Premium Essay

Irregular Warfare

In: Other Topics

Submitted By BlackIce015
Words 1014
Pages 5
Introduction
Irregular warfare can be defined as a form of warfare in which one of the combatants is composed of irregular military (Morgan, 2008). Irregular military in this case refers to a substandard form of military recruitment that does not comply with national and international military guidelines. This means that the people recruited in the army are not qualified in terms of age and education. Some of them are children who are trained in hostile environments and taught to adopt and become terrorists. This is the case for Somalia. Somalia is an eastern African country that borders Kenya to the west, Ethiopia to the north and the Indian Ocean to the east. For the past few decades, the country has gained international attention due to the challenges of warfare facing the country. It has become a breeding zone for the Al-Shabaab community that is responsible for a number of attacks in neighboring and overseas countries (Le Sage, 2010). Being opposed to the leadership of the government, this group is responsible for perpetrating a variety of irregular warfare activities including terrorism and pirating.
Irregular Warfare Activities
As identified above, the major threats of the Al-Shabaab military group include terrorism and pirating. Despite advancement in technology of the west, this group has been in the forefront in impacting the world with a sense of fear and horror. Whenever an attack occurs, people are anxious to know the group responsible for the attack. The Al-Shabaab is an extension of the most notorious group of terrorist in the Middle East known as the Al-Qaeda (Morgan, 2008). For a long time the challenges posed by this groups include man-slaughter and hostage attack situations with the recent being on Kenya’s biggest West-gate Mall Attack. This was one of the biggest attacks that the group has perpetrated in the recent past. According to the...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Irregular Warfare

...Irregular warfare (IW) is defined as a violent struggle among state and nonstate actors for legitimacy and influence over the relevant populations. IW favors indirect and asymmetric approaches, though it may employ the full range of military and other capabilities, in order to erode an adversary’s power, influence, and will. It is inherently a protracted struggle that will test the resolve of our Nation and our strategic partners. Our adversaries will pursue IW strategies, employing a hybrid of irregular, disruptive, traditional, and catastrophic capabilities to undermine and erode the influence and will of the United States and our strategic partners. Meeting these challenges and combating this approach will require the concerted efforts of all available instruments of US national power. Influencing foreign governments and populations is a complex and inherently political activity. This Joint Operating Concept (JOC) describes the military role in protracted IW campaigns; however, these campaigns will fail if waged by military means alone. The nature of IW requires the US Government (USG) to achieve the level of unified action necessary to integrate all available instruments of national power to address irregular threats. The USG will have to develop “Whole of Government” approaches to waging IW at the political, strategic, operational, and tactical levels. Other government agencies must build their capacity to operate in unstable or hostile......

Words: 427 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Irregular Warfare

...An Irregular Warfare Strategy for Somalia Staff Sergeant Ondrae L. Meyers Enlisted Professional Military Education- Career Course 9 June 2014 In Somalia there is a constant battle that the country faces with a terroristic organization called Al Shabaab. Within these battles they do not use conventional warfare. The Al Shabaab do not have the support of the people and rule by commanding obedience through fear. In a conventional war military forces attempt to achieve strategic objectives against a recognized state. Irregular Warfare is when adversaries seek to isolate themselves from their external supporters and undermine their opponent’s legitimacy and credibility. Irregular Warfare is defined by the Department of Defense Directive 3000.07, (December 2008), as “A violent struggle among state and non-state actors for legitimacy and influence over the relevant population(s). Irregular warfare favors indirect and asymmetric approaches, though it may employ the full range of military and other capacities, in order to erode an adversary’s power, influence, and will.” There are specific applications of “keys to success”, in order to carry out the Irregular Warfare campaign. The two applications are unity of success and understanding the operational environment. Irregular Warfare is defined by Thomas Edward Lawrence, better known as ‘Lawrence of Arabia’, as “Granted mobility, security (in the form of denying targets to the enemy), time, and doctrine (the idea to convert......

