Premium Essay

It Is Said That Many Companies Are over Managed and Under Led. Define Leadership and Explain What the Path-Goal Theory of Leadership Is. Identify the Four Leadership Styles of Path-Goal Theory and Explain When They Are Most Appropriately Used.

In: Business and Management

Submitted By sloanne
Words 1328
Pages 6
In this era of socialism, most people do not like to be over-controlled and over- managed. They tend to have higher free will and thinking, work and etc. Leaders will have different leadership styles to manage and lead their employees which are identified by the path–goal theory of leadership. This is why the attitude and the behavior of a leader will influence his/her subordinates on achieving their goals and objectives.
Leadership is mostly defined as a process of leading or influencing a group of people or an organization to achieve their goals. According to Yukl, ‘it is obvious that a person can be a leader without becoming a manager, and a person can be a manager without leading’. In my opinion, a leader has long-term of view which inspires and motivates his/her subordinates and work together to achieve their vision, mission, goals and objectives. And, a manager is a problem solver of the status quo which focuses on productivity and efficiency. Hence, they are different from each other.
Path-goal theory is related to leadership. It is a specific theory which is based on leadership styles or behaviour. Path-goal theory states on how leaders achieve high level of performance, influence own and their employees satisfaction and performance to achieve the performance and organisation’s goal. This is by clearing and clarifying the path, increasing the number of rewards that is available for them. Additionally, a leader can also change and regulate his/her leadership style of behaviour to the employees and task behaviours so that they will have the motivation to achieve the goals.
In other hand, the path goal theory identifies four types of leadership styles which are Directive, Supportive, Participative and Achievement-oriented. These leadership styles are based on two factors in the leadership behaviour which is initiating structure and consideration....

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Theory of Leadership Style

...TERM PAPER ON Theory of Leadership Style Submitted To Md. Sahidur Rahman Associate Professor, Department of Management Studies University of Chittagong Submitted by Session: 2005-2006 Department of Management Studies University of Chittagong 07 June, 2011 University of Chittagong Letter of submission Date: 07 June, 2011 Mr. Md. Sahidur Rahman Associate Professor, Department of Management Studies University of Chittagong. Subject: Prayer for obliging the ‘TERM PAPER’. Sir, With due respect, beg to focus your kind attention with the following fact that as biased requirement of the BBA Programmed. I had studied many feature, journal, research material, reports, and professional papers to collect the information regarding Theories of Leadership. And I have tried my best to build and maintain follower ship by earning the respect of those they lead. I hope that you will accept my TERM PAPER considering its distinctiveness. Yours truly, ………………… Department of Management Studies University of Chittagong Acknowledgement At first I want to give thanks to the Almighty Allah who is our creator and has given us life to live on the earth. That’s why, I like to pray to Him and want His blessings to lead our life properly. The Term paper could not have been prepared without the generous......

Words: 13423 - Pages: 54

Premium Essay

Management

...Subject: Management Concepts and Organizational Behaviour Subject: Management Concepts and Organizational Behaviour ------------------------------------------------- Subject Code: MC-101 Author: Dr. Karam Pal ------------------------------------------------- Lesson No: 01 Vetter: Prof. Harbhajan Bansal ------------------------------------------------- Subject Code: MC-101 Author: Dr. Karam Pal ------------------------------------------------- Lesson No: 01 Vetter: Prof. Harbhajan Bansal INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT Objective: The objectives of this lesson are to enable to define management; to describe the nature and scope of management; to know the difference between management and administration; to understand various levels of management; and to describe the various skills that are necessary for successful managers. Lesson Structure: 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Definition of Management 1.3 Characteristics of Management 1.4 Management Functions/ the Process of Management 1.5 N ature of Management 1.6 Management Vs. Administration 1.7 Levels of Management 1.8 Managerial Skills 1.9 The Manager and his job 1.10 Principles of Management 1.11 Significance of Management 1.12 Summary 1.13 Self Assessment Questions 1.14 Suggested Readings 1.1 INTRODUCTION A business develops in course of time with complexities. With increasing complexities managing the business has become a......

