Free Essay

Investigate of Action of Saliva and Hydrochloric Acid in Two Carbohydrate Solution

In: Other Topics

Submitted By euanee
Words 602
Pages 3
UNIVERSITI TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN
ACADEMIC YEAR 2013/2014
FOUNDATION SCIENCE

FHEL1012 ENGLISH FOR ACADEMIC STUDY
MID-TERM TEST
JULY 2013 TIME: 1 HOUR
NAME: ____________________________________ TUTORIAL GROUP: T ( )
SECTION A: COMPOSING TOPIC SENTENCES (12 MARKS)
Given below are 3 thesis statements. For each thesis statement, write 2 topic sentences that will function as the first sentence of a body paragraph. (You will note that one topic sentence has been constructed for each thesis statement) 1. Thesis statement: There are three ways of combating the stress which undergraduates face in university.

Topic sentence 1
To begin with, undergraduates should adhere to a daily time table that allows them to manage tasks in an organized manner
Topic sentence 2
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
[2 Marks]
Topic sentence 3 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
[2 Marks] 2. Thesis statement: Plastics are injurious to the environment in three ways.

Topic sentence 1

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
[2 Marks]
Topic sentence 2

Apart from that, the act of disposing plastics into rivers and drains clogs the water ways, which disrupts flow of water.

Topic sentence 3 _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
[2 Marks] 3. Thesis statement: School-based societies can raise funds in several ways.

Topic sentence 1

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
[2 Marks]
Topic sentence 2
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
[2 Marks]
Topic sentence 3
Lastly, walkathons can be organized, in participants make a contribution of cash as a form of donation.

SECTION B: SYNTHEISISING (18 MARKS)
Question 1: You want to state your *opinion that the private education sector has contributed directly to the growth of our nation. You find the following two passages. Synthesize this information into a single paragraph to support your opinion*
Text 1
In recent years, the literacy rate of our nation has increased by leaps and bounds. These public institutions had created an opportunity for a massive number of undergraduates whom did not score an entrance into public universities. These graduates then become the majority of the work force of our nation, hence contributing to its growth. (By Gomathi, 2002)
Text 2
Look how much our economy and productivity has increased now. We do not depend so much on expatriates anymore to contribute in the field of research and development. This should be on the shoulders of private universities which emphasises on quality research, especially in scientific field.We can now rely on local expertise for our nation’s development. (By Abraham Lincoln, 2012)
Answer:
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
[9 Marks]
Question 2: You want to make a stand that violent video games are the main cause of teenage violence. You find the following two passages. Synthesize this information into a paragraph to strengthen your stand.
Text 1
Various cases of shooting incidents in schools are related to teenagers who are indulged in playing shooting games. An incident in Columbine City, USA can be taken into consideration. A 15 year old teenager, an expert player of a game named Doom, shot and killed 25 school students. Eye witnesses claim that the shooter did this without doubting his actions. He was running around holding the gun and hunting for people who were running away in terror. This is a form of egocentrism where the shooter is in a dilemma that he has total control of the situation just like how he controlled the game. (By Russell Peters, 2012)
Text 2
Teenagers spend so much time in shooting people in video games. The games, on the other hand, are so realistic where even the blood splatter details are accurately depicted. This causes a kind of desensitization in teenagers where blood for them becomes something ‘normal’. At this stage, they have grown immune. In short, shooting in reality is just as simple as shooting in a game. (By Sabrina Terence, 2003)
Answer:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
[9 Marks]

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Huhu

...qdwoqfwoic To investigate the action of saliva and 3M hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solutionsTo investigate the action of saliva and 3M hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solutionsTo investigate the action of saliva and 3M hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solutionsTo investigate the action of saliva and 3M hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solutionsTo investigate the action of saliva and 3M hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solutionsTo investigate the action of saliva and 3M hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solutionsTo investigate the action of saliva and 3M hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solutionsTo investigate the action of saliva and 3M hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solutionsTo investigate the action of saliva and 3M hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solutionsTo investigate the action of saliva and 3M hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solutionsTo investigate the action of saliva and 3M hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solutionsTo investigate the action of saliva and 3M hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solutionsTo investigate the action of saliva and 3M hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solutionsTo investigate the action of saliva and 3M hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate ......

