Premium Essay

Jainism Religion

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By asaysay
Words 1673
Pages 7
Jainism Religion

Augustine Saysay
Prof. Lewis Wilkerson
Religion 212
March 21, 2014
Strayer University

Jainism Region:
For the purpose of the paper, I will first begin by defining what do we mean by religion, which is the belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power especially a personal God or gods. With this in mind, I decided to write my paper on the religion called Jainism; which was established in reaction to the believes and teachings of the Orthodox Brahmanism.

Founder of Jainism( Guru)

Dating back to the 6th century B.C.E. in India, the religion derives its name from the Jonas (“conquerors”), a title given to twenty four great teachers (tirhankaras or “Ford-makers”). Through whom their faith was revealed. Mahavira, the last of the tirhankaras, is considered the founder of Jainism. The ultimate goal of Jainism is the liberation of the self (jiva) from rebirth, which attained through the elimination of accumulated karma (the consequences of the previous actions). This occurs through both disciplined cultivation of knowledge and control of bodily passions. When the passions have been utterly conquered and all karma has been removed, one Becomes a Jana (“conqueror”), and is no longer subject to rebirth. Jainism conceives of a multi- layered universe containing both heaven and hells. Movements through these levels of the universe requires adherence to the Jainism doctrines emphasizing a peaceful and discipline life. These principles includes non- violence in all part of life (verbal, physical, and mental), speaking truth,…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Contemporary Issues in the Jainism Religion

...Contemporary Issues in the Jainism Religion REL/133 December 13, 2012 Contemporary Issues in the Jainism Religion “The Jain emblem represents many important concepts to show the path to enlightenment by following the basic principles of Ahimsa (non-violence), Triratana (right belief, right knowledge and right conduct) and helping others” (Srehta, 2011). The outlined region of the image embodies the universe as termed in scriptures of Jainism. There are three realms listed as Loks. The top part reveals Urdhava Lok (heaven), the interior section specifies Madhya Lok (material world) and the lower portion indicates Adho Lok (hell). The semi-circular upper most area symbolizes Siddhas hila, a zone far beyond the three realms. The Siddhas (liberated bodiless souls) reside on this forever, liberated from the cycle of life and death. The three dots on the top symbolizes Triratana (right belief), Samyak Gyan (right knowledge), & Samyak Charitra (right conduct). Creatures in this world can become free from the cycle of life and death; basically liberation is an achievement at this point in symbolism. This sends the message stating it is necessary to have Triratana to attain Moksha. In the top portion, four arms of Swastika, symbolizes the four Gati (destiny): Narak (demon), Triyanch (animal), Manushya (human) and Dev (angel). It represents the perpetual nature of the universe in the Madhya Lok (material world), where a creatures destiny is one of those states based on......

Words: 2187 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Jainism

...JAINISM 2 Abstract This paper will explore the Jain religion both past and present. Jainism, also known as Jain Dharma, which is one of the most ancient religions in the world still existing today, was traditionally developed in ancient India in the 6th century B.C. . The paper goes on to describe the history of Jainism, the life of its founder, Mahavira, and the beliefs and philosophical tenets of Jainism. This paper will also go on to describe the deities of Jainism and also the importance of their places of worship. This paper will explore several articles on the Jain religion and how it has changed over time. Keywords: Jina, Tirthankaras, Ahisma, Mahavira, Shvetambara, Digambara JAINISM 3 Jainism The word Jainism is derived from Jina, meaning victor or conqueror. The universal message of Jainism is that of non-violence. There is no creator or God in this religion. It all started with Mahavira who was born around 599 BCE. He decided to abandon his well known life and take a not so traveled path of an ascetic life. He gave away his possessions, and embarked on a new journey. He endured vigorous discipline, including bodily and......

