Premium Essay

Introduction To Research Methodology

Submitted By
Words 5109
Pages 21
Research methodology is perhaps the most significant aspect of a research study (Blessing & Chakrabarti 2009). It is with the aid of research methodology the course of the research is determined. In other words as stated by (S. R. Brown 1996), the research methodology is the very skeletal structure of the research study. Methodology according to many researchers is considered to be the deciding factor behind the success and effectiveness of the research study (Kitzinger 1994). This is mainly because of the fact, it is based on the very method of data collection and data analysis outcomes of the research study get determined (Davison 1998). The methodology also helps to decide the process of data collection
…show more content…
First of all, any correct response to the question was scored as one mark. Similarly, a score of one was awarded for any correct response to the question. Thirdly, respondents were asked to indicate “Yes”, “No”, “Don’t know” or “No Response” to the statements about HIV/AIDS. Each correct response was scored as one mark, while a wrong and a “Don’t know” response were scored as zero. The scoring was assessed and then the respondent’s knowledge towards AIDS was measured through this.
In data collection, both quantitative and qualitative data were sought for the research. The quantitative data was obtained through questionnaire. The questionnaires were mostly precoded and consisted of seventy-nine items divided into four sections. These were sociodemographic background, awareness of HIV/AIDS, risk perceptions of HIV/AIDS and educational intervention on AIDS.
The data analysis was made to answer such key questions as:
1. Why are these date collected, and what are the answers the study is trying to
…show more content…
In the study, a combination of all the above methods of validity is used. Since, the study consists of both qualitative and quantitative data analysis, the validity methods that are especially given emphasis is the comparative and predictive validity for the quantitative research study while for the qualitative research study is the subjective content validity. Verifying data in this study took two forms: one was the qualitative verification and the other was the quantitative data accuracy verification.
Qualitative data accuracy verification was done by mainly cross-checking this research against previous research. This was a tedious process, but it makes this research more accurate and valuable. It was broadly based on estimates and conclusions formed by previous writers, and identify research gap, and formed a particular insight. Proofreading was done after the research was over in order to examine the text carefully and correct typographical errors, mistakes in grammar, style, and spelling. After proof reading, the paper was given for peer review, the cornerstone of the academic world. Some scholars and colleagues were given this thesis for analysis for beneficial improvement.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay


...general scope of your project, your basic research questions, research methodology, and the overall significance of your study. In short, your proposal explains what you want to study, how you will study this topic, why this topic needs to be studied. Purpose: Thesis proposals are designed to: Justify and plan (or contract for) a research project. Show how your project contributes to existing research. Demonstrate to your advisor and committee that you understand how to conduct disciplinespecific research within an acceptable time-frame. PARTS OF A PROPOSAL Proposals generally include at least some form of the following sections: Title, Abstract, Introduction/Background, Problem Statement, Purpose/Aims/Rationale, Review of Literature, Methodology, Significance/Implications, Overview of Chapters, Plan of Work, Bibliography. Sometimes these sections may be combined— the problem statement, aims, and review of literature are all part of the introduction. The most common elements are the introduction/problem statement, review of literature, and methodology Title A good title should: Orient your readers to the topic you will research. Indicate the type of study you will conduct. Abstract The abstract should: Provide a brief (100-350 word) overview of the proposal that gives a reader a basic understanding of your proposal and encourages her or him to read more. Summarize Introduction, Statement of the Problem, Background of the Study, Research Questions or Hypotheses, and......

Words: 1547 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Lovesick Fool

...MINOR THESIS: STRUCTURE Your minor thesis (sometimes called a research report) is a description of your research project based on your research question(s) and/or problem(s). Your thesis tells the story of your research questions/ problems and how you found answers to them. What is the purpose of a minor thesis? purpose Although it may make a contribution to your broader academic field, the main purposes of a minor thesis or research report are to demonstrate: • • a critical awareness of the previous work in your field exploring some additional questions (a minor thesis may reproduce a previous study in a new context or with modifications) an understanding of basic research theory and techniques. Who is the audience? You need to imagine someone who is well-educated in your broad area but who does not know about your specific research. You will need to define and clarify some terminology and concepts. writing? When should I start writing? Begin your writing early. The more work you've done at the proposal stage the easier it will be. Set up folders that will contain separate documents for each chapter or major section. Add to these as you develop your ideas. The order in which you write about your research is often not the same as the order of the finished chapters or sections. Discuss and work out a draft for organising your chapters with your supervisor. Using questions to guide your structure Here are some questions to help you think about some sections you might......

