Premium Essay

Is Management Within a Business Ethical?

In: Business and Management

Submitted By brittanyellis21
Words 2956
Pages 12
Is Management within a Business Ethical?
In this essay I am going to argue and focus on how management within businesses and corporations are frequently unethical nevertheless necessary. In Section One I am going to argue that the way in which management is exercised is to some extent designed to be unethical. Through the use of W D Ross and Immanuel Kant (1785) I am going to outline ethics and employ Roberts, J. (1984) and Milgram’s (1974) works to display how management can be seen as not ethical. In Section Two I aim to reveal that not only the exercise of management is dissolute but individual managers themselves operate unethically as well. To confirm this I am going to mainly refer to Knights, D and Roberts, J. (1982) and Morgan, G. (2006) to illustrate how managers can perform unethical acts. On the other hand in Section Three I am going to highlight the necessity for management within Businesses despite the fact that the structure of management and the managers themselves are unethical. To exemplify this I will use the work of Huczynski, A. (1993) to argue that management is essential in spite of being unethical it is still significant even in our day-to-day lives.
Section One: Management is Unethical In order to determine whether management within a business is ethical, an important question needs to be asked, what is ethical? W D Ross (1877-1971) a well recognized Philosopher for his work on deontological conveys his views on ethics. He is best known for “The Right and the Good” (1930) where he differentiates between what is right and good and argues that “moral obligations are intrinsically compelling whether or not they fulfill results in some greater good” - "Productivity of maximum good is not what makes all right actions
 right…"Basically even though the result may be superior the way in which it was executed may not be moral. Consequently should...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Managing Ethical Decision Making in the Workplace

...Managing Ethical Decision Making in the Workplace James E. Gleason BUS 275-H01 Calhoun Community College Abstract Business leaders struggle to balance the desire for profit and maximum shareholder return with corporate ethics and social responsibility. Unfortunately, short-term financial bottom line has taken the place of maintaining strong moral character in today’s business practices. In the United States alone, about two-thirds of the top corporations have been guilty of some type of corporate malfeasance. In the face of both damaging and publicly embarrassing litigation, business leaders now recognize the need for sound, straightforward ethics management programs in their companies that makes ethical business practices a top priority at all times. Top executives must lead by example and actively and willingly encourage ethical behavior in their peers as well as employees. The need for stronger ethics in business has prompted business schools to critically examine their business curricula and place greater teaching emphasis on ethics and social responsibility to ensure future generations of new business graduates enter the workforce with the highest moral standards....

Words: 2351 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Literature Review on Business Ethics

...It is recommended that more focus be placed on understanding the influence of strong ethical leadership within an organization and how this influence flows down the organizational structure. Once this flow of influence is understood, exploration is necessary to identify the best procedures for developing and sustaining strong influential leadership ethics within the organizational structure. Organizational Design & Business Ethics: A Literature Review: Outline 1) Title Page 2) Abstract 3) Introduction a) Introduction to business ethics and why it is important...

Words: 6417 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Business Ethics: the Role of Culture and Values for

...Research Quarterly Published by the Society for Human Resource Management Business Ethics: The Role of Culture and Values for an Ethical Workplace FOURTH QUARTER–2009 Whether in domestic or global companies, ultimately, the commitment to business ethics and the foundation is built through organizational culture, with ethical values reflected in the workplace. Business Ethics: The Role of Culture and Values for an Ethical Workplace Abstract An ethical workplace is established through an organization’s culture, values and leadership. To promote ethical behavior, human resource professionals, people managers and senior management need to be knowledgeable about business ethics—from leadership, codes of conduct and related legislation to compliance training, ethical decisionmaking, and cultural and generational differences around ethics. Transparency, fairness and communication are key for establishing and maintaining an ethical workplace. Introduction In the business world today, issues of trust, respect, fairness, equity and transparency are gaining more attention. Business ethics includes organizational values, guidelines and codes, legal compliance, risk management, and individual and group behavior within the workplace. Effective leadership, with open dialogue and thoughtful deliberation, develops the foundation of an ethical workplace, is woven into the fabric of the organizational culture and is mirrored in ethical decision-making....

Words: 5913 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

Behavioral Aspect of Accounting: the Need to Emphasize on Ethics

...The financial statements that serve the basis for the economic decision are drawn up, not by the users, but by the enterprise’s accountants under the authority and control of the enterprise’s management. Ideally the preparers should take as their objective the fulfillment, (to the best of their ability) of the users’ needs. However the preparers have their own objectives, which often are quite different from those of the users. The financial statements can play a very important role in helping the enterprise’s management to achieve its objective. If the accounts show that the enterprise is doing well, the shareholders will be happy also the market price of the company’s shares will remain high. Since the accounts are prepared under the direction of the management there is a temptation for the management not to present the full truth about the enterprise in the financial statements, particularly when the company is doing badly. The paper examines the behavioral aspect of accounting with emphasis on the need of ethics; the methodology used is purely content analysis, using secondary data. The study reveals that unethical behavior is less prevalence in the organization that has adopted corporate code of ethics....