Words: 2161 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Comparisons and Contrast of Jainism and Daoism

...Comparisons and Contrast of Jainism and Daoism Both Jainism and Daoism (Taoism) have ancient roots going back a few thousand years. Statues and yogic seals found in the Indus Valley show that Jainism was practiced by civilizations as far back as around 2500 BCE, while Daoism appears to have originated around 2000 years ago. Although Jainism is older by about 4500 years both have continued to have to be practiced by numerous followers seeking a level of enlightenment. Although having over 6 million followers little has been known about Jainism outside of India. This may be due in part to there being no written scriptures in regards to this religion for a large part of its history. Rather the teachers of Jain would orally spread their knowledge whilst wandering the land. While Jainism was more or less “contained” in India, Daoism teachings are widespread throughout the world. Unlike Jainism, Daoism is a philosophical teaching and not a religion. This may help explain why so many people around the world choose to follow it as an escape from the “industrial rat race.” Yet when compared side to side, it is easier to understand how one would choose to follow Daoism over Jainism. To say that Jainism is strict is an understatement. To follow Jainism successfully one would have to adhere to teachings such as the teachings of Mahivira, the man credited with giving Jainism the form that is practiced today. These teachings include the three jewels: Right belief, Right knowledge,...

Words: 575 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

A Framework for Jainism

...and Comparing Jainism Jacoven M. Staton Grand Canyon University INT 43 April 20, 2009 A Framework for Understanding and Comparing Jainism Jainism was the first religion that was formed from Hinduism. Jainism bares some similarities to Hinduism it eventually managed to become a religion all of its own. This reformation movement turned independent religion was based upon the teachings of its founder Mahavira. With the lessons taught by Mahavira and my interpretation of his lessons I was able to create the following framework for understanding and comparing of Jainism. What Does It Mean To Be Human? In Jainism the soul is thought of as uncreated and eternal, and is capable of obtaining a perfect divinity. Followers of Jainism should gain liberation from the continuous cycle of rebirth, by not stirring up any bad karma, particularly any bad karma stemmed from causing harm to any and all conscious beings. What Is the Basic Human Problem? The basic human problem as seen by the followers of Jainism is finding a way of finally stopping the continuous wheel of reincarnation. In short, how does one impede this circle of endless lives and come to an end so that they can live? What Is the Cause Of the Problem? The cause of the basic human problem is the continuous wheel of reincarnation, viewed by followers of Jainism, is the karma that they create. What Is the End or Goal of Transformation? The goal of transformation for the followers of Jainism is......

Words: 557 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Comparing Two Religions

...Comparison of Two Religions Amanda Sutton Prof. Josiah Harry World Religions There are many different religions today all over the world. Particularly in India there are several religions that have impacted India and other areas deeply. There are two religions that originated and populated in India that has several similarities and also has their individualities. Buddhism and Jainism are two different religions that also share some common values and practices. JAINISM BEGAN Jainism began in India during the sixth century. (Ajmera, 2008)Many signs of Jainism have been traced back to the Indus Valley civilization; just as well as many other Indian religious traditions have developed also. Jainism is a religion of non-violence in its entirety. It is an ascetic religion, therefore is practiced in its fullest by monks and nuns. Although Jainism was believed to be created before, Jainism was taught and delivered from its main teacher Mahavira, The Great Hero. Mahavira, was the prince of a Kshatriya clan that renounced his responsibilities to wander off and seek his spiritual being. Mahavira achieved liberation and perfection after extensive and extreme meditation, fasting, and silence. After this liberation Mahavira was able to lead many followers to help deliver the message of these spiritual practices. JAINISM RELIGIOUS PRACTICES Jains believe that the world has no beginning and no end, no creator nor a destroyer. They also believe that they are the ones to decide......

