Free Essay

Inthe National Gallery

In: Novels

Submitted By Thepriya
Words 1279
Pages 6
In the weekday we mostly never think about how it is impossible to prevent time to pass on. But it does, all the time. Just like the time history environment and existence changes. Doris Lessings short story “In the National Gallery” is a thought-provoking, fascinating and a little bit pessimistic short story about nostalgia, chances/experiences, age difference, the nuances and colours of life and passion.

It is told by a first person narrator who is sitting in The National Gallery and observing some events taking place around her by an elderly well-presented man in the sixties and a French girl who is about sixteen years old. The main character in which eyes we experience the whole course of events, is sitting next to the old man on a bench by a remarkable picture of a red horse called “the Stubbs chestnut horse”, which is described as a magnificent beast with power and potency. This is where it starts as the old man is trying to teach a younger man about the paintings. The young man is restless and does not have the passion and time for studying art as the older man, and therefore he leaves the gallery.
While sitting on the bench and admiring the painting, a French group of school girls enter the room and draws a lot of attention, especially the head of the group which is a sixteen years old French girl, describes as “a package to be admired.. with a pert little face.. she was an original, the ‘card’, the wit, perhaps even the buffoon”. The old man immediately gets spellbound of her, as he starts to reveal to the narrator, who is sitting next to him on the bench, how he got rejected by the love of his life in his past when he was twelve. The French girl reminds him of his love of life as why he can’t stop staring at her. The girl gets drawn by the picture of the red horse and then falls asleep right beside the old man.

When the French girl is sleeping on the bench and compared to the sleeping beauty she is representing a whole generation. Like the young man earlier were restless and looking at the watch they simply don’t recognise life and what is worth taking chances of. And they simply don’t see or appreciate the old things e. g. reference in line line 132 “But then, they wouldn’t see the rest of the pictures in this world-famous gallery... to see the great masterpieces which perhaps they might never see again. ” and on line 146: “young things do not see the elderly or middle-aged. She might be staring straight at him, but she didn’t see him.”

As the group of French school girls enters the room they give the museum life (e. g. line 47: “Everyone was looking at them. How could we not? They were so vivacious, so lively..”. Normally the time in a museum feels like time is almost standing still, as it forces one to look back in the past while looking at the old and dusty paintings.
But just like the painting with the strong red horse which represent passion and love, the old man has once too been a strong horse driven by love and passion. unlike now where he is more like the picture, just a memory, old and dusty. As the man sits at the bench and observe the surroundings, he becomes like an onlooker at life. He is not taking action in life anymore but only having this desire to love and life, that he had missed or forgotten in the past, because he took those summers for granted e. g. line 96 “That summer went past, the way summers did in those days..” he took those chances for love for granted.
The way of showing his character and attitude is showed in his physical appearance when he is looking at the art or the girls which in his point of view might be art too (e. g. line 8 and line 37 “he leaned forward, elbows on knees, and looked hard at the horse/...staring hard at them.”)
The contrasts between the norm of silence in a museum and the girls loud entry and requirement for attention in the story also illuminate the new time and the old time that is about to become only memories. an other remarkable detail is the horse that has been called the magnificent beast and the French girl that has been called the sleeping beauty. These references associates to the beauty and the beast fairytale. As in a fairytale nothing is what it looks like cause non of it is real. What is beauty? The new growing sprouts? or is beauty to find in the old roots?
Furthermore It also gives the museum the atmosphere of something surreal, a journey through history and stories, a peephole into the past. But outside the museum reality hits the man as he decides to follow the girl out to the exit, and there it leaves the reader with an open ending and the question: “what is going to happen next?“ that is why the impressionism is replaced at the exit as a symbol of the reality and also the lack of concrete existence but only remnant coloured shadows. Moreover it gives the reader the feeling of being powerless by not being able to look into the future but only the past, and still not be able to change or stop the time. The horrifying and disconcerted tone in the ending leaves us with insecurity, because it’s a contrast to the relaxed and unaffected mood the narrator has been of while telling. Besides the fact that the old man has been so fascinated about the French girl and that her age of 16 years makes her sexually mature, and now decides to follow the girl out, gives the reader the creeps. E. g. line 152: “...it was easy to imagine raised voices, ugly laughter, even an ‘incident’ that could reach the newspaper..”. but for the record it is important to have in mind that this anxiety comes from the narrator, who is not old nor young. She is between the two extremes.