Words: 50220 - Pages: 201

Premium Essay

Change Management

...Page 1. Change Management ………………………….……….……….. 1 2. Leadership ………………………………………...……….……. 52 3. Inter Group Behavior and Conflict ……………….………….… 124 4. Power and Organizational Politics...……………….……….…… 161 Table and Figure Contents 1. Acronym Tropics Test …………….……………………………... 7 2. Self-esteem, Performance and Stress …………………………….. 16 3. Self-esteem, Performance and Change ……………………….….. 16 4. Stability Zones …………………..……………………………….. 18 5. The Coping Cycle ……………..…………………………………. 21 6. Quality Management …………………………………………….. 26 7. Forces of Change ………………………………………. ..……... 32 8. Kinds of Organizational Change …………………………....……. 37 9. Dealing with Resistance to Change ……….………….……..…… 41 10. Methods of Overcoming Resistance to Change …………………. 43 11. Comparison Between Leadership and Management …………….. 57 12. Three Leadership Patterns, their Location in the Organization and Their Skill Requirements ……………………………….…… 61 13. Hersy and Blanchard’s Situational Leadership Model: Defining Maturity and Four Leadership Styles…………….…..… 65 14. Relationships in the LPC Contingency Mode ……………………. 69 15. Casual Relationship for Supportive Leadership on Subordinate Effort ……………………………………………………………... 74 16. Casual Relationship of Effects of Directive Leadership Behaviour on Subordinate Effort ……………………………………………. 76 17. Path-Goal of Leadership ………………………………………….. 77 18. Application of the Path-goal Model to Six Situations...……..…… 78 19. Specific......

Words: 69999 - Pages: 280

Premium Essay

Organizational Behaviour Resumé

...the organization’s thinking and actions. - Dimensions: Prosocial, Market, Financial, Achievement, Artistic - They define: * What metters: where people will spend time and energy * Actions: the way companies operate (decision-making criteria) Layers of Organizational Culture: 1) ESPOUSED VALUES (Core values and guiding principles) - Strategies, plans, philosophies, company regulation, working method, company’s goal - They require everyone to obey ENACTED VALUES Values and norms that are actually exhibited or converted into employee behavior) 2) OBSERVABLE ARTIFACTS Dress, acronyms, awards, myths, stories, ceremonies, ways of communicating 3) BASIC ASSUMPTIONS Actions inconceivable in a certain culture (unsafe behavior, refusal to learn languages,…) Outcomes associated with Culture: * Attitudes and Behaviors * Job Satisfaction * Commitment * Intentions to stay in the company * Quality of communication Four Functions of Organizational Culture: Establish who the company is and what it stands for, to drive energy around that is really important to promote social system stability and to shape behavior by helping members make sense of their surroundings. Understanding Organizational Culture: Sustainability and Values: - Sustainability is not just about conserving resources for future generations; there are many elements to sustainability which are laden in values where no amount of conservation or cleaner production will......

Words: 12766 - Pages: 52

Premium Essay

Organizational Behaviour

... CONTENTS xvii Dedicated to My Parents Shri Gopalrao and Gayabai Kondalkar This page intentionally left blank Preface Globalisation, technology advancement, open market system and desire of human beings to excel in the field one works has increased competitiveness and resultant work stress. Management of human behaviour and chanalizing it into correct direction has become important. Application of motivational theories, art of leadership and skill of redesigning jobs and modification to organisational structure is an on going process that facilitates positive work environment leading to increased job satisfaction of employees, greater productivity and organizational growth. Due to scientific advancement managing human resources is more challenging. It has been observed that everybody wants to catch up with next higher strata of life style. Social obligations have increased and so has increased the purchasing power, thanks to financial institutions who are doing a tremendous business of financing individuals. This situation has led to designing an appropriate situational model of managing human behaviour in varying conditions. There is no specific model for...

