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Investment in Mexico

In: People

Submitted By ernestojcl
Words 2208
Pages 9
Nombre del estudiante: Edgar López Romero

Nombre del trabajo: Falta de Inversión en México

Fecha de entrega: 12/06/13

Campus: Coyoacán

Carrera /Prepa: Ing. En Negocios y Tecnologías de la Manufactura

Semestre/Cuatrimestre: 3ro

Nombre del maestro: Blanca Elena Gómez García

Índice

* Presentación

* Introducción

* Planeación

* Desarrollo:

* Conclusiones

* Bibliografía

Introducción
En el siguiente ensayo se pone a análisis uno de los temas que competen a las ciencias políticas, sociales y económicas de México, la inversión pública o privada, y el crédito ya sea de capitales de asociaciones anónimas o del mismo estado, es importante resaltar este tema ya que lleva consigo grandes temas a debatir y a analizar cómo son ¿en que se invierte?, ¿Quiénes invierten?, ¿Cuánto se invierte?
Entre otras cuestiones de relevancia, pero no solo las macroempresas nacionales o extranjeras deben tener privilegios a bonos o prestamos también los microempresas, entonces, ¿Cómo llegar a un estado de igualdad y sustentabilidad económica en México? Siendo un país en vías de desarrollo y gran capacidad de captar inversiones.
Estas dudas se pretende aclararlas en el siguiente trabajo.

México es un país en vías de desarrollo con una ubicación geográfica prodigiosa, contiene casi todos los ecosistemas, posee un campo prodigioso para la inversión sustentable, así pues es importante mencionar esto para darnos cuenta de que México es un país que ha quedado rezagado en cuanto a inversión nacional y extranjera se refiere, es importante atender esta problemática ya que con una buena planeación y una nueva visión de lo grande y potente que sería la inversión en nuestro país podríamos realizar notables cosas en distintos aspectos del desarrollo social y condición de la misma. Desde el norte al sur todo nuestro país puede ser explotado de manera sustentable, así es, ¿por quienes? Nosotros mismos ciudadanos con proyectos desde productivos hasta turísticos.

Desarrollo

La inversión nacional en México

La inversión nacional en México ocurre constantemente, ya que es un país en vías de desarrollo al menos muchos micro negocios fluyen a través del mismo permitiendo un desarrollo nada alentador para los mexicanos, nuestro país por si solo está orientado a el mercado libre orientado a las exportaciones.
Es la 2. ª Potencia económica más grande de América Latina, y es la 3ra economía de mayor tamaño de toda América, solo después de la de los Estados Unidos y la de Brasil, esto nos dice que México es un país que está creciendo a nivel competitivo.
Lamentablemente no puede alcanzarse una igualdad de oportunidades en todo el país dependiendo claro de varios factores, como la ubicación geográfica o la seguridad y estabilidad económica así pues México ha apostado por invertir en los siguientes sectores:

Producción agropecuaria
A partir de la revolución mexicana y con la famosa reforma agraria, los ejidos tuvieron mayor producción y estabilidad así pues se da una mejor administración de la producción en productos nacionales. Con la creación de Pro campo y alianza para el campo se trata de homogenizar la producción tanto en el norte, centro y sur del país cada región cultiva cosas distintas lo cual hace que las necesidades no sean las mismas, con apoyo e incentivos se trata de lograr una producción estable.

Industria la industria mexicana se ha rezagado de manera importante a nivel internacional solo las empresas transnacionales han podido colocar a México en un nivel aceptable. Otras industrias importantes de México son Cemex, el tercer conglomerado de cemento más grande del mundo, las industrias de las bebidas, que incluyen al Grupo Modelo, y el conglomerado FEMSA, la segunda embotelladora de Coca-Cola más grande del mundo; la compañía Gruma, el productor de harina y tortilla más grande del mundo con operaciones en China; y otras como Bimbo, Telmex y Televisa. Estás concentran sus sucursales en el centro y norte del país siendo el sur la zona con menos captación industrial debido a su zona geográfica,

en el mapa se puede apreciar a detalle cual es el sector de la industria que sobresale en cada estado de la republica unos con más entrada que otros, aunque pueden existir más de dos en cada estado cada una representa una entrada de capital y de poder desarrollar inversiones locales por cada habitante.

Energía y recursos naturales
Los recursos naturales son "propiedad de la nación" (propiedad pública) constitucionalmente. Por lo tanto, el sector energético es administrado por el gobierno con diferentes grados de inversión privada limitada. México es el quinto productor de petróleo más grande del mundo, produciendo 3,8 millones de barriles diarios, así pues nos damos cuenta que la industria petroquímica es importante para el país ya que trae consigo una gran fuente de capital.
El turismo es una de las industrias más importantes de México relacionada al sector de los servicios. El turismo es la cuarta fuente de ingreso para el país y una de las más afectadas por la inseguridad en los últimos años.
El sector financiero y bancario es dominado en su mayoría por compañías extranjeras o por fusiones de instituciones mexicanas y extranjeras, con la notable excepción de Banorte. Los préstamos al sector público y privado están en crecimiento así como las actividades de seguros e hipotecas. No obstante, el crédito bancario representa tan sólo el 22% del PIB, una cifra muy baja, comparada con otras economías pujantes como Chile, donde representa casi el 70%. Los créditos agrícolas han caído 45.5% en los últimos seis años (2001-2007) y sólo representan el 1% de los préstamos bancarios, una cifra insuficiente para el desarrollo del sector en México.

