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Inventory

In: Business and Management

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Unit 1

Introduction to Humanities

Individual Project
Tenisha Greene
HUMA215-1101B-

AIU Online

Instructor Marek McKenna, MA

August 25, 2012

Differences and Similarities

Early Greece Early Rome
|The Greeks were responsible for various temples and such sculptures as the Parthenon, the temple at| |The Roman empire built some of the grandest structure amongst all other early civilizations. |
|Hephaestus, and the concert hall Odeon. The three architectural styles the Greeks used to build | |The Romans built aqueducts, the amphitheaters, the coliseum, walls, temples, cathedrals, |
|structures were Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. These styles were used to create palaces, sculptures,| |tombs, sculptures, pottery, and clay terra cotta statues. The Romans specialized in arched |
|art, and jewelry. During the archaic times the Greek culture made grade stride with their | |entrances and columns. The three architectural styles the Romans used to build structures |
|sculptures, pottery and clay terra cotta statues. | |were Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. |
| | | |
| |ARCHITECTURE | |
|Once small farming villages, Greece grew into larger villages with marketplaces and community | |The natural resources were metal ore, copper, iron, and tin. The Roman lands were lush |
|meeting centers. The terrain was lush for growing grain, olives, which produced olive oil and | |producing grain, olives for olive oil and grapes for wine in certain areas. They also had |
|grapes that became wine. The Greek culture was able to trade olive oil, wine, and precious metals. | |access to the sea for fishing. |
|They also had access to the sea for fishing. | | |
| | | |
| |Agriculture | |
|The Greek economy was based in agriculture so the land was the civilizations most valued resource. | |In the Roman society, Governors and Senators mad lots of money. The Roman society established|
|The Greek civilization also started to produce pottery, cloth, wine, and metals. For some in the | |different classes, which encompassed slaves, freemen, senators, soldiers, and the royal |
|society trading these goods made them very wealthy and powerful. The Greek government also | |family. The social classes and the boundaries between them were strictly enforced; they even |
|installed a tax system or dues that went into the city-states treasury, which created a wealthy | |dressed differently to tell them apart. In addition, the freedmen worked in the homes of the |
|civilization. In the beginning only the aristocrats and Kings prospered from the wealth of the | |upper class and required the patronage because wealth and prosperity were the routes to |
|resources. They gave money towards huge palaces sculptures, museums, and libraries. | |social advancement within the society. The natural resources were the source of the Roman |
| | |trade and wealth such as grain. The Romans used silver coins as their monetary means. |
| | | |
| | | |
| | | |
| | | |
| |ECONOMICS | |
|The Greek civilizations began it was primarily scattered throughout Greece. As the time went on, | |In the beginning the Roman civilization was very small only occupying a tiny area within the |
|the Greek empire’s population expanded the landscape from Greece to the Aegean Sea. After the reign| |Italian peninsula. After Militaristic expansion, the civilization controlled, the whole |
|of Alexander the Great, the Greek empire stretched from Greece to Asia, Egypt and into the | |Italian peninsula. Furthermore, after the fight during the Punic Wars Rome gained the western|
|mountains of Pakistan. | |Mediterranean, much of Spain, Sicily, Corsica, and Africa. Later the Roman’s defeated King |
| |GEOGRAPHY |Philip and gained the Macedonian territory. The Roman Empire controlled lands from England to|
| | |the Middle East. |
|In the beginning, there were several different types of governments the Greek society established. | |In Rome, the kings were followed in a hereditary succession or monarchy. However, the Roman |
|The Greek government was a monarchy by hereditary rule but most kings were overthrown and wealthy | |government was turned into a republic from monarchy. After that, the ruling party was elected|
|nobles ruled the people. The noble class known as oligarchs, held powers similar to the king. The | |by the people and was considered the consult, in command of the armies. There were many |
|Greek people also experienced tyrannical governments in the past. The Greek government was based in| |struggles for political power between the Senate and the common people. The Roman empire also|