Words: 149242 - Pages: 597

Premium Essay

Management

...………………………………………………………... 9 5 Managerial Levels and Skills ……………………………………………………………… 11 6 Management Ideas: Yesterday and Today ………………………………………………... 14 7 Classical View of Management (Scientific and Bureaucratic)……………………………… 16 8 Administrative View of Management ……………………………………………………. 19 9 Behavioral Theories of Management 20 10 Quantitative, Contemporary and Emerging Views of Management 23 11 System’s View of Management and Organization 25 12 Analyzing Organizational Environment and Understanding Organizational Culture …….. 29 13 21st Century Management Trends………………………………………………………… 32 14 Understanding Global Environment: WTO and SAARC ………………………………… 36 15 Decision Making and Decision Taking …………………………………………………… 39 16 Rational Decision Making ………………………………………………………………... 41 17 Nature and Types of Managerial Decisions ……………………………………………… 43 18 Non Rational Decision Making ………………………………………………………….. 45 19 Group Decision Making and Creativity ………………………………………………….. 47 20 Planning and Decision Aids-I …………………………………………………………… 50 21 Planning and Decision Aids-II …………………………………………………………… 53 22 Planning: Functions & Benefits ………………………………………………………….. 56 23 Planning Process and Goals Levels ……………………………………………………… 59 24 Management by Objective (MBO) ………………………………………………………. 62 25 Levels of Strategies, Porter’s Model and Strategy Development (BCG) & Implementation.. 68 26 Entrepreneurship Management ………………………………………………………….. 73 27 Organizing......

Words: 51623 - Pages: 207

Premium Essay

Ldr 531 Final Exam Prep

...LDR/531 isn’t available until Sep. 03 and has 30 questions. LDR 531 FINAL EXAM PREP 1) Mintzberg concluded that managers perform 10 different, highly interrelated roles. Which of the following is one of the broad categories into which these roles might be grouped? A) intrapersonal B) institutional C) decisional D) affective E) reflective 2) Over the past two decades, business schools have added required courses on people skills to many of their curricula. Why have they done this? A. Managers no longer need technical skills in subjects such as economics and accounting to succeed. B. Managers need to understand human behavior if they are to be effective. C. These skills enable managers to effectively lead human resources departments. D. A manager with good interpersonal skills can help create a pleasant workplace 3) Which of the following is best defined as a consciously coordinated social unit, composed of two or more people, which functions on a relatively continuous basis to achieve a common goal or set of goals? A. Party B. Unit C. Community D. Organization 4) Which of the following is not one of the four primary management functions? A) controlling  B) planning  C) staffing  D) organizing  E) leading 5) Determining how tasks are to be grouped is part of which management function? A. Leading B. Planning C. Controlling D. Organizing E. Contemplating 6) Which of the following is least likely to be considered a manager? A. A lieutenant leading an infantry...

Words: 96939 - Pages: 388

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Seventh Edition Stephen P. Robbins 1996 Contents Part One • Introduction Chapter 1 What Is Organizational Behavior? 2 Chapter 2 Responding to Global and Cultural Diversity 42 Part Two • The Individual Chapter 3 Foundations of Individual Behavior 80 Chapter 4 Perception and Individual Decision Making 130 Chapter 5 Values, Attitudes, and Job Satisfaction 172 Chapter 6 Basic Motivation Concepts 210 Chapter 7 Motivation: From Concepts to Applications 250 Part Three • The Group Chapter 8 Foundations of Group Behavior 292 Chapter 9 Understanding Work Teams 344 Chapter 10 Communication 374 Chapter 11 Leadership 410 Chapter 12 Power and Politics 460 Chapter 13 Conflict, Negotiation, and Intergroup Behavior 502 Part Four - The Organization System Chapter 14 Foundations of Organization Structure 548 Chapter 15 Technology, Work Design, and Stress 588 Chapter 16 Human Resource Policies and Practices 634 Chapter 17 Organizational Culture 678 Part Five - Organizational Dynamics Chapter 18 Organizational Change and Development 714 CHAPTER I • WHAT IS ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR? What Managers Do Let’s begin by briefly defining the terms manager and the place where managers work—the organization. Then let’s look at the manager’s job; specifically, what do managers do? Managers get things done through other people. They make decisions, allocate resources, and direct the activities of others to attain goals. Managers do their work in an organization. This is a consciously......

