Internet and Social Life

In: English and Literature

Submitted By bella88
Words 9146
Pages 37
internet 10.1146/annurev.psych.55.090902.141922 0066-4308/04/0204-0000$14.00
BARGH MCKENNA

Annu. Rev. Psychol. 2004. 55:X--X doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.55.090902.141922 Copyright © 2004 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved

INTERNET AND SOCIAL LIFE

THE INTERNET AND SOCIAL LIFE
John A. Bargh and Katelyn Y.A. McKenna
New York University, New York, New York 10003; email: john.bargh@nyu.edu, kym1@nyu.edu Key Words communication, groups, relationships, depression, loneliness Abstract The Internet is the latest in a series of technological breakthroughs in interpersonal communication, following the telegraph, telephone, radio, and television. It combines innovative features of its predecessors, such as bridging great distances and reaching a mass audience. However, the Internet has novel features as well, most critically the relative anonymity afforded to users and the provision of group venues in which to meet others with similar interests and values. We place the Internet in its historical context, and then examine the effects of Internet use on the user’s psychological well-being, the formation and maintenance of personal relationships, group memberships and social identity, the workplace, and community involvement. The evidence suggests that while these effects are largely dependent on the particular goals that users bring to the interaction---such as self-expression, affiliation, or competition---they also interact in important ways with the unique qualities of the Internet communication situation. INTRODUCTION It is interactive: Like the telephone and the telegraph (and unlike radio or television), people can overcome great distances to communicate with others almost instantaneously [AU: Annual Reviews style is to cap the first letter of a complete sentence following colon.]. It is a mass medium: Like radio and television (and unlike the telephone or…...

Similar Documents

Social Media on the Internet

...Module 3 Case Study: The Internet as Social Media: Connectivity and Immediacy ITM501: Management Information System and Business Strategy   Introduction Successful businesses are assembled on a common theme; customers! As is the case with just about everything in the world, the way in which businesses expand their customer base is an ever-evolving process. I believe the use of social media on the internet provides businesses with new and different useful information. Businesses have found a new place to market and brand themselves in social media sites. Having an available way to connect with customers in an informal way creates loyalty and awareness. However, a company that is vulnerable to hackers and hecklers feeling the squeeze on your newfound success. A social site provides information on what your company is doing and offers a platform to generate spiteful negative comments that could hurt the reputation of your business. These attacks may be controllable with reputation management and social media marketing strategies. Reasons why I took this position Social networking is also very important in the business sector because business is about making connections with people. If a business does not connect to all of their customers, they are bound to lose their clientele. People are looking for personal attention; they want to feel valued, taken care of, and most importantly, heard. They do not desire their needs and concerns to fall......

Words: 2444 - Pages: 10

Social Life

...A New Society From the reading there are various dimensions of social change which represent the “new society.” Firstly, is the new technological concept, based on the idea of growth, development and constant expansion. It can be seen as the development of an individual or society in a direction considered more advanced than the preceding level. Society and technology are two aspects of humanity that are constantly progressing because of one another. Technology shapes society and social change drives technology, “new information technologies allow the formation of new forms of social organization and social interaction along electronically based information networks.” (http://www.jstor.org/stable/2655234) It is a variable in a compound factor in the history of society. The second dimension of social change is globalization. It has become identified with a number of trends, such as the “technological, organizational, and institutional capacity of the core components of a given system.” (http://www.jstor.org/stable/2655234) Globalization is the flow of social change. It refers to the “rapidly developing and ever-densening network of interconnections and interdependences that characterize modem social life.” (http://www.pacificdiscovery.org/credit/SEAreadings/Globilization%20and%20Culture%20-%20Tomlinson,%20John.pdf) Globalisation suggests “a world full of movement and mixture, contact and linkages, and persistent cultural interaction and exchange.”......

Words: 655 - Pages: 3

The Impact of Social Networks on Internet Marketing

...Impact of Social Networks on Internet Marketing Research Problem: The general lack of knowledge about the impacts of social networks on internet marketing There is a noticeable lack of knowledge about how social networks can enhance internet marketing in different departments such as product creation, advertisement, sales, etc. The main area of focus: Advertisement Research questions: What are the impacts of social networks on internet marketing? How can social networks improve internet marketing and how they play a role in enhancing advertisement? Objective of the research: Finding the impacts of social networks on internet marketing, especially on the area of advertisement. Summary: Social networks are one of the latest and most recent trends that have attracted many visitors and users worldwide. They connect individuals with all types of different interests, as well as businesses where the social networks by providing the services needed to support the company’s products or -most importantly- their customer relations. Inevitably, large companies and businesses had to seize the opportunity of the large numbers of people visiting these social networks in search of potential customers and started placing online ads, and providing services to the global internet community, and by doing so they stimulate even a larger number of web surfers from all around the world. In this research we will be revealing the advantages of advertising on social networks and how......

