Free Essay

Japanese Whaling

In: Social Issues

Submitted By dardano
Words 391
Pages 2
ʺThe World Wildlife Fund (WWF) estimates that there were approximately 275,000 blue whales before the development of modern whaling in the mid-nineteenth century. By the 1960s, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) estimated that the number of blue whales had decreased to between 650 and 2,000.ʺ (Global Issues in Context Online Collection). The number of all whales has been decreasing and the Japanese whalers have been the major cause of the depletion of whales throughout history. The Japanese use whaling for to gather resources like whale meat and oils. I don’t believe that the Japanese should be using whaling for food and resources. First of all, when the whales die off, it greatly affects the ecosystem, in other words, the food chain. Another reason is that the international relations with the International Whaling Commission (IWC). Lastly, whaling does not provide the economic benefits that the Japanese thinks it does. Now let me give you a little background information on whaling.
Whaling has gone on for centuries and it has been a necessity for people all over the world. The IWC does allow tribes like the Eskimos, who have hunted whales traditionally, to continue to hunt whales but they could only be a certain type of whale. Traditionally, there used to be a demand for whale oil as a lubricant for machines but these are synthetic so that means you don’t need to kill the whale you could just make. In 1987, the IWC imposed a moratorium on commercial whaling which means they were banned from killing whales for recreational purposes. During the same year, Japan had set up a scientific whaling program, which was when they killed whales from the Southern Ocean and taking them on board of research vessels. The IWC actually permitted Japan to kill whales for research and they could kill a thousand whales from 1987 to the present. An environmental group called Greenpeace gained great attention in the mid 1970’s for its efforts to stop commercial whaling and other practices. “Typical of the group's efforts was a 1975 mission in which a Greenpeace vessel confronted Soviet whaling vessels off the coast of California, with Greenpeace members steering their inflatable speedboats between the whalers and their targets.ʺ (Sea Shepherd Conservation Society.) This shows they are serious against protecting whales.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay


...Introduction Since the indefinite commercial whaling moratorium was introduced in 1986, the whaling nations have killed around 15,000 whales between them. At the time of writing, the Japanese whaling fleet has just returned from Antarctic waters where a further 300 or so minke whales have been killed for so called ‘research’, in open defiance of world public opinion and the IWC which has never validated the Japanese programme. The meat from those dead whales will end up on sale in Japanese restaurants and on supermarket shelves. Japan is not only defying the global moratorium on commercial whaling, it is killing whales in a sanctuary agreed by the IWC in 1994. Japan has ‘recruited’ many countries to the IWC to support the resumption of commercial whaling using foreign aid packages. If the ban is lost it will be a disaster for whale conservation efforts. This report presents the many reasons why the ban on commercial whaling must be maintained and properly enforced. We cannot wipe away the tragic history of commercial whaling, but we can, and must, prevent its repetition. The Natural History of Whales Whales belong to the order of mammals known as Cetacea. There are about 80 species of cetaceans, including all the dolphins and porpoises, as well as the ten so-called ‘great’ whale species, which have borne the brunt of commercial whaling. Cetaceans are believed to have evolved from land mammals, which adapted to an aquatic existence about 50 million years ago. They are......

Words: 8170 - Pages: 33

Free Essay

Who Are the Sea Shepards?

...announced Friday from Tokyo that its fleet was heading home "on schedule," but that its catch of 267 whales fell far short of the approximately 900 projected, AFP reports. According to an agency official, "factors including weather conditions and sabotage acts by activists" were to blame for the weak results.” In testimony on "The Threat of Eco-Terrorism" given to the a US congressional subcommittee in 2002, Sea Shepherd was the first group mentioned by an FBI official for having attacked commercial fishing operations by cutting drift nets. Sea Shepherd has received support for its tactics against fishing, whaling, and seal hunting from quarters such as media personalities, while their violent tactics are sometimes opposed even by those who denounce whaling, such as Greenpeace and the governments of Australia and New Zealand. Officials of the American, Canadian, and Japanese governments, as well as the Institute of Cetacean Research of Japan, have referred to them as terrorists. Their actions have included scuttling and disabling...

Words: 522 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Pros And Cons Of Commercial Whaling

...Commercial whaling has been a hot topic for many years; many say that all forms of whaling must stop, while others argue that whaling should be allowed if it does not pose a threat to the total whale population. Now while this topic may seem straightforward on the surface, there are deep ethical questions being asked. Some of which are embodied the battle between deontological and utilitarianism views, and the variations between them. Beginning with utilitarianism, which is the view that everyone’s interests should be considered (including animals) and that only the consequences of actions should be taken into consideration when determining whether an action is moral. The primary goal of utilitarianism is to “balance the pleasure and pain as such, the question of to whom a pleasure or pain belongs to is irrelevant” (27). Many, such as Singer, even state that the idea that humans should get special consideration would be considered “speciesism” which would be comparable to racism. Then on the other spectrum lies the deontological view, which is the idea that some things have intrinsic value, or as Tom Regan believes, that animals or at least beings that were “subject to life” (beings...

