Premium Essay

Intimate Partner Violence

In: People

Submitted By nmessina88
Words 1286
Pages 6
Preventing Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)
• Prevention is a process that promotes safe, healthy environments and behaviors that reduce the likelihood or frequency of an accident, injury, or condition occurring.
• As evidenced by other health-related conditions, primary prevention (taking action before a problem arises) can successfully reduce or eliminate intimate partner violence.
• Health care professionals are in a ideal position to use their influence and credibility to help prevent IPV o They can advocate for change in clinical practice, as well as for policies and procedures. o Because health care providers see IPV firsthand, they are particularly effective when speaking about the issue to legislators, the media, and to the public.
(Cohen, et al., 2006, p. 89)
Primary Prevention
• Effective primary preventions will reduce the emotional, physical, and psychological trauma experienced as a result of IPV (Cohen, et al., 2005, p. 92).
• Even when partners and spouses have been brought up in violent home with abusive families, they can learn to rechannel and control their emotions and behaviors and use appropriate coping strategies.
• Opportunities for families and individuals to improve relationships with their partner or spouse usually begin with learning appropriate problem-solving skills.
• Assertiveness skills for women provide a foundation for empowerment.
• Parenting influences children in their coping strategies, decision making, and sense of self-confidence. o Parenting classes are an important tool in assisting parents, especially those who are at high risk, such as teens, people with no exposure to children while growing up, and those who were raised in violent and abusive families.
• Community health nurses often make home visits to families based on referrals from hospital perinatal departments.
(Allender, et al., 2010, p....

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Intimate Partner Violence (Ipv)

...Introduction Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious avoidable social problem which affects the community. The term “intimate partner violence” means physical, sexual or psychological harm by a spouse or domestic partner. Intimate partner violence occurs when two people come in a close relationship. Usually, it begins with emotional abuse and proceeds to physical or sexual abuse. IPV has a serious impact on women’s health especially from all ethnic and socioeconomic groups. As per American Nurses Association, IPV is responsible for 30% of female homicides. The most common mental health consequence of abuse is depression. According to CDC the cost of IPV is approximately 8.3 billion for medical, mental hygiene and lost productivity. IPV is connected to harmful health behaviors. Victims may try to adjust their stress in unhealthy ways such as smoking and drinking. The primary goal of IPV is prevention before the occurrence. Previous studies have shown that nurses working in primary health care settings are not well trained enough to identify and provide proper intervention to IPV. When the abuse remains undetected the victim may face long term consequences. The aim of the study was to assess nurses’ awareness and early detection of IPV and to also provide appropriate care to victims who visit the primary care settings. Protection of Human Participants The participants of the research were told about their voluntary participation and withdrawal from the study at any time...

Words: 774 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Economically Disadvantaged: Women and Intimate Partner Violence

...and Intimate Partner Violence According to some theorist who connect criminal behavior patterns to gender, interestingly created by management of material wealth and groups struggling in society. Although some women do not have the power and resigned to commit less serious, non-violent, self-destructive crimes such as abusing drugs sometimes to survive day to day. Federal and state cuts to social services in the budgets have also affected women. When lower class males, whether husbands or boyfriends lose their employment, they establish their self- image through acts of machismo and this includes violent abuse of wives and girlfriends (Siegel, 2013). Males typically seek out same-sex peer groups for social approval these groups encourage exploitation and sexual abuse of women. College campus fraternities and other groups may encourage violence against women who are touted as teasers, easy pickups or loose (Siegel, 2013). Exploitation of women may trigger the onset of deviant behaviors such as promiscuity, alcohol or drug abuse, theft, assault, and robbery. Females run away from home during their youth and turn to substance abuse to block the pain they suffered at the hands of a parent, relative or partner. By the time they are adults, who have been abused, tend to look at potential mates more closely to try and keep free from an abusive relationship. Intimate Partner Violence depicts physical, sexual, or psychological damage by a current or former partner or......

