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Investigatory Project

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A Comparative study between Malunggay (Moringa Oleifera) leaves extract and Calamansi (CitrofunellaMicrocarpa) extract to see which is a better Stain Remover CHAPTER I: PROBLEM AND ITS SCOPE
A. INTODUCTION
A stain caused by the chemical or physical interaction of two dissimilar materials. It is a problem that most of us Filipino face since many parts of the Philippines is Polluted and there are particles that create an interaction with our clothes that creates discoloration or stains Calamansi (Citrofortunellamicrocarpa) has been proven as an Effective stain remover for its acidic contents. It has been used by anonymous people, ordinary children and students for it provide them with extra income and calamansi is also cheap and is abundant in the Philippines and it is easy to use and to make and most importantly it doesn’t have a high quality of chemical that can burn or harm your skin. Malunggay (MoringaOleifera) is known as “miracle plant” horse radish in english because it is not only food but is medicine too and all parts can be utilized. It is common in India but has spread in tropical countries like the Philippines and it has calcium, iron, phosphorous, thiamin, beta-carotene, vitamins A, B, C, and E and lipoprotein.
Which are consider to remove stains due to the phytochemicals present in its leaves.
The researcher conducted this study to see which if the two will be a better alternative stain remover since both of the two were already proven by other researchers and also aims to test the both to conclude which is a better stain remover , a base which have property to remove stains or Acid
B. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM This study aims to compare between Malunggay leaves extract and Calamansi as more effective stain remover * Which is a better stain remover in terms of: * Quality or the effectiveness in removing the stains * Time in removing the stains
C. RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS * Malunggay is a better stain remover than Calamansi * Calamansi is a better stain remover than Malunggay * Malunggay and Calamansi has the same amount of effectiveness and speed in removing stains
D. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY This Research main goal is to find which of the two subjects is more effective and which of them is more suitable to be a stain remover also to see which of the two subjects is more Economical and Beneficial also to test the subject’s advantages and disadvantages. Research studies like these shows a person which of the subjects is more advisable to use or more effective to be able to remove stains
E. SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS This study entitled “A Comparative study between Malunggay (Moringa Oleifera) leaves extract and Calamansi (CitrofunellaMicrocarpa) extract to see which is a better Stain Remover” was first planned and then gathered data and information and also conducted research and made interview to a reliable source. This project is only after the effect of the comparative study
D. DEFINITION OF TERMS
Comparative- is a syntactic construction that serves to express a comparison between two (or more) entities or groups of entities in quality, quantity, or degree; it is one of the degrees of comparison, alongside the positive and the superlative. Stain-is a discoloration that can be clearly distinguished from the surface, material, or medium it is found upon. They are caused by the chemical or physical interaction of two dissimilar materials. Malunggay- is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Moringa, which is the only genus in the family Moringaceae. English common names include: moringa, drumstick tree, horseradish tree, ben oil tree, or benzoil tree Calamansi- is an important citrofortunella, meaning that it is an intergenetic hybrid between a member of the genus citrus and the kumquat belonging to Fortunella. CHAPTER 2: RELATED LITERATURE
Moringa is widely found in tropical and sub-tropical belts. It is a medicinal plant used in Central and South America, Mexico, Malaysia, Philippines, India, Sri Lanka and Africa. This is one reason why the government has used malunggay in its feeding and nutrition programs. Internal organs are said to benefit from the vegetable. “Malunggay pods are dewormers, good for treating liver and spleen problems, pain of the joints, and malnutrition. Likewise, malunggay seeds treat arthritis, rheumatism, gout, cramp, STD, boils and urinary problems, and is a relaxant for epilepsy,” the senator added.
Moringa contains more than 90 nutrients and 46 types of antioxidants. With all the health benefits of moringa, it can easily be termed as the most nutritious plant on the face of the earth. There are no side-effects of moringa tree leaves which have been proved till date. Therefore, many people have started using it in porridge, pastas, breads, etc., to reap the everlasting health benefits of the extraordinary 'moringa'.
According to Dr. Monica G. Marcu, researcher and clinical pharmacologist, Moringa is unique because, even in small amounts, it can supply daily a wide gamut of vital nutrients with few calories. Vitamin and mineral content are just the beginning. Moringa has 18 amino acids, including the eight essentials – the ones your body can not survive without but can not manufacture on its own; they must be supplied through diet.
To the average Joe, Moringa is a simple way to manage many health problems. It can help reduce cholesterol and triglycerides, control blood sugar, and offer anti-aging and anti-inflammatory substances, many of which have anti-cancer properties.( http://edlagman.com/moringa/moringa-health-benefits.htm)
According to philippineherbalmedicine.org, the plant is anti-diabetic and anti-tumor: "There have been claims that malunggay can be used to lower blood pressure ... as well as its being an anti-tumor plant." http://health-benefits-of-malunggay-leaves.blogspot.com

Calamansi is a fruit grown all over Southeast Asia and it is very popular in the Philippines as it called a “golden lime”. It is extremely beneficial for the body as it eliminate the toxins that result to a faster weight loss. It is also perfect vitamin rich in citrus fruits enhanced your beauty and bringing glow on your face. (http://www.drinkbenefits.com/calamansi-juice-health-benefits.htm)
Calamansi can be used in different products including ice cream, sorbets, jello, juice, soft drinks, nectar, jelly, gummy candies, sauces, vinaigrettes, fruit preserves and yogurt.
Calamansi juice may be served with iced tea, seafood and meats - to impart tartness. Calamansi juice with cranberries makes a fresh, juicy tart sauce. Calamansi can also be preserved whole in sugar syrup, made intosweet pickles, or marmalade. In Hawaii, a calamansi-papaya marmalade is popular. In Malaysia, the calamansi is an essential ingredient in chutney.
The calamansi juice is primarily valued for making acid beverages. It is often employed like lime or lemon juice to make gelatin salads or desserts, custard pies, or chiffon pies. In the Philippines, the extracted juice, with the addition of gum tragacanth, is pasteurized and bottled commercially. (http://www.ititropicals.com/calamansi-fruit-fact-tidbits) Preferences:

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