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Introduction to Pyschology

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By youbad1
Words 2983
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The effects of pictures and words on short-term memory recall. Abstract The aim of this research is to observe if there is a difference between the numbers of pictures and words recalled by the participants. Considering the findings of the results the participants are able to remember more objects accompanied with the pictures rather than if the objects accompanied as words. This research used 20 participants aged 16 years and above and the participants were divided into group A and group B. A list of 30 objects consists of fifteen words and fifteen pictures were given to the participants to review for two minutes and another two minutes were given to write down as many as they could remember. The mean, median and model numbers recalled pointed that the subjects were extremely good at remembering the pictures if objects accompanied with the pictures compare to if objects accompanied as words. The result used in analysing the difference between two sets of data has proved that there is a difference between subjects’ ability to remember more pictures compare to the amount words. For this reason, the hypothesis was accepted which can be concluded that there is a difference between pictures and numbers of words recalled by the participants.

Introduction

The major study of memory within psychology is known as cognitive psychology. Generally, the cognitive approach believes that information received from the senses (touch, taste, smell, sight) is developed by the brain and this development might have an effect on how people behave. Cognitive processes are examples of hypothetical constructs which means humans are unable to see processes such as thinking but a person thinking it is likely to be assumed based on how they act.

Memory is the mental ability or capacity to obtain, store and retrieve information that one may have learned or experienced over...

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