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Jesus

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The prophet Jesus pbuh in the holy Qur’an
The prophet Jesus pbuh, known as Isa or Isa Ibn Maryam in the holy Qur’an, is considered to be a messenger of god in Islam who came before the prophet Muhammad pbuh and is mentioned in the holy Qur’an on numerous occasions. The verses of the Qur’an regarding Jesus pbuh include stories such as Mary conceiving him whilst still a virgin, the details of his birth, and his talking to the people whilst still in his cradle. Also mentioned is the revelation of the Gospel (Injil) onto the prophet Jesus pbuh, his ascending and his second coming before the Day of Judgment. The many amazing facts and miracles referring to the prophet Jesus throughout the Qur’an reflect that he is clearly a significant figure in the Qur’an and in Islam.
The birth of Jesus pbuh was a miraculous event as described in the holy Qur’an. Jesus’ mother Mary was visited by the angel Gabriel who gave her good news of a son: 'O Mary, God gives you glad tidings of a son through a word from HIM; his name will be Christ Jesus, son of Mary, honored in this world and in the Hereafter, and of those nearest to God (Quran 3:45). Mary was shocked by this news, as she was still a virgin. She asked the angel how she could have a child when no man had ever touched her. The angel replied: So your Lord says, ‘It is easy for me: and (We wish) to appoint him as a sign to men and a mercy from Us. And it is a matter (already) decided (Quran 19:16-21). The Qur’an states the virgin birth of Jesus pbuh several times. The Quran says that the pain of childbirth overcame Mary. During this pain, God provided her with a stream of water under her feet to drink. A voice came from beneath her and Mary was told to shake the trunk of the palm tree so that dates would fall down and she could eat and be nourished. And in this miraculous way Mary gave birth to the prophet Jesus pbuh.
Another fascinating event mentioned in the Qur’an occurred immediately after the birth of Jesus pbuh. Jesus, while still in his cradle spoke to protect his mother Mary from any accusations people may have placed on her due to having a child without a father. When she was asked regarding this after her childbirth Mary pointed to Jesus, and he miraculously spoke just as God had promised her. Jesus said, ‘Indeed, I am a servant of God. He has given me revelation and made me a prophet. And He has made me blessed wherever I may be, and has enjoined on me prayer and charity as long as I remain alive. And (has made) me kind to my mother, and did not make me overbearing or miserable. So peace is on me the day I was born, and the day I will die, and the day that I shall be raised up to life (again).’ (Quran 19:28-31)
Christians believe in a slight different story regarding the birth of Jesus, according to them While Mary was still engaged to Joseph, she became pregnant through the Holy Spirit, as mentioned to her by the angel. When Mary gave Joseph the news that she was pregnant, he felt disgraced, and he was not to blame. He knew the child was not his own. Joseph not only had the right to leave Mary, under Jewish law she could be put to death by stoning. Although Joseph's first reaction was to break the engagement, the appropriate thing for a man to do, he treated Mary with kindness. He did not want to cause her further shame so he decided to act quietly. But God sent an angel to Joseph in a dream to verify Mary's story and reassure him that his marriage to her was God's will. The angel explained that the child of Mary was conceived by the Holy Spirit and his name would be Jesus. While in Bethlehem, Mary gave birth to Jesus pbuh in a stable. Muslims also believe that God revealed a holy book to Jesus called the Injil (Gospel), just as he revealed scriptures to prophets in the past, so he could be a role model for the people of Israel. The Prophet Jesus’ message was to teach his fellow people about monotheism and give glad tidings of a messenger to come after him (prophet Muhammad pbuh). The Qur’an says that ‘It is He Who sent down to you (step by step), in truth, the Book, confirming what went before it; and He sent down the Law (of Moses) and the Gospel (of Jesus) before this, as a guide to mankind, and He sent down the criterion (of judgment between right and wrong)’ (Qur’an 3:3). The Quran speaks favorably of the Gospel, in another verse it states, ‘and in their footsteps We sent Jesus the son of Maryam, confirming the Law that had come before him: We sent him the Gospel: therein was guidance and light, and confirmation of the Law that had come before him: a guidance and an admonition to those who fear God (Qur’an 5:46-47). Let the people of the Gospel judge by what God has revealed therein. If any do fail to judge by (the light of) what God has revealed, they are (no better than) those who rebel.’ The Qur'an repeatedly stresses the fundamental fact that none of the Prophets of God, no matter in which part of the world they appeared, denied the Prophets who had preceded them. On the contrary, each Prophet confirmed the message of his predecessors and sought to promote the mission, which was the sacred legacy of them all. God did not reveal any of the Books in order to repudiate the previous ones; each confirmed and supported the preceding ones. There are many verses confirming the revelation of the Gospel to the Prophet of Jesus pbuh.
One of the most controversial topics regarding Jesus is the Christian belief that Jesus pbuh is the son of god. The bible states, God does not have a literal wife with whom he fathered children. But he is the Creator of all life. (Revelation 4:11) Therefore, the first human that God created, Adam, is called a “son of God.” (Luke 3:38) Similarly, the Bible teaches that God created Jesus. So Jesus is also called a “Son of God.”
