Internet of Things

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By baloch123
Words 4683
Pages 19
Internet of Things: Perspectives, Challenges and
Opportunities
Antonio Marcos Alberti

Dhananjay Singh

Instituto Nacional de Telecomunicações - Inatel
P.O. Box 05 - 37540-000
Santa Rita do Sapucaí, Minas Gerais, Brazil
alberti@inatel.br

Department of Electronics Engineering
Hankuk (Korea) University of Foreign studies
Global Campus: Yongin, South Korea
dsingh@hufs.ac.kr

Abstract – The Internet of things can be defined as to make
the “things” belong to the Internet. However, many wonder
if the current Internet can support such a challenge. For this
and other reasons, hundreds of worldwide initiatives to
redesign the Internet are underway. This article discusses the
perspectives, challenges and opportunities behind a future
Internet that fully supports the “things”, as well as how the
“things” can help in the design of a more synergistic future
Internet.
Keywords–Internet of things, smart things, future Internet,
software-defined networking, service-centrism, informationcentrism, ID/Loc splitting, security, privacy, trust.
I. INTRODUCTION

The Internet of things (IoT) refers to uniquely addressable
objects and their virtual representations in an Internet-like
structure [18][19][20]. We can say that it is an extension of
Internet with uniquely addressable objects becoming a part of
existing Internet. The objects forming the IoT will have
distinct characteristics about them. They may hold selfidentifying information; they may even transmit the processed
information or anything that may be considered important with
respect to the object with which they are associated.
There is a lot of pervasive presence in the human
environment of things or objects, such as radio-frequency
identification (RFID) tags, sensors, actuators, mobile phones,
smart embedded devices, etc. – which, through unique
addressing schemes, are able to…...

Similar Documents

Internet

.... * What assumptions might employees make about their privacy at work? * Employees at company where their policies regarding their email use and Internet use might think that their privacy is being violated and honestly I would not blame them I would feel the same way. I would not like to be in a company that did not trust me with a simple thing like e-mail use. However, I do see the other side of the apple, company’s opinion on productivity affected by the increase use of the Internet and e-mails. In the other hand, if the employees are producing what is being asked of them and the goals of the week or month are being met or exceeded I thing the company should take that in consideration. * How do these policies affect employee privacy at work? * On my behalf I believe that the trust between the employer and the employee is not there. If I were to be working at a place where my personal belonging would not be respected I would probably quit the job. I would quit my job because I would not like to be in a place were they did not trust me, if they do not trust me why would they even hire me in the first place. I would understand if during the probation period the employer would check the e-mail once or twice just to make sure you are doing what you are suppose to and not be sending out private company information. However, to reiterate this process throughout the time you are being employed would just be......

Words: 1109 - Pages: 5

Internet

..., leaving more time for innovative thoughts. I am not afraid to say that a man is following his creations sightlessly without taking into account what the consequences would turn out to be and where it would lead him. There is no doubt that everything has two sides a good side and a bad one. We looked at the good side, now we consider the corrupt side. In a world where most of the things have been taken over by the technology, we lose the skills of painting, playing, cooking etc. that we once had. We turn fatter day by day as we search through sites, play online games like robots. The art of conversations between family members seems to be disappearing as the time is passing by; a family is already a thing of the past for it is more exciting to chat with your friends instead. The most dangerous thing that has been triggered by this harmful invention is the hacking of the accounts, since all the important information is fed into these computers, it’s not that hard to steal them and use it against your own enemies. To reach a conclusion is hard. It is too late to go back to the simple life where we worked hard and fairly with only the gears that we could make with our own hands. We cannot rip the word internet from the dictionaries and burn down the PCs. We must thus learn the utmost lesson of all, that if internet expansion is not harmonized by a maturing of the human soul and conscience, then we have already taken the first step along the road of oblivion....

Words: 532 - Pages: 3

Internet

...What is the internet and how has it effected the lives of many people? Discuss both its benefits and setbacks. Are there more advantages than disadvantages? Present your opinion with explains and example Today, in the era of globalization, the role of Internet has become one of the most important parts in our life. It can be defined as a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) to serve billions of users worldwide, it is also considered as a huge electronic library of humanity which contains a lot of information and knowledge. Therefore, it is probably to say that people cannot live without Internet today, however, the Internet has both its advantages and disadvantages. In the positive side, there is one thing that we can see easily is that Internet can be used to communicate people from every part in over the world within a few clicks. As an example, for international student like me, when I want to communicate with my family or my friends, I just use the online chatting system like Yahoo or Skype to talk with them, even we can see each other through video call system. It is more convenient, cheaper and faster than using mobile phone. A part from that, the Internet is very useful for those who like shopping but lazy to go out, it is the online shopping system like Gmarket, this is one of the famous websites in Korea. You can buy anything like clothing, shoes, bags etc. on this website by just clicking and...

