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Introduction to Psychology Worksheet

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Introduction to Psychology Worksheet

Complete each part with 100- to 200-word responses. Your responses must total 500 to 800-words for the entire worksheet.

Part I: Origins of Psychology

Within psychology, several perspectives are used to describe, predict, and explain human behavior. Describe three major psychological perspectives and name at least one leading theorist for each.

Structuralism is one psychological perspective and the theorist would be Edward B. Titchener. Structuralism became the first major school of thought in psychology, held that our most complex conscious experiences can be broken down into different structures and parts of feelings and sensations. William James introduced functionalism, which stressed how important behavior functions are to allow people and animals to adapt to their surroundings. Behaviorism was introduced to us by John B. Watson. Behaviorism pretty much was another example of the influence of physiology on psychology. Behaviorism denied any emphasis on consciousness promote but functionalism and structuralism.

Part II: Research Methods

Provide a brief overview of some research methods used by psychologists. Include strengths and weaknesses of each method.

One research method used by psychologists is data collection. Once it has been decided which type of research to use, the next step is to determine how the information will be gathered. There are a number of different research methods that are used in the study of developmental psychology, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. Some common approaches include observation, case studies, questionnaires, and experimentation. Another research method that is commonly used is observation; there are two different types of observation. The first involves viewing the subject of interest in a lab setting, a controlled...

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