Words: 1471 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

How to Write a Critical Review

...critically commenting on the ideas and information presented in the research work or article. The sections like Title Page, Abstract, Introduction, Technique and methodology used, results and Outcomes, Discussion and debate, References, Tables, charts and Figures in the research paper are being analyze, evaluate and offering comments in critical reviews. Follow these steps when writing a critical review. First step: (understating the main theme) Gain overall idea of the research article by Reading the Article carefully and spend sufficient time to understand its main theme.. Identify the research question and assumptions used which you can find in the Abstract and Introduction of the research paper or article and make notes. Identify the findings and their interpretation by analytical reading from the conclusion, charts and figures and make brief notes of findings and high light the key ideas. Second step: (reading in depth) Now read the research article deeply another time and find out the detail information and how the writer is supporting the assumptions and what is the purpose of the article. Find out the legitimacy and validity of the evidence by examination and going over the references and how are these convincing the research article. Observe the appropriateness of methodologies and find out the weaknesses of the methodologies used in the research article? And consider alternative methodology for interpretation. Explore the results to check that are......

Words: 563 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

English Class 2nd Quartr

...|Assessment / Evaluation | |Week 1 |prepare a project / research proposal |Recitation | | | | | |Day 1 |Research Writing: Introduction to Research Paper Writing |Students identify the parts of a Research paper or a Term paper | |Day 2-3 |show respect for intellectual property rights by acknowledging citations made in research |Supervised Research | | | | | | |Writing a Bibliography |Students gather reference materials for their research topic from the MIC. | | |Writing a Working Bibliography ......

Words: 474 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Bedside Reporting

...may be slightly adjusted to another section if it makes more sense to your approach. You may add sections but do not fail to address any specified below for the identified research methodology. The name of your choice of research methodology MUST be specified in your project title. Cost Benefit/ Effectiveness General Research Focus: What are the costs and benefits or effects of the…? General Research Question: Will the benefits or effects of a specific program, strategy, or marketing plan exceed its costs? Specific Research Question: Do the total benefits or effects exceed the total costs of the program, plan, or strategy? Exec. Summary Title Page Dedication* Acknowledgement* Clearance Table of Contents List of Tables** List of Figures** *= optional **= if needed Chapter I: Introduction - [Note: Arabic page numbering starts here] -Introduction -Problem Statement -Assumptions -Definition of Terms -Research Question[s] -Limitations and Delimitations -Summary Chapter II: Literature Review - -Introduction -Background -Issues/Variables -Alternatives -Accounting perspective -Identification of benefits and costs, including direct/indirect, tangible/intangible, programmatic, opportunity, etc. -Summary Chapter III: Methodology - -Introduction -Research Methodology -Measurement of the benefits and costs, including direct/indirect, tangible/intangible, programmatic, opportunity, etc -Valuation of benefits and......

Words: 287 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Computer Addiction

...course is designed to support students in developing their research proposal and to assist them in defining their mode of enquiry. The course has been constructed to guide students through a range of issues and considerations which should inform their general approach to research. It will give students a general introduction to scientific research, its methodologies, its challenges and its organization. This course permits an understanding of the various decisions and steps involved in preparing a research proposal which includes the problem and its background, literature review, research methodology as well as a critically informed assessment of published research. Also, students will be introduced to a range of research tools, data analysis and will be equipped to plan and organize their research, as well as develop their data collecting instrument. B. COURSE GOALS AND OBJECTIVES: | | | |Course Objectives |On completion of this course, students will be able to: | | |Understand the concepts, approaches and procedures underlying the conduct of research. | | |Develop a research problem, select the appropriate tools and construct data......

Words: 1540 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Business Management

...Ads by Google This hub discusses some of the common elements in a research proposal. Whether you are doing quantitative or qualitative research, it is important that you outline the reasons why you propose doing the study and what process or procedures you will follow to complete the proposed study. Some of the important parts of a good quantitative or qualitative research proposal include: 1. Determining the general topic; 2. Performing a Literature review on the topic; 3. Identifying a gap in the literature; 4. Identifying a problem highlighted by the gap in the literature and framing a purpose for the study; 5. Writing an Introduction to the study; 6. Framing research hypotheses and or research questions to investigate or guide the study; 7. Determine the method of investigation 8. Outline the research design 9. Define the Sample size and the characteristics of the proposed sample; 10. Describe the procedures to follow for data collection and data analyses. Determine a General Topic The first step in writing an academic research proposal is to idenitfy a general topic or subject area to investigate. Usually this first point is the easiest because the research proposal will be tied to the overall theme of a course. In such a case, the the general subject for investigation is normally determined by a professor who is leading the class, the school's department chair, or academic advisory committee. Perform a Literature......