Words: 146017 - Pages: 585

Premium Essay

Entrepreneur

...ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR Lesson 1 OVERVIEW OF COURSE This subject/course is designed to teach the basic language of organizational behavior to diverse audience/students, including those who are studying this as a supporting subject for their bachelor degree program. This course is designed to provide you the foundations of organizational behavior whether you intend to work in any field of interest. Organizational behavior offers both challenges and opportunities for managers. It recognizes differences and helps managers to see the value of workforce diversity and practices that may need to be changed when managing in different countries. It can help improve quality and employee productivity by showing managers how to empower their people as well as how to design and implement change programs. It offers specific insights to improve a manager’s people skills. In times of rapid and ongoing change, faced by most managers today, OB can help managers cope in a world of “temporariness” and learn ways to stimulate innovation. Finally, OB can offer managers guidance in creating an ethically healthy work climate. Managers need to develop their interpersonal or people skills if they are going to be effective in their jobs. Organizational behavior (OB) is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within an organization, and then applies that knowledge to make organizations work more effectively. Specifically, OB focuses on how......

Words: 81220 - Pages: 325

Premium Essay

Here

...ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR MBA 1.2 ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR SYLLABUS UNIT 1 Introduction to Organisational Behaviour, Meaning; Elements; Need; Approaches; Models; Global scenario. UNIT 2 Individual Behaviour; Personality; Learning; Attitudes; Perception; Motivation; Ability; Their relevant organizational behaviour. UNIT 3 Group dynamics; Group norms; Group cohesiveness; Group Behance to organizational behaviour. UNIT 4 Leadership Styles; Qualities; Organisational communication; Meaning importance, process, barriers; Methods to reduce barriers; Principle of effective communication. UNIT 5 Stress; Meaning; Types; Sources; Consequences; Management of stress. Power and Politics; Definition; Types of Powers; Sources; Characteristics; Effective use of Power. UNIT 6 Organisational Dynamics; Organisational design; Organisational effectiveness; Meaning, approaches; Organisational culture; Meaning, significance; Organisational Climate; Implications on organizational behaviour. Organisational Change; Meaning; Nature; Causes of change; Resistance of change; Management of change; Organisational development; Meaning; OD Interventions. REFERENCE BOOKS 1. Fred Luthans, Organisational Behaviour, McGraw Hill Book Co., 1995. 2. Stephen P. Bobbins, Organisational Behaviour, Prentice Hall, 1997. 3. Keith Davis, Human Behaviour at Wor/c,.-M.cGraw Hill Book Co., 1991. 4. Gregory Moorehead and R.S. Griffin,......

Words: 54737 - Pages: 219

Premium Essay

Gms Chapter 2 Textbook (I Take No Credit)

...that is so successful its name has become a common verb. The firm's origins trace to the day when Larry Pageand SergeySrin met as students at Stanford University in California. Their conversationsled to collaboration on a searchengine they called SackRub. It became so popular on campus that they kept refining and expanding the service as they worked in Larry's dormitory room. Google Inc. began with a goal of bringing order and transparency to the information available on the Internet. Even though it hasn't stopped running, or growing, since, the goal endures. The firm's mission is: "To organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful." And if you want to talk about success, take a look at Google'scorporate information and follow its new initiatives in the news. What is the Google difference? How did it gain such runaway popularity? The answers start with a commitment to performance excellence Courtesy Google Inc. based on solid foundations of speed, accuracy, and ease of use. These have been the guiding performance criteria from the beginning, the basis for generating user appeal and competitive advantage for Google's products in the marketplace. Google'sbelief in people also sets it apart. Recently ranked #1 on Fortune magazine's list of best workplaces, the firm gets over 2,000 job applications per day. It runs with an informal culture and small-company feel, reminiscent of a college campus. BusinessWeek says that CEO Eric Schmidt and founders......