Words: 2740 - Pages: 11

Smartphones and the Social Life

...Meagan Donnelly William S. Durden English 102 March 21, 2013 Smartphones and the Social Life On October 17th, 1973 we made a huge leap forward in communication. The first mobile phone call was made by a company known then and now as Motorola. Mobile phones were not widely known of until the mid-80’s and were not even carried and used by many individuals until the early 90’s. Stated by the U.N. Telecom Agency; now, in 2013 103.9% of the United States population uses a cell phone! That means some people carry more than one cell phone and many young children are carrying phones as well. According to Jennifer Ludden, on average a child has a cell phone by the age of eight, and a smart phone by the age of fourteen. Cell phones have now become the main means of communication, and not necessarily through phone calls. People are most commonly communicating through text, whether it be text messaging, emailing, or with social networking sites like Facebook, Twitter, and Tumblr. People are now able to do a countless amount of tasks from their cell phones. You will commonly hear many people say “there’s an app for that!”. Essentially referring to the fact that you don’t need to go to the library or ask a friend for information that you are not knowledgeable of, you can just browse the web on your phone, or download an app that will have what you are looking for. You may be thinking that this gives people more time during the day to do more important daily tasks, like spend time......

Words: 3132 - Pages: 13

Life Before and After the Internet

...Life Before and After the Internet 3/6/2010 COMPOSITION I-136 Bianca Myles THESIS This paper contains how life without the internet used to be as opposed to how life is now that the internet is available for everything. It’s hard to imagine what life was like before the Internet. I’ve been using it for half of my life. Today’s generation is growing with it. There are kids that don’t even know the difference between life before and after the Internet came along. I’m sure you can tell the difference. The internet has revolutionized the way we do the simplest tasks that before the internet came along might take some time to accomplish. For instance, the way we bank has been changed. Now instead of walking into a banking center to do a simple money transfer you can now do this online with more banks offering their customers online banking they make it easier to transfer money from your checking to your savings and vice versa. Online banking allows you to monitor your banking history and transactions you make on a daily basis. Banks also allow you to open new accounts online which also save you time and money from driving to and from the branch. If you are thinking of looking into another type of banking product you wouldn’t have to talk to a banker just yet, you can do some research and learn about the product before you decide if it is the product for you. You can cross reference outstanding checks against you’re the balance you have available. The......

Words: 952 - Pages: 4

The Role of the Internet in My Life

...SOCIOLOGY 101 . The Role of the Internet in My Life The internet has been an important gear to our ever growing world. Its significance and usage is very important, as well as the number of areas it reached. The discovery enables humankind to have superiority at a click of a mouse, but as it goes with power, consequences are inevitable. In this modern world, internet had been partnered with devices such as smart phones, multimedia, computers and other electric devices that we have dealt in our everyday lives. Many relies on it that it becomes “the” medium of the future. It has given an enormous impact to one’s life that even kids to these days knows how to use it better than the older people. Internet has its many purposes depending on who they are, what they do and what are they interested about. Not surprisingly, I too is not an exception and that internet had been a part of my life. The internet provides me a great sources of information that is updated every time something new is coming and that makes it reliable. I can search up books I wanted to read or even order a food I want in other places through delivery services and with the help of search engines like Google and Yahoo, I can view millions of pages of information on my screen by just a click in less than a second. Entertainment is also good way to relieve stress and enjoy life without worrying. Websites that are popular like Youtube, Vines and 9gag are some sites that will make you laugh hard and be amaze...

Words: 549 - Pages: 3

The Impact of the Internet and Social Media on Activism

...September 29, 2014 Assignment 4a - Draft Final Paper The almost omnipresent Internet transforms our lives, connecting us to family, friends, and the world in ways inconceivable only a few years ago. Through social media, we actively participate in creating, editing, and consuming a never-ending stream of data. Private corporations and protagonists of political or social change all vie to reach and engage highly targeted audiences. Can a social media campaign be an effective tool, helping recruit people to volunteer and become physical participants in lobbying for change? Two camps have emerged, with one side proclaiming that the new world of Internet activism transforms and extends activism in ways previously unthinkable, and the other camp insisting that Internet activism entices a new but widely disengaged audience that can be motivated to a lukewarm show of hands but not to real committed participation as seen in more traditional forms of activism. This debate is widely known as the 'activism vs. slacktivism' debate. However, it is rather short-sighted to approach this very complex subject matter with a plain black and white approach when every single byte offers 256 shades of grey to explore. Gladwell (2010) argued for the slacktivism camp, stating that the strength of people's social ties is the key determinant in their willingness to assume risk in activist endeavors, because stronger social ties to other activists help form a group identity and reinforce the......

