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Introduction to Penology

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Introduction To Penology

Prof. Dr. Ayman Elzeiny

A :- Definition :
The "penology" word is derived from "punishment or penalty" word .

The energetic movement of human rights contributed to the adoption of the reforms penology as a science.
Now, as the struggle against criminality uses not only penalties but also security measures and pure social methods, the denomination of penology became anachronistic.

penology as a science could be divided into prevention science and treatment science. The prevention science operates before the commission of the crime, while the treatment science takes place after the occurrence of the crime to emend the criminal and avoid his recidivism. And also suggests the ideal methods of prevention and treatment, therefore it traces the ideal criminal policy.

In conclusion we mean by penology nowadays "a substitute which we call "science of struggle against criminality "that means the ideal methods of prevention and treatment as regards criminality ".

so we shall explain at first the prevention and after that the treatment whether its method is legislative, judicial or executive. (1)
___________________
(1) Andenaes, Johannes , "The general preventive effects of punishment." University of Pennsylvania Law Review ,U.S.A ,1966, pp: 949-983.
- Gibbs, Jack P. ,"Crime, punishment and deterrence." Southwest Social Science Quarterly , 1968 , pp: 515-530.
- Green, Donald E., "Past behavior as a measure of actual future behavior: An unresolved issue in perceptual deterrence research." Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 1989 , pp: 781-804.
B :- Crime Prevention :-

B.1- Concepts of Crime Prevention :
Terms such as "prevention," "control," and "deterrence" are frequently encountered in the literature of crime.

However, their meaning often varies from one text to another. In this respect, penology is like...

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