Free Essay

Islam and Science

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By jessievide
Words 1686
Pages 7
Islam and science
The road to renewal
THE sleep has been long and deep. In 2005 Harvard University produced more scientific papers than 17 Arabic-speaking countries combined. The world’s 1.6 billion Muslims have produced only two Nobel laureates in chemistry and physics. Both moved to the West: the only living one, the chemist Ahmed Hassan Zewail, is at the California Institute of Technology. By contrast Jews, outnumbered 100 to one by Muslims, have won 79. The 57 countries in the Organisation of the Islamic Conference spend a puny 0.81% of GDP on research and development, about a third of the world average. America, which has the world’s biggest science budget, spends 2.9%; Israel lavishes 4.4%.
Many blame Islam’s supposed innate hostility to science. Some universities seem keener on prayer than study. Quaid-i-Azam University in Islamabad, for example, has three mosques on campus, with a fourth planned, but no bookshop. Rote learning rather than critical thinking is the hallmark of higher education in many countries. The Saudi government supports books for Islamic schools such as “The Unchallengeable Miracles of the Qur’an: The Facts That Can’t Be Denied By Science” suggesting an inherent conflict between belief and reason.
Many universities are timid about courses that touch even tangentially on politics or look at religion from a non-devotional standpoint. Pervez Hoodbhoy, a renowned Pakistani nuclear scientist, introduced a course on science and world affairs, including Islam’s relationship with science, at the Lahore University of Management Sciences, one of the country’s most progressive universities. Students were keen, but Mr Hoodbhoy’s contract was not renewed when it ran out in December; for no proper reason, he says. (The university insists that the decision had nothing to do with the course content.)
But look more closely and two things are clear. A Muslim scientific awakening is under way. And the roots of scientific backwardness lie not with religious leaders, but with secular rulers, who are as stingy with cash as they are lavish with controls over independent thought.
The long view
The caricature of Islam’s endemic backwardness is easily dispelled. Between the eighth and the 13th centuries, while Europe stumbled through the dark ages, science thrived in Muslim lands. The Abbasid caliphs showered money on learning. The 11th century “Canon of Medicine” by Avicenna (pictured, with modern equipment he would have relished) was a standard medical text in Europe for hundreds of years. In the ninth century Muhammad al-Khwarizmi laid down the principles of algebra, a word derived from the name of his book, “Kitab al-Jabr”. Al-Hasan Ibn al-Haytham transformed the study of light and optics. Abu Raihan al-Biruni, a Persian, calculated the earth’s circumference to within 1%. And Muslim scholars did much to preserve the intellectual heritage of ancient Greece; centuries later it helped spark Europe’s scientific revolution.
Not only were science and Islam compatible, but religion could even spur scientific innovation. Accurately calculating the beginning of Ramadan (determined by the sighting of the new moon) motivated astronomers. The Hadith (the sayings of Muhammad) exhort believers to seek knowledge, “even as far as China”.
These scholars’ achievements are increasingly celebrated. Tens of thousands flocked to “1001 Inventions”, a touring exhibition about the golden age of Islamic science, in the Qatari capital, Doha, in the autumn. More importantly, however, rulers are realising the economic value of scientific research and have started to splurge accordingly. Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, which opened in 2009, has a $20 billion endowment that even rich American universities would envy.
Foreigners are already on their way there. Jean Fréchet, who heads research, is a French chemist tipped to win a Nobel prize. The Saudi newcomer boasts research collaborations with the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, and with Imperial College, London. The rulers of neighbouring Qatar are bumping up research spending from 0.8% to a planned 2.8% of GDP: depending on growth, that could reach $5 billion a year. Research spending in Turkey increased by over 10% each year between 2005 and 2010, by which year its cash outlays were twice Norway’s.
The tide of money is bearing a fleet of results. In the 2000 to 2009 period Turkey’s output of scientific papers rose from barely 5,000 to 22,000; with less cash, Iran’s went up 1,300, to nearly 15,000. Quantity does not imply quality, but the papers are getting better, too. Scientific journals, and not just the few based in the Islamic world, are citing these papers more frequently. A study in 2011 by Thomson Reuters, an information firm, shows that in the early 1990s other publishers cited scientific papers from Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Turkey (the most prolific Muslim countries) four times less often than the global average. By 2009 it was only half as often. In the category of best-regarded mathematics papers, Iran now performs well above average, with 1.7% of its papers among the most-cited 1%, with Egypt and Saudi Arabia also doing well. Turkey scores highly on engineering.
Science and technology-related subjects, with their clear practical benefits, do best. Engineering dominates, with agricultural sciences not far behind. Medicine and chemistry are also popular. Value for money matters. Fazeel Mehmood Khan, who recently returned to Pakistan after doing a PhD in Germany on astrophysics and now works at the Government College University in Lahore, was told by his university’s vice-chancellor to stop chasing wild ideas (black holes, in his case) and do something useful.
Science is even crossing the region’s deepest divide. In 2000 SESAME, an international physics laboratory with the Middle East’s first particle accelerator, was set up in Jordan. It is modelled on CERN, Europe’s particle-physics laboratory, which was created to bring together scientists from wartime foes. At SESAME Israeli boffins work with colleagues from places such as Iran and the Palestinian territories.