La inversión extranjera en México

las inversiones extranjeras en México son muy importantes tanto para la captación como para la fluctuación y generación de nuevos empleos en las diferentes zonas del país, la secretaria de economía tiene a el Registro Nacional de Inversiones Extranjeras (RNIE) que es el área del Gobierno Federal ante la cual se inscriben las inversiones extranjeras que llegan a nuestro país.
La Inversión Extranjera Directa (IED) presenta un sector importante la economía mexicana. Entre los años 2000 y 2001, México fue el recipiente más grande de en América Latina captando hasta 22.500 millones de dólares y uno de los cuatro más grandes del mundo.

A los sectores que apuesta la inversión extranjera principalmente son los
Siguientes:

* Industria manufacturera
Se sitúa principalmente en los estados del centro y norte del país tales como Chihuahua, Guanajuato, Querétaro, Estado de México y demás las principales manufactureras son las automotrices y de electrodomésticos tales empresas como Volkswagen, Samsung, LG y demás aparte podemos resaltar que el personal ocupado en la industria manufacturera creció 2.2% en septiembre pasado respecto a igual mes de 2011, esto nos indica una producción estable.

* Sector financiero el sector de inversión financiera resulta un campo atractivo para la inversión extranjera ya que actualmente México goza de leyes que son viables y confiables para la inversión de capital, así pues llegan grandes inversionistas para invertir en sistemas bancarios importantes como es BANXICO.

* Comercio, transportes y comunicaciones

Si bien México no se despunta por tener las tarifas de comunicación más bajas de Latinoamérica si es uno de los países que más a atraído nuevas empresas interesadas en invertir en nuestro países ante la más grande empresa de telecomunicaciones en Latinoamérica es decir TELMEX, tales son Telefónica Movistar, Iusacell, Verizon, Nextel, Avantel y Axtel, todas estás luchan por captar clientes y mejorar la situación monopólica que se vive.

Desde la firma del tratado de libre comercio USA y Canadá han puesto a México como un país para la producción y después importación a sus países principalmente en el área de la agricultura, los alimentos empaquetados y producción de medicamentos.

En la industria del transporte México solo destaca por la captación de nuevas líneas aéreas y la llegada de más cruceros turísticos internacionales, la industria de aeronáutica se vio mermada desde el problema con mexicana de aviación lo cual le dio una pésima visión a los inversionistas hoy surgen nuevas aerolíneas como Volaris e Interjet que son de captación extranjera y la llegada de nuevas aerolíneas extranjeras como A vianca, Aerosur y LAN.

La falta de apoyo a la producción nacional si bien México se caracteriza por tener una zona geográfica difícil para el desarrollo equitativo en la industria y desarrollo social también intervienen otros factores que merman este mismo como son:
* Los índices de inseguridad en el país
* La distribución de la población en las entidades
* Situación climática y de riesgo
* Estabilidad económica
* Desarrollo social
Estos son factores que de una u otra forma interviene en el desarrollo de la producción nacional tanto en el sector industrial como en el de agricultura, ganadería, turístico, trasporte y comunicaciones.
Actualmente el gobierno ha destinado pocos recursos para el desarrollo de productos y empresas nacionales los sectores que despuntan son la producción de alimentos como son: el café, el vino, los productos de coco, el cultivo de maíz y demás.

En cuanto al apoyo a pequeñas y medianas empresas en México se ha desarrollado el llamado PYME una empresa internacional que apoya a las empresas para poder desarrollarse a niveles más altos. Con los constantes apoyos que da SEDESOL se pretende crear más micro inversionistas en el país así pues estos programas se basan en el préstamo de capital por parte del gobierno federal.

Proyectos en el país
Alrededor de nuestro país los estados pretender apoyar proyectos de inversión ya sea a nuevos productos o servicios con capital nacional y extranjero algunos de los más relevantes en el año los ha captado la empresa nacional PRODESA que asesora proyectos nacionales para inversión algunos son:
El café veracruzano goza ya de un nivel internacional, la SAGARPA, ha dado más apoyos al sector cafetalero para mayor producción y exportación internacional.
El vino mexicano ya resalta en las convenciones vinícolas internacionales, a la par con la secretaria de relaciones internacionales se ha dado una difusión mayor al vino mexicano, los estados productores son Baja California Sur, Querétaro y Guanajuato.
Dentro de la industria del transporte México ya cuenta con su primera línea de Cruceros la Ocean Star Cruises que recorre los principales puertos turísticos mexicanos como Acapulco, Cabo San Lucas, Puerto Vallarta y Puerto escondido respectivamente.
Hace falta apoyar a más proyectos de desarrollos turísticos en México más al sur del país.