Words: 610 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Lop of Lop

...of the two solutions with Iodine test and ... Discussion: ... Why You Add Hydrochloric Acid in Hydrolysis of Starch. Ingestion of saliva during carbohydrate feeding by ... - SciELO www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0074-02762006000100016&script... by RR Cavalcante - ‎2006 - ‎Cited by 5 - ‎Related articles Saliva ingestion by phlebotomine during the carbohydrate ingestion phase is ... The presence of saliva in each type of solution or substrate offered, as well as ... 0.2 ml of apyrase assay buffer pH 8 (50 mM Tris/HCl buffer containing 1 mM CaCl2, ... Saliva ingestion occurred under each condition investigated, as indicated by ... Experiment: investigation of action of saliva and hydrochloric ... https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid... Jun 25, 2012 - 1) Name of enzyme involved 2)specific action(s) of enzymes involved. Two hydrolytic enzymes and an epistemological–historical ... www.scienceinschool.org/2007/issue4/enzymes Science in School Sep 3, 2007 - 5 M sodium hydroxide (NaOH); 5 M hydrochloric acid (HCl); Saliva. ... To demonstrate the test methods, test all four carbohydrate solutions ... Discussion ... more concentrated than is necessary for the activity and that using a ... The authors have recommended the Fehling’s test for this investigation. What is the objectives of investigation of action of saliva and ... www.answers.com › Wiki Answers › Categories › Science › Biology ... of investigation of action of saliva and diluted hydrochloric acid in......

Words: 799 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Qwer

...LAB REPORT | Practical 3: Investigation of Action of Saliva and 3M Hydrochloric Acid in Two Carbohydrate Solutions | LECTURER’S NAME | Ms. Bong Siew Mee | Title: Investigation of Action of Saliva and 3M Hydrochloric Acid in Two Carbohydrate Solutions Objective: To investigate the action of saliva and 3M hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solutions. Results: Table 1: Observations made when two carbohydrate solutions provided in laboratory were tested with Benedict and Iodine solution. | Observations | Conclusions | Solution A | Benedict’s test: An initial blue translucent mixture turned to brick-red opaque solution and moderate amount of precipitate settled after heated at a high temperature for two minute. | Presence of reducing sugar | | Iodine test: The translucent colouration of the mixture retained its yellowish-brown colour. | Absence of starch | Solution B | Benedict’s test: The translucent colouration of the mixture remained its blue colour. | Absence of reducing sugar | | Iodine test: The initial yellowish-brown translucent mixture turned to bluish-black opaque solution when solution was mixed. | Presence of starch | Table 2: Colour reactions of Benedict’s test for saliva and 3M hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solutions provided in laboratory. Tube |......

Words: 992 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Report

...Topic: Investigation of Action of Saliva and 3 M Hydrochloric Acid In Two Carbohydrate Solution Objective: To investigate the action of saliva and 3 M Hydrochloric Acide in two Carbohydrate Solution Apparatus & Equipment: Boiling tubes Beaker Graduated plastic dropper Water bath, (~ 37oC) Water bath, (~ 95oC) Materials: Carbohydrate solution A Carbohydrate solution B Benedict’s solution 3 M Hydrochloric acid 3 M Sodium hydroxide Iodine solution Procedures: Part 1 1. Two boiling tubes were prepared containing 1 ml solution A and 1 ml solution B respectively. 1 ml Benedict’s solution was added to each tube. Both tubes were heated together in the (~95oC) water bath for two minutes. The results were recorded in table 1. 2. Few drops of solution A and B were added separately on a white tile. On each solution, 1-2 drops of iodine solution were added. The observations were recorded in the table 1. Part 2 3. The boiling tubes were labelled 1, 2, 3 and 4. 2 ml of solution B were pipette into each of four boiling tubes. 4. Tubes 1 and 2were placed in a water bath of ~37oC to heat up the solution. 5. The saliva was salivated into a small beaker until it reaches approximate 5 ml. 6. This step was done approximately at the same time. 2 ml of saliva prepared were pipette into tubes 1 and 4. The contents of the tubes were shaken well to ensure thorough mixing. 2 ml of HCl were pipette into tubes 2 and 3. 7. Tubes 1, 2, 3 & 4 were incubated at......