The sex of the narrator is unknown but I assume it is Doris Lessing herself. The narrator gives us the point of view as an onlooker, owing to the fact that she is not taking action in the happening, but just interpret and pass on the information to the reader. She also must be about 30 or 40 years because she is able se “notice” the elderly man. She is not too young neither old. She is sitting quietly (not giggling like the French schoolgirls) and does have a certain interest in the horse painting e. g. on line 3: “Just one picture, by itself. It should be already known to me. And there it was, the Stubbs chestnut horse, that magnificent beast, all power and potency”.

The old man has a lot of knowledge about the art, which means that he has knowledge of life too, and by guiding the young man (the pupil e.g. line 22: ”like a pupil chidden by a teacher”) through the paintings, he is trying to teach and pass on his knowledge and life experiences to him. But life has to be learned by living and making mistakes. This shows that the old man cannot prevent the pupil for making the same mistakes, but he will only find out by taking chances or regret for the rest of his life.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Visit to the National Gallery of Arts

...I visited the National Gallery of Arts, Washington, DC, East Building. In the Small French Painting room French Impressionist and Post Impressionist Oil on paper, canvas, use of landscapes Jean Baptishe Camden Corot 1796-1875) greens and browns oil paintings Theodore Rosassea Panamaric View of the Idle de France 1830 Swiss Landscapes – Alexandrie Claawe 1830 Claude Mouet 1872 Auguste Reninor Gabriel Metsu oil on panel and oak Mostly about people, single portraits, old men and women doing simple things eating, writing holding a pipe, sick child The Artist as Prodical Son 1661 oil on panel Christ on the Cross 1664 oil on canvas the light shining on a lady who is kneeling at the cross to emphasize the hurt she is feeling seeing God on the cross. 3 people in the picture 1 man 2 women Modern Art Frank Stella, American 1936 Flin, Fion IV 1969 Polymer and fluorescent polymer paint on canvas Terry Winters – 1949 Bitmer, 1986 oil on linen Georgia O’Keefer 1887-1986 Jack in the Pulpit Nov 1930 oil on canvas Cubism Piet Mondrian – Dutch 1872-1944 Teablean No. IV Lozenge Composition with Red, Gray, Blue, Yellow and Black 1924/1925 Oil on canvas Max Weber -1881-19 Rush Hour NewYork 1915 Pablo Pisassco Nude Women 1910 oil on canvas Scuptor Head of a women 1909 bronze Modern and Contemparty Art Raskshaw Downes- Bird’s eye view of NY cont cent and contruction 1982 oil on canvas Henri Matisse cut outs collages of color paper for a book called......

Words: 307 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Case Study

...1. Introduction This is a summary of the case study of the Chile mining disaster that happened in August 5th 2010. It was once of the most unanticipated disaster that attracted the attention of the entire world. The miners of gold were trapped in the mine for many days. The rescue team was led by a newly elected minister of mining: A successful businessman with little or no information regarding the mining or rescue operations. The dilemma was on how to handle the victims, the relatives of victims, the media and the country at large. This was a matter of life and death. The number of stranded miners was 33. * Identify the key problems and issues in the case study. * Formulate and include a thesis statement, summarizing the outcome of your analysis in 1–2 sentences. 2. Background Chile has been known as one of the leading mineral explorers in the world as well as having numerous mining fields with different minerals. Mining has been extensively been sources of income thus many people are engaged in mining. This activity has been descripting as dangerous with many miners losing their life. The number of deaths in the mining field has increased considerably in the past few years up to 2010 as companies continue to breach mining rules and regulations. * Set the scene: background information, relevant facts, and the most important issues. * Demonstrate that you have researched the problems in this case study. Body This body is divided into......