Words: 4817 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Research Methodology Summary

...The book called Research Methodology a step-by -step guide for beginners was written based on the author’s experiences as a student and an instructor in research field. Ranjit Kumar, a lecturer in Dayallagh Educational Institute, whose main teaching area are Applied Chemistry, Spectroscopy and Instrumentation, Research Methodology and Environmental Pollution Control, mentions his concept in the Preface that Research methodology is taught in various academic disciplines. In spite of these disciplines vary in content; their extensive approach to a research inquiry is similar. The author’s purpose in this book is to address these scholastic disciplines. This book was written especially for students in universities who are the newcomers to research...

Words: 918 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Walt Disney

...PROJECT PROPOSAL GUIDE TRS3056 : PROJECT TRS3266 : MEDIA PROJECT TRS3284 : CREATIVE MULTIMEDIA PROJECT I TRS3334 : GRAPHIC DESIGN PROJECT 1 : MINOR PROJECT TRS3242 : VISUAL COMMUNICATION PROJECT I TRS3152 : PROJECT I Introduction Project is a compulsory part of the program structure in Bachelor in Information and Communication Technology, Bachelor in Creative Multimedia, Bachelor in Graphic Design, Bachelor in Game Design and Animation, Bachelor in Media Science and Bachelor in Visual Communication. It builds on the skills and knowledge learned in the first two and half years; to enable students to use these to demonstrate competence in the theory and practice based on their respective programs. Aims of Project The main aims of this project are: 1. To provide students with a realistic group experience in designing, implementing and documenting computer, multimedia, and graphics products in the form of applications, systems, design, etc. based on the needs of clients/stakeholders. 2. To let students apply their knowledge and skills in handling tasks with appropriate tools. 3. To provide a learning environment for students to independently manage their projects under supervision. 4. To build students’ ability to present and rationalize their work with confidence and logics. 5. To enable the students to delegate tasks and work as a team, and manage their project time and budget accordingly. General proposal format: 1. Paper Size Type Color 2. Type Face Font Size Title Font......

Words: 1888 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Emirates Nbd

...EMIRATES NBD BANK COURSE NAME STUDENT NAME STUDENT NUMBER SKYLINE UNIVERSITY 11/28/2013 The Study of customer service in Emirates NBD Student Name Student Number Insert acknowledgement page here! Insert Letter of Certificate from Research Supervisor! Abstract of the dissertation: approximately 300 words Abstract is summary of: * Aims and Scope of the work * Research methodology adopted * Results and conclusions emerging from the work Contents Introduction 8 Literature review 9 Research methodology 10 Analysis and research findings 11 Conclusion and recommendations 12 References 13 Appendix 14 List of tables and figures and the numbers of the pages on which they occur. Introduction will be introductory chapter, orienting the reader to the subject of the dissertation and engaging the reader’s interest. This chapter should be approximately 10% of the work. It will contain: (500 – 1000 words) * Introduction of relevant background information * Reasons for investigating the subject * Research aims * Brief literature review * Justification for choice of research methodology Emirates NBD is amongst the leading banks in the United Arab Emirates and furthermore the largest banking group in the whole of the Middle East in regards to assets. This is due to their merger strategy in which they combined the second largest bank and the fourth largest bank; Emirates bank and National Bank of......

Words: 389 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Apple 1

...I have individual meeting with teacher on 07-06-2011. Last time teacher pointed out some things need to be correct . Plz provide me those corrected one like topic ,introduction and literature review etc to discuss with the teacher in next meeting. Also plz have look on the things written down which in last week classes teacher told us about proposal. INTRODUCTION:(10marks). RESEARCH TOPIC. Background to topic and organisation. Improtance: References:(3-5) academic sources for introduction at the end of proposal . Research objectives and research questions Maximum 5 of each. Objectives :criticallyanalyse,investigate,compare,evaluate and make recomendations. Research questions: Concluding paragraph. LITERATURE REVIEW: (25 marks). Key literature main auther,theories and debates. REFERENCE:(15-20 academic references at the end). Evaluation/ review:avoid lis,avoid cut and paste,put things into your own words.but still cite between literature and research. Objectives/questions table. METHODLOGY:(30 marks). Indentify,describe and justify choices of the elements of your research methodlogy (research onion). Reference: academic sources (5-10). Research onion. Philosophy-interpertivism and positivism. Approach-inductive and deductive. Method-mixed,mono,multiple. Strategy-case study,survey,desk based. Appendix N. Sampling size,type,where/who limitation. AppendixN ...