Words: 550 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Experiment

...Title Identification of Unknown Carbohydrate Solution and Investigation of Action of Saliva and Hydrochloric Acid in Carbohydrate Solution at Two Different Temperatures Objective To investigate the action of saliva and 3 hydrochloric acid in two carbohydrate solution Apparatus Boiling tubes, Metal test tube racks, Water bath, 37-40 Degree Celsius, Water bath, 90-95 Degree Celsius, Beaker, Dropper, Wooden Holder Materials Carbohydrate solution A , Carbohydrate solution B , Benedict’s solution , 3 M Hydrochloric acid, 3 M Sodium Hydroxide Procedures 1. Two boiling tubes are filled with 1 ml solution A and 1 ml solution B respectively. 1 ml of Benedict’s solution is added into each test tube. Both tubes are heated together in the hotter (90-95°C) water bath in two minutes. The results are recorded in Table 1. 2. A few drops of fresh solution A and B are spaced separately on a white tile. I2/KI solution (iodine) is added 1-2 drops on each solution. The solution is mixed with a glass rod on the tile. The observations are recorded in the Table 1. 3. 2ml solution B is added into each of four test tubes and the tubes 1, 2, 3, and 4 is labelled respectively with labelling paper near mouth of tube. 4. Tubes 1 and 2 is placed in a water bath of 37°C. 5. A measuring cylinder is salivated till it reached 5ml. 6. 2ml of saliva is added into tubes 1 and 4. The contents of the tubes are shaked well to ensure thorough mixing. 7. 4ml of HCL is......

Words: 481 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Mechanics

...Member : Lim Phei Ching Lee Jer Win Chong Hui Li Title : Investigation of Action of Saliva and 3 M Hydrochloric Acid in Two Carbohydrate Solutions . Objective : To Investigate of Effect of Salive and Hydrochloric Acid in Carbohydrate Solutions . Apparatus & Equipment : Boiling tubes , Beaker , Graduated plastic dropper , Water bath, ~ 37 oC , Water bath, ~ 95oC Materials : Carbohydrate solution A , Carbohydrate solution B , Benedict‟s solution , 3 M Hydrochloric acid , 3 M Sodium hydroxide , Iodine solution Procedures : Part 1 1. Two boiling tubes containing 1 ml solution A and 1 ml of solution B were prepared respectively . 1ml of Benedict solution was added into each tube . Both tubes were heated together in the 95°C water bath for two minutes . Results were recorded in table 1 . 2. A few drops of solution A and B were added separately on a white tile . 1-2 drops of iodine solution were added on each solution . Part 2 3. Boiling tubes were labeled 1,2,3,4 . 2 ml of solution B was pipette into each of four boiling tubes . 4. Tubes 1 and 2 were placed in a water bath of 37°C to heat up the solution . 5. Small beaker was salivated till it reached about 5 ml . 6. This step was done approximately at the same time . 2ml of saliva prepared was pipetted into tubes 1 and 4 . The contents of tubes were shaken well to ensure through mixing . 2ml of HCL was pipetted into tubes 2......