Words: 5610 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Adidas Nike Case Study

...Adidas nike case study - Document Transcript 1. VS1 2. A COMPARITIVE ANALYSIS OF MARKETINGSTRATERGIES FOLLOWED BY NIKE AND ADIDAS TEAM MEMBERSANUPAMA VENU 09014CLAES JOTORP 09126DEEPAK TUSHIR 09032GUSTAV TENERZ 09128SAIRAM KRISHNAN 09088SANJAY SHARMA 09090SUNANDA SURESH 09112 2 3. INDEX1. INTRODUCTION 1.1. BRIEF ANALYSIS OF INDUSTRY 1.2. BRIEF DEFINITON OF INDUSTRY 1.2.1.TRENDS IN THE INDUSTRY 1.2.2.MARKET ANALYSIS 1.2.3.MAJOR PLAYERS AND MARKET SHARES 1.3. MAJOR FORCES SHAPING THE INDUSTRY 1.3.1.PORTER S FIVE FORCES 1.4. PREDICTION FOR 2009-2010 1.5. THE COMPANY AND MAJOR PRODUCT LINES 1.5.1.BRIEF HISTORY OF COMPANY 1.6. FLAGSHIP PRODUCTS, MAJOR PRODUCT LINES, RECENT FORAYS 1.7. HISTORY OF THE BRANDS2. MARKETING STRATERGY 2.1. CUSTOMERS 2.2. COMPETITORS 2.3. COLLABORATORS 2.4. COMPANY 2.5. CONTEXT 2.5.1.TECHNOLOGY 2.5.2.SOCIO CULTURAL 2.5.3.ECONOMIC3. SEGMENTATION, TARGETING, POSITIONING 3.1. MARKET SEGMENTATION 3.2. SEGMENTS TARGETED 3.3. POD S AND POP S 3.4. VALUE PROPOSITION 3.5. POSITIOING 3.6. EVOLUTION AS A BRAND4. MARKETING MIX 4.1. PRODUCT 4.2. PLACE 4.3. PRICING 4.4. PROMOTION5. ANALYSIS REPORT 5.1. CUSTOMER SURVEY 5.2. MARKETING STRATERGIES 5.3. PORTER S GENERIC STRATERGIES 5.4. CREATING VALUE 5.5. CAPTURING VALUE 5.6. SUSTAINING VALUE6. REFERENCES 3 4. INTRODUCTIONBrief Analysis of IndustrySport is an integral part of modern contemporary society. Sport has always been associatedwith discipline, dedication and perfection and hence sportsmen have......

Words: 14002 - Pages: 57

Free Essay

State of the World

...This state raised its head as an independent state in 1966 after being a Colony of the British Empire for almost 350 years. Category | Fact | Category | Fact | 1.Size | 439 Square km | 4.Religion | Christianity | 2.Population | 277,821 | 5.Currency | Barbadian Dollar | 3.Language | Barbadian | 6.GDP Rate | $16,653 | The main resources of Barbados are Petroleum, Fish, Natural gas, Sugarcane etc. The national symbols of Barbados are Neptune's trident, pelican, and Red Bird of Paradise flower (also known as Pride of Barbados). In Barbados Queen Elizabeth II is the Head of the State and represented locally by Governor General which is at present Elliott Belgrave. These two heads are advised by the Prime Minister of Barbados who is also the Head of the Government on matters of Barbadian state. The current Prime Minister of Barbados is Freundel Stuart. Barbados functions as a Constitutional Monarchy and Parliamentary Democracy designed on the British......

Words: 64439 - Pages: 258

Free Essay

History Ww2

...Contents GCSE History Exemplars for Controlled Assessment 2015-2016 Topic Area 1: Political, social and economic developments in Wales and England in the nineteenth century and the twentieth centuries This document contains the WJEC set controlled assessment exemplars for topic area 1 that are available for award up to 2016. This should be used alongside the general guide to controlled assessment available on the WJEC website. Topic Area 1: Political, social and economic developments in Wales and England in the nineteenth century and the twentieth centuries Exemplar Tasks 1. The Rebecca Riots 2. Jack the Ripper’s London 3. The Depression of the 1930s 4. Quarrying in North Wales 5. Life in the 1960s Introduction Controlled Assessment is a compulsory unit for GCSE History. Please note the following advice: These exemplars are written in a consistent style to ensure comparability of demand. These exemplars can be used for entry in any year of the current specification. Centres must change their controlled assessment tasks each year Centres must submit a proposal form for each two year cycle demonstrating to WJEC that they are using different tasks in consecutive years. Centres who are not studying any British history in their examined units must select controlled assessment tasks that focus on British history. Centres cannot mix and match parts (a) and (b) from different tasks. The controlled assessment unit can only be entered at the end of the course....