Muslims believe that Jesus pbuh is a humble, generous messenger of God who came down and revealed God's words to his people, the people of Israel. Muslims do not believe that Jesus pbuh is God or the begotten Son of God. The belief that Jesus pbuh is God or Son of God is the association of partners with God, and therefore a rejection of God's oneness. A verse from the Quran reads: ‘in blasphemy indeed are those that say that God is Christ the son of Mary. Say: "Who then has the least power against God, if His will were to destroy Christ the son of Mary, his mother, and all every one that is on the earth? For to God belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between. He creates what He pleases. For God has power over all things.” (Quran 5:17) From the virgin birth of Jesus pbuh to his ascend from this world and his status throughout, the Holy Qur'an is very clear, leaving no doubt that Jesus is indeed a messenger of God. Another verse proving that Jesus is not the son of God is as follows: ‘It is not befitting to (the majesty of) God that He should beget a son. Glory be to Him! When He determines a matter, He only says to it, "Be", and it is. Verily God is my Lord and your Lord: therefore serve Him; this is the Straight Way’. (Qur'an 19:35-36)
Jesus, just as all the other prophets is a chosen slave of God. However, there are some attributes of Jesus distinguishing him from other prophets, the most important one being that he was raised up to God and that he will come back to earth again. The holy Quran denies the idea of crucifixion or death attributed to Jesus by the New Testament. The Quran states that people planned to kill Jesus but they did not crucify nor kill him, although this was made to appear to them. Muslims believe that Jesus was not crucified but instead God raised him up into the heavens. ‘And they said we have killed christ Jesus son of Mary, the Messenger of God but did not kill him, nor did they crucify him, though it was made to appear like that to them and those that differ therein are full of doubts, with no knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, they certainly did not kill him. Nay, God raised him up unto himself. God is exalted in power and wise.’ (4:157-158)
The bibles theory completely opposes the Muslim belief. According to an article of Mary Fairchild, ‘Jesus was publicly scourged, or beaten, with a leather whip before his crucifixion… Stake-like nails were driven through his wrists and ankles, fastening him to the cross where he was crucified between two convicted criminals… On the cross Jesus hung for his final agonizing breathes, a period that lasted about six hours… Jesus was taken down by Joseph of Arimathea and laid in a tomb according to Jewish tradition.’ Christians believe that Jesus was crucified on the cross to purify their sins and then raised from death back to life and went up to heaven until he will descend back to earth.
One very important belief in Islam mentioned in the Quran is the returning of Jesus pbuh to earth near the Day of Judgment. The holy book states, “O Mary! God gives you glad tidings of a word from Him, whose name will be Jesus Christ, son of Mary, held in honor in the world and in the hereafter, and one of those who are nearest to God. He shall speak to the people in childhood and when middle-aged, and shall be of the righteous.” (Quran 3:45-46) Since middle-aged is older than the early thirties, this prophecy concerns his speaking to the people after his return. When he arrives, he will be the same age as he left, and then he will live for another forty years. The return of Jesus will be close to the end of time. His descent will be one of the major signs the final hour is due. The Quran discloses that: “He (the son of Mary) shall be a known sign of the Hour; so have no doubt concerning it and follow Me.” (Quran 43:61)
Jesus pbuh in the Quran holds one of the highest ranks amongst the Prophets. He is described as having many miracles, not granted to other prophets. In the fifth chapter of the Quran, “The Table Laden with Food” named after the miracle of Jesus pbuh, God reveals how the disciples of Jesus pbuh requested him to ask God to send down a table with food. "And remember when the disciples said, "O Jesus, son of `Maryam (Mary)! Can your Lord send down for us a table from heaven?" Jesus said, "Fear God, if you have faith." They said, "We only wish to eat from it and satisfy our hearts and know that you have indeed told us the truth and be witnesses of the miracle." Jesus, son of Maryam (Mary), said, "O God, our Lord! Send us, from heaven, a table, that it may be for us - for the first and last of us - a solemn festival and a sign from You and provide our sustenance, as You are the best Sustainer (of our needs)." God replied, "I will send it down to you, but if any of you should resist faith after it, I shall punish him with a punishment such as I have never inflicted on anyone among all the peoples." (Qur’an 5:112-115) This verse indicates that Jesus forbade the disciples from making such a request, and warned them to fear God implying that if they had faith in Allah and in what Jesus had brought, that would be sufficient.
Asides from this, the Qur’an also mentions other miracles associated with Jesus pbuh, Jesus pbuh say’s: “I create for you out of clay the likeness of a bird, then I breathe into it and it becomes a bird with God’s permission.” (Quran 3:49) None can argue the greatness of this miracle. And also the greatness of his healing powers, “I also heal the blind and the leper.” (Quran 3:49) book
In conclusion, there are many stories about the life and teachings of Jesus pbuh in the holy Qur’an. According to 4truth.net there are over ninety verses in the Qur’an that refer to the prophet Jesus pbuh. The Qur’an recalls his miraculous virgin birth, the miracles he performed by God’s permission, the revelation of the Gospel to prophet Jesus pbuh, and his life as a prophet (not son) of God. The Qur’an also reminds us that Jesus was ascended to heaven and will be bought back down to earth again. Islam does have some common ground with Christianity regarding Jesus pbuh, but also many contradictions, such as their belief of Jesus pbuh being the Son of God and his crucifixion for their sins. Everything aside, Islam considers Jesus to be one of the great prophets of God and respects him as much as all other prophets’ (peace be upon them). This is in accordance with the Islamic view of the oneness of God, the oneness of Divine guidance, and the role of the subsequent mission of God's messengers.

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