Words: 893 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Irregular Warfare Strategy for Somalia

...Introduction The use of Irregular Warfare has been ongoing for years around the world. Irregular warfare is described as a violent struggle among state and non-state actors for legitimacy and influence over the relevant populations. I will discuss where the U.S. may apply military force in conjunction with other means of national power to stabilize the nation of Somalia. I will also discuss why it would be considered as an Irregular Warfare environment. Body Somalia gained its independence from British control in 1960, where the British relinquished control and gave Somalia to the United Nations. Somalia was governed by civilians until 1969; after which the military rebellion by General Muhammed Siad Barre took place. General Muhammed Siad Barre was a military tyranny that was in command of Somalia and it’s military. His tyranny lasted over 2 decades. During the 1970s the United States government communicated with General Barre and donated over 100 million dollars to help stabilize the Somali economy. The United States knew it was within there best interest to keep General Barre in power of Somalia for a while. The United States also knew that by the late 1980s the Somali economy would be unable to sustain itself and foreign aid would be withdrawn. After the collapse of Somalia’s economy, the United States revolted against General Barre’s oppressive regime. Different warlords of Somalia fought together against General Barre, ending his power and forcing him to flee the......

Words: 681 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Mcbride Marketing Paper

...McBride Marketing Paper Nicholas Fletcher BSA/310 01/24/2014 Jessie Nightingale McBride Marketing Paper After studying the company McBride financial services it is evident there’s a lot of marketing that can be done and tools used that will increase the company’s visual presence and in turn increase mcBride’s customers database. Let’s first look at the facts and position that the company is currently in. Who is McBride? They are a regional mortgage lending company that specializes in conventional FHA and VA loans for new homeowners purchasing and homeowners that want to refinance there homes. The headquarters is conveniently located in Boise Idaho. One of their goals is to expand their operations to Wyoming, Montana, North Dakota and South Dakota. McBride’s target markets are as follows: Families and/or individuals purchasing recreational properties. Professionals that are either purchasing a primary or secondary residents. Retirees that are purchasing a primary or secondary residence. While targeting these markets McBride’s business philosophy is “ Our customers will receive the most efficient and effective processing of mortgage application form from inception to close.” McBride is a very aggressive company seeking to break even financially within six months of being in operation this is key because they want to become profitable within a year of operating. McBride also has a goal of establishing themselves in five different states. Although these......

Words: 815 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Why Did the Pro-Treaty Side Win the Civil War?

...Civil War? The Irish Civil War caused many divisions within Irish Society. The Civil War resulted from divisions within the nationalist movement as a result of the Anglo-Irish Treaty. Sinn Fein split into pro and anti-Treaty factions. The Civil War ended in May 1923 and while there was no surrender by the anti-Treaty forces, the pro-Treaty side were clearly victorious in the war. In this essay I will look at the reasons why the Pro-Treaty side won the war. In an effort to retain the initiative in the aftermath of the Dail vote in favour of the Treaty, the anti-Treaty IRA occupied the Four Courts and other buildings in Dublin. This was a tactical error by the Irregulars as these buildings were difficult to defend and the Regulars knew exactly where their opponents were. As a result when fighting broke out up to 200 Irregular troops were killed or captured in Dublin. This significantly weakened the anti-Treaty side and contributed to their defeat. The anti-Treaty forces lacked a coherent strategy. They were against the Treaty but different people within the anti-Treaty side were opposing the Treaty for different reasons. DeValera opposed the Treaty because of his opposition to the Oath of Allegiance to the British King. More hard-line republicans opposed the Treaty because of partition. This lack of a coherent strategy contributed to a weakening of the anti-Treaty side and the victory of the Regulars. In contrast the pro-Treaty side had a clear objective, the implementation......