Words: 892 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Report

...Member : Lim Phei Ching Lee Jer Win Chong Hui Li Title : Investigation of Action of Saliva and 3 M Hydrochloric Acid in Two Carbohydrate Solutions . Objective : To Investigate of Effect of Salive and Hydrochloric Acid in Carbohydrate Solutions . Apparatus & Equipment : Boiling tubes , Beaker , Graduated plastic dropper , Water bath, ~ 37 oC , Water bath, ~ 95oC Materials : Carbohydrate solution A , Carbohydrate solution B , Benedict‟s solution , 3 M Hydrochloric acid , 3 M Sodium hydroxide , Iodine solution Procedures : Part 1 1. Two boiling tubes containing 1 ml solution A and 1 ml of solution B were prepared respectively . 1ml of Benedict solution was added into each tube . Both tubes were heated together in the 95°C water bath for two minutes . Results were recorded in table 1 . 2. A few drops of solution A and B were added separately on a white tile . 1-2 drops of iodine solution were added on each solution . Part 2 3. Boiling tubes were labeled 1,2,3,4 . 2 ml of solution B was pipette into each of four boiling tubes . 4. Tubes 1 and 2 were placed in a water bath of 37°C to heat up the solution . 5. Small beaker was salivated till it reached about 5 ml . 6. This step was done approximately at the same time . 2ml of saliva prepared was pipetted into tubes 1 and 4 . The contents of tubes were shaken well to ensure through mixing . 2ml of HCL was pipetted into tubes......

Words: 892 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Identification of Unknown Carbohydrate Solution and Investigation of Action of Saliva and Hydrochloric Acid in Carbohydrate Solution at Two Different Temperatures

...Table of Contents: FHSB 1214 FHSC 1214 Biology I Cell Biology Introduction Practical 1 Practical 1 Cell Biology Biological Studies I molecules I Practical 2 Practical 2 Cell Biology Biological Studies II molecules II Practical 3 Cell Biology Studies III Practical 4 Cell Biology Studies IV Practical 8 Cell Biology Studies VIII Practical 5 Cell Biology Studies V Practical 6 Cell Biology Studies VI Practical 7 Cell Biology Studies VII Practical 9 Cell Biology Studies IX Practical 10 Cell Biology Studies X - Experiment Description Page Writing of Lab Reports Identification of Biomolecules 5 13 Identification of Unknown Carbohydrate Solutions and Investigation of Action of Saliva and HCl in Carbohydrate Solution at Two Different Temperatures Investigation of the Effects of Catalase Concentration on Hydrogen Peroxide Decomposition 20 Synthesis of Starch Using an Enzyme Extracted from Potato Tuber Investigation of the Effects of Different Catalytic Conditions on Hydrogen Peroxide Decomposition Microscopy 27 Practical 6 Cell studies II Practical 7 Cell studies III Extraction of Cell Organelles by Cell Fractionation Determination of Solute Potential of Potato Cell Sap 47 Practical 8 Cell studies IV Effects of Different Treatments on Stained Potato Cells 64 Practical 9 Energetics I Respiration of Germinating Beans 67 Microscopic Examination of Cells at Various Stages...

Words: 22060 - Pages: 89

Premium Essay

Pokemon

...Table of Contents: FHSB 1214 FHSC 1214 Biology I Cell Biology Introduction Practical 1 Practical 1 Cell Biology Biological Studies I molecules I Practical 2 Practical 2 Cell Biology Biological Studies II molecules II Practical 3 Cell Biology Studies III Practical 4 Cell Biology Studies IV Practical 8 Cell Biology Studies VIII Practical 5 Cell Biology Studies V Practical 6 Cell Biology Studies VI Practical 7 Cell Biology Studies VII Practical 9 Cell Biology Studies IX Practical 10 Cell Biology Studies X - Experiment Description Page Writing of Lab Reports Identification of Biomolecules 5 13 Identification of Unknown Carbohydrate Solutions and Investigation of Action of Saliva and HCl in Carbohydrate Solution at Two Different Temperatures Investigation of the Effects of Catalase Concentration on Hydrogen Peroxide Decomposition 20 Synthesis of Starch Using an Enzyme Extracted from Potato Tuber Investigation of the Effects of Different Catalytic Conditions on Hydrogen Peroxide Decomposition Microscopy 27 Practical 6 Cell studies II Practical 7 Cell studies III Extraction of Cell Organelles by Cell Fractionation Determination of Solute Potential of Potato Cell Sap 47 Practical 8 Cell studies IV Effects of Different Treatments on Stained Potato Cells 64 Practical 9 Energetics I Respiration of Germinating Beans 67 Microscopic Examination of Cells at Various Stages...

