United States’ role with international bodies such as the International Criminal Court, an organization that America disagrees with and has refused to join. Some questions however remain; through its global programs......

Words: 3543 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Controlling Organized Crime

...Controlling Organized Crime Throughout this paper the many factors of criminal organizations will be covered. Some of the theories will be discussed to give one a better understanding of how organized crime comes to be. Also, some of the issues that occur as a result of organized crime, the legal limitations associated with combating organized crime, a federal law that supports anti-crime efforts, and a realistic solution for controlling organized crime will further be presented (University of Phoenix, 2010). Problems of Organized Crime In recent years, international organized crime has expanded considerably in presence, sophistication, and significance, and it currently threatens many aspects of how Americans live, work, and does business. International organized crime promotes corruption, violence, and other illegal activities, jeopardizes the border security, and causes human misery. It undermines the integrity of the banking and financial systems, commodities, securities markets, and cyberspace. In short, international organized crime is a national security problem that demands a strategic, targeted, and concerted United States Government response (International Organized Crime, 2008). Organized crime members are calculating and sophisticated and realize that their actions not only have criminal consequences but also are constantly under the scrutiny of law enforcement agencies. This scrutiny causes the criminals to be secretive, cautious, and evasive. ......

Words: 1192 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

The United Nations and Their Current Role in International Law

...in International Law Our stability as a western nation is often taken for granted as we have become accustom to freedoms. Unfortunately these freedoms are not prevalent in all areas of the world. The United Nations strives to bridge the gap between developed and developing nations as each strives to create a more peaceful and prosperous world. The concept of the United Nations if not the first of our time, the League of Nations was created post World War One to try and prevent another catastrophic conflict. As we all know the League failed and the ensuing massacre of World War Two warranted a stronger and more comprehensive intergovernmental organization. This would lead to the creation of the United Nations. Though the UN has stood the test of time it does have its critics who question the effectiveness of the organizations ability to respond swiftly or appropriately to global crises. From the perspective of international law the United Nations works to create new laws and agreements in counties addressing issues in a global context; i.e. terrorism, nuclear weapons, boarder disputes etc. The UN also facilitates the International Court of Justice which aims to solve disputes between nations. The International Criminal court is another international court system that aims to hold individuals who commit war crimes or other significant international crimes responsible for their actions. The United Nations, International Court of Justice and International Criminal......

Words: 1852 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Challenges to Criminal Law Makers

...Challenges to Criminal Law Making in the New Global Information Society: A Critical Comparative Study of the Adequacies of Computer-Related Criminal Legislation in the United States, the United Kingdom and Singapore Warren B. Chik* Introduction Computer and Internet usage is on the rise due to lower costs of computer ownership and connectivity as well as faster and easier accessibility. As it is another mode of commercial and personal transaction and one that is heavily dependent on interaction through computers and automatic agents rather than face-to-face meetings, which increases distance and allows anonymity, it is another avenue for crimes to perpetuate. “Computer Crime” encompasses crimes committed against the computer, the materials contained therein such as software and data, and its uses as a processing tool. These include hacking, denial of service attacks, unauthorized use of services and cyber vandalism. “Cyber Crime” describes criminal activities committed through the use of electronic communications media. One of the greatest concerns is with regard to cyber-fraud and identity theft through such methods as phishing, pharming, spoofing and through the abuse of online surveillance technology. There are also many other forms of criminal behaviour perpetrated through the use of information technology such as harassment, defamation, pornography, cyber terrorism, industrial espionage and some regulatory offences. The existing criminal laws in most......