Words: 1185 - Pages: 5

Social Life

...1301 July 25th , 2000 Micro level theories aimed at understanding social life at the intimate level of individuals and their interactions. The micro sociological approach places emphasis on face-to-face social interaction, or what people do when they are in the presence of one another. Roles are sets of expectations, rights, and duties that are associated with a given status. The dramaturgical analysis provided by Erving Goffman analyzes everyday life in terms of the stage. Socialization prepares people for learning to perform on the stage of everyday life. Core of this approach is the analysis of the impressions we attempt to make on others by using sign-vehicles like setting, appearance, and manner, teamwork, and face-saving behavior. Human actions are dependent on time, place, and audience and the favorable presentation of self by an individual via the use of impression management. An example for this is even if a couple is not in terms; they still act intimate and conceal their anger in the presence of others in order to save face. In a structural functionalist perspective, the family system regulates sexual activity, provides socialization processes, and transmits culture and the members of the family act their roles as father, mother and child. In dramaturgical analysis humans are like actors on a stage in which there are roles (scripts) and statuses (parts of the play) to carry out. Defining the social situation states that the perception of reality by humans is......

Words: 683 - Pages: 3

Pros and Cons of Internet and Social Media

...Today, the internet and social media are important in society, reflect the need for the human expression and recognition; these tools have become a key factor in the process of socialization. People need to be updated and present socially, and in the social media people share common interests such as music, reviews and personal preferences. The Internet has become an indispensable tool for me in my professional, social and personal live but the use of new media such as social networking has some pros and cons: Pros Through the internet and social media, we can have access to information in a matter of seconds. Thanks to the search engines, social networks, video conferencing, chats or specialized portals we can access discussions, reviews, opinions, photos and videos of other people and have asynchronous communication. The use of the internet and social media eliminate the barriers of time and space; the internet allows us to have better communication with people from all over the world. Cons Private information can be misused to discredit a person, to act for criminal purposes and can also be used for phishing. Although there are many reliable sources such as publications of universities and prestigious portals, also there are websites like blogs and wikis that don't provide correct information. People miss the interaction with their social environment and his family. Social media and the internet are tools that give us many opportunities but......

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Internet in Daily Life

...The Internet is the global system of interconnected mainframe, personal, and wireless computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link billions of devices worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope, linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries an extensive range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web (WWW), electronic mail, Usenet newsgroups, telephony, and peer-to-peer networks for file sharing. Although the Internet protocol suite has been used by academia and the military industrial complex since the early 1980s, rapid adoption of its use was driven by events of the late 1980s and 1990s such as more powerful and affordable computers, the advent of fiber optics, the popularization of HTTP and the Web browser, and a push towards opening the technology to commerce. Internet use grew rapidly in the West from the mid-1990s and from the late 1990s in the developing world. In the 21 years since 1995, Internet use has grown 100-times to reach over one third of the world population,[1][2] leading to its services and technologies being incorporated into virtually every aspect of contemporary life. The impact of the Internet has been so immense that it has been referred to as the "8th......

Words: 2336 - Pages: 10

Life Without Internet or Cellphones

...Christopher Diamantes History 345 Prof. Lisa Nocks 12/10/2014 Life without Internet or Cell Phones Society as we know it has evolved into one which is completely reliant on the internet and cell phones for the purpose of communication. It has come to a point where our daily tasks and responsibilities have become dependent upon such communication devices. In such a globalized and inter-connected world, the use of technology is made imperative as many businesses have bases positioned all over the world, and many individuals have connections too far to communicate without the use of the internet or cellular networks (cell sites or satellite signals). Additionally, the internet allows for many individuals to keep up with current events, but that’s not its only use. The internet allows people to be entertained, connected, and empowered. However, the technology behind the mobile phone remains unmatched as it has created a vast cultural shift, as it gives society the chance to deliver content anywhere, at any time. And although cell phones and the internet has only been around for approximately two decades, many seem to underestimate the effect it has on as individuals and society collectively. If the internet and cellular phones ceased to work in the near future, without any hope of restarting, humanity would have to resort to older methods of communication. That is, if humankind even remembers how to do so. Without the internet, there would be no communication between the......

