International Law

In: Business and Management

Submitted By mhbohra
Words 382
Pages 2
Week 2 - Discussion 2:
Please answer two of the following questions:
1) There are 3 types of liability law makers use to control behaviour, list and explain them.
2) What are the sources of Law? Briefly explain each of them.
3) With regards to Equity and the breach of a business contract, give an example where just a monetary compensation would not be an adequate sentence to resolve a legal dispute. Why?
4) Our text describes alternative ways to resolve disputes rather than resorting to the court. What are the forms of Alternative Dispute Resolution? Explain them.
DROPBOX #1 – Chapters 3 & 4

For this Dropbox Activity, please answer two of the following questions, making sure you cite external sources using APA format. Be sure to answer your questions fully and completely.
This Assignment is an INDIVIDUAL assignment.

Questions:
1) Give an example of a time when you think vicarious liability is a fair concept and an example of when you think it is not fair. Provide a concise explanation of your answers.
2) On p. 61 of the text, the Todd Bertuzzi hit on Steve Moore is referenced - do you think there should be tort liability for actions that happen in sport? Explain your answer
3) Do you think professionals should be held to a higher standard than others? Justify your answer using a specific example.
4) Pick a profession and explain what should be included in a professional code of conduct and why.
Week 4 - Discussion 4:
Please answer one of the following questions before Thursday ( Jan29)@ 11:59pm:
1) What are some things that business professionals can do to protect themselves from mistakes and misunderstandings in a global business environment?
2) In what types of situations do you believe that misrepresentations by silence are omission should be actionable. Please provide specific examples.
3) Do you think in this day and age of…...

Similar Documents

International Law

...Unit One :Introduction of International Trade Law Outline  Definition of ITL  The Scope of ITL (调整范围)  History of ITL  Comparison of ITL and In. Business Law  Sources of ITL( 渊源) Question How to understand the word “international law” here? What is International Law?  “A rule… that has been accepted as such by the international community.”  Includes :Customary international law. International treaties and agreements. General principles common to major legal systems. Public vs. Private International Law  Public International Law. – Involves relationships between countries and applies “norms regarded as binding on all members of the international community”  Private International Law. – Is described as conflict of laws or “domain of rights, duties, and disputes between and among persons from different places. Part I Definition 国际贸易法:调整跨越国界的货物贸易、技术贸易和服务贸易关系以及这些贸易关系有关的其他关系的法律规范和规则的总和。 (a) The body of norms and rules – Private law: governs transnational Relationships of Private Persons ( International transaction Law) e.g. the law of international sales, trade finance, licensing agreement etc. – Public law: laws that make up the legal framework within which international business takes place. e.g. the treaties of EU, GATT agreement, NAFTA (b) the scope of ITL(调整范围) Trade in goods, Trade in service,Trade in technology,other international business field Part III History of International Trade Law • Customs and usages...

Words: 14385 - Pages: 58

International Law

...Running Head: International Law International Law Nathaniel Coakley Troy University IR 5552 Dr. James F. Rinehart April 29, 2011 6407 FLATROCK RD #4 COLUMBUS, GA 31907 According to Slomanson, International Law is defined as the body rules that which nations consider binding in their mutual relations. It is assumed that all nations or states mentioned in this definition are a sovereign state. International Law has become much broader in scope with the increase of non-government organizations, the increase globalization, and the rising behavior of multinationals. This paper will describe what is International Law and its purpose. It will answer two important questions. The first being, is International Law a fundamental requirement of a modern, increasingly independent global system of states and non-states actors? The second question, does international law prevent from pursing its self-interest. Before we can really look at International we must compare it to Domestic Law and identify the differences between the two. The first difference is that Domestic Laws operate within the borders of a single state. Whereas, International Law operates on much broader scope than Domestic Law does. The second difference, there is no definite body in International Law. However, Domestic Law can be referred as the guidelines that summarize the union between the government and the citizens. The third difference between Domestic and International Law...