Words: 24175 - Pages: 97

Premium Essay

Sotarat Thammaboosadee

...Publications Total Publications: 17v International Journals (Total: 3) Thammaboosadee, S., Watanapa, B., Chan, J. H., and Silparcha, U. (2014), A Two-Stage Classifier That Identifies Charge and Punishment under Criminal Law of Civil Law System, IEICE Trans. Inf. & Syst., vol. E97-D, no.4, pp.864-875. Thammaboosadee, S., and Watanapa, B. (2013), Identification of Criminal Case Diagnostic Issues: a Modular ANN Approach, The International Journal of Information Technology & Decision Making, Vol.12 (3), pp. 523-546, ISSN: 0219-6220. Thammaboosadee, S., and Silparcha, U. (2009). A GUI Prototype for the Framework of Criminal Judicial Reasoning System. Journal Of International Commercial Law And Technology, 4(3), pp.224-230,July, 2009 International Conferences (Total: 11) Choknitisub, K., Kiattisin, S., Thammaboosadee, S., and Leelasantitham, A. (2014), Forecasting Container Support Strategy of Bangkok Port, The Proceedings of Management and Innovation Technology International Conference (MITiCON2014), pp. 63-67. Poonun, S., Kiattisin, S., and Thammaboosadee, S. (2014), Business Process Improvement in Customer Relationship Management Case Study, The Proceedings of Management and Innovation Technology International Conference (MITiCON2014), pp. 68-72. Thammaboosadee, S. (2014), An Elements-based Multi-Stage Charges Identification Model for Textual Criminal Cases, The Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Digital Information......

Words: 616 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Engineer

...Challenges to Criminal Law Making in the New Global Information Society: A Critical Comparative Study of the Adequacies of Computer-Related Criminal Legislation in the United States, the United Kingdom and Singapore Warren B. Chik* Introduction Computer and Internet usage is on the rise due to lower costs of computer ownership and connectivity as well as faster and easier accessibility. As it is another mode of commercial and personal transaction and one that is heavily dependent on interaction through computers and automatic agents rather than face-to-face meetings, which increases distance and allows anonymity, it is another avenue for crimes to perpetuate. “Computer Crime” encompasses crimes committed against the computer, the materials contained therein such as software and data, and its uses as a processing tool. These include hacking, denial of service attacks, unauthorized use of services and cyber vandalism. “Cyber Crime” describes criminal activities committed through the use of electronic communications media. One of the greatest concerns is with regard to cyber-fraud and identity theft through such methods as phishing, pharming, spoofing and through the abuse of online surveillance technology. There are also many other forms of criminal behaviour perpetrated through the use of information technology such as harassment, defamation, pornography, cyber terrorism, industrial espionage and some regulatory offences. The existing criminal laws in most......

Words: 24175 - Pages: 97

Free Essay

International Cooperation Crime

... I    INTRODUCTION With advances in technology, and the ease of global travel, the world we live in has become, in many ways, as Canadian author Marshall McLuhan predicted "a global village". This has had a dramatic impact on many aspects of life and society and law enforcement is no exception. The technological explosion and the growth of transnational organized crime and the response of the international community to it, has created many new challenges, not the least of which is the impact on the jobs of law enforcement authorities. In a 1989 case, United States of America v. Cotroni, the Supreme Court of Canada, made the following statement: The investigation, prosecution and suppression of crime for the protection of the citizen and the maintenance of peace and public order is an important goal of all organized societies. The pursuit of that goal cannot realistically be confined within national boundaries. That has long been the case, but it is increasingly evident today. The challenge for law enforcement authorities in every nation is that sovereignty, a fundamental principle which grounds the relations of states, is also a major tool in the armoury of the criminal element in our societies. Criminals depend heavily upon the barriers of sovereignty to shield themselves and evidence of their crimes from detection. Organizations which orchestrate transnational crime and which then disperse and conceal the proceeds of their illicit activities the world over, have no......

Words: 11148 - Pages: 45

Free Essay

Nice

...Recommended Sequence - Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Laws | | Full-time | | Year 1 | | Autumn session | | 200006.2 | Introduction to Law | | 200008.3 | Torts Law | | Two units from the Year 1 core Arts units listed below: | | 100958.2 | Australia and the World | | 100960.2 | Contemporary Society | | 100968.3 | Texts and Traditions | | 100846.2 | Analytical Reading and Writing | | Spring session | | 200007.2 | Law Foundation | | 200010.2 | Criminal Law | | Two of the remaining Year 1 core Arts units from the list below that were not undertaken in Autumn session: | | 100958.2 | Australia and the World | | 100960.2 | Contemporary Society | | 100968.3 | Texts and Traditions | | 100846.2 | Analytical Reading and Writing | | Year 2 | | Autumn session | | 200011.2 | Contracts | | Arts sub major unit | | Two units from your chosen major | | Spring session | | 200012.3 | Property Law | | Arts sub major unit | | Two units from your chosen major | | Year 3 | | Autumn session | | 200020.5 | Professional Responsibility and Legal Ethics | | Arts sub major unit | | Two units from your chosen major | | Spring session | | 200009.3 | Constitutional Law | | Arts sub major unit ......

