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It May Not Work in Politics

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Politics of Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
Janell Fogle
Strayer University U.S. Government
Professor Stallo
11/15/2015

Politics of Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
Introduction
Civil Rights Events that Influence Social Responsibility in American People Today In the American history, several Civil liberties events have played an indispensable role in shaping the approach of Americans to social responsibility. For instance, the signing of executive order 9981 by President Truman in 1948 was critical in eliminating discrimination among Americans (Carson, 2013). The executive order declared equity of treatment among all persons working in the department of defense. Indeed, this was a milestone in getting rid of the discrimination that was rampant among the armed forces personnel. Before, the signing of the order, only African American served in the American military frontlines. This act was highly criticized by people of African-American descent as it was an apparent show of discrimination based on color and race (Carson, 2013). However, the signing of the executive order brought about equity by eliminating discrimination of the armed officers depending on their color and race. To date, the signing of the executive order has been fundamental to eliminating discrimination and bringing about equity among Americans. Secondly, the second amendment of 1968 was crucial in enhancing the freedom of speech among the American people (Jackson, 2009). Freedom of press encompasses the right of individual to express themselves through both electronic and print media. Although the government may influence the free speech of individuals, their right of expression is protected under the constitution. The government may change a class of information that can disclose to the public. For instance, sensitive information that may compromise the security of the nation may be kept secret from disclosure to the public domain (Jackson, 1969). Indeed, this core responsibility of the government is to ensure that security of the citizens and their properties is not compromised. Further, freedom of the press has enabled the American people to understand and interpret well government policies. Freedom of the press allows citizens to analyze the pros and cons of the systems (Jackson, 2009). It will enable them sieve and adopt only beneficial government policies and criticize nonbeneficial one. Finally, freedom of the press has been pivotal in encouraging democracy in the nation. The media accomplishes this role by educating citizens on their civil rights such as right to vote. . Further, freedom of the press has provided individuals with a platform of criticizing modern government policies. The watchdog role of the press is towards enables the government only to adopt policies that are beneficial to the citizens. For instance, the news role in condemning corruption and embezzlement of public funds has been fundamental in ensuring that tax collected from citizens well spent (Jackson, 2009)
Media Events that have influenced Public opinion on government agency Several media events have taken place that has changed public opinion on the government agencies. For instance, the media coverage of the war in Iraq in 2003-2008 shaped the public opinion regarding the Treasury. Several ways First, the media helped change the misconception of the citizens regarding using their money to support military operations in Iraq. Initially, the majority of the Americans had the opinion that taxpayers’ money was being wasted in sponsoring military operations in Iraq (Graber, 2013). However, after a critical analysis of the war by the American media, public opinion changed with the majority of the citizens being convinced that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction that were threatening global security. According to the research that was done by Pew Research Company in 2003, the majority of the Americans opposed President Bush decision to go to war. During that time, most of the Americans were not sure why America had to go to war. In fact, 78% of the Americans opposed to the war (Graber, 2013). However, in 2008, after an extensive coverage by the media 54% of Americans supported the idea of taking to American troops to war in Iraq (Graber, 2013).The media helped Americans realize that their funds were being well utilized as security was paramount for USA prosperity Secondly, the media coverage of the refugees has enabled the public to change their opinion on immigration. Today, the public holds a definite view on refugees. For instance, in 2011 a report by s of 2011 holds that 57% of Americans believe that immigrants strengthen the society rather than burden it (Graber, 2013). On the contrary to the report of 2010 which indicated that over 65% of the Americans were against immigration. Citing that immigrants were a threat to their jobs and put unnecessary pressure on the health care (Graber, 2013). However, after an intense campaign against this perception by the media most of the Americans believe that immigrants bring about diversity in the American culture and their talents are of economic value to the nation.
Differences between Democrats and Republicans Fundamentally, there are several differences between republican and democratic parties that may have an ethical impact on the American people. First, on taxation, Democrats believe that tax cuts should favor the middle and low-income households (Bailey, 2008). However, they hold that high taxes should impose on the rich individuals and corporations. Besides, the Democrats hold that American foreign-based companies should be taxed, and foreign gain remitted the country to assist in providing vital services such as security and quality health care. On the other hand, the Republicans believe tax cuts short should impose on all individuals and corporations. For instance, under W. Bush a tax relief of 35% on individuals and was introduced, additionally, incentives to businesses were accorded to all corporations (Bailey, 2008). Ethically, imposing high taxes on individuals may result in illegal acts such as tax evasion. Therefore, the Democratic Party policy of imposing high taxes on the wealthy and business corporation may impact negatively on the moral obligation of rich Americans and corporations in payment of taxes. Further, subjecting American foreign-based firms to taxation will hurt the organization's financial positions as this will amount to double taxation. The situation may lead to the closure of the company thus affecting the welfare of the people (Bailey, 2008). Nevertheless, imposing different taxes for the different income level of individuals will result in wealth distribution among individuals thus encouraging equity in the nation. On the other hand, the policy of the Republican of imposing tax cuts across all income levels may ethically impact the American people in several ways. First, imposing tax cuts across all level of income earners will lead to a reduction in revenue collected. They imply that they the governments has some projects may be constrained by funds. Secondly, reducing tax cuts across all income earners will lead to unequal income distribution. Consequently, this will increase the gap between the rich and the poor. However, Republicans believe that by reducing taxes imposed on corporations, will help grow the economy. Republicans, believe that by imposing tax cuts for the corporations then companies will have greater opportunity to grow as profits after tax will increase (Bailey, 2008). Consequently, this will enable the business to hire more employees. All of this is ethical as it helps improve the living standards of citizens. Further, by imposing tax reduction Republicans believe that disposable income at the hands of the citizens will grow. They will have several positive impacts on the individuals. For instance, their spending will increase thus improve the welfare of the local communities. Besides, their saving will increase leading to wealth creation. Finally, the democrats and the republicans hold dissimilar ideas regarding labor and free trade. Republicans oppose an increase in minimum wage. Republicans argue that by increasing the minimum wage, then the cost of production will increase leading to high cost of life for the Americans. On the other hand, Democrats hold that minimum wages should increase the order to increase the income disposal of the citizens. Besides, Democrats favor restrictions on trade (Bailey, 2008). The aim of protecting American jobs. However, Republicans advocate for free trade to lower the cost of products hence increase business profits. Besides, Republicans hold that low prices of products will lead to reduced cost of living for the Americans.
References
Bailey, T. (2008). Democrats vs. Republicans. New York: Meredith Press.
Carson, C. (2013). Reporting civil rights. New York: Library of America.
Graber, D. (2013). THE COMMUNICATIONS MEDIA AND PUBLIC OPINION. Public Opinion Quarterly, 39(3), 418-420. Doi:10.1093/poq/39.3.418
Jackson, M. (2009). The Civil Rights Movement and Social Change. American Behavioral Scientist, 12(4), 8-17. Doi: 10.1177/000276426901200403

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