Words: 1545 - Pages: 7

International Law

...Yale Law School Yale Law School Legal Scholarship Repository Faculty Scholarship Series Yale Law School Faculty Scholarship 1-1-1940 Relation Between International Law and Municipal Law Edwin Borchard Yale Law School Follow this and additional works at: http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/fss_papers Part of the Conflicts of Law Commons, Constitutional Law Commons, Contracts Commons, Courts Commons, Dispute Resolution and Arbitration Commons, Foreign Law Commons, International Law Commons, Jurisprudence Commons, and the Legal History, Theory and Process Commons Recommended Citation Borchard, Edwin, "Relation Between International Law and Municipal Law" (1940). Faculty Scholarship Series. Paper 3498. http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/fss_papers/3498 This Article is brought to you for free and open access by the Yale Law School Faculty Scholarship at Yale Law School Legal Scholarship Repository. It has been accepted for inclusion in Faculty Scholarship Series by an authorized administrator of Yale Law School Legal Scholarship Repository. For more information, please contact julian.aiken@yale.edu. VIRGINIA VIRGINIA LAW LAW REVIEW VOLUMp VOLUME 27 DECEMBER, 19·m 1940 NUMBER 2 NUMBER THE RELATION BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL LAW BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL AND MUNICIPAL AND MUNICIPAL LAW R continent it seem appropriate RECENT events on this continent make question of the relaonce more to discuss the much-debated much-debated tion between international law...

Words: 5052 - Pages: 21

International Law

...EXAMPLE 1 International litigation is often difficult to seize because of different procedures used by States and principles laying down procedures. These principles are related to the judicial conceptions that States have adopted. This point will be adressed latter in this introduction. On the other hand, International Convention, in a general or a specific view in relation to civil and commercial matter are enacted by States in order to uniform and harmonize body of rules applicable to international commercial litigation. For example, Lugano convention harmonized rules in order to determine competence of jurisdiction, or the Convention of Vienna on international sales of goods determines competence of jurisdiction and the law applicable. In order to explain which criterion is more important in the construction of private international law concerned with international commercial litigation, it will be relevant to focus this study on the rules of competence of jurisdiction. Besides the general system of conventions, as explained above, judicial traditions of countries can explain debates around the best ways to enact rules on international trade, and especially international litigations arise from commercial relationships between actors. Indeed, on one hand, common law countries focus on the role of the judge for the creation, the interpretation and the application of law rules. Some authors argue that the predominance of the judge in common law judicial...

Words: 8424 - Pages: 34

International Law

...Surname| 7 Name Tutor Grade Date Outline The following essay is divided into the following sections: • Introduction • Definitions • Positivism • Realism • International law • Conclusion • List of works cited ​ Introduction ​Law is a concept of governance that involves the stipulation and establishment of rules and regulations that are enforced to shape politics, economics, and society. It is put in place by various governmental institutions to govern a community. Law moderates our day–to-day lives with regards to human relationships. It has various concepts to it; company law, property law, trust law, criminal law, constitutional law, administrative law, international law, and civil law. The study of law allows for review and revision of these rules and regulations ensuring that none is faulty or biased in any manner to a single party of the human population.​ Definitions ​The above mentioned concepts are in light of the various activities we indulge in. Contract law deals with regulation of trade terms relating to establishments of contracts. Property law deals in ownership rights and ownership transfers of personal property. It is often called Chattel law. We can say that Trust law applies to assets that are secured for financial reasons. A concept of law that was not mentioned previously in the introduction part is Tort law. This law enables one to apply...