Words: 7209 - Pages: 29

Premium Essay

Evaluating a Business Code of Ethics

...Evaluating a Business Code of Ethics Michelle Leonhardt University of Phoenix Ethics in Management PHL/323 Dr. John Rhome Evaluating a Business Code of Ethics Businesses in today’s society share a purpose, a vision, that relates philosophy and principles of ethics to better meet the needs of the organization and stakeholders, including customers, employees, shareholders, suppliers, and communities. Without professional ethics, businesses and its programs would not have the ability to be successful. This paper will examine Humana, its business code of ethics, and its mission statement that assists in organizational values and goals of the company. The type of ethical system used by Humana will be explored, along with examples that support this system and its attributes. In addition, how the code of ethics is identified and used within the company will be addressed as it pertains to employees, management, and its board of directors. Upon further evaluation, this paper will explore the need for modification, if any, to their existing code of ethics. Reactions to the code of ethics, its effects of organizational culture on the code of ethics, and its effects on the organization will be defined. Lastly, this paper will provide an analysis of Humana’s business code of ethics and how the analysis exhibits significant key concepts to maintain and promote ethical decision making and business success....

Words: 1796 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay


...Business Ethics is a concept that must be studied worldwide to determine what is appropriate across all cultures and societies. Ethics is mainly needed in matters that have to do with the gray areas in our lives. When moral decisions are black and white, knowing what we should do is easy. We may not live up to our convictions all the time, but often one may find that there is no question in his or her mind of what one ought to do. Though many people disagree about the definition of right and wrong all the time it has been significant to education and business practices to consider what the concept of ethical behavior actually entails. Business ethics is the written and unwritten rules, standards and policies that businesses deal and govern the actions that occur daily within the organization, the world and the interactions between the company and the customer. There are a variety of ethical issues that are apparent within various organizations today. These issues constitute the study surrounding ethics that helps businesses keep their organizations from falling through the cracks of unethical behavior that may have been or may be popular amongst certain groups in the business workforce. Among these ethical issues falls within the idea that specifically organizations that have a diverse workforce and how they have become the conflict of interest....

Words: 883 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Leadership & Organizational Behavior

...Leadership & Organizational Behavior An organization is simply made up of different elements (employees) with different functions (jobs) that all contribute to the whole function of the business (the company). The success of an organization is based upon how well the employees (the elements) come together to perform their functions. This paper will define Organizational Behavior, Organizational Culture, Diversity, Communication, Change Management, and Ethics, followed by a few examples of how they are applied in the work environment. Organizational Behavior is defined as “the study of humans and group behavior within an organizational settings” (BNET), Studying the behaviors of a an organization’s employee’s is vital to the success of an organization and entails regular analysis of their employees personalities, their relationships with one another, the productivity, performance, commitment, job satisfaction of their employees, and the intensity of organizational commitment and business relations. An organizations leadership influences organizational behavior, the management styles within the business and its corporate culture. The final outcomes are performance, individual satisfaction, and personal growth and development. All these elements combine to build the model or framework that the organization operates from....

Words: 1066 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Ethics During Change

...In this article, we will discuss ethics and their effects during a change implementation, most importantly, how they change with the ever-changing business environment. Despite the hundreds of pages in an organizations code of conduct manuals, ethics, and the ethical culture is something that is often over looked during a change implementation. With everything that is changing in the business environment, often ethics and morals is the last thing management and upper echelon management tends to overlook. When the business changes, everything changes, including the culture of the environment. In the event of an environmental culture change, workplace ethics will have to change along with it. Ethics and Change During the initial stages of change, there is always resistance to change. One perceived reason of resistance to change is the perceived clash with ethics. Management and front-line employees are both subject to this resistance. Research on obedience to authority reveals that resistance to change has motivational factors of individual desires to act in accordance to the already established ethical principles of the organizational culture. The perceived threat of advancements or security can also lead middle management to overlook such...

Words: 1307 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Developing an Ethical Business Enviroment

...Developing an Ethical Business Environment: A Report to Executive Management Introduction Ethics and business rules always go together. The fact that business policing is based upon the different measures of complete recognition of social norms and social limitations, ethics is indeed a large part of the ways by which business organizations try to strive to be able to become more effective within their operational engagements with regards their aim of being able to influence the society as well. It is indeed certain that the rules and regulation that a business puts up should be able to meet certain standards of social compromises. Any business organization could not afford to be questioned simply because of the fact that the business procedures that they are adapting to are not meeting the set standards for business organizations. (Kuhn, 2005, 12) To be able to have a clearer view of the matter being reported herein, it is first most importantly to be given attention to as to how management is indeed in relation with the actual application of ethical standards within the society. To be able to do this, there are three major points to consider....