Words: 16724 - Pages: 67

Premium Essay

Philosophy

...P LA T O and a P LAT Y P U S WA L K I N TO A B A R . . . Understanding Philosophy Through Jokes < T H O M A S C AT H C A RT & D A N I E L K L E I N * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * P l at o a n d a P l at y p u s Wa l k i n t o a B a r . . . PLATO and a PLAT Y PUS WA L K I N T O A B A R . . . < Understanding Philosophy Through Jokes Th o m as Cat h c a rt & Dan i e l K l e i n A B R A M S I M AG E , N E W YO R K e d i to r : Ann Treistman d e s i g n e r : Brady McNamara pro d u c t i on m anag e r : Jacquie Poirier Cataloging-in-publication data has been applied for and may be obtained from the Library of Congress. ISBN 13: 978-0-8109-1493-3 ISBN 10: 0-8109-1493-x Text copyright © 2007 Thomas Cathcart and Daniel Klein Illlustration credits: ©The New Yorker Collection 2000/Bruce Eric Kaplan/ cartoonbank.com: pg 18; ©Andy McKay/www.CartoonStock.com: pg 32; ©Mike Baldwin/www.CartoonStock.com: pgs 89, 103; ©The New Yorker Collection 2000/ Matthew Diffee/cartoonbank.com: pg 122; ©The New Yorker Collection 2000/ Leo Cullum/cartoonbank.com: pg 136; ©Merrily Harpur/Punch ltd: 159; ©Andy McKay/www.CartoonStock.com: pg 174. Published......

Words: 41407 - Pages: 166

Premium Essay

Strategy

...Acclaim for THE LEAN STARTUP Acclaim for THE LEAN STARTUP “The Lean Startup isn’t just about how to create a more successful entrepreneurial business; it’s about what we can learn from those businesses to improve virtually everything we do. I imagine Lean Startup principles applied to government programs, to health care, and to solving the world’s great problems. It’s ultimately an answer to the question How can we learn more quickly what works and discard what doesn’t?” —Tim O’Reilly, CEO, O’Reilly Media “Eric Ries unravels the mysteries of entrepreneurship and reveals that magic and genius are not the necessary ingredients for success but instead proposes a scienti c process that can be learned and replicated. Whether you are a startup entrepreneur or corporate entrepreneur, there are important lessons here for you on your quest toward the new and unknown.” —Tim Brown, CEO, IDEO “The road map for innovation for the twenty-first century. The ideas in The Lean Startup will help create the next industrial revolution.” —Steve Blank, lecturer, Stanford University, UC Berkeley Hass Business School “Every founding team should stop for forty-eight hours and read The Lean Startup. Seriously, stop and read this book now.” —Scott Case, CEO, Startup America Partnership “The key lesson of this book is that startups happen in the present —that messy place between the past and the future where nothing happens according to PowerPoint. Ries’s ‘read and react’ approach to this sport,......

Words: 86508 - Pages: 347

Premium Essay

Essential of Accounting

...diXESSE ! The ESSENTIAL ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY SPHINX DICTIONARIES es·sen·tial. ADJ. Of the utmost importance. • The most comprehensive pocket-size dictionary • Easy-to-understand definitions • Written by a leading authority in the field Wit Kate Mooney Accoun ting T and Phra erms ses 300O h MORE TH AN The ESSENTIAL ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY es·sen·tial ADJ. Of the utmost importance. The ESSENTIAL ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY es·sen·tial ADJ. Of the utmost importance. Kate Mooney AN IMPRINT OF SOURCEBOOKS, INC.® NAPERVILLE, ILLINOIS SPHINX PUBLISHING ® www.SphinxLegal.com Copyright © 2008 by Kate Mooney Cover and internal design © 2008 by Sourcebooks, Inc.® All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any electronic or mechanical means including information storage and retrieval systems—except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles or reviews—without permission in writing from its publisher, Sourcebooks, Inc.® All brand names and product names used in this book are trademarks, registered trademarks, or trade names of their respective holders. Sourcebooks and the colophon are registered trademarks of Sourcebooks, Inc.® First Edition: 2008 Published by: Sphinx® Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc.® Naperville Office P.O. Box 4410 Naperville, Illinois 60567-4410 (630) 961-3900 Fax: (630) 961-2168 www.sourcebooks.com www.sphinxlegal.com This publication is designed to......