Words: 702 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Intimate Partner Violence Among Women Living in Informal Settlements:

...INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE AMONG WOMEN LIVING IN INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS: A CASE STUDY OF MANZESE, IN DAR ES SALAAM, TANZANIA. Merina Vincent Shaidi MPH (Master of Public Health) Dissertation Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences November 2012 INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE AMONG WOMEN LIVING IN INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS: A CASE STUDY OF MANZESE IN DAR-ES-SALAAM, TANZANIA. By Merina Vincent Shaidi A Dissertation Submitted in (Partial) Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Public Health of Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences. Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences November, 2012 CERTIFICATION The undersigned certify that he has read and hereby recommend for acceptance by the Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences a thesis/ dissertation entitled Intimate partner violence among women living in informal settlements: A case study of Manzese in Dar es salaam, Tanzania, in (partial) fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of master of public health of Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences. ………………………………. Dr. Mangi J.Ezekiel (Supervisor) Date……………………… DECLARATION AND COPYRIGHT I, Merina Vincent Shaidi, declare that this dissertation/thesis is my original work and that it has not been presented and will...

Words: 19768 - Pages: 80

Premium Essay


...Michael Johnsons book, A Typology of Domestic Violence: Intimate Terrorism, Violent Resistance, and Situational Couple Violence provides an in-depth analysis of intimate partner violence, broken up into four different categories in hopes to clarify past research that has created misleading, problematic and contradictory findings. The four different types of intimate partner violence, according to Johnson, are intimate terrorism, violent resistance, situational couple violence, and mutual violent control. Johnson argues that intimate partner violence is not a unitary phenomenon and that understanding intimate partner violence as having different types will help those in the field of domestic violence to diminish overgeneralizations and provide better support for women experiencing intimate partner violence. Johnson formulates his book with an initial overview of the four different types of intimate partner violence and how determining which type of intimate partner violence, either intimate terrorism, violent resistance, situational couple violence, or mutual violent control, will help researchers move forward with their findings and the various conclusions that have surfaced over the past thirty years. Johnson dedicates three chapters of his book, one to intimate terrorism, and another to violent resistance, and a third to situational couple violence, claiming that these are the most prevalent forms of intimate partner violence found today. Johnson does not dedicate a......

Words: 1663 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Fast Facts on Domestic Violence

...Domestic Violence  Domestic violence is the leading cause of injury to women between the ages of 15 and 44 in the United States, more than car accidents, muggings, and rapes combined. ("Violence Against Women, A Majority Staff Report," Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, 102nd Congress, October 1992, p.3.)  There are 1,500 shelters for battered women in the United States. There are 3,800 animal shelters. (Schneider, 1990).  Three to four million women in the United States are beaten in their homes each year by their husbands, ex-husbands, or male lovers. ("Women and Violence," Hearings before the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee, August 29 and December 11, 1990, Senate Hearing 101-939, pt. 1, p. 12.)  One woman is beaten by her husband or partner every 15 seconds in the United States. (Uniform Crime Reports, Federal Bureau of Investigation, 1991).  One in every four women will experience domestic violence in her lifetime. (Tjaden, Patricia & Thoennes, Nancy. National Institute of Justice and the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, “Extent, Nature and Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey,” 2000; Sara Glazer, "Violence, Against Women" CO Researcher, Congressional Quarterly, Inc., Volume 3, Number 8, February, 1993, p. 171; The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and The National Institute of Justice, Extent, Nature, and Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence, July......