By the book
Science of the kind practised at SESAME throws up few challenges to Muslim doctrine (and in many cases is so abstruse that religious censors would struggle to understand it). But biology—especially with an evolutionary angle—is different. Many Muslims are troubled by the notion that humans share a common ancestor with apes. Research published in 2008 by Salman Hameed of Hampshire College in Massachusetts, a Pakistani astronomer who now studies Muslim attitudes to science, found that fewer than 20% in Indonesia, Malaysia or Pakistan believed in Darwin’s theories. In Egypt it was just 8%.
Yasir Qadhi, an American chemical engineer turned cleric (who has studied in both the United States and Saudi Arabia), wrestled with this issue at a London conference on Islam and evolution this month. He had no objection to applying evolutionary theory to other lifeforms. But he insisted that Adam and Eve did not have parents and did not evolve from other species. Any alternative argument is “scripturally indefensible,” he said. Some, especially in the diaspora, conflate human evolution with atheism: rejecting it becomes a defining part of being a Muslim. (Some Christians take a similar approach to the Bible.)
Though such disbelief may be couched in religious terms, culture and politics play a bigger role, says Mr Hameed. Poor school education in many countries leaves minds open to misapprehension. A growing Islamic creationist movement is at work too. A controversial Turkish preacher who goes by the name of Harun Yahya is in the forefront. His website spews pamphlets and books decrying Darwin. Unlike his American counterparts, however, he concedes that the universe is billions of years old (not 6,000 years).
But the barrier is not insuperable. Plenty of Muslim biologists have managed to reconcile their faith and their work. Fatimah Jackson, a biological anthropologist who converted to Islam, quotes Theodosius Dobzhansky, one of the founders of genetics, saying that “nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution”. Science describes how things change; Islam, in a larger sense, explains why, she says.
Others take a similar line. “The Koran is not a science textbook,” says Rana Dajani, a Jordanian molecular biologist. “It provides people with guidelines as to how they should live their lives.” Interpretations of it, she argues, can evolve with new scientific discoveries. Koranic verses about the creation of man, for example, can now be read as providing support for evolution.
Other parts of the life sciences, often tricky for Christians, have proved unproblematic for Muslims. In America researchers wanting to use embryonic stem cells (which, as their name suggests, must be taken from human embryos, usually spares left over from fertility treatments) have had to battle pro-life Christian conservatives and a federal ban on funding for their field. But according to Islam, the soul does not enter the fetus until between 40 and 120 days after conception—so scientists at the Royan Institute in Iran are able to carry out stem-cell research without attracting censure.
But the kind of freedom that science demands is still rare in the Muslim world. With the rise of political Islam, including dogmatic Salafists who espouse a radical version of Islam, in such important countries as Egypt, some fear that it could be eroded further still. Others, however, remain hopeful. Muhammad Morsi, Egypt’s president, is a former professor of engineering at Zagazig University, near Cairo. He has a PhD in materials science from the University of Southern California (his dissertation was entitled “High-Temperature Electrical Conductivity and Defect Structure of Donor-Doped Al2O{-3}”). He has promised that his government will spend more on research.
Released from the restrictive control of the former regimes, scientists in Arab countries see a chance for progress. Scientists in Tunisia say they are already seeing promising reforms in the way university posts are filled. People are being elected, rather than appointed by the regime. The political storms shaking the Middle East could promote not only democracy, but revive scientific freethinking, too.