Words: 597 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Legal and Ethical Issues in Business

...recognized as a criminal activity which causes serious social and economic damages. The traditional method of money laundering is through financial institutions. However, with the development of new science and technology the approaches of money laundering have become more and more diverse. This paper is discussing the legal and ethical issues which surround this topic, as well as, develop an analysis for the ethical concerns raised by the laundering of money. The writer will then provide explanations from at least three relevant areas of law that have been discussed throughout the course and assess each area as it applies to money laundering. Finally, the write will provide recommendations on this situation to reduce liability exposure and improve the ethical climate or the overall ethics of money laundering. Is money laundering a real problem in the world today? I. Introductions There are many ethical issues that can arise in the course of operating a small business. A comprehensive understanding of the different types of ethical issues will help you to identify and handle this situation’s responsibility to maintain core business values. Let’s look at this scenario for example, money laundering. This paper is discussing the legal and ethical issues which surround this topic, as well as, develop an analysis for the ethical concerns raised by the laundering of money. The writer will then provide explanations from at least three relevant areas of law that have......

Words: 2964 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Criminal Liability of Corporation in India

...Criminal Liability of Corporation: An Indian Perspective Manjeet Kumar Sahu* Abstract Current Supreme Court’s decision have made the stand apparently clear in India that the Corporation can be prosecuted as a separate legal entity even in the offences where the punishment is imprisonment. This Paper explains the present status of India on Corporate Criminal Liability and how judicial decision is inconsistent with the legal provisions. It further provides the current situation about the corporate criminal liability in the International scenario. The apex court’s decision under various matters reflects the gravity of the concerned problem i.e being faced by the aggrieved parties. The Concept of “No soul to kick” has become obsolete and applicability of lifting the corporate veil has unveiled the sheath. The current research on this subject have been included and it is substantiated with the effect of recent Supreme Court’s judgement and also focused on the dilemmatic situation of the Court’s decision. Keywords: Corporation, Criminal Liability, Judicial Decision, Legal provision, International Scenario, Dilemmatic Situation. Introduction A company can only act through human beings and a human being who commits an offence on account of or for the benefit of a company will be responsible for that offence himself. The importance of incorporation is that it makes the company itself liable in certain circumstances, as well as the human beings. ---------Glanville Williams The...

Words: 7426 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

Bas Bhat

... CRIME, PROCEDURE AND EVIDENCE IN A COMPARATIVE AND INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT This book aims to honour the work of Professor Mirjan Damaška, Sterling Professor of Law at Yale Law School and a prominent authority for many years in the fields of comparative law, procedural law, evidence, international criminal law and Continental legal history. Professor Damaška’s work is renowned for providing new frameworks for understanding different legal traditions. To celebrate the depth and richness of his work and discuss its implications for the future, the editors have brought together an impressive range of leading scholars from different jurisdictions in the fields of comparative and international law, evidence and criminal law and procedure. Using Professor Damaška’s work as a backdrop, the essays make a substantial contribution to the development of comparative law, procedure and evidence. After an introduction by the editors and a tribute by Harold Koh, Dean of Yale Law School, the book is divided into four parts. The first part considers contemporary trends in national criminal procedure, examining cross-fertilisation and the extent to which these trends are resulting in converging practices across national jurisdictions. The second part explores the epistemological environment of rules of evidence and procedure. The third part analyses human rights standards and the phenomenon of hybridisation in transnational and international criminal law. The final part of the book assesses......

Words: 195907 - Pages: 784