Words: 885 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Comparison of Jainism and Hinduism

...Comparison of Jainism and Hinduism REL212 – World Religions July 28, 2013 Comparison of Jainism and Hinduism The two religions that we are comparing are going to be Jainism and Hinduism. The origin of Jainism is India which was formed in 550 BCE (Gunn). It is one of the oldest religions in the world and is taught by Tirthankaras which are also known as Jina. The origin of Hinduism is also India. It has no founders and the earliest forms date to 1500 BC or earlier. Three of Jainism foundational spiritual beliefs are non-violence (ahimsa), non-absolutism (anekanta), and non-possession (apraigraha). The first foundational spiritual belief is the principle of non-violence, which is strong in Jain teachings. It embraces the well-being of all animals that are visible and invisible. According to Akaranga Sutra, IV: Lesson 1, it says: one should not injure, subjugate, enslave, torture or kill any animal, living being, organism or sentient being (Fisher). The second, non-absolutism, is another principle in Jainism that encourages avoiding anger and judgment. A person has to remain open-minded by remembering that any issue can be seen from many angles, all partially true (Fisher). Last but not least, non-possession is a principle that teaches to let go of things and people. It states that acquiring material things possess us by driving our emotions. The more a person is attached to worldly things the more they are likely to commit sin to obtain that possession......

Words: 932 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

History Final 1

...3) Compare Jainism, Hinduism and Buddhism. How were these religions influenced by India's social structure? Although there are similarities to Jainism, Hinduism, and Buddhism, they are more different than they are alike. The three most popular religions in India in the early 5th century B.C.E., and arguably still very popular in the region today, all have ties to the early Brahmanic religion that they were formed from and in some cases attempted to separate themselves from 1. Starting with Jainism, is a religion that was at its roots was an attempt to establish a new religion that went against or separated itself from the original Brahmanic religion. It came to life similar to the way Buddhism did by way of a person leaving their comfy life in search of religious freedom and investigation. One of the biggest points that Jainism established was that everything in the universe has a soul, even inanimate objects such as rocks and furniture have souls and that everything should be respected in that respect. Many of the earlier followers took such extremes that they did not eat anything, being that would destroy a life, and starved themselves to death. All of this was off of a premise called Karma. In summary, Karma is the fact that every action has a reaction, be that negative or positive depending on the person’s actions. In comparison, Jainism is not a huge religion such as Buddhism and Hinduism but still has a few million followers today and even was influential in the......

Words: 702 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Modern World

...Before Jainism evolved all of India was Hindu. India was divided into several independent City States ruled by “Kings who ruled over these Democratic independent City States” (Shah 101). Although Kings were political rulers, court priest ruled over the religious and spiritual decisions of the City States. These priests were called “Brahmin priest”. “These Brahmin priest conducted animal sacrifices for their kings so that the latter could gain entry to heaven, beget a son, get a kingdom, or a bridegroom for their daughters. The sacrifices were for God or for the Gods of rain, water, or fire, and etc” (Shah 101). The result of the Brahmin priest animal sacrifices created Jainism and even Buddhism to develop in India. The births of these two religions created a revolt against the Brahmin tradition of killing any living soul. Initially the Brahmins ignored the uprising of Jainism and Buddhism but it quickly begun taking an interest in India. “Jainism spread first predominately to the south and then northward to come to Gujarata on the west coast, which is the main center of Jainism today” (Shah, 101). Jainism is a “religion that has developed over 2500 years ago in India around the 6th century BCE This is about 500 years before Jesus Christ and about 1100 years before the prophet Muhammad and Islam” (Shah 100). The birth place of Jainism was in a State in Eastern India called “Magadha”. “Jainism started by Lord Mahavira (Maha = great, Vira= a warrior), the founder of Jainism......