|the belief that men are free. Those beliefs lead to the Greek government installing Democracy. The | |had its share of tyrannical rulers that raped and killed the people, which led to revolts and|
|Democratic government acted in the philosophy that the government was to be ruled by the people and| |civil war. The Romans also had a set of laws that they followed which was inscribed on 12 |
|a constitutional set of laws. Lastly, the Greek government still had civil unrest, which led to the| |bronze tablets. These laws included civil right, property rights, and issues of legal |
|Peloponnesian War. |GOVERNMENT |procedures. |
|During the Archaic period, Greece made large advancements in art, literature, mathematics, and | |During the Etruscan times, the Roman society enjoyed poetry, writings from Petronius that |
|science. With the advancement in technology, the arts, the Greek society took part in dramatic | |addressed politics, the society, and culture. The Romans were very into their games and |
|plays, comedies and orchestras. Artists such as Aristotle and Pythagoras, famous for the |MUSIC, art, |gladiator combat as forms of entertainment in the coliseum. The Romans enjoyed theatrical |
|Pythagorean theorem. The Greeks loved the theatre using props, which produced comedies and tragedy | |performances in the amphitheater. |
|plays written by playwrights like Sophocles. | | |
| | | |
| |MUSIC, art, | |
| |entertainment | |
|The city-states known, as poleis were believed to be protected by gods and goddess’s. Temples were | |The Romans believed in gods such as Jupiter, Mars and those spirits protect the people and |
|built to honor the gods and the Greek people believed in religious rituals and sacrifice to show | |the households. The Romans worship of the Gods was primarily to gain blessing and prosperity |
|their respect. In addition, the Greeks did not have one common belief in religion and religious | |from them. In essence the Roman religion was based in a cult worship meaning that approval |
|practices varied based on the city-states. In essence the Greeks believed in many different Gods | |from the Gods did not depend on the individuals behavior. The Romans believed that prayer and|
|and Goddesses and not monotheism. However, the Greeks did believe in 12 major gods, Zeus, Hera, | |statues in stone, bronze were the religious rituals that would get the Gods approval. The |
|Poseidon, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Ares, Hephaestus, Athena, Hermes, Demeter, and Dionysus. | |Romans believed that the controlled their lives so they spent a lot of their time worshiping |
|Furthermore, the games, dramas, and festivals were held in to honor the gods. The Greek culture | |them. The Roman civilization erected temples and altars for sacrifices. The altar where used |
|also believed in the sense that all heroes were demigods, which means part human and part god. The | |to sacrifice animals and offer them to the gods. In addition, all family homes had a small |
|civilization also believed in sacrifice, either of humans or of goods and animals. Additionally, | |altar and a shrine to the gods for individual worship. In some communities within the Roman |
|all sacrifices to the Gods were performed outside of the temples. It was thought that Poseidon |Religion |empire there were other sets of religions like Judaism and Christianity. However, the |
|would bless the people if a horse was sacrificed and Hermes would bless them if roosters were | |Christian people did suffer persecution at times because of their religious differences. |
|sacrificed. They believed that different gods brought different fortunes such as Aphrodite being | | |
|the god of love and beauty. | | |
|The Greek society was responsible for the Olympics and held athletic contests to honor their gods. | |The Romans enjoyed watching sporting events with gladiatorial combat, wild animal fights, |
|The Greek civilization enjoyed such games as Isthmus, Pythian, Stadion and the Pentathlon. The | |hunts, criminals being punished and mock naval fights. The Romans also used a gymnasium for |
|Pentathlon included such things as javelin toss, sprinting, and discus throwing. They also had | |the Roman games such as running, boxing, wrestling, discus and spear throwing. |
|sports like boxing, wrestling, and chariot racing. Most of the sports the Greek society played in | | |
|the past, we still play today. |SPORTS | |

References

The History Channel. (2012). Ancient Greece. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/classical-greece
Ancient Greece. (2012). Ancient Greece. Retrieved from http://www.ancientgreece.com
The History Channel. (2012). Ancient Greece. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-rome
PBS. (2012). The Roman Empire. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/empires/romans/empire/index.html

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