Words: 882 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Whale Hunting

...Japan's whaling fleet was headed home from the southern ocean after ending its annual Antarctic hunt with only a third of its expected catch, news reports from Japan said Friday. The hunt ended three days ago with a catch of 266 minke whales and one fin whale, officials from Japan's Fisheries Agency said, according to one report from Australia's ABC news online. The Sea Shephed Society, which sent a fleet of vessels to the southern ocean to block the hunt, proclaimed victory on its website. "Operation Divine Wind is over! The Japanese whalers are going home!" the Sea Shepherd headline read. "There are hundreds of whales swimming free in the Southern Ocean Whale Sanctuary that would now be dead if we had not been down there for the last three months. That makes us very happy indeed," Sea Shepherd's Paul Watson is quoted as saying on the organization's website. News of the Japanese whaling fleet's withdrawal comes four days after the Institute of Cetacean Research, which oversees the Japanese whaling program, reported a confrontation between the Japanese ships and Sea Shepherd's ship Bob Barker. The Bob Barker fired more than 40 flares and aimed a "high-powered" laser beam at the Japanese ships for more than 50 minutes, the institute said in a news release. Watson said that with the high-seas showdown, "the whaling season was effectively over for the season." Japan hunts whales every year despite a worldwide moratorium on whaling, utilizing a loophole in the law that......

Words: 396 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Modern Whaling vs. Moby Dick

...had remained the same for many centuries. The methods we use today weren't invented until the centuries later and they contrasts from whaling of the nineteenth century in various ways. Present day whale hunting has progressed from whaling of Melville's day and the whalers are even hunting for different reasons. For example, in Herman Melville's Day, whalers sailed out on small boats searching for the "elephants of the sea." If the wind was not in their favor, they had to smoothly paddle with oars, careful not to scare their prey. When coming upon a whale, the harpooner would kill the beast with a manual harpoon. The hunters must bring the massive animal onboard the ship, to immediately remove the oil, since they are onboard for years at a time. Similar to nineteenth century whaling, whalers today also have small fishing boats, but with sails or motor to speed up the process. They use harpoon cannons, invented by two Norwegians, that explode once penetrated a foot into the flesh of the whale. Occasionally the mammal will not die immediately, therefore the harpooner will shoot it with a high powered riffle. Then the whalers either tow the whale to shore or bring it alongside the ship. Along with the sail, the invention of the explosive harpoon was a dramatic progress for modern whalers and became the turning point in whaling. This difference in these two systems of whale catching shows the advance in modern technology and methods. The explosive......

Words: 464 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Whaling; to Kill or Not to Kill

...Environmental Issue Project – Whaling; to kill or not to kill Larry Baker Rasmussen College Authors note: This assignment is being submitted on August 22, 2014 for Ms. Jaime Farrow’s Section 05 Human Uses of the Environment class. We have all seen, or most of us anyway, the classic movie Moby Dick written by Herman Melville, about the obsessed Captain Ahab who is determined to kill the whale or die trying. Now this is a work of fiction but people have been hunting whales for tens of thousands of years. It only took America about ten years to kill 50 – 60 million buffalo; it makes it hard to believe there are many whales left after thousands of years hunting them. This paper is about the Whaling Debate on whether countries should be allowed to continue to hunt whales or should we leave them protected and my beliefs on the subject. This debate has also focused on issues of sustainability and conservation as well as ownership and national sovereignty. Some of the issues included in these debates is the question of cetacean intelligence this refers to the Cetacea order of mammals, which includes whales, porpoises, and dolphins; and the level of suffering which the animals undergo when caught and killed (The Whale Debate: Whale Wars, 2014). Another hot topic in the debate right now is the right to kill a certain amount of whales for scientific research, Japan kills 1000 minke whales a year and about 100 endangered fin and humpback whales. Whales are mammals the same...

Words: 2091 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Frq Essay

...Think about how noble sacrifices are defined! Now think about what are the defining components justifying noble sacrifices that qualify heroes. This article is going to explain each component, the justification, and how the heroes help shown these components. The main components are helping others without a direct need to, when the hero gives up something extremely valuable, and peaceful intentions. An element of noble sacrifice is helping others with a direct need to. Mr.Grishchenko flying his helicopter over the exploding, radioactive reactor to dump concrete over the fire wasn’t required by any circumstance. Mr.Grishchenko did it out of pure generosity, and what did he get out of it? A terrible disease and radiation that ended up killing him. The elders that helped with the reactor in japan by all means could’ve sat by and acted helpless towards the whole disaster. Instead they went in and helped clean the site, raised awareness, and even earned money for the disaster with a charity found. They did all this just to help the future generates have a better life. Both of these are selfless acts for someone else to live a better life. Never the less, another key component to justify noble sacrifice is giving something of extremely high value to the hero. Irena Sendler gave up a lot of income to help the Jewish people escape before the Nazi party members captured them. She even gave up her freedom just to help get those Jewish people to a safe place. Kate told Anna......