Words: 22060 - Pages: 89

Premium Essay

How to do well in biology

...UTAR FHSC1214 Fundamentals of Cell Biology Trimester 1 How YOU can do well in BIOLOGY Follow the 4A’s and you can expect A’s. A ttitude • Attend ALL lectures, tutorials and practicals on time without fail. • Be attentive in class and revise your notes after class while the topic is still fresh in your mind. Why waste time re-reading 2-3 months later? • Do your assignments faithfully as they carry marks for the finals. • Come prepared for lessons (i.e. read up beforehand). • Read up beforehand before attending lectures so that you won’t be lost and wasted hours of your life week after week. • Why stress yourself out if you can avoid it? Do NOT count on last minute revision for tests and examinations, as it will be too late to catch up and seek help in areas where you may find confusing or unclear of. • Why panic before exams because you can’t find this or that? Keep separate files for lecture, tutorial and practical. File up the respective notes systematically so that you do not lose them along the semester. • Do you expect the lecturer/ tutor to be available all the time to answer your questions? It is YOUR responsibility to take the initiative to clear your doubts or satisfy your curiosity to understand certain scientific phenomena by reading up on the relevant topics. A Based on a true story… A professor at the National University of Singapore recounts how on one occasion a student consulted him days before the......

Words: 20923 - Pages: 84

Free Essay

Kekewk

...Biology Unit 1 Contents Specification Biological Molecules Chemical bonds Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Biochemical Tests Enzymes Eukaryotic Cells Prokaryotic Cells Cell Fractionation Microscopy The Cell Membrane Movement across Cell Membranes Exchange The Gas Exchange System Lung Diseases The Heart Coronary Heart Disease The Digestive System Cholera Lifestyle and Disease Defence against Disease Immunisation Monoclonal Antibodies 1 – Mathematical Requirements 2– The Unit 1 Exam 2 4 6 8 10 16 17 24 28 30 31 35 37 44 46 50 54 58 60 67 68 72 80 81 83 86 Cells Human Physiology Disease Appendices These notes may be used freely by A level biology students and teachers, and they may be copied and edited. Please do not use these materials for commercial purposes. I would be interested to hear of any comments and corrections. Neil C Millar (nmillar@ntlworld.co.uk) Head of Biology, Heckmondwike Grammar School High Street, Heckmondwike, WF16 0AH July 2011 HGS Biology A-level notes NCM/7/11 AS Biology Unit 1 page 2 Biology Unit 1 Specification Biochemistry Biological Molecules Biological molecules such as carbohydrates and proteins are often polymers and are based on a small number of chemical elements. • Proteins have a variety of functions within all living organisms. The general structure of an amino acid. Condensation and the formation of peptide bonds linking together amino acids to form polypeptides. The relationship between primary, secondary,......

Words: 22438 - Pages: 90

Premium Essay

Gcse Science Help

...Year 11 Science Mentoring Task Booklet Things to remember when answering 6 mark exam questions: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Try and remember everything you can about what the question is asking before you start answering it Make at least 6 points Write in full sentences starting with capital letters and ending with full stops Try and answer the question in around five minutes Check your answer to make sure you have not left anything out Remember to use key words when appropriate Things to remember when marking 6 mark exam questions: 1. 2. 3. 4. Use a green pen Read through the science points at the bottom of the mark scheme first In the answer put ticks to show where the marks are coming from Mark for spelling and grammar by circling the word or part of the text and writing above it as follows: • • • • 5. 6. 7. 8. Spelling mistake (Sp) Missing full stop (Gr) Missing capital letter (Gr) Poor grammar (Gr) Cross out any bits that are irrelevant to the question Add up their total number of marks If there are more than three spelling or grammar errors minus one mark Leave constructive feedback Biology Cells Tissues & Organs Summary All living things are made up of cells. The structures of different types of cells are related to their functions. To get into or out of cells, dissolved substances have to cross the cell membranes. Cells    Cells are the smallest unit of life. All living things are made of cells. Most human cells, like most other animal cells, have the......