Words: 1314 - Pages: 6

International Law

...EXAM PAPER BY Marcie L. Pereira 2. “International Law has never shown such vibrancy as in the present moment and fragmentation is a result of that dynamism and capacity for adaptation and expansion. Moments of transition in conceptualization and institutional set-up are normally very creative.” Do you agree? Present your position. The system of international law has become increasingly fragmented, particularly since the end of the Cold War. Various factors are responsible for the increased fragmentation: • The proliferation of international regulations; • Increasing political fragmentation (juxtaposed with growing regional and global interdependence in such areas as economics, the environment, energy, resources, health, and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction); • The regionalization of international law due to a rise in the number of regional fora engaged in the formulation of international regulations; • The emancipation of individuals from States; and • The specialization of international regulations. Presently, there exists no homogeneous system of international law. International law consists of erratic blocks and elements; different partial systems; and universal, regional, or even bilateral subsystems and subsubsystems of different levels of legal integration. All these parts interacting with one another create what may paradoxically be called an “unorganized system, full of intra-systematic tensions, contradictions and frictions. In theory...

Words: 3665 - Pages: 15

International Law

... pueden impactar la cultura y la economía de un pueblo. Los modelos financieros de ambos países (Puerto Rico y Singapur) han ido cambiando según la globalización y el lanzamiento de nuevas tecnologías reacciona a un mercado cambiante. Fondos Unidos reacciona de forma positiva a los tratados internacionales, los cuales constituyen el derecho vigente y preferente del país. Conclusión Los sistemas jurídicos internacionales, la cultura y la económica de los países, hacen que el trabajo de apoyo de Fondos Unidos sea más crítico. Con las adversidades económicas que montan y el estado frente a finanzas apretadas, es importante tener a partidarios para asegurar que los países continúen recibiendo los servicios que necesitan. Las agencias no lucrativas pueden jugar papeles prominentes como líderes de comunidad. Sin embargo, los países se favorecen de manera importante en las formaciones de legislación del comercio internacional. Al igual que en todos los países, las leyes reducen el riesgo de violentar los procedimientos y acuerdos y regulan el comercio siguiendo las guías que predominan en los mercados internacionales. Debido al estatus político de Puerto Rico y al carecer de ser una entidad internacional plena, el desarrollo institucional de Fondos Unidos puede ser menos atractivo que en Singapur, el cual es auspiciado de manera común como parte de su cultura tradicional. Citas bibliográficas Bas García, J.R (2001). Puerto Rico es una colonia. Consultado el 17 de Enero......

Words: 1741 - Pages: 7

International Law

...International Law: Valdez v. State of Oklahoma and the Application of International Law in Oklahoma1 I. Introduction     “This court has before it a unique and serious matter involving novel legal issues and international law.”2 The Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals chose these words to describe Valdez v. State of Oklahoma,3 a case in which a Mexican national argued for postconviction relief from the death penalty on the basis of Article 36 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (VCCR),4 to which the United States is a party. Significantly, Valdez made the Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals one of the first state courts to address Article 36 since the International Court of Justice (ICJ) decided Germany v. United States of America (LaGrand),5 in which the ICJ interpreted the controversial provision.     Briefly stated, Article 36 grants foreign nationals the right to contact their consulate if they are arrested or detained in a foreign country.6 Such notification allows the consulate to provide legal assistance to the foreign national, who may speak another language or be unfamiliar with the foreign nation's legal system. As might be expected, local authorities sometimes fail to comply with Article 36. In the United States, such failures have prompted foreign nationals to file appeals based on what they consider to be a judicially enforceable right created by Article 36. However, U.S. courts have dismissed such appeals on the basis that Article 36 fails...