Words: 887 - Pages: 4

Social Media and the Internet

... Name Instructor Course Date Social Media and the Internet: Does it Help or Hinder? Human beings demonstrate a desire to interact and share their experiences with others. With the development of social media and the Internet, such interactions are rapidly shifting. Evidently, it is rare to meet a person who does not use this form of media to communicate with others. It follows that social media and the Internet have become an integral component of the life of an ordinary human being (Tardanico). For instance, Facebook alone has more than 500 million users globally. For the other sites, such Twitter and Myspace, the cumulative number of interactions per minutes is millions. However, the only legitimate means of connection between people is through the authentic communication. Studies reveal that only 7% of communication is reliant on the verbal and written word. The other portion of it is dependent on nonverbal body language (Werbach). This paper evaluates various sources to determine how developments in social media and the Internet have increased the level of human interaction at the expense of effective face-to-face communication. One Saturday evening, Annalise exchanged instant messages with her son who is a college student. They ‘chatted’ quite a lot, Annalise asking about his well-being and her son replying with positive statements followed by emoticons: hearts and smiles. That same evening, her son was arrested for DUI. A few hours later, it was......

Words: 1460 - Pages: 6

Internet Discrimination & Social Learning Theory

...Internet Discrimination & Social Learning Theory Ashley Bowers SOCW 510 September 21, 2011 Everyone has the right to be respected, safe and free from violence, harassment and bullying. A life free from violence and from cruel, degrading and inhuman treatment is a fundamental human right. Bullying and harassment can also lead to violations of a range of other human rights. People have the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, work and fair working conditions, freedom of expression and to hold opinions without interference, and the right to be free from violence. People, especially the youth, have the right to feel free to go by their day without fear of persecution and bullying can affect these rights and this should be taken into consideration before people decide to sign into the internet. People today have been using multiple electronic digital devices which provide a new means of communicating with each other and access to the worldwide Internet. While these devices should be used as positive tools in educational and other settings, unfortunately, these devices are also sometimes used in very unsafe and irresponsible ways. When people start resorting to bullying and harassment via the Internet and other electronic communication devices, these behaviors are called “cyber bullying.” Recently, there have been many public service announcements (PSAs) trying to stop the use of discriminatory slurs with little or no effect. There were......

Words: 672 - Pages: 3

Does Internet Strengthen Social Connection

...English 102 Does the Internet Strengthen Social Connections? Section A – M/W 4:30- 5:45 Instructor: Prof Philip Tabakow 20th February, 2011 Words – 1423 I certify this is entirely my Work. Signature: ___________________________ Bill Gates once said, “The Internet is becoming the town square for the global village of tomorrow”. In this quotation, Bill Gate is suggesting the fact about how fast the internet is growing and how vast it could become. There are several uses of the internet like checking of e-mails, doing researches, e-shopping etc. but social connection is one of its major use. With social networking websites like Facebook, Twitter and Hi-5 it is very easy to keep in touch with friends from way back like from high school. With Companies like Yahoo, AOL, Skype and Oovoo where you can make video calls for free, it is difficult to say that the internet in no way strengthens social connections. The internet strengthens social connections because it help to keep in touch with loved ones, makes the world a more globalized environment and aids in the sharing and gaining of knowledge. Firstly, the internet strengthens social connections because it helps to keep in touch with loved ones. With the help of the internet over the years, there has been a vast improvement in how people communicate with their loved ones. People are more interested with the internet because it is cheaper to communicate with loved ones than with mobile phones. With social networking......

Words: 1611 - Pages: 7

The Internet Makes Life Better

...The Internet makes life better Nowadays, with the development of the Internet, our life becomes more convenient than any time in the past. With the click of the mouse, you can find everything on the Internet including shopping, communication, entertainment, study, and so on. Do you know how many percent of people on the Earth have access into the Internet? - 21% In the United States, 74% of American adults use the Internet. 94% of students in the US are using the Internet. 60% of American adults use broadband connections at home.55% of American adults connect to the internet wirelessly, either through a WiFi or WiMax connection via their laptops or through a handheld device like a smart phone. Because of the Internet, we can do shopping without going to the store which is located far away. Online shopping is the process whereby consumers directly buy goods or services from a seller in real-time, without an intermediary service, over the Internet. It is a form of electronic commerce. We can talk with a people who are away 10,000 miles with high quality of voice and images. Brought us closer to people those are in another part of the world: video calls with Skype, Online support calls so I don’t have to drive 2 hours to a client site. Telephone: Voice over IP or VOIP Besides, we can find tons of information by one click on Google.com, Yahoo.com, and so on. Other conveniences of the Internet: Online banking. Driving Directions .We can work or study from......

Words: 354 - Pages: 2