Blame doesn’t lie with scientific backwardness of religious leaders, but with stingy secular rulers that are lavish with controls over independent thought – blame not on the religion, but the political leaders

Similar Documents

Premium Essay


...| | |INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA | |COURSE OUTLINE | |Kulliyyah |Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences | |Department |Political Science | |Programme |Bachelor of Human Sciences (Political Science) | |Course Title |Introduction to Political Science | |Course Code |PSCI 1010 | |Status |Core Course | |Level |1 ...

Words: 1248 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...HANDOUT 13 Internet Resources Muslim Contributions to Civilization: Past and Present I. Islam and Science A. (Article) Science and Civilization in Islam (Seyyed Hossein Nasr) B. Overview of Islamic Culture and the Medical Arts (National Library of Medicine Exhibit) C. Resource page of Islam SET (Science, Environment and Technology) ( i. History of Islamic Science ii. History of Muslim Pharmacology D. History of Islamic Biomedicine (links to many articles on this topic, including chronology of Muslim civilization) E. Numbers II. Environment A. Islam and the Environment, theory and practice (Dr. Mawil Izzi Dien) B. (Article) Islam and Ecology III. History and Civilization A. History of Islamic Civilization - and Pg. 1 HANDOUT 13 B. Influence of Islamic Culture on Western......

Words: 1486 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...Rifat Bin Sayed Md. Bellal Hossain Raju Md Mehedi hasan. Afifa Farzana Md.Jahidujjaman Rehana Akter Khadija Begum Abdullah-Al-Mamun Md Ibrahim howladar. Nazmul Hasan Ahmed Tanveer Zaman Nurul Alam Md. asif Adnan Khan Eshat Bintay Kamal Zinat Ferdous Md. Shariful Alam Abdullah Al Masud Emon Intekhab Bin yousuf Sadia Islam Sadia Afrin Jumur Mohsena Afroz Md Saidul Islam Md.Wasiul Islam Asma Ahmed Md. Abdul Ali Md. Rasel Hossain Sumaiya Taharim Muntasir Rashid Khan Md. Shohag Ali TUHINA JAHAN Md. Rakibul Islam Md.Sajadul Islam Md.Belal Hossain Md. Abdur Rahim Murad Muhammad Zasim Uddin Md. Saddam Hossain Sahida Bin Farzana Fahmida Majib Md. Masum Billah Shawkat Ali Md. Santu Howlader Ahad Miah Md.Tajul Islam Shakhawat Hossen Md. Al Amin Md. Azmal Hossain Raihana Tarannum Moury Md. Imran Hossain Jannatul Ferdaus Khadiza Begum Ferdous Ahmmed Sakhawat Hossain Chowdhury Musgfequr Rahman Md. Mamun Sarker Shahana Afroz Surovi Md. Nazurl Islam Abdullah-Al-Noman Bengir Akter Kabita Farhana Zaman Umme Farzanan Jannat Jahangirnagar University Bangladesh University of Business & Technology Jagannath University Stamford University, Bangladesh University of Information Technology & Sciences Jagannath University Eastern...

Words: 751 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Project

...Does Islam promote the use of technology? Today’s materialistic approach to scientific advancements has definitely granted somewhat physical comfort to a man, but the mental and spiritual comfort is still lacking. Islam advocates the incorporation of knowledge about the religion and the scientific learning to the fullest and its use to the benefit of the mankind as well. On theoretical account, the ideology of Islam is a generic view of the universe and life. Therefore, a Muslim is required to gather the knowledge about the religion and the world both. In the time of ignorance Islam was the only religion which took the world out of the darkness and the misery. Islam brought the intellect amongst the Muslims within a few years’ time which made them more civilized and polished in their daily life activities. Those people acquire the knowledge from Islam and understood the fact that cognition is important for the benefit of mankind. They practically applied it to such a level that they exceeded all other nations in progress and growth and stayed at the top for many centuries. The history of Islam is enriched with ingenious examples of science and culture. When Europe was no way near development, the Muslims were taking giant steps in the fields like astronomy, architecture, geography, literature, mathematics, medicine, physics and documentation of history. Many new systems were inherited to medieval Europe from Muslims, such as algebra, numerals with the zero vital......