Words: 858 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Mcbride Marketing Paper

...McBride Marketing Paper BSA/310 Jessie Nightingale McBride Marketing Paper After studying the business McBride financial services, it is evident there's a lot of marketing that can be done and tools used that will increase the company's visual presence and in turn increase mcBride's customers database. Lets first look at the facts and position that the company is in currently. Who is McBride? They are a regional mortgage lending company that specializes in conventional FHA and VA loans for new homeowners buying and homeowners that want to refinance their homes. The headquarters is conveniently located in Boise Idaho. One of their goals is to expand their operations to Wyoming, Montana, North Dakota and South Dakota. McBride's target markets are as follows: 1. Families and/or individuals purchasing recreational properties. 2. Professionals that are either buying a primary or secondary residents. 3. Retirees that are buying a primary or secondary residence. While targeting these markets McBride's business philosophy is, " Our customers will receive the most efficient and effective processing of mortgage application form from inception to close." McBride is a very aggressive business seeking to break even financially within six months of being in operation this is key because they want to become profitable within a year of operating. McBride also has a goal of establishing themselves in five different states. Although these goals are aggressive they......

Words: 828 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Hius 308

...Brian Scarpaci Hius 308 Final Essay Essay Question Do you believe it is correct to describe an American way of war? If so, has it existed consistently throughout the period covered or has it evolved? If you say it has not existed throughout why not? Before I go into why or why not, it is best to describe the American Way of War? I must first get some definitions and history behind an American Way of War. First off There aren’t no authoritative listing that describe the Way of War.? But there are different perspectives on the American Way of War. One will define it as two major parts tactical way of battle and a strategic way of War. The tactical way of battle is an aggressive style were Us Military uses force to overwhelm the enemy forces, while using quick and decisive victories with minimal causalities. They are well trained in military that uses maneuvers, speed, flexibility, and the element of surprise, which relies upon fire-power and technology as their main. On the Strategic way of war, America seeks more of an independent strategic policy success. “ The strategic way of war also includes alternative national strategies such as deterrence and a war of limited aims.” (keravouri) Weigley who was the pioneer in the book American Way of War in 1973. Described it as “Consisted of a unique American methodology: One of attrition and annihilation.” (Weigley) Also Brian Mcallister Linn describes it one step further with the attrition and annihilation. In the book......

Words: 1587 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Changing Views of the Contribution of Popular Spanish Resistance to Victory in the Peninsular War

...Changing views of the contribution of popular Spanish resistance to victory in the Peninsular War. The guerrillas have been viewed in a variety of different ways in the historiographical record of the Peninsular War. Until relatively recently, according to Tone, “historians have paid them scant attention” putting the focus on, according to Esdaile “great men, great armies and great battles”. This essay will explore some aspects of the guerrillas that have been the subject of debate in the historiography, focussing first on exploring who the guerrillas were and what their impact was on the war. Tone, in a study of the English language historiography and that of France and Spain identified that there was a difference in the way each treated the guerrillas. He summarised that while the British ignored the guerrillas’ role, the French overplayed the role of the church and the Spanish tended to portray the popular resistance as comprising the whole of the population. It could be argued that this reduction of three historiographic traditions to just three simple ideas is an oversimplification, but there is some justification for at least one of these ideas. To illustrate, and explain the British view, Tone cites Napier’s 1882 history of the Peninsular War as discussing the guerrillas, or partidas (the name given to guerrilla bands by the Spanish themselves) in less than glowing language. Reading the rest of the Napier, it is true that there are very few mentions of the......