Words: 3627 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Discuss Show Arab Culture Is Expected to Pose a Challange to Mtv

...The Sustainable Development Policy (page 10) and the Ethical Operating Plan (page 13) set out the need for business to develop in a more sustainable manner 3 . In managing and reporting on sustainability, activity is focused on the areas that are of greatest significance. The process for identifying those issues is complex and diverse, and, as set out in the diagram on page 12, subject to competing...

Words: 3868 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

How Personal Is Ethics?

...If organizational ethics are not clearly defined within an organization, then chaos can occur. Companies need to make sure that there is a set standard of ethics and codes of conduct to assure an organization remains consistent and compliant. For example, preferences of a high-level manager on the gender of the people of whom he/she would like to work with, a specific type of educational background, or a certain income bracket of a person can lead to discrimination and prejudices against employees within that company. Personal differences of one’s culture, race, or even their appearance or characteristics should not come into play when working at a company. Diversity of an organization is vitally important and if someone is bias to a person’s personal difference, then someone can be treated unfairly or overlooked when that said person may have valuable input and resources that could help a department or company. In the 2005 National Business Ethics Survey conducted by the Ethics Resource Center, they would that ethical culture has more impact on achieving an effective ethics and compliance program than program inputs and activities. Furthermore, the survey found that employees who perceive their managers, upper-level supervisors, and co-workers displaying Ethics Related Actions...

Words: 2610 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Business Ethics

...[Management control-related ethical issues and analysis] There are many dilemmas when making ethical decisions, often including the struggle between being selfish and doing 'what is right'. A culture will define the individual and group ethics within an organization. To control unethical behaviors and to set an ethical issue free environment within an organization, senior managers will need to have well developed ethical reasoning skills, managers need...

Words: 2445 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay


...Ethics: Why is it Essential in Management? Michael Perez Dr. Marie Harper MGMT 618 28 February 2016 Abstract Ethics is a subject that most people or companies tend to avoid due to the complications that tend to arise when it is brought up. Though ethics can be a sensitive subject it is very important in life, business and especially in management. Managerial ethics is something that companies say they have when it comes to how they do business but are there managers really ethical or are they just looking the other way when it comes to ethical issues that might arise within their company. Keywords: Ethics, Management Ethics: Why is it Essential in Management? When it comes to ethics in management it is essential for business to have, but most of the time it is just a way for businesses to check off the box saying “My business has ethical leaders”. This can be said for companies, branches of the military and people that hold a position over other people. As Marshall Schminke states in his book, Managerial Ethics Managing the Psychology of Morality, Ethics is not something that can be taken lightly due to the fact that it is something that holds great value when it comes to how people see a leader or manager. Though it may be hard for companies to say yes all of my managers are ethical it is something that is an ongoing process within companies (Schiminke, 2011)....

Words: 2664 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Reporting Practices

...Reporting and Ethical Practices HCS 405 June 24, 2014 Reporting and Ethical Practices Financial and accounting professionals must follow the ethical standards that regulate the type of business they conduct, who they conduct business with, and how they use their skills to conduct their business. These ethical standards are defined by professional finance organizations and the Financial Accounting Standards Board. This article will discuss reporting and ethical practices for any financial and accounting organization. It will include a summary of generally acceptable accounting principles and general financial ethical standards, as well as, summarize the four elements of financial management. This article will conclude by discussing researched articles on financial reporting practices, ethical standards, and financial management within the health care organization. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and Financial Ethical Standards According to "Business News Daily" (2014), “Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) is a combination of guidelines, comprehensive rules, and generally accepted standard practices utilized throughout the accounting industry to prepare and standardize financial statements, such as balance sheets, income statements, and cash flow statements” (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP): Standards & Rules for Accountants)....

Words: 984 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ethics Task 1 Wgu

...Effective Powers Of the five powers, the establishment of an ethical climate calls for much debate. However given the current climate of Paradigm Toys, that being one of coercive power; the use of referent power is likely going to be the most effective in changing ethical climates. The current climate of coercive power, is displayed through the employees being fearful of the loss of jobs if quota’s are not met- which often causes defective products to be produced. This defective product issue has been seen in a large number of recalls within the past three years. To combat this current ethical culture of ensuring quotas are met but failing to produce a quality product, developing a culture of referent power should be implemented. Referent power is a good tool to utilize to ensure the previous power structure- either coercive power or reward power gone wrong. “Referent power is sometimes thought of as charisma, charm, admiration, or appeal. Referent power comes from one person liking and respecting another, and strongly identifying with that person in some way” (Referent Power, 2014). Implementation of referent power will take time in that development of trust in management from employees will not be an easy task. Likely a change in management or significant leadership training would be most helpful to implement this type of power within Paradigm Toys....

Words: 3959 - Pages: 16