Words: 790 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ancient Islam

...Ancient Islam Islam is the proper name of a religion. Islam is truly a universal religion. There may be 6 to 8 million Muslims in North America, over 30 million Muslims in Western Europe and 50 to 60 million live in different parts of the Republics that were once a part of Soviet Union. Significant Muslim minorities live in the Far East and in Eastern Europe. Islam exist in countries like Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Turkey, Tunisia, Morocco, Algeria, Indonesia, Malaysia, Sudan, Lebanon, etc. Mohammad was the man who Allah sent to do the teachings of Islam to mankind. (Just like Jesus) He was born in Mecca, a city on the Arabian Peninsula, in 571 A.D. He was an orphan. His father died before his birth and his mother died when he was six. His grandfather raised him till he was nine. When his grandfather passed away, his uncle raised him. He did not have an education. As he grew up he worked as a shepherd and as a trader in the caravans. At age 25 a rich widow, Khadija, hired him to manage her business and trade. The young man’s brains, hard work, and honesty impressed Khadija. They grew to like each other’s qualities and got married. Mohammad was married to Khadija for twenty-six years and they had five children. Later, Khadija would be the first person to accept Islam, and she is the best example of a faithful and devoted wife in Islamic history. The society at that time was full with polygamy, sensuality...

Words: 565 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...topically – such as the “historiography of Catholicism,” the “historiography of early Islam,” or the “historiography of China" – as well as specific approaches such as political history and social history. Beginning in the nineteenth century, at the ascent of academic history, a corpus of historiography literature developed. Furay and Salevouris (1988) define historiography as "the study of the way history has been and is written — the history of historical writing... When you study 'historiography' you do not study the events of the past directly, but the changing interpretations of those events in the works of individual historians." Questions studied Some of the common questions of historiography are: 1. Reliability of the sources used, in terms of authorship, credibility of the author, and the authenticity or corruption of the text. (See also source criticism). 2. Historiographical tradition or framework. Every historian uses one (or more) historiographical traditions, for example Marxist, Annales School, "total history", or political history. The historiography of early Islam refers to the study of the early origins of Islam based on a critical analysis, evaluation, and examination of authentic primary source materials and the organization of these sources into a narrative timeline. History of Muslim historians Science of biography, science of hadith, and Isnad Further information: Science of hadith,  Prophetic biography, and Biographical evaluation Muslim......

Words: 985 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...& computer science A STUDEY ON “EMPLOYER EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP: AN ANALYTICAL STUDY AT JAMMU & KASHMIR BANK, SRINAGAR” A Project Report Submitted in Partial fulfillment For the award of Degree of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BY SHIEKH RUMAISA ISLAM QAZAMI ENROLLMENT NO: - MBA12/023 Under The Guidance of SOURABH MUNJAL Assistant Professor NIMS Institute of Management & Computer Sciences NIMS University, Shobha Nagar, Jaipur 303 001 Rajasthan INDIA. NIMS INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT AND COMPUTER SCIENCES Jaipur – 303 121 RAJASTHAN BONAFIDE & FORWARDING CERTIFICATE It is certified that the SHIEKH RUMAISA ISLAM QAZAMI D/O Mr. SHIEKH AB GANI is a bonafide student of this institute with enrolment number MBA12/023. Based on the written consent of the faculty guide SAURABH MUNJAL (Assistant Prof.) we are forwarding his project report titled “EMPLOYEE EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP AT J&K BANK CO. SRINAGAR AN ANALYTICAL STUDY” for further evaluation to The Controller of Examinations NIMS University, Jaipur Rajasthan. Dr. Sudhinder Singh Chowhan ------------------------------------------------- Vice-Principal Certified that this dissertation is approved in quality and form Chairman External Examination Committee External Examiner-I External Examiner-II NIMS INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT AND COMPUTER......

Words: 746 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Ignorance Is Bliss

...does the merits or accomplishments of those cultures. History has shown that the Islamic culture and Arab world is anything but ignorant. The quest for a new Islamic world began in the early 7th century and was a militarily and societal effort to spread the religion and culture of Islam. Invading Islamic armies found once powerful, but now depleted and war weary empires ripe for the sacking; utilizing both land and sea assaults to conquer port and city targets. Within 100 years of the fall of Mecca, Islam had spread across much of the Middle East, North Africa and Spain, sparking the Golden Age of Islam. Islamic society in newly conquered lands was advanced by creating city centers that helped build a sense of community for its citizens. Mosques were built and used as social, economic, and educational gathering places. Also functioning as governmental and administrative faculties, mosques literally served all aspects of daily life. This virtually insured the religion influenced all who interacted within the mosque community. Later, teaching colleges called Madrasas were attached to the mosques in order to teach the Qur’an as well as other disciplines, including mathematics and the sciences. Between the mosque’s central role in community and the acceptance of “any and all comers”, citizens found easy access to a new religion that did not deny Christianity or Judaism, but was a continuation of those faiths with an introduction to Mohammad and the “five pillars”. ......