Words: 1415 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Effects of All

...on Domestic, Dating and Sexual Violence Domestic, dating and sexual violence are costly and pervasive problems in this country, causing victims, as well as witnesses and bystanders, in every community to suffer incalculable pain and loss. In addition to the lives taken and injuries suffered, partner violence shatters the sense of well-being that allows people to thrive. It also can cause health problems that last a lifetime, and diminish children’s prospects in school and in life. The United States has made progress in the last few decades in addressing this violence, resulting in welcome declines1 – but there is more work to do to implement the strategies that hold the most promise. These include teaching the next generation that violence is wrong, training more health care providers to assess patients for abuse, implementing workplace prevention and victim support programs, and making services available to all victims including immigrants and children who witness violence. Prevalence of Violence in the United States     On average more than three women a day are murdered by their husbands or boyfriends in the United States. In 2005, 1,181 women were murdered by an intimate partner.2 In 2008, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published data collected in 2005 that finds that women experience two million injuries from intimate partner violence each year.3 Nearly one in four women in the United States reports experiencing violence by a current or former spouse......

Words: 2100 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence: Factors Impacting Domestic Violence Research Study Critique

...Domestic Violence: Factors Impacting Domestic Violence Research Study Critique student Ashford University PSY 325 instructor October 19, 2012 Domestic Violence: Factors Impacting Domestic Violence Research Study Critique A form of behavior that is used to obtain control and power over an individual is known as “Domestic Partner Violence” and somewhere around the world at this very moment, an individual is being abused. The perpetrator uses emotional and physical attacks, intimidation, and fear to gain control over their victim. Often victims will be left with bruises, cuts, and scars. The scars are not always physical, but those scars of mental, emotional, and spiritual, torture that often last a lifetime. Domestic Partner Violence affects individuals in a broad range of different backgrounds such as economic, racial, social, ethnic, and religious groups. Usually the perpetrator is not a stranger, but rather their husband, boyfriend, wife, girlfriend, mother or father. There is no discrimination as to the individuals relationship status, as to if they are married, divorced, separated, dating, or cohabitating, and includes all age groups of heterosexual or homosexual relationships. At the heart of a situation of domestic partner violence is one individual; man, woman, or child who is paying a heavy personal, social, spiritual, economic, and emotional cost. Domestic partner violence happens around the world and in most places is seen to be a form of criminal......

Words: 2203 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Children and Domestic Violence

...Intimate Partner Abuse and Children FACS 475 November 19, 2015 Abstract This paper will go in depth about intimate partner violence, its causes and the various effects that intimate partner violence has on a child. Intimate partner violence is a problem that has various views in the different religions, cultures, and countries around the world. Many people think that because the abuse is not happening to the child, that the child will not be affected by the abuse. What those people fail to realize is that children see and learn from everything that they are exposed to. When someone, especially children, are exposed to negative behaviors for so long, they become accustomed to them and then begin to act out on what they have learned by watching the people that they live with. Children that have witnessed intimate partner violence in their lives, are at a greater risk for becoming an abuser or a victim of domestic abuse. They are also at greater risk to forming drug and alcohol habits. Intimate Partner Violence and Children: About Intimate Partner Violence Intimate partner violence is also known as domestic violence. This is an issue that happens all around the world. This is an issue that is often looked at with the women being the victim. Although typically the woman is the victim, but men can be victims of intimate partner violence as well. There is another victim of intimate partner violence that is often not seen as a victim because they were not abused, that......

Words: 1814 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence a Cry for Help

...Domestic Violence a Cry for Help DeVry University Domestic Violence a Cry for Help Jan had finally succeeded in her goal of finding the perfect person, the person she could share the rest of her life with. He was strong, smart, and handsome and he had a great sense of humor. They were like two peas in a pod meant to be together. After six months of dating they decided to move in together. They started looking right away for a home that they could call their own. Within a week they found the perfect home and began moving in to start their life together. Once they were all moved in they decided to have a house warming party and invited all their friends to come share in their happiness. After the party, which did not end until 1 o’clock in the morning, Jan decided she would clean up in the morning it had been a long night all she wanted to do was go to bed. As Jan was walking to the bedroom, she felt this pull at the back of her head. It was the love of her life grabbing her by her hair and yelling at her that she was going to get the messed cleaned up before she does anything else. This is not an isolated incident. It happens to women not just in the U.S. but to women around the world. Domestic violence reaches to all parts of the world, 30 percent of women worldwide have experienced physical and/or sexual violence in their lifetime from an intimate partner (WHO 2013). Parents, teachers, and educators should pressure the government to pass legislative reform to make...

