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Submitted By herman1072

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Words 2613

Pages 11

Content 1. Introduction -------------------------------------------------------------------- P.2 2. Main Models of Game Theory ---------------------------------------------- p.3-4 3. Nash Equilibrium ------------------------------------------------------------- p.5 4. Dominant Strategy ----------------------------------------------------------- p.5 5. Prisoners’ Dilemma ---------------------------------------------------------- p.5-6 6. Daily Example of Competition of Supermarkets ------------------------ p.7-8 7. Daily Example of Competition of Mobile Market ---------------------- p.9-10 8. Daily Example of Penalty Kick in Football Match --------------------- p.11-12 9. Conclusion ------------------------------------------------------------------- p.13 10. Reference -------------------------------------------------------------------- p.14-15

Introduction

Game theory is the study of how people behave in strategic situations. Game theory concerns situations in which multiple players make strategically interdependent decisions. The term interdependent means that one person’s behavior affects another person’s well-being. We can make use of game theory on different aspects such as economics, political science and even our daily life. For example, whether TV stations leads to enlarge the market shares on program production usually depends on the subsequent moves of the opponent.

Game theory arises from the analysis of competitive scenarios, the problems are called games and the participants are called player. It can tell us how we should behave in a game in order to produce optimal results and it can be as a theory that describes how people actually behave in a game. There are some elements for analyzing and predicting how humans behave in strategic…...

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...Game Theory On Gallerie Apex Vs Bata Submitted to Abu Reza Mohammad Muzareba Lecturer Department of Marketing University of Dhaka Submitted by Group: Gamers Section: A Batch: 17th Department of Marketing University of Dhaka Submission date: 21th April, 2012 AbuReza Mohammad Muzareba Lecturer University of Dhaka Dept. of Marketing Subject: Letter of transmittal Dear Sir, Enclosed is a report on the Game theory Between Gallerie Apex and Bata. This report is about the internal and external business strategies of the pioneer footwear company Gallerie Apex and Bata. We were assigned to submit this report in 21th April 2012 to be submitted as a term paper for our Business Mathematics 2 course in the 3rd semester of our BBA program, from the department of Marketing of University of Dhaka. We have completed it whilst trying to meet all its broad and specific objectives within the allotted time. We are submitting the report to you only, as our course instructor and will be keeping a copy for any future references. We have organized our findings about the business strategies of the above mentioned trading companies. This paper includes an introduction to the company in focus, in terms of their business strategies and an analysis of those processes with some possible recommendations. It has been completed with a conclusion. At the end of the report...

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...Game Theory Themes 1. Introduction to Game Theory 2. Sequential Games 3. Simultaneous Games 4. Conclusion Introduction to Game Theory Game theory is the branch of decision theory concerned with interdependent decisions. The problems of interest involve multiple participants, each of whom has individual objectives related to a common system or shared resources. Because game theory arose from the analysis of competitive scenarios, the problems are called games and the participants are called players. But these techniques apply to more than just sport, and are not even limited to competitive situations. In short, game theory deals with any problem in which each player’s strategy depends on what the other players do. Situations involving interdependent decisions arise frequently, in all walks of life. A few examples in which game theory could come in handy include: ● Friends choosing where to go have dinner ● Parents trying to get children to behave ● Commuters deciding how to go to work ● Businesses competing in a market ● Diplomats negotiating a treaty ● Gamblers betting in a card game All of these situations call for strategic thinking – making use of available information to devise the best plan to achieve one’s objectives. Perhaps you are already familiar with assessing costs and benefits in order to make informed decisions between several options. Game theory simply extends this concept to interdependent decisions, in which the options being evaluated are functions of...

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...21/01/09 Start with a brief timeline, including when applications to different areas were first used. Game Theory (i) Game Theory Introduction We begin with a simple, informal example of a game. Rousseau, in his Discourse on the Origin and basis of equality among men, comments: “If a group of hunters set out to take a stag, they are fully aware that they would all have to remain faithfully at their posts in order to succeed, but if a hare happens to pass near one of them, there can be no doubt that he pursued it without qualm, and that once he had caught his prey, he cared very little whether or not he had made his companions miss theirs” To make this into a game, we need to fill out a few details. Suppose that there are only two hunters, and that they must decide simultaneously whether to hunt for a stag or for hare. Each player has a choice between two strategies: (hunt stag, hunt hare). If both hunt stag, each gets half a stag If both hunt hare, each gets one hare If one hunts for hare while the other tries to take a stag, the former will catch a hare and the latter will catch nothing. If we suppose that the utility of catching a stag is 4 and for a hare is 1, then the payoff matrix for the players can be summarised as follows: Stag Hare (2,2) (0,1) (1,0) (1,1) Game theory is concerned with what outcomes arise in equilibrium. An equilibrium outcome is one which......

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