Words: 444 - Pages: 2

Internet

... of individual Web sites put online by the trade. Indeed, customers require one-stop shopping. The tourism destination portal site ought to be developed by the DMOs in partnership with the major market participants, through a contractual or corporate approach. This would have links from and to the Web sites of the other organizations that have business related to the destination. Partnerships are important because by building relationships with other companies the DMOs get access to their consumers while helping those companies expand their product offerings. Moreover, the development of Web sites by main travel intermediary players is also important as these may allow the browser/visitor to access destination information provided by the DMOs' sites and to compare the services offered by competing destinations in order to make his/her travel decision. A portal site for marketing tourism destinations should provide information on four core areas: How to get there (e.g., air travel) Getting around (e.g., car rental) Places to stay (e.g., hotel accommodation) Things to do (e.g., places to see, dining, shopping, shows and events) All the items should come with availability and reservation facilities. These may be provided through links to other sites such as HRN, Internet Travel Network, or the WorldRes Company. The last is essentially a business-to-business site, in that it primarily serves other Internet companies. WorldRes provides a list of available rooms and...

Words: 5542 - Pages: 23

Internet

...Rodriguez, Marione Thea B. Block 11 BS Biochemistry What is the latest trend in connecting to the internet in the Philippines? One of the various ways to connect to the internet is through fiber optic technology. It delivers laser-generated pulses of light on strands of glass fibers. Recently, Globe Telecom Inc. is laying down 10,000 kilometers of fiber-optic cable this year in implementation of LTE or Long Term Evolution technology. This would bring high-speed data to mobile phones and other devices. A Globe product called Tattoo Torque is powered by GPON or Gigabit Passive Optical Network which uses fiber optic technology. The maximum speed of Tattoo Torque is 150 Mbps. Smart Communications have also implemented LTE internet. Now, they are still doing tests especially in Metro Manila to have an improved internet connection which is planned to be launched in the middle of 2012. Smart LTE is several times faster than the average wireless and wired connections being offered today in the country. Wireless LTE could bring as much as 42 megabytes per second of connection. The Filipinos would surely experience smooth and faster connection. Downloading, uploading and sharing files will be done in just minutes and even in seconds instead of hours. The famous way to connect to the internet nowadays is through Wi-Fi or Wireless Fidelity. This technology allows the people to connect to the internet anywhere without using those hassle wires. All they have to do is...

Words: 652 - Pages: 3

Internet

...These days it is almost impossible to imagine our life without computers and the Internet. They influence many aspects of day-to-day being of every person not only at home and in spare time but also in education process. So, have these new technologies involved in relations between students and teachers and changed them cardinally? The first thing that should be noted is the Internet and computer technologies were begun to be applied practically in educational organizations not long ago, so there still appear problems in their proper usage. This brings us to the question of how people have been able to pass their experience to the next generations and create such sophisticated inventions. The answer is clear for me: owing to best approach in education, precisely “from teacher to student” by any means such as oral lectures or from books. Anyway, there has been the most important component-human interaction. Nowadays, in the century of computer technologies our homes, schools and many other places are computerized. The great impact of that we can see when we are studying. For instance, one has access to different recourses, libraries and educational information via the Internet. What’s more it has become much easier to continue studying without stopping and get knowledge about anything you are interested in. I cannot help saying that computer technologies bring us the chance to study distantly communicating with a teacher through the Internet. Furthemore, this kind of......

Words: 291 - Pages: 2

Internet

...THE INTERNET BACKGROUND The Internet is the world’s largest computer network. It is a network of networks. The networks of various organizations as well as the computers of individuals are linked together via the internet. The Intern was originated by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the Department for Defense (DOD) to allow four universities doing research for the DOD to exchange information. At the time (1969), the network was called ARPANET. One of the results of how it was originated is that there is no central control of the Internet. The DOD wanted to ensure that in the network couldn’t be taken out by an attack on the control center. The internet now has hundreds of millions of users, but there is still no central control. SERVICES There are many services available on the internet. Some of them are: * E-mail * Newsgroups * Chat rooms * Instant messaging * The World Wide Web (often just called the Web) The web is the most widely used service on the internet which is why it is confused with being the Internet. However the web and the internet are not synonymous. The Web is just one of the services available on the Web. NAVIGATING THE INTERNET You can use a URL to find resources on the Internet. A URL is a Uniform Resource Locator. You enter it into the address bar of your Web Browser. It will look something like http://somestuff.com. If it is an address for a Web site will have www at the beginning like this: ......