Words: 13325 - Pages: 54

International Law

...Crimea Joins Russia: What About International Law? The deadlock in the UN Security Council combined with Russia’s disregard for Western approval have the U.S. and its allies stymied Back on March 4, American President Barack Obama talked about the crisis in Crimea: “There is a strong belief that Russia’s action is violating international law. I know President Putin seems to have a different set of lawyers making a different set of interpretations, but I don’t think that’s fooling anybody.” On the basis of Obama’s words, one can assume international law to be nothing beyond a set of beliefs that are classified as acceptable or unacceptable, depending on which side of the spectrum one chooses to stand. As a result, when Crimean voters decided to secede from Ukraine and unite with Russia, what role did international law play in the picture? Again, you cannot properly define something that is viewed as more a matter of ‘strong belief’ than that of ‘codified norms’, but the verdicts and opinions of the International Court of Justice are well worth discussing here. The Examples of Kosovo and Northern Cyprus Kosovo had unilaterally declared its independence in 2008. Two years later, in 2010, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) stated that unilateral declarations of independence were not prohibited under international law and as a result, Kosovo had every right to declare its independence. However, citing the example of Northern Cyprus, the ICJ further added that such...

Words: 831 - Pages: 4

International Law

... international law risk. ANS: F PTS: 1 23. Information to research foreign countries, markets, and trade agents is limited. ANS: F PTS: 1 24. Freight forwarders act as the buyer's or importer's agent. ANS: F PTS: 1 25. Freight forwarders act as the seller's or exporter's agent. ANS: T PTS: 1 MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. In Dayan v. McDonald's Corporation, the court ruled that: a.|McDonald's quality standards were inadequate under French law.| b.|The McDonald's franchise contract was illegal under French law.| c.|McDonald's had fulfilled its responsibility to the franchisee in France under U.S. law.| d.|The French do not like hamburgers.| ANS: C PTS: 1 2. The type of risk that includes controls on exports, imports, controls on the movement of currency, restrictions on licensing and investment, and controls over physical property located in a country is: a.|Legal risk.| b.|Political risk.| c.|Economic risk.| d.|Currency risk.| ANS: B PTS: 1 3. Tariffs on imported products are imposed for which of the following reasons: a.|Collection of revenue.| b.|Protection of domestic industries.| c.|To assert political objectives.| d.|All of the above.| ANS: D PTS: 1 4. Two examples of nontariff barriers that refer to quantitative restrictions on importing and a total or near total ban on trade respectively are: a.|Partial embargoes, embargoes.| b.|Trade seizures, limits.| c.|Embargoes, quotas.| d.|Quotas,......

Words: 2069 - Pages: 9

International Law

...Week 2 - Discussion 2: Please answer two of the following questions: 1) There are 3 types of liability law makers use to control behaviour, list and explain them. 2) What are the sources of Law? Briefly explain each of them. 3) With regards to Equity and the breach of a business contract, give an example where just a monetary compensation would not be an adequate sentence to resolve a legal dispute. Why? 4) Our text describes alternative ways to resolve disputes rather than resorting to the court. What are the forms of Alternative Dispute Resolution? Explain them. DROPBOX #1 – Chapters 3 & 4   For this Dropbox Activity, please answer two of the following questions, making sure you cite external sources using APA format. Be sure to answer your questions fully and completely. This Assignment is an INDIVIDUAL assignment.   Questions: 1) Give an example of a time when you think vicarious liability is a fair concept and an example of when you think it is not fair.  Provide a concise explanation of your answers. 2) On p. 61 of the text, the Todd Bertuzzi hit on Steve Moore is referenced - do you think there should be tort liability for actions that happen in sport? Explain your answer 3) Do you think professionals should be held to a higher standard than others?  Justify your answer using a specific example. 4) Pick a profession and explain what should be included in a professional code of conduct and why. Week 4 - Discussion 4: Please answer one of the...