Words: 5570 - Pages: 23

Free Essay

Hazmat

...Chapter 23 Haz Mat Study Guide Hazard Types TRACEM: Thermal, Radiological, Asphyxiation, Chemical, Etiological/Biological, Mechanical. Thermal Hazards Elevated Temperature Materials: In a liquid phase at or above 212'F, Intentionally heated heated at or above its liquid phase flash point of 100'F, In a solid phase at or above 464'F.  Low Temperatures: Liquefied gases and cryogenic liquids (convert to liquids at or below -130'F) can freeze materials on contact. Radiological Hazards Types of Ionizing Radiation: Alpha (can be stopped by paper or skin), Beta (After traveling 20 feet, can be stopped by a layer of clothing or 0.08 inches of aluminum), Gamma (Can be stopped by 2 inches of lead, 2 feet of concrete, or several feet of earth), Neutron (More penetrating than gamma).  Types of Contamination: External, Internal, and Environmental. Asphyxiation Hazards Asphyxiants: Prevent the body from absorbing oxygen.  Simple Asphyxiants: Displace oxygen.  Chemical Asphyxiants: Prohibit the body from processing available oxygen. Chemical Hazards Poisons/Toxins: Cause injury at the site where they contact the body, Neurotoxins produce systemic effects in the nervous system.  Corrosives: Acids (pH less than 7), Bases (pH more than 8), can react violently when mixed with water.  Irritants: Cause temporary but sometimes sever inflammation.  Convulsants: Cause involuntary muscle contraction.  Carcinogens: PVC, Benzene, Asbestos, Arsenic, Nickel...

Words: 1455 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Army Aviation in Low Intensity Conflict

...Emergency the British used their helicopters primarily for casualty evacuation and later for airlifting troops. Question that looms ahead for the future, no matter what the outcome in Jammu and Kashmir, and North Eastern States, is how the army aviation succeeds against fierce insurgency in strategy and capabilities. The Taliban’s resurgence, tenacious resistance against NATO forces in Afghanistan, Al Qaeda’s ability to elude United States forces, and the trouble Israel has had in trying to subdue violence in tiny Southern Lebanon (Hezbollah) and tinier Gaza (Hamas) deepen concern that even world’s finest militaries have problems against any kind of insurgent movement. Historical Background. The history of the use of airpower against irregulars’ dates back to 9 March 1916, Francisco "Pancho" Villa raided Columbus, New Mexico, and killed 17 Americans. The government of United States ordered General John "Black Jack" Pershing to organise a force of 15,000 troops to pursue Villa into Mexico and "take him dead or alive." Six days...

Words: 9536 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Iw Africa

...Irregular Warfare in Somalia Introduction Irregular warfare can be defined as a violent struggle among state and non-state actors for legitimacy and influence over the relevant populations. Irregular military in this case refers to a substandard form of military recruitment that does not comply with national and international military guidelines. This means that the people recruited in the army are not qualified in terms of age and education. Some of them are children who are trained in hostile environments and taught to adopt and become terrorists. This is the case for Somalia. Somalia is an eastern African country that borders Kenya to the west, Ethiopia to the north and the Indian Ocean to the east. For the past few decades, the country has gained international attention due to the challenges of warfare facing the country. It has become a breeding zone for the Al-Shabaab community that is responsible for a number of attacks in neighboring and overseas countries (Le Sage, 2010). Being opposed to the leadership of the government, this group is responsible for perpetrating a variety of irregular warfare activities including terrorism and pirating. Irregular Warfare Activities As identified above, the major threats of the Al-Shabaab military group include terrorism and pirating.  Despite advancement in technology of the west, this group has been in the forefront in impacting the world with a sense of fear and horror. Whenever an attack occurs, people are anxious to know......

Words: 1018 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Somalia

...interest is the Al Shabaab organization, an Islamic extremist group attempting to overthrow the United Nations (UN) sanctioned Transitional Federal Government (TFG). According to the National Counter-Terrorism Center, the group has exerted temporary and, at times, sustained control over strategic locations in southern and central Somalia by recruiting, at times forcibly, regional sub-clans and their militias, using guerrilla asymmetrical warfare and terrorist tactics against the TFG of Somalia and its allies, African Union (AU) peacekeepers, and Nongovernmental aid Organizations (NGO). Traditional warfare should not be considered an option as the threat faced does not constitute a conventional war where military forces are attempting to achieve strategic objectives against a recognized state. Commensurate to the threat, an Islamic extremist organization, irregular warfare strategies and capabilities are ideal in neutralizing these threats. The U.S., in support of the AU, is uniquely positioned to provide support through irregular warfare capabilities implemented by U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM). Although the Al Shabaab organization could be categorized as aninsurgency, it may not necessarily be feasible to approach the threatwith a counterinsurgency strategy. The organization does not appearto have the support of the people as much as commanding obedience through fear. It is assessed a more viable approach through counter terrorism and foreign internal defense is......