Words: 1027 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Unit 22, P3

...BTEC National Diploma in Health and Social Care Unit 22: Research Methodology Task 1: P3 Introduction: In this assignment I am going to be creating a table comparing the different research methodologies in health and social care. Research methods are “the various specific tools or ways data can be collected and analysed, e.g. a questionnaire, interview, etc.” (Neville, C, 2007). Methods | Advantages | Disadvantages | Validity | Questionnaires are “a series of questions asked to individuals to obtain statistically useful information about a given topic” (Bryant, L, 2014). There are different types of questionnaires that include face to face, phone, post and online. | -Practical-Large amount of information from a large amount of people can be collected in a cost effective way.-The results can be easily quantified.-It can be carried out by the researcher or any number of people without affecting its validity and reliability.-The results can be analysed more ‘scientifically’ and objectively than other forms of research (University of Surrey, 2014). | -Format makes it difficult to for the researcher to examine complex issues and opinions.-The person which the questionnaire has been send to may not actually fill it.-If the researcher is not present it may be hard to tell whether the participant has understood the question.-The meaning of the questions may be different to the each participant.-In postal questionnaires, the number of them being returned tends to be very......

Words: 2201 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Business Research Methods

...Graduate Programme in Management Course Outline Course Title | BUSINESS RESEARCH METHODS | Instructors | Dr. Arun Abraham Elias | Course Credit | | Total no. of sessions | 8 | Session Duration | 75 minutes | Term | III | Year | PGP 17, 2013-2015 | Introduction Business research can be described as a systematic and objective process of gathering, recording, and analysing information that assist in managerial decision making. It comprises a series of steps including: identifying the problem or opportunity for research; undertaking a literature review; developing or extending a conceptual or theoretical framework; establishing the research objectives, research questions or hypotheses for testing; preparing a research design; gathering information and data; analysing and interpreting the data and findings; and providing results in a form that will help the manager deal with the situation and/or adds to the business and management literature. In essence, business research provides the needed information that guides managers to make informed decisions to successfully deal with problems or opportunities. This course provides an overview of the research process, and an introduction to a range of methods and approaches utilised in business research. Course Learning Objectives By the end of this course, students should be able to: * Appreciate the importance of the research process inherent in business and management decision-making; *......

Words: 562 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Report Guidelines

...Writing a Research proposal and Tips for Literature Review By: Shantiram Dahal 1. Background Human being is the unique product of the nature. In comparison with the other animals, they have most developed nervous and mental system which is very helpful to produce sounds and symbols (letters and numbers) that make possible the communication and recording of their questions, observations, experiences and ideas. To satisfy the curiosity and solving problems of daily life they involve in investigation. In modern times the complexities of human beings are increasing. To reduce such complexities, they have to conduct different research activities. Research is the essential part of graduate and post graduate program. Without conducting any academic research the objectives of the course will not be fulfilled. But conducting research is not as easy as we thought. It is a systematic investigation to acquire new knowledge, information's, facts, appropriate solution to a problem, deduce theory and generalization. It helps scholars to expand the area of knowledge and further study. There are various micro steps should be followed by the teachers for effective academic research. Before conducting research, the researcher have to submit the research proposal for approvable. When the research proposal is approved by the department then the research should be conducted consultation with the research guide. 2. Research proposal The preparation of research proposal is...

Words: 1547 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Case Study

...CASE STUDY Research Survey: There are different versions of the case study called a research survey, as well.  Introduction: a very brief introduction summarizing the problem or need for the study, the background, the methodology of the present study, the findings, and what the findings mean.  You should keep this very brief unless you are expected to have a more thorough "abstract" (an official long paragraph summarizing each of the sections of your paper) or "précis" (much the same as an abstract--but be sure to create a key topic sentence for each section and major subsection of your paper, and then repeat these topic sentences in your précis).  This abstract or précis then might be either a part of your first paragraph in the paper, or a separate, longer, one- or two-paragraph section right after a brief introductory paragraph. Background: Provide the research background that prompted your research survey.  Why is it good for the field to have your survey or study?  If you are writing a full research paper, this is one of the points at which you should quote and/or paraphrase a number of up-to-date, relevant resources to help demonstrate the need for your study and the particular parameters you are using for your methodology.  Especially with a number of resources named, this section sometimes can be quite lengthy.  Client: a thorough profile—a description—of the client or the demographic profile. Present Study: Divide this into three subsections sub-subtitled as......

Words: 468 - Pages: 2