Words: 510 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...Ashley Castle World Religions D040 April 26, 2016 Extra Credit Islam and Sikhism are basically different religions that reflect different beliefs about God. These differences reflect fundamentally different views on the nature of the relationship between God and the individual, as well as differing practices of worship. Both religions have a long tradition and followers all over the world. They share some similarities as well. Islam means “complete surrender to the trusting God” and Sikh, from the Sanskrit or Hindi word “Shishya” means disciple. These two religions have a founder that connected with god and were told to teach others about him and to be their leaders. The founder of Islam is Muhammad, which means the worthy of praise. At the age of forty, Muhammad experienced something strange, while he was meditating in a cave outside of mecca, on Mount Hira when an angle named Gabriel (jibril) appeared to him and delivered a special message from Allah, which means the God. He recited Qur’an to his people of mecca and the people started to believe that Muhammad was a prophet. Fundamental authority is the Qur’an and most emphasis is placed on the basic five pillars and all of Islam is based on the principle of mercy, and those who expect mercy from God must be merciful themselves. Islam preaches the divine presence of God or Allah in daily life. By prying regularly, they believed that Muslims can come to better understand the nature of God and partake in his divinity. ......

Words: 1015 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...CURRICULUM VITAE MD. RABIUL ISLAM (Razu) |Contact Address | MD.RABIUL ISLAM (RAZU) C/O:Md.Khatar Ali House:7/1,Road:6/A, 2nd Floor(East side), Mohammadpur Housing Society, Mohammadpur, Dhaka 1207 Contact Number: 01739607144 E-mail: |Career Objective | To tender dedicated effort to get things done and to learn. To serve an esteemed organization with utmost sincerity that offers challenges to accomplish missions to achieve set goals and thus to create scope of propelling ahead with optimum precision to fabricate a career as a successful professional. |Academic Profile | Bsc in Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering (ETE) University: Daffodil International University (DIU) Field: Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering (ETE) Result: 3.00 Passing Years: 2011 4-years Diploma in Computer Engineering Field: Computer Passing Years: 2007 Institute: National science Research & Technology College, Rajshahi Board: Bangladesh Technical Education Board, Dhaka Result: GPA-3.17 (out of...

Words: 613 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Healthcare Provider and Faith Diversity

...Draft Michelle L. Murphy GCU: Spirituality in Healthcare March 16, 2014 Rev. Rick Hudock Abstract As heath care providers we need to keep mindful of the care we provide to several different religious traditions. It is up to the health care professional to respect and understand the ideals that affect our patients and their family members. In this paper we will compare the philosophies of three diverse faiths. The faiths chosen are Islam, Christian Science and Buddhism, and how they compare to Christianity. We will learn about basic beliefs, spiritual perspectives on healing, and the components of healing such as meditation, prayer and other rituals they follow. Furthermore, addressing the importance and perceptive of how to care for a patient with a different faith and cultural view. In the field of nursing we are in constant contact with patients of several different faiths. This requires an abundance of knowledge and acceptance towards multiple beliefs and religions. The philosophies of Christian Science, Buddhism and Islam compared to Christianity have significantly diverse beliefs surrounding health, illness, death and healing. From a spiritual perspective we will learn about each of these faiths. We will place focus on their beliefs on healing, meditation, rituals, prayer and their views on afterlife. We as healthcare providers need to know what is viewed with importance in their faith in order to treat the patient with respect and dignity. Buddhism is......