Words: 382 - Pages: 2

International Law

...International Law: Essential Aspects Explained Abstract International Law helps governing relations among sovereign nations. It affects both society and individuals in many aspects. Today international law is not only about relations among different countries, but also how it is dealt internally. This paper will identify important international principles and doctrines, such as National Law, the Principle of Comity, and the Act of State and Sovereign Immunity Doctrines. This paper will also explore how business is done internationally by seeking foreign markets, exporting, and manufacturing abroad. International contracts and methods for making payments in international transactions will be explained. Break down the whole regulation of international business activities, such as investing and export and import controls and bribing foreign officials. And lastly, how U.S laws apply in a global context, such as antitrust laws and antidiscrimination laws. International Law: Essential Aspects Explained International business and commerce has always been a big part of civilization and throughout history. What is new today is the rapid growth of exchange of goods, services and intellectual property on a global scale. There are many laws pertaining how we handle commerce through the United States and to other countries and vice versa. International Law can be identified as a body of law as a result of international customs, treaties and organizations that are the benchmark...

Words: 1266 - Pages: 6

International Law

...2009 > hot topics 69 TOPICS HOT L e g a L i s s u e s i n p L a i n L a n g u a g e This is the sixty-ninth in the series Hot Topics: legal issues in plain language, published by the Legal Information Access Centre (LIAC). Hot Topics aims to give an accessible introduction to an area of law that is the subject of change or public debate. International law 1 overview What is international law? – difference between international law and domestic law – Why do States obey international law? – subjects of international law – How do international law and domestic law interact? 4 sources of international law Jus cogens – international conventions and treaties – Australian treaty practice – custom – general principles of law – judicial decisions and writings of publicists – ‘hard law’ and ‘soft law’. 8 states What is a State? – rights of States – self-determination – creation and recognition of new States – case studies. AUTHOR NOTE: Jane Stratton currently leads corporate social responsibility programs in a leading Sydney law firm, teaches law students at a Sydney university and independently, undertakes community development projects in Western Sydney. Her work has included legal and policy roles in the Public Interest Advocacy Centre, the Australian Human Rights Commission, UN High Commission for Refugees and the ICTY. She has experience in litigious and political advocacy. Jane holds qualifications in law...

Words: 23627 - Pages: 95

International Law

...International law Name Institutional affiliation Date The international law provides a framework on which nations should be able to live with each other. The international laws have been used in resolving cases where some nations would intimidate others due to their instability. When nations complain of intimidation from other nations, international bodies being led by the United Nations step intervene in avoiding eruption of crisis. This is similar to the scenario where Titan is trying to intimidate neighboring countries that are unstable by making demands, some of which seem to be unrealistic. This paper highlights the unscrupulous actions that Titan is taking in intimidating its neighbors and the consequences of its actions to both its development and diplomatic relations with its neighbors. I am a leader of a country that has been struggling to recover from crises that affected its stability and the stability of the neighboring countries as well. In the midst of the recovery process, Titan, which is a neighboring country, has been trying to take steps in recovering faster than the other countries. In its bid to recover faster, titan has been making certain demands to its neighbors, some of which have been considered unrealistic. However, the actions of Titan are to be strongly condemned based on the fact that all nations are covered by the International law. The international law provides a framework on which nations should live with each other...

Words: 897 - Pages: 4

Is International Law Really Law?

...‘Is International Law really Law’? (Arend 1999) Discuss with regard to the frequency of breaches of international law, the enforcement of international law and the difficulties in ascertaining international law. Introduction International law is ‘the body of law composed of principles and rules of conduct which states feel bound to observe and do commonly observe in their relations with each other’. However, it is constantly being questioned whether international law really can be considered law at all. The uncertainty as to its validity can be explained by the arguably frequent breaches that occur as well as the difficulties in ascertaining its content and ensuring its effective enforcement. As such, the validity of international law as a real legal order will be evaluated by examining the following. (a) The sources of international law (b) The enforcement of international law (c) The frequency of breaches within international law (a) The sources of international law The substantive content of international law can be ascertained by reference to a number of different sources. Article 38(1) of the Statute of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) recognises that the Court when deciding on disputes of international law can apply the following: a. International conventions establishing rules expressly recognized by the contesting states; b. International custom as evidence of a general practice accepted as law; c. The general...

Words: 2984 - Pages: 12