Words: 288 - Pages: 2

Internet

... reality life. This behaviour can be seen in a large number of the population around the world who spend most of their time on the Internet (Telegraph Media Group, 2010). A recent article suggested that people would give up their freedom and go to gaol rather than not having access to Internet (Kennedy, 2012). The real problem is that people rely on the Internet too much and the more people are using the Internet, the more isolated an individual feels if they are not using it. The Internet is an extremely useful way to connect with friends and relatives and for education purposes, however some use it in a different way, for example: cyber bullying, resulting in negative consequences. There are many suicide cases that are linked to cyber bullying and the use of Internet. A recent victim of cyberbullying suicide is Erin Gallagher, who took her own life in October 2012 after “vicious online bullying” (Mosbergen, 2012). The article also reported that she was being bullied at school, indicating that Internet is not the sole reason for the negative outcome. Although, the Internet is a major part of most people’s lives, it is the individual’s choice to use it responsibly. Paul Miller, a writer, who disconnected from the Internet for a year explained how he felt “left out” and had more free time than when he was on the Internet. He was able to achieve many things without the Internet, including write a novel and read a number of books (Kelly, 2013). Even though without the Internet...

Words: 777 - Pages: 4

Internet

... called Carnegie that has really helped him in learning math. There are other programs similar to Carnegie made available to students such as MY Access writing program and BrainPOP which has educational videos on every subject in school. Newspapers, magazines, and journals are made available to students online, which can be a valuable resource when doing research. The internet also has a vast amount of information about different cultures around the world that enhance the students learning experience. There are also lots of feature on the internet such as virtual graphics and animations that make it easier to understand some complicated processes such as how the human body works or the inside of a motor runs. There is now online tutoring available for online students. The downside is with all this information available to us through the internet there bad mixed in with all the good. Not all the information on the internet is through accredited sources and reliable information. There are also sites on the internet that educate people about things they should not know about such as pornography or drug web sites. The internet can be used to educate us in good ways and bad ways. The Bible tells us in Psalm 78: 3-4 (ESV) that “things that we have heard and known, that our fathers have told us. We will not hide them from their children, but tell the coming generation the glorious deeds of the Lord, and his might, but tell to the coming generation the glorious deeds...

Words: 1030 - Pages: 5

Internet

...INTERNET There's a new technology that blooms in the modern civilization and that is the Internet. Internet is a new way of communicating, sharing memories, and connecting to other people. Bill Gates’ vision of an ‘Internet revolution’ and Jeremy Deller’s ‘steampowered Internet machine’ exemplify much of the contemporary discourse about the Internet and information and communication technologies (ICT). The Internet is widely thought to represent not just a new form of communication, but instead a new organizational form of modern society (Castells 2002) The imaginary of an ‘Internet revolution’ has been readily adopted in discussions of economic development. Development practice has always employed existing links and created links between developers and those who are being developed. Those links (e.g. roads or Internet connections) are not only integral to the actual implementation of development, but are also often justified as desirable in and of them. However, unlike past links between developers and developing, the Internet appears almost free of spatial constraints: any two computers can connect to one another irrespective of geographic location. INTERNET PRINCIPLES: * The Ability to Connect. The edge-dominant end-to-end architecture of the Internet is essential to its utility as a platform for innovation, creativity, and economic opportunity. * The Ability to Speak. The Internet is a powerful mass medium for self-expression which depends on the ability...

Words: 655 - Pages: 3

Internet

...Jeremy Alexander Jenkins January 25, 2014 Internet Essay Dr. Moira Maguire Word Count: 627 “Do students rely solely on the internet or should they use a balance of diverse kinds of sources?” Students use the internet for a variety of things such as entertainment, social needs, and very few times is it used as a dependable source. Although students don’t use it reliably, I believe that students should use a balance of sources. Internet and Library sources are both very useful in their own rights when utilized properly; however they both have their pros and cons. In this essay I will discuss the benefits and liabilities of using the two types of sources. Students who use a mixture of sources are more likely to have more valid and solid facts than a student who uses all sources from one place. The sources begin to become more repetitive and less factual when they are all retrieved from one place. This also makes it harder for the writer to put the sources into their own words creating a suspicion of plagiarism. The liability of the internet is that it is a place where anyone can create anything and put it on a forum for all to view, retrieve and use as a source. Just because something is put into a space doesn’t make it correct. Using caution and exercising good judgment can help prevent using a bogus source, but in contrast the internet provides an interactive multimedia experience that is not available with library sources. Sources from the internet are...

