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Islam

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By Laniseam40
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Pages 10
World Religion-Islam
Lanise A. Middleton
HUM/130
12/07/2014
Marc Rhoades

What is Islam? The word Islam comes from an Arabic root word meaning, “Peace and Submission”. The religion instills that one will discover peace by submitting to Allah totally with all your heart. Islam is the 2nd largest religion in the world. There are over 1.6 billion followers. Islam is a monotheistic faith along with Christianity and Judaism. Followers of Islam are called Muslims. And as followers of Islam, Muslims have basic beliefs that they believe in: Faith in unity of Allah (God) Faith in Angels Faith in Prophets Faith in the books of Revelation Faith in the afterlife Faith in destiny
Faith and good deeds go hand in Islam. Belief in Allah makes obedience a duty. Everything in life has to be an act of worship. This is known as the Five Pillars of Islam. The first pillar is the Testimony of Faith or Shahaadah. This is believing and professing God’s unity. There is no god but God Muhammad is the messenger of God. Second, is Prayer (Salat). A daily ritual of praying five times per day. This is done to strengthen belief in God, purify the heart, comfort the soul, encourage the good and get rid of the evil in a person, and develop the mind. Next, Almsgiving (Zakat). This is known as charity. At the end of the year Muslims must donate a small portion of their wealth to needy Muslims. The fourth pillar is known as fasting (Sawm). Frequent fasting is recommended, however the mandatory fast is during the month of Ramadan. This commemorates the first revelations of the Qur’an to Muhammad. The last pillar is The Pilgrimage (Hajj). This must be done by every Muslim once in his or her lifetime, depending on if they can afford it. The pilgrimage starts on the 7th or 8th day of the last month of the Islamic calendar and ends on the 12th day. Kaaba is the shrine that is in Mecca and...

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