Words: 474 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

International Whaling Commission

...Name: University: Course: Tutor: Date: International Whaling Commission Introduction Just recently on May 31st 2010, Australia opened a court case against Japan in the International Court of Justice (ICJ) with regards to a dispute relating to Japan’s JARPA II program on ‘Scientific Whaling’. The case was dubbed the ‘JARPA II Case’ and was primarily based on a dispute between Australia and Japan over interpretation of the 1946 International Convention of Whaling (ICRW). JARPA refers to Japan’s Research Program under Special Permit in the Antarctic to carry out research in the marines. The first was introduced in 1987 in the Southern Ocean Whaling Season of 1987-1988. JARPA II was to commence some 18years later from and it started in 2005. During that period of 1987 through 2005, Japan had apparently ignored the Moratorium sanctioned by IWC against Whaling and it is consequently some six thousand eight hundred minke whales were taken under JARPA. That led to a longtime dispute between whaling states and anti-whaling states over limited whaling v no whaling at all. Among the cases is the one between Australia and Japan of 2010. This article will look into the case between Japan and Australia in a bid to answering the following questions; one, how is the International Whaling Commission policy determined and influenced, secondly, what is the role of scientific advice in policy making, thirdly, what are the arguments for both Japan and Australia in the International Court...

Words: 1344 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

The Effects of Whaling and the Ecology

...Effects of Whaling and the Ecology Whaling is one of the oldest human activity for hunting done by man since the beginning of time. Whaling can come with a cost, and result with a set of consequences that can affect the ecology and the world. The consequences of whaling can not only endanger and extinct whales, but destroy and kill the oceans that can eventually kill all life. Whaling is the hunting of whales primarily for meat and oil. It is believed that whaling dates back to a millenia. According to Encyclopedia, “whaling for subsistence dates to prehistoric times. The early people of Korea were hunting whales as far back as 5000 B.C., and those of Norway began whaling at least 4,000 years ago. Various peoples of the NW North American coast and the Arctic have a long tradition of whaling. Whaling, done from canoes or skin boats, often when migrating pods of whales passed nearby, was a very dangerous undertaking. Over time, many, such as the Qwidicca-atx (Makah) people of the Olympic peninsula, developed set spiritual and hunting practices that became the core of their culture.” The origins of commercial whaling started according to online encyclopedia “The hunting of whales is thought to have been pursued by the Basques from land as early as the 10th cent. and in Newfoundland waters by the 14th cent. It is not until the middle of the 16th cent., however, that the appearance of Basques in those waters is established by record. Whaling......

Words: 2121 - Pages: 9

Free Essay


...10/24/12 English 1a Thesis: Greenpeace is the largest independent direct- action environmental organization in the world. This organization takes action for ground-breaking changes to protect the environment to create a better future for the world. I. Greenpeace is focused on stopping the damage on mother Earth that our civilization continues to destroy. A. Protecting the Oceans, Whales, and Seafood that are in danger 1.Three quarters of global fish stocks are suffering from overfishing 2.Pollution from land-based sources is turning oceans into a dumping ground 3. Whale slaughter continues to put endangered species at risk B. Protecting forests that are being cut destroyed. 1. Ancient forests are being cut down 2. Eliminating wildlife habitat and harming biodiversity. C. Eliminating Toxic Chemicals that are released 1. Major companies release dangerous chemicals. 2. Dangerous chemicals are released into the environment threatening our own lives. II. Therefore a group of activist came together to stand up, and protect our environment. A. Created by not just one person, but a group of voices, ideas, and thought over the years. B. Decided to not take any money from government or corporations. C. Their only bottom line is a green and peaceful future. III. Greenpeace receives financial backing from two sources. A. Donors who give little and large amounts B. Campaigns, which...

Words: 413 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Japaon another event such events at Pearl Harbor or other atrocities. We are referring to the slaughter at Taiji Cove. More than 20,000 dolphins are killed or rounded up and sold around the world for aquarium display from this location each year alone. The smartest animals of the sea and our closest relatives; why kill them. In a season that last from September to March. The local government places a quota on rounding up dolphins and small whales 2,026 per season (Wakatsuk, 2014). Tiaji locals believe it is customary perfectly fine to kill the dolphin. According to CNN locals believe it is no different than killing other animals for meat. (Wakatsuk, 2014). Organizations such as Sea Shepherd are leading the way to end the practice and Japanese leaders that to continue only brings shame and dishonor about the image of Japan (Sea Sheperd, 2014). Reference Wakatsuk, Y. (2014). CNN. Retrieved from Sea Sheperd. (2014). Retrieved from Slide 1 JAPAN Known for: Amazing Architecture Beautiful Sceneries Best Automobile manufacturing processes in the world Darker side to Japan • Not Event such as Peral harbor • Slaughter at Taiji Cove • >20,000 Dolphins killed o Food o Aquarium market across the...