Words: 1052 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Discussion About History

...I need this by Students are to read "Hybrid Warfare" and "An Irregular Warfare Strategy for Somalia" outlined below. Write a three- to four-page essay based on one of the following writing topics. The essay should includethe basic elements of a paper (introduction, body, and conclusion) and use proper sentence structure,punctuation, and grammar. -Use the Somalia conflict area where the U.S. may apply military force in conjunction with other means of national power to stabilize the nation or region and describe why it would be consideredas an Irregular Warfare environment. -Identify at least two Irregular Warfare activities and describe their application to the situation. -Identify the logical lines of operation associated with your topic and describe their effect in the overarching Irregular Warfare campaign. -Identify and describe your method for Interagency Cooperation with at least two other U.S. agencies, nongovernmental organizations, or international organizations who may participate in this campaign. -Describe specific application of keys to success to carry out this Irregular Warfare campaign. Formatting requirements: Title page Typed, double space with separate title page as outlined Minimum length: three typed pages (four pages maximum) Margins: one inch on all four sides Font: Courier New, point size 11 Page numbers, centered in the footer. (Note: Student essays should begin with page number 1 on the first page of the actual essay, not the......

Words: 304 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Kool

...As red blooded Americans people are inclined to view everything American as top of the line, and always having been that way. Whether it is the victory over the British in the American Revolution, or landing a man on the moon there is the sense that everything is encompassed by American lore. The humble beginnings of the American Military, the militia, do not avoid this. The militia has carried through time the status of being an effective first line of defense against any enemy faced during the early days of America. Upon broad speculation and based off results from history this lore would seem to be proven true. A more in depth look into the militia’s presence and actions during battles and wars reveals a much clearer view. Skirmishes the militia took part in included fighting against the Native Americans, in the Imperial Wars of Britain and France, against the British in the Revolutionary War and War of 1812, and finally the Mexican American War. These events coupled with the militia’s actions reveal much more truth to the myth of the militia than was seen before. Many militia actions show the militia as a force to be reckoned with and feared in some respects. Other actions show the militia as nothing short of a rag-tag group of undisciplined men whose continual goal was to fight, retreat, and drink. Members of the militia were required to supply their own weapons. Usually the men would show up in whatever they had, serving as a local defense or police force for......

Words: 1634 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Dulce Et Decorum Est: Analysis

...Dulce et Decorum Est by Wilfred Owen an Analysis The Work: Dulce et Decorum Est is a poem written during World War I by soldier and poet, Wilfred Owen. The poem is known for Owen’s graphic and realistic depiction of the horrible trench warfare of WWI. Owens paints a verbal picture of the scene, speaking in first person, and describes what’s going on to him and his fellow troop members. Important to mention is what the poems title means, it is latin for “It is sweet and right to die for one's country”. The phrase was commonly used during the WWI era, and thus would have resonated with Owen's readers in that time period (Poets.org). The poem starts out with Owen describing the troop of army men of which he is a member. He chronicles the men as been doubled over, “coughing like hags” as they “cursed through sludge”. He paints a grim picture of trench warfare that was so prevalent during WWI; describing the men trudging through the mud, saying “many had lost their boots but limped on”. In the next stanza comes utter panic as gas shells are dropped and hurled in troops direction. They rush to put on their helmets on and run to safety but by the end of the stanza Wilfred notices one of his comrades is in trouble, writing, “As under a green sea, I saw him drowning”. In the next two lines Owen uses powerful imagery talking about the helpless soldier. Saying, “In all my dreams, before my helpless sight, He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.” He truly gives you a......

Words: 908 - Pages: 4