Words: 1986 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...The AcademyHomeAbout The AcademyAcademy's MissionMembershipAdministrationBoard of Scientific and Professional AdvisorsCode of Ethical & Professional StandardsCertification ProgramsDiplomate, American Academy of Experts in Traumatic StressCertifications in Traumatic Stress SpecialtiesCertifications in Crisis Management SpecialtiesSpecialtiesCertified Crisis ChaplainCertification in Acute Traumatic Stress ManagementFellowshipCredentialsPublicationsNEW BOOK: It's OK Not To Be OK ... Right NowA Practical Guide for Crisis Response in Our SchoolsA Practical Guide for University Crisis ResponseComprehensive Acute Traumatic Stress ManagementSurviving and Thriving: Living Through a Traumatic ExperienceImmediately Download: Living Through a Traumatic ExperiencePurchase PublicationsThe Traumatic Stress LibraryAdoption and Traumatic Stress ColumnMembership InformationBenefits of MembershipRequest a Membership Information PacketJoin the Academy On-LineJoin Today On-Line & Receive a 35% Membership Fee DiscountRenew Membership On-LineNominate a Colleague for Membership with the AcademyOnline TrainingContact UsE-MailPhoneAddressProfessional RegistriesInternational Registry of the Center and the AcademyDirectory of Experts WitnessesInternational Premier Speakers BureauTraumaline1Email this PageMembers OnlyInternational Registry About the Academy  Membership  Benefits of Membership Diplomate and Fellowship Status Specialty Certification Programs Join the......

Words: 4711 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Domestice Violence in the Lives of Black Women in the U.S.

...Vazaskia V. Crockrell-Caldwell Prof. Margaret Griesse T SOC 455: Sociology of Gender 8 December 2014 Domestic Violence in the Lives of Black Women in the U.S. This essay will explore the cause and impact of domestic violence in the lives of black women in the U.S. It will provide general information, such as the definition of domestic violence, statistics, and resources to help survivors leave domestic violence relationships. Following the review of the literature I identify areas which need further research. Since I can remember black women have been characterized as mean and argumentative, but also strong and self-sacrificing for their families. Black families on TV were always portrayed as single mother households. In my community there was also a reoccurring reality of domestic violence against women. This was is in direct contrast to stereotypes I heard about white women, who were portrayed as weak, frail and needing to be protected. Examples include June Cleaver on Leave it to Beaver and the Brady Bunch. But what justified the brutality of domestic violence against black women then and now? In 2011, black females were murdered at a rate more than two and a half times higher than white females: 2.61 per 100,000 versus 0.99 per 100,000. [1] In the U.S. domestic violence against black women has escalated. In 2010, Marissa Alexander an African American woman shot a warning shot at the wall in order to scare Rico Gray, her estranged,......

Words: 3530 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Abuse Paper

...Intimate partner abuse, as known as (IPV), is a problem amongst America that affects millions. The term intimate partner violence, describes physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner or spouse. The abuse can occur among heterosexual or same-sex couples and does not necessary include sexual intimacy (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). There are many issues associated with intimate partner abuse and changes have occurred in recent times. The criminal justice system has made changes accordingly to protect the victim and ensure safety from the abuser. Elder abuse occurs to those who are older, vulnerable, frail, and cannot help themselves. Elder abusers can be men, women, family, or caretakers with no extent of harm they cause on the elder. Abuse is a problem that is present in today’s society among all race, genders, and ethnic groups. Special populations experience different types of victimization in society as well. The problem of abuse effects all individuals and many factors play a role in the abusers intent to harm. Intimate partner abuse is defined as any intentional act or series of acts that cause injury to the partner. The acts may consist of physical, emotional, or sexual (Wallace & Robinson, 2011). Intimate partner abuse occurs among all socioeconomic, religious, and cultural groups. Intimate partner violence is just as the term “family” it is ever-changing and dynamics differ. The issues associated with intimate partner...