Words: 292 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Biology Is

...scientists have found a novel way to study whales without killing them. The Japanese authorities claim to base their arguments for whaling on science, but in fact invest heavily in emotive messages - for example, that whaling is an integral part of the national culture • There is no national culture of whaling in Japan; there are local cultures, but there are also local cultures that regard whales as gods, where killing them would be unthinkable • Successive governments have placed a high priority on ensuring a plentiful supply of fish through diplomacy, often building relationships with developing countries possessing productive coastal waters They say analysis of the whales' faeces lets them examine their stomach contents minutely. Japan says the need to find out about the animals' diets is one reason why it kills hundreds of whales every year. The new approach was developed by Australian and US researchers, who collected blue whale faeces in nets. The animals discharge them as a thin brown cloud near the ocean surface. Using DNA testing, the researchers established what the whales had eaten and also a distinctive "signature" for each animal, as well as the internal parasites the whales were carrying. The research was revealed by Dr Nick Gales, a principal research scientist at the Australian Environment Department's Antarctic division. He said: "We will be telling the International Whaling Commission that this is a robust, non-lethal method for......

Words: 272 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Can Endangered Species of the World Rely on the International Law for Their Safety? Discuss

...Can endangered species of the world rely on the international law for their safety? Discuss This essay will attempt to discuss how the international law protects endangered species of the world. Using academic commentary and legislation it will also review the ethical, philosophical, economical and moral aspects of this area of law. The essay will also draw attention to the current issue, which has been a controversy in the preservation of endangered species of the world, but will particularly pay more attention to the protection of whales. Ever since the days of illustrious philosophers such Plato, Aristotle, Descartes to the modern scientists there has been a lengthy wait in fighting for laws and acts to protect animals in keeping them in good health and their populations high in numbers. Long ago, most animals became extinct because of natural events, like earthquakes or volcano eruptions. Climatic changes were also a threat i.e. like the ‘beginning of the Ice Age which also led to the disappearance of certain species’ . Today, animals are in danger mostly because of human beings. In the 17th century Descartes and Plato both portraying animals as mere objects, held that ‘animals have no conscience and humans should have no moral obligation’ towards them. However, through the advancement of technology and science Charles Darwin came up with his theory of evolution, bringing new developments and protection to endangered species, with his effort in his work there...

Words: 2564 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Pest Japan

...analysis Strategic Management Topic: PEST ANALYSIS OF JAPAN. Submitted To: Sir Faiez H. Sayel Submitted By: Ali Ahmad Majoka 006 Ifrah Javaid 045 Muhammad Habibullah 084 Nayab Ameen 115 Sharjeel Arslan 139 Zahid Yousaf 166 Qaiser Abbas 175 Section: MBA-13C COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Lahore PEST Analysis of Japan: Political analysis: • Political System: Japan is a democratic country, but it is a very different kind of democracy to that prevailing in most of Europe in countries like France and Germany. The main reason for this is the dominant position of one party – the Liberal Democratic Party – which held power almost unbroken for more than 50 years. The Diet Japan is a parliamentary kingdom governed by a Prime Minister and his cabinet. The parliament is called the Diet and is composed of the upper House of Councilors and the lower House of Representatives. The House of Representatives can be dissolved anytime by the Prime Minister. The lower house holds most of the decision power. The party which achieves a majority in the lower house can nominate the Prime Minister (usually the party president). Political parties The Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) is the only stable party of the last 4 decades. It has been in power since its foundation in 1958, keeping an......

Words: 2202 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Company Expansion

...Britain will not necessarily work in Japan too. Marketing tools like commercials, slogans, and music will need to be researched prior to any rollout. The phrases or gestures alone could be enough to damage future success in the country. Because unspoken language can often tell businesspeople something that spoken language does not, they should know something about this form of cross-cultural communication. In Japan it is not considered professional to use extreme hand gestures or facial expressions. The Japanese are very formal and will expect you to dress your part and be prompt. Business in America over the years has given way to a casual approach to business, so gird up. Communication While doing business in Japan it is important to understand the differences in communication style. In the West it is acceptable to get to the point right away, but the Japanese business representatives will want to build a rapport with you first. Be aware that Japanese people tend to speak to topics in an indirect way, while the Americans tend to be more direct. If you are not aware of these two differences you may walk away from a meeting with a misunderstanding. It is important to realize that these are only a...

Words: 376 - Pages: 2