Words: 1541 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Islam vs the West

...To Understand Islam and how it is being practiced and envisioned in the East and the West, we must know Prophet Muhammad’s personality and his beliefs. The foundation of his message was the belief in the unity the only one God. “And there is none that could be comparable unto Him” (Quran QXP 112:4). The West is an established civilization with a hierarchy of government that the majority of citizens trust to represent their ideas and wishes. However, the Muslim nations are not democratic, and most, if not all, are authoritarian and not representative of Islam. For this reason and among others, teaching’s of Islam is practiced differently in different countries and cultures, especially the in the East vs the West. We must also consider culture and how it influences the practice of laws of Islam. For example, women wear different forms of burka in different regions of the world, such as the one in Saudi Arabia, and this by itself represents repression of women to the eyes of others and thought of as strict laws of Islam. In fact, the burka has been worn 1000’s year before Islam was founded. Therefore, culture and politics has be separated from the practice of Islam in order to understand the true meaning of the religion. One of the main factors that adds to having a different image of Islam is that many do not understand the differences and similarities between Islam, Christianity, and Judaism. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are monotheistic religions and they all started and...

Words: 870 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Origin of Islam

...Introduction:-From the viewpoint of the application of the particular branch of law upon the person, laws may be either territorial or personal. A personal law is that branch of civil law which applies upon the person of the particular religious community. Thus the Mohammedan Law applies upon the Muslims. Muslim Law in India means “that portion of Islamic Civil Law which is applied to Muslims as a personal Law”. It consist of the injunctions of Quran, of the traditional introduced by the ‘practice’ of the Prophet ,of the common opinion of the jurist ,of the analogical deduction of these three,and of the pre –Islamic custom not abrogated by the Prophet Mohammed. Further, it has been supplemented by the juristic preference, precedents Quran the foundation of Mohummedan Law:- Muslim Law is the founded upon ‘Al-Quran (The word “Quran”, derived from the verb “Qara”(together to read) signified properly reading) which is believed by the musalmans to have existed from eternity, subsisting in the very essence of God. The Prophet Mohammad himself that it was revealed to him by the angel “Gabriel” in various portions and at different times.Its texts are held by Muslims to be decisive as being the word of God (Kalam allah),transmitted to man through the Prophet. Besides inculcating religious and theology, the ‘Quran’ contain also passage which applicable to jurisprudence, which form the principal basis of the ‘sharia’. The Quran is, Al-furqan, i.e., one showing truth......

Words: 1723 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay


...major reason behind this backwardness of Pakistan is the dual educational system. Until today, we can not even decide that what kind of education is better for our children. The question is either we should go under religious educational policies or the abstract educational policies (including the knowledge about science and arts)? If we adopt religious education system then we have to face the different educational limitations by different religions. While if we go for the side of the river mean to say if we adopt abstract education still there is a confusion of choosing between English or Urdu medium schooling for our children. In our country 90% people belong to the Islam, a religion which was arisen by giving education and knowledge to Adam. At every step of our religious and social lives, Islam tells or you can say orders us to realize the importance of education. In the very first versus taught to Muhammad (P.B.U.H) in Quran was related to the importance of education stated as “read in the name of the Lord who created the human from a clot of blood and the lord who is very much kind who taught the knowledge with a pen and gave the human what he don’t know”. In Islam and Quran there is huge emphasis on education. More over the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) said that education is the lost heritage of human. And today...

Words: 840 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Religion: The Puppeteer of Lives (Revised) The belief in a supreme being and an afterlife has been a part of human nature for a long time. No matter what religion someone follows, people live and conform to a set of rules, morals, and standards that has come from religion. Religion has paved a way in mankind on how human beings treat each other. But why do people do it? Why do people choose to believe in religion when there is no significant evidence a supreme being even exist and science can discredit the idea of religion? In the novel Cat’s Cradle by Kurt Vonnegut, he demonstrates how religion is futile and that it is all lies. In Cat’s Cradle, most of the characters including the main character Jonah follow the fictional religion Bokononism. The concept of Bokononism is that it is all lies or in Bokonist terms a foma, the harmless truth. The purpose of Bokonoism is to “Live by the foma that make you brave and kind and healthy and happy"(Vonnegut). In other words, live a lie that will give you a happy life. The message that Kurt Vonnegut is saying in Cat’s Cradle is that despite religion being false, it has brought people hope, comfort, and good will. Although I somewhat agree with Vonnegut saying religion has brought people together even with its fallacies, religion has also brought a lot of chaos in the world. Religion has caused wars, deaths in the millions, discrimination, and intolerance. The purpose of religion is to follow the word of God and to remain......

Words: 1114 - Pages: 5