Words: 156997 - Pages: 628

Premium Essay

Health Care Finance

...Finance Course: Health Care Finance Readings MBAHC−4 California College for Health Sciences MBA Health Care Program McGraw-Hill/Irwin abc McGraw−Hill Primis ISBN: 0−390−55313−1 Text: Advanced Financial Accounting, Sixth Edition Baker−Lembke−King Harvard Business School Accounting Cases Corporate Finance, Seventh Edition Ross−Westerfield−Jaffe Harvard Business Review General Management Articles Harvard Business School Finance Cases This book was printed on recycled paper. Finance http://www.mhhe.com/primis/online/ Copyright ©2005 by The McGraw−Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without prior written permission of the publisher. This McGraw−Hill Primis text may include materials submitted to McGraw−Hill for publication by the instructor of this course. The instructor is solely responsible for the editorial content of such materials. 111 FINAGEN ISBN: 0−390−55313−1 Finance Contents Ross−Westerfield−Jaffe • Corporate Finance, Seventh Edition I. Overview 1 1 20 34 34 69 97 129 151 151 192 192 214 214 248 1. Introduction to Corporate Finance 2. Accounting Statements and Cash Flow II. Value and Capital Budgeting 4. Net Present Value 5. How to Value Bonds and Stocks 7. Net Present Value and...

Words: 226746 - Pages: 907

Free Essay

Idioms and Expression

...Idioms and Expressions by David Holmes A method for learning and remembering idioms and expressions I wrote this model as a teaching device during the time I was working in Bangkok, Thailand, as a legal editor and language consultant, with one of the Big Four Legal and Tax companies, KPMG (during my afternoon job) after teaching at the university. When I had no legal documents to edit and no individual advising to do (which was quite frequently) I would sit at my desk, (like some old character out of a Charles Dickens’ novel) and prepare language materials to be used for helping professionals who had learned English as a second language—for even up to fifteen years in school—but who were still unable to follow a movie in English, understand the World News on TV, or converse in a colloquial style, because they’d never had a chance to hear and learn common, everyday expressions such as, “It’s a done deal!” or “Drop whatever you’re doing.” Because misunderstandings of such idioms and expressions frequently caused miscommunication between our management teams and foreign clients, I was asked to try to assist. I am happy to be able to share the materials that follow, such as they are, in the hope that they may be of some use and benefit to others. The simple teaching device I used was three-fold: 1. Make a note of an idiom/expression 2. Define and explain it in understandable words (including synonyms.) 3. Give at least three sample sentences to illustrate how the expression is......

Words: 237262 - Pages: 950

Premium Essay

Work, Culture and Identity in Mozambique and Southafrica 1860-1910

...Acknowledgments ix Acknowledgments This book owes a great deal to the mental energy of several generations of scholars. As an undergraduate at the University of Cape Town, Francis Wilson made me aware of the importance of migrant labour and Robin Hallett inspired me, and a generation of students, to study the African past. At the School of Oriental and African Studies in London I was fortunate enough to have David Birmingham as a thesis supervisor. I hope that some of his knowledge and understanding of Lusophone Africa has found its way into this book. I owe an equal debt to Shula Marks who, over the years, has provided me with criticism and inspiration. In the United States I learnt a great deal from ]eanne Penvenne, Marcia Wright and, especially, Leroy Vail. In Switzerland I benefitted from the friendship and assistance of Laurent Monier of the IUED in Geneva, Francois Iecquier of the University of Lausanne and Mariette Ouwerhand of the dépurtement évangélrlyue (the former Swiss Mission). In South Africa, Patricia Davison of the South African Museum introduced me to material culture and made me aware of the richness of difference; the late Monica Wilson taught me the fundamentals of anthropology and Andrew Spiegel and Robert Thornton struggled to keep me abreast of changes in the discipline; Sue Newton-King and Nigel Penn brought shafts of light from the eighteenthcentury to bear on early industrialism. Charles van Onselen laid a major part of the intellectual foundations......

Words: 178350 - Pages: 714