Words: 711 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Jainism

...JAINISM:- Jainism traditionally known as Jaina dharma,[1] is an Indian religion that prescribes a path of non-violence towards all living beings and emphasises spiritual independence and equality between all forms of life. Practitioners believe that non-violence and self-control are the means by which they can obtain liberation. Currently, Jainism is divided into two major sects —Digambara and Śvētāmbara. The word Jainism is derived from a Sanskrit verb Jin which means to conquer. It refers to a battle with the passions and bodily pleasures that the jaina ascetics undertake. Those who win this battle are termed as Jina (conqueror). The term Jaina is therefore used to refer to laymen and ascetics of this tradition alike. Jainism is one of the oldest religions in the world.[2] Jains traditionally trace their history through a succession of twenty-four propagators of their faith known as tirthankara with Ādinātha as the first tirthankara and Mahāvīra as the last of the current era. For long periods of time Jainism was the state religion of Indian kingdoms and widely adopted in the Indian subcontinent. The religion has been in decline since the 8th century CE due to the growth, and oppression by the followers, of Hinduism and Islam.[3][4] LITERATURE:- The tradition talks about a body of scriptures preached by all the tirthankara of Jainism. These scriptures were contained in fourteen parts and were known as Purva. It was memorized and passed on through the ages, but became......

Words: 968 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Karma Thesis Paper

...Karma is the belief that the sum of a person's actions in this and previous states of existence, viewed as deciding their fate in future existences; basically, it is an effect, the cause being the actions of a person. In Buddhism, karma is viewed as a moral principal. In Jainism, karma is viewed as a way of moving up or down in status. Being prevalent in both Jainism and Buddhism, karma’s role in Jainism is a way to make life better mentally and spiritually, therefore, is considered more important in Jainism. First, I’d like to discuss karma in Buddhism and why it has a significance. Buddhism, like Jainism, recognizes inequalities in mankind. Being a religion and a way of life, they feel there is a way to explain these inequalities and that it is not purely accidental; karma being one of those explanations. The other three reason Buddhism gives for these inequalities are heredity, environment, and “nature and nurture.” Karma in the Pali term means action or doing. Any kind of intentional act is regarded as karma as intentional means there has to be thought put into it. Karma can be either good or bad, depending on the action taken by the person. If the action is unintentional or involuntary, then there is no karma present. The whole idea of karma is that a choice, whether good or bad, is being made, causing a reaction. Being good and making good choices will lead you to be happy while being bad and making bad choices will lead you to be unhappy. ("Basic Buddhism: The......

Words: 633 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Jains/Buddhaism

...REL 212 Comparison of Two Religions Karen Fulton November 4, 2013 Prof. William Denning REL 212 REL 212 Comparison of Two Religions Karen Fulton November 4, 2013 Prof. William Denning REL 212 Jainism and Buddhism Jainism is one of the oldest of the oldest religions known today. Its origins lie in the county of India. The origin can be traced back to the Indus River Valley civilization of 3000 B.C. Jains believe that there were twenty-four great teachers called Tirthankaras-people who attained all knowledge and preached it to the people. Approximately 2600 years ago Lord Mahavir or Vardhaman (599 to 527 BC), the last of the Tirthankar expounded the Jain philosophy. In essence Jainism addresses the true nature of reality. Jains believe in reincarnation, their souls, which are believed to be a unique substance in the universe, take different living forms in the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth. Jains believe in the philosophy of karma, reincarnation of worldly soul, hell and heaven as a punishment or reward for one’s deeds, and liberation of the self-form life’s misery of birth and death in a way similar to the Hindu and Buddhist beliefs. Jains belief has Hinduism historical roots, but many differences between the two Indian religions. Another belief is the universe and everything in it is eternal and nothing that exist now was ever created nor will it be destroyed , and there are three realms , the heavens, the earth, and hell. They also say humans can......