Words: 1093 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Socioeconomic Affects of Domestic Violence on Women in Jamaica: Empowerment the Mediating Effect

...Introduction The issue of domestic violence has been examined continual both nationally and internationally, and has generated substantial amounts of literature and observed work on the subject. In 1980, women in the United States joined with women globally to illuminate domestic violence as a concern that needed international attention (Alhabib, Nar, & Jones, 2009). Adding credibility to the cries of women internationally, the United Nation “International Bill of Human Rights” in 1979, and the convention of the elimination all forms of discrimination against women in 1985, was enacted to prevent the unequal treatment of women (Weingourt, Maruyama, Sawada, & Yoshino, 2001). Intimate Partner Violence threatens the lives of women socioeconomic well-being, security, and the lives of millions of women globally each year (McAllister, & Roberts-Lewis, 2010). Women of every class, color, socioeconomic status, and religious association experience the affects of intimate partner violence is frequent, complex, and far-reaching with social and economic consequences (Ringel, & Park, 2008). Interpersonal violence has become a human rights and socioeconomic problem (Hageman & White, 2001). The cost and consequence of which are revealed in the expenditures of global governments. The socioeconomic cost of domestic violence as shown is shocking: “Australia $700 million; Canada $1.2 billion; Chile $1.73 billion; Nicaragua 32.7 million; Jamaica $454,000......

Words: 3836 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Domestic Violance

...Domestic Violence: Factors Impacting Domestic Violence Outline I. Introduction Somewhere around the world at this very moment, an individual is being abused they will be left with bruises, cuts and scars. The scars are not always physical, but often ones of mental torture that will last a lifetime. Their abuser is not a stranger, but rather their husband, boyfriend, wife, girlfriend, mother or father. At the heart of a situation of domestic abuse is one person, most often a woman, who is paying a heavy personal, social, economic, and emotional cost. She may have children – or not. She may be married – or not. She may be young or old, rich or poor, a member of any class of society. For any individual who is in an abusive relationship, seeking to leave it, or trying to find the strength to rebuild their life after doing so, there is a necessity not only for practical support to enable them to access appropriate services, but also for emotional support to build up shattered confidence and self-esteem. a. Definition A form of behavior that is used to obtain control and power over an individual is known as Domestic violence. The perpetrator uses emotional and physical attacks, intimidation, and fear to gain control over their victim. Domestic violence affects individuals in a broad range of different backgrounds such as economic, racial, social, ethnic, and religious groups. There is no......

Words: 1842 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Are More Female Murders Committed at the Hands of an Intimate Partner?

...More Female Murders Committed at the Hands of an Intimate Partner? Background Domestic violence is a very serious and prevalent issue in the United States. According to an article on (2005), Domestic Violence, “Each year in the United States, an estimated two-to-four million women experience serious abuse from a male partner and thousands are killed…28% of all annual violence to women is by an intimate and 70% of intimate murder victims are women.” Although over the past 30 years intimate murders have decreased females are still at a higher risk of being murdered than males. According to Ronald B. Flowers (2000), “studies have found that 7 in 10 murdered women are killed by a husband, boyfriend, or ex-intimate partner.” This suggests that women are more likely to be murdered by someone they know than by an unknown perpetrator. The purpose of this project is to determine the effect total female intimate murders (F_MURDERS) has on total female murders (T_MURDERS) while holding constant the type of relationship the female victim had with the perpetrator (RELATIONSHIP), the race of the female victim (RACE), the location type (L_TYPE) and whether the perpetrator had easy access to a gun (ACCESS_GUN). The model (less constant and coefficients) is: F_MURDERS = T_MURDERS + RELATIONSHIP + RACE + L_TYPE+ACCESS_GUN The independent variable F_MURDERS is defined as total female murders caused by an intimate partner. The dependent variable T_MURDERS is defined......

Words: 1740 - Pages: 7