Words: 13834 - Pages: 56

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...Publishing Company 1 Copyright © 2006 by DELTA PUBLISHING COMPANY P.O. Box 5332, Los Alamitos, CA 90721-5332 All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1 An Introduction to Organizational Behavior CHAPTER 2 Managing People and Organizations CHAPTER 3 Motivation CHAPTER 4 Work-Related Attitudes CHAPTER 5 Organizational Communication and Power CHAPTER 6 Groups and Teams in Organizations CHAPTER 7 Leadership CHAPTER 8 Prosocial Behavior, Cooperation Conflict, and Stress CHAPTER 9 Making Decisions in Organizations CHAPTER 10 Culture, Creativity, and Innovation CHAPTER 11 Designing Effective Organizations CHAPTER 12 Managing Organizational Change and Development GLOSSARY 3 CHAPTER 1 AN INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR LEARNING OBJECTIVES After reading this chapter you will be able to: • Define organizational behavior. • Trace the historical roots of organizational behavior. • Discuss the emergence of contemporary organizational behavior, including its precursors, the Hawthorne studies, and the human relations movement. • Describe contemporary organizational behavior—its characteristics, concepts, and importance. • Identify and discuss contextual perspectives on organizational behavior. What is an organization? An organization is defined as a collection of people who work together to achieve a wide variety of goals.......

Words: 93481 - Pages: 374

Premium Essay

Management

...Publishing Company 1 Copyright © 2006 by DELTA PUBLISHING COMPANY P.O. Box 5332, Los Alamitos, CA 90721-5332 All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1 An Introduction to Organizational Behavior CHAPTER 2 Managing People and Organizations CHAPTER 3 Motivation CHAPTER 4 Work-Related Attitudes CHAPTER 5 Organizational Communication and Power CHAPTER 6 Groups and Teams in Organizations CHAPTER 7 Leadership CHAPTER 8 Prosocial Behavior, Cooperation Conflict, and Stress CHAPTER 9 Making Decisions in Organizations CHAPTER 10 Culture, Creativity, and Innovation CHAPTER 11 Designing Effective Organizations CHAPTER 12 Managing Organizational Change and Development GLOSSARY 3 CHAPTER 1 AN INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR LEARNING OBJECTIVES After reading this chapter you will be able to: • Define organizational behavior. • Trace the historical roots of organizational behavior. • Discuss the emergence of contemporary organizational behavior, including its precursors, the Hawthorne studies, and the human relations movement. • Describe contemporary organizational behavior—its characteristics, concepts, and importance. • Identify and discuss contextual perspectives on organizational behavior. What is an organization? An organization is defined as a collection of people who work together to achieve a wide variety of goals.......

Words: 93481 - Pages: 374

Premium Essay

Principal & Practice of Management

...continuing activity and wish to enhance their knowledge in an existing discipline or acquire proficiency in a new area are sure to benefit from the offered Programs. Distance Education is an attempt to make education accessible beyond the close confines of a classroom and to make it available to those who aspire and endeavor. The pedagogy used is interactive with cutting-edge techniques and innovation. This has gone long way to strengthen skills and expertise students to meet much-needed requirement of management students; in industry or society. The Institute pioneered and offers more than 40 programs in the field of Management, Computer, Six Sigma and SAP Training certification courses. We emphasis on imparting education to various genres of the society, right from Students to Professionals and Housewives to Businessmen. At IIBM we deal in keeping this flow up and building the management education in a way that is relevant, contextual and motivating the managers from all sectors i.e. corporate and non-corporate. We continue to strive for excellence by utilizing technology to create a regional community of learners and providing leadership in developing a model educational program for the new millennium. SYLLABUS Principles and Practices of Management ( IIBM...

Words: 125380 - Pages: 502

Premium Essay

Change Management

...................... 8 Implications af Kurt Lewin Model....................................................................... 12 Some Basic Concepts and Definitions ................................................................. 15 Transactional Vs. Transformational Leadership .................................................. 18 Theories of Change in Organisations................................................................... 21 Life Cycle Theory ................................................................................................ 22 Teleological Theories of Change ......................................................................... 25 Dialectical Theories of Change............................................................................ 27 A Dialectical Approach to Organisational Strategy and Planning ....................... 29 Limitation of Dialectics; DA and DI.................................................................... 31 Theories of Change in Organisations................................................................... 33 Application of Evolutionary Theory .................................................................... 35 Further Application of Evolutionary Theories..................................................... 36 Greiner’s Model of Organisational Evolution and Revolution...

Words: 62404 - Pages: 250