Words: 645 - Pages: 3

Internet

...Main points of the Article: • Authors explains about ‘The Internet of things’ • What you need to know • Explain the basics of the Internet of things • How Internet connects millions of gadgets and people • How Internet has shifted the lives of people today • How microchip shares data online without much human interference • The writer comments, the good and the bad of this technology • How internet is accessible from anywhere • Huge amount of information can be accessed to make important decision. • Author talks about, how the chief Guru of Internet takes advantage of the Internet in his house. Summary of the Article: The Internet of Things In the article, “The Internet of Things” by Patrick Goss, dated 4 December 2013, comments this is an expression used by almost everyone in today’s world, and frankly horrible, and for sure we are going to hear about this expression more and more in the coming years. So the question is what is this all about? At its basic, the Internet is connected to millions of gadgets and devices whether we know it or not, that do not require humans to tell what data to share. Everything from writing a simple mail to your friend or operating huge complex machine from a remote location. For example, the author mentions, fitness band, smart thermostat, door sensors, sensor water faucets, micro chipped street lights, whether conditions, can all be controlled. The Author gives a few examples, a) How to detect street lighting...

Words: 412 - Pages: 2

Internet

...The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link billions of devices worldwide. It is a network of networks[1] that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope, linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries an extensive range of information resources and services, such as mobile apps including social media apps, the inter-linked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web (WWW), electronic mail, multiplayer online games, telephony, and peer-to-peer networks for file sharing. The origins of the Internet date back to research commissioned by the United States government in the 1960s to build robust, fault-tolerant communication via computer networks.[2] The primary precursor network, the ARPANET, initially served as a backbone for interconnection of regional academic and military networks in the 1980s. The funding of a new U.S. backbone by the National Science Foundation in the 1980s, as well as private funding for other commercial backbones, led to worldwide participation in the development of new networking technologies, and the merger of many networks.[3] The linking of commercial enterprises by the early 1990s marks the beginning of the transition to the modern Internet,[4] and generated a sustained exponential growth as generations of institutional,......

Words: 325 - Pages: 2

Internet

...The internet and social networking are one the fast growing industry in the world that allow you to reconnect with friends and family, search the web in a safe and secure manner also help build a historic profile for your child future reference. On that note, google chrome play a major role in providing feature such as; speed, signing in, simplicity, privacy, security and customization that enable you to make google chrome your own. However, rhetoric devices; such as pathos, ethos and logos also play a major role in social networking and internet as well. Why? Because they appeal to the audience’s emotion, convince the audience to reason logically and accept the credibility of people whom we admire. After watching “Google Chrome: Dear Sophie” commercial, its amaze me of how Sophie father have so much love for her and was able to capture every moment of her life from birth to first birthday, ski trip and thus her first giggle which really seem cute and adorable. In the first place, I felt sorry for Sophie being in the hospital and it was sadden to see her farther down. In other word not being able to function probably without his little Sophie. In like manner, I was really touched by the way Sophie dad record her growth and was able to email every remarkable moment to the future. Moreover, Pathos is persuading by appealing to the reads’ emotions and it is also used o evoke the feeling of sympathy, relatedness and anguish. Thus in “Google Chrome: Dear Sophie” pathos was...

Words: 528 - Pages: 3

Internet

...Each new wave of technology produces new challenges to the present systems and ICT was no different. It often struggles with issues like privacy of the data of the citizens and consumers, security, protection of Intellectual property (IP), issues of freedom of expression as one gets a better platform to express. These issues among the others have to be settled in a fair way and they can’t be settled anymore by the government alone. So there have to be some mechanisms to put various stakeholders on a common platform, establish a dialogue between them and negotiate terms and come to a common decision that caters to the requirements of all the stakeholders such as private companies, internet service providers, civil society, governments, technologists etc. Instead of working in parallel, all the stakeholders can work collaboratively towards creating a platform for dialogue of all the stakeholders, finding out interests and concerns, bringing everybody together towards problem solving, rather than acting retroactively. It is common that governments very often get together with other governments and technical people very often get together with technical people but these separate stakeholders never come together to solve issues and work in a fair way towards decisions that are arrive conjointly. Issues ranging from digital divide to human rights. Issues of accessibility and how to bring the last billion on the internet. Privacy concerns, and concepts such as right to be forgotten.......

Words: 277 - Pages: 2