Words: 18368 - Pages: 74

Free Essay

Labs

...INSTRUCTOR GUIDE Human Anatomy & Physiology Laboratory Manual MAIN VERSION, Eighth Edition Update CAT VERSION, Ninth Edition Update FETAL PIG VERSION, Ninth Edition Update ELAINE N. MARIEB, R.N., Ph.D Holyoke Community College SUSAN T. BAXLEY, M.A. Troy University, Montgomery Campus NANCY G. KINCAID, Ph.D Troy University, Montgomery Campus PhysioEx™ Exercises authored by Peter Z. Zao, North Idaho College Timothy Stabler, Indiana University Northwest Lori Smith, American River College Greta Peterson, Middlesex Community College Andrew Lokuta, University of Wisconsin—Madison San Francisco • Boston • New York Cape Town • Hong Kong • London • Madrid • Mexico City Montreal • Munich • Paris • Singapore • Sydney • Tokyo • Toronto Editor-in-Chief: Serina Beauparlant Project Editor: Sabrina Larson PhysioEx Project Editor: Erik Fortier Editorial Assistant: Nicole Graziano Managing Editor: Wendy Earl Production Editor: Leslie Austin Composition: Cecelia G. Morales Cover Design: Riezebos Holzbaur Design Group Senior Manufacturing Buyer: Stacey Weinberger Marketing Manager: Gordon Lee Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings, 1301 Sansome St., San Francisco, CA 94111. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. This publication is protected by Copyright and permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form or by any......

Words: 120457 - Pages: 482

Premium Essay

Answers to Conceptual Sciences

...Answers to Conceptual Integrated Science End-of-Chapter Questions Chapter 1: About Science Answers to Chapter 1 Review Questions 1 The era of modern science in the 16th century was launched when Galileo Galilei revived the Copernican view of the heliocentric universe, using experiments to study nature’s behavior. 2 In Conceptual Integrated Science, we believe that focusing on math too early is a poor substitute forconcepts. 3 We mean that it must be capable of being proved wrong. 4 Nonscientific hypotheses may be perfectly reasonable; they are nonscientific only because they are not falsifiable—there is no test for possible wrongness. 5 Galileo showed the falseness of Aristotle’s claim with a single experiment—dropping heavy and lightobjects from the Leaning Tower of Pisa. 6 A scientific fact is something that competent observers can observe and agree to be true; a hypothesis is an explanation or answer that is capable of being proved wrong; a law is a hypothesis that has been tested over and over and not contradicted; a theory is a synthesis of facts and well-tested hypotheses. 7 In everyday speech, a theory is the same as a hypothesis—a statement that hasn’t been tested. 8 Theories grow stronger and more precise as they evolve to include new information. 9 The term supernatural literally means “above nature.” Science works within nature, not above it. 10 They rely on subjective personal experience and do not lead to testable hypotheses. They lie outside...

Words: 81827 - Pages: 328

Free Essay

Religious Education

...lo io yB io g oCSEC B Biologyy og Bi ol gy lo yB io g lo io og B ol Bi y Caribbean Examinations Council ® SYLLABUS SPECIMEN PAPER MARK SCHEME SUBJECT REPORTS Macmillan Education 4 Crinan Street, London, N1 9XW A division of Macmillan Publishers Limited Companies and representatives throughout the world www.macmillan-caribbean.com ISBN 978-0-230-48203-6 © Caribbean Examinations Council (CXC ®) 2015 AER www.cxc.org www.cxc-store.com The author has asserted their right to be identified as the author of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Design and Patents Act 1988. First published 2014 This revised version published 2015 Permission to copy The material in this book is copyright. However, the publisher grants permission for copies to be made without fee. Individuals may make copies for their own use or for use by classes of which they are in charge; institutions may make copies for use within and by the staff and students of that institution. For copying in any other circumstances, prior permission in writing must be obtained from Macmillan Publishers Limited. Under no circumstances may the material in this book be used, in part or in its entirety, for commercial gain. It must not be sold in any format. Designed by Macmillan Publishers Limited Cover design by Macmillan Publishers Limited and Red Giraffe CSEC Biology Free Resources LIST OF CONTENTS CSEC Biology Syllabus Extract 3 CSEC Biology......

Words: 29406 - Pages: 118