Words: 954 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

A Brief Look Into Jainism and Judaism

...Running head: A Brief Look into Jainism and Judaism A Brief Look into Jainism and Judaism Tammy Chace Strayer University REL212 Dr. Travien L. Capers July 31, 2013 A Brief Look into Jainism and Judaism While studying different religions I became fascinated with Jainism and I have always been interested in Judaism. In this paper we will take a look at the basic origin of each religion and several of their foundational spiritual beliefs. We will then look at a few spiritual practices of each religion. We will look at an example of how each religion is practiced today. Jainism Jainism dates backs to the 6th century B.C.E. in India. The religion derives its name from the jinas, meaning conquerors, a title given to twenty-four great teachers , through whom their faith was revealed. Mahavira, the last of the tirthankaras, is considered the founder of Jainism. The ultimate goal of Jainism is the liberation of one’s self from rebirth, which is attained through the elimination of accumulated karma. This occurs through both the disciplined cultivation of knowledge and control of bodily passions. When the passions have been utterly conquered and all karma has been removed, one becomes a Jina, or “conqueror", and is no longer subject to rebirth. Jainism conceives of a multi-layered universe containing both heavens and hells. Movement through these levels of the universe requires adherence to the Jainism doctrines emphasizing a peaceful and disciplined life. These......

Words: 2528 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Jainism and Aboriginal Spirituality

...Jainism is an ancient immanent religion from India that teaches that the way to liberation and bliss. The religion still lives on today and has around 5-6 million believers. The religion is traced back to over 8000 years old. Below is an image and explanation of the Jain symbol. Aboriginal spirituality is an ancient transcendent religion from Australia. It consists of the Dreaming belief that spiritual ancestors of the people. Dreaming is the environment the Aboriginal people lived in and it still exists today “all around us”. Below is an image of the aboriginal flag that represents the traditional aboriginal religion and is still present in Australia today. Black: represents the aboriginal people of Australia. Yellow: represents the sun, the giver of life and protector. Red: represents the red earth, the red ochre used in ceremonies and aboriginal peoples spiritual relationship to the land. Black: represents the aboriginal people of Australia. Yellow: represents the sun, the giver of life and protector. Red: represents the red earth, the red ochre used in ceremonies and aboriginal peoples spiritual relationship to the land. Origins of the universe: Jainism believes that universe and all its substances are eternal (everlasting). Jain cosmology states the world was created perfect but has steadily decayed ever since. All substances continually undergo changes. Previous forms give way to new ones without loosing their own inherent qualities. The Jain belief is......

Words: 3508 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Jainism and Sikhism

...University of Phoenix Material Jainism vs. Sikhism Part I Read the assigned chapters for the week and complete the following table. Be as specific as possible when identifying practices, beliefs, rituals, and historical elements. Cite sources in APA formatting. |Core Beliefs |Jainism |Sikhism | | |1.Belief in no violence |1.Belief in self defense | | |2.Vegeterian as an expression of their faith |2.Express Faith by praying daily prayers and singing Guru’s | | | |hymns | | |3.Truth; honesty |3.Belief in one creator | | |4.Natural focus in motion is seen at the Universe |4.Belief to do good onto others | | |5.Karma |5.Karma | Part 2 Respond to the following questions in 150 to 200 words: 1. What do you think is the most important similarity and which is the most important......

Words: 447 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Hinduism

...Hinduism Karl Sherman Rel 133 April 3, 2012 Jefferey Hineline Hinduism Concerted as the world third largest religions, and regarded as the world’s oldest organized religions and it’s made up of many different religious groups that have evolved in India since 1500BCE. Hinduism differs from other monotheistic religions and Christianity because it does not have a single founder, a single theological system, a single holy text, a single system of morality, a single concept of deity, a central religious authority, and the concept of a prophet, and because of the large differences of Hindu traditions, freedom of belief and practices are worthy features of Hinduism. Hinduism basics and beliefs known as Sanatana Dharma, “the eternal law” in Sanskrit, a religious and classical language of India, is a cluster of different beliefs and as result it is not easy to arrange systematically. An example, some Hindus worship heavenly beings, Devas or deities. (www.peerpapers.com )And there are believed to be thousands of deities that are worshiped in India, but most that practice Hinduism will praise and worship one main deity and acknowledge others as significant. There are three major groupings of deities: Saivites who worship the God Siva, Saktas who worships a Mother Goddess, Vaishnavites who worships the God Vishnu. Hindus also practice spiritual discipline designed to clear the mind and support a state of serene, detached awareness. The practice for......

Words: 979 - Pages: 4