Beneficios de las inversiones
Las inversiones ya sean nacionales o extranjeras son en gran medida un gran detonador del desarrollo del país, los benéficos que se pueden percatar de estas van desde el mejoramiento de la situación económica de un pueblo una ciudad o sus habitantes hasta el desarrollo de más empresas por ciudadanos o microempresarios, así pues esto sucede mediante el avance de las mismas empresas, una sociedad que genera empleos es una sociedad que vive plena y avanza día a día, la inversión atrae capital extranjero en zonas que gozan de estabilidad económica en otros términos hablamos de una sociedad que va a la par tecnológicamente y socialmente con lo que el mundo demanda en la actualidad, la globalización y las nuevas tecnologías son parte del desarrollo de un proyecto productivo por eso es necesario estar a la par del avance tecnológico en todas las ramas de la industria para hacer a México un país más competitivo y atractivo para inversión.

Conclusión
Las inversiones en México son un problema que conviene a analizar a todos los mexicanos ya que sin conocimiento de cuál es el panorama de inversión podría hacer caer la economía de los pequeños y nuevos inversionistas que nacen a diario en todo el país, es importante saber que tanto tenemos de inversión extranjera ya que esta se centra principalmente en sectores como la industria de la tecnología y manufactura, las ideas de proyectos mexicanos pueden atraer a estas y así crear nuevos productos o proyectos productivos que son necesarios para hacer crecer al país. Los proyectos nacionales se han visto afectados ya sea por la burocracia, o por falta de inversión en estos, el próximo gobierno tiene la obligación de apoyar a las PYMES para consolidar una industria mexicana más sólida y más competitiva la cual no solo se expanda en el país si no a nivel internacional, si se logra este gran reto, la tan afamada era de los monopolios mexicanos terminaría, haciendo al país un lugar donde la competencia nacional y extranjera compiten de manera limpia y ordenada. En México existen estados marginados con poco lugar para la industria pero tienen un gran acervo cultural y turístico como los estados del sur Guerrero, Oaxaca Y Chiapas son estados con gran poder de explotación turística pero con niveles altos de delincuencia, el panorama de cada estado influye en la visión de si o no invertir, es tiempo de que el panorama cambie y se empiece a promocionar a cada zona del país con lo que puede producir y que puede ofrecer, así pues es necesario más apoyos para la producción de diversos productos nacionales ya sea de la rama artística o la rama alimenticia o tecnología. Así pues México tiene que crecer y mejorar su situación atrayendo más y mejores inversiones.

BIBLIOGRAFIA

http://www.inegi.org.mx/

http://eleconomista.com.mx/

http://www.sagarpa.gob.mx

http://www.banxico.org.mx/

http://www.eclac.org

http://www.cofupro.org.mx

http://www.economia.gob.mx/

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The Pros And Cons Of NAFTA

...Canada and Mexico. NAFTA also beget one of the world’s biggest free trade areas by bringing together two of the world’s richest countries; United States and Canada and Mexico which is a less developed country. Its main aim was to lower the costs which are incurred during trading, also to make an increase of investments in the business and to assist the North America to be very competitive in market. NAFTA was also made to eliminate some of the barriers that are put in place to the manufacturing, to the agricultural and to the services (Buono, 2013). Also, was to remove various restrictions that are put in place in investment and...

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Nafta (North American Free Trade Agreement) and Its Advantages in Mexico

...and Its Advantages in Mexico Regional Integration is described as a process in which states enter into a regional agreement in order to enhance regional cooperation through regional institutions and rules. North American Free Trade Agreement was the removal of barriers between Mexico and the United States. It was the phasing out of virtually all restrictions on trade and investment flows. “The expanded trade resulting from NAFTA has raised the United States' gross domestic product very slightly. (The effect on Mexican GDP has also been positive and probably similar in magnitude. Because the Mexican economy is much smaller than the U.S. economy, however, that effect represents a much larger percentage increase for the Mexican economy.)” (The Effects of NAFTA on U.S. –Mexican Trade and GDP, May 2003). Over the years NAFTA has helped Mexico to improve on their exports and imports trading with the United States. NAFTA has had a positive effect dealing with the international investments. This is because some of the restrictions Mexico had on their foreign investment dealing with the ownership of capital. NAFTA also allowed Mexico to do away with tariffs and quotas. This allowed Mexico to become a profitable place to invest, in plants and assembling of products in the United States. NAFTA eliminating the tariffs in Mexico helped to reduce the different license requirements and restrictions on foreign investment. This meant that it would open the doors for Mexico to invest in......

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