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Jewish

In: English and Literature

Submitted By Kathy27
Words 526
Pages 3
QqReligion terms
Aaron - Older brother of Moses, a prophet of God. Unlike Moses who grew up in the Egyptian royal court, Aaron and his youngest sister Miriam remained with their kinsmen in the eastern border-land of Egypt. He served as his brother's spokesman to Pharaoh.

Cantor - Sometimes precentor, or the protopsaltes is the chief singer, and usually instructor, employed at a church, a cathedral or monastery with responsibilities for the ecclesiastical choir and the preparation of the divine services in the context of a secular or monastic liturgy.

Chevra Kadisha - The organization of Jewish men and women who see to it that the bodies of the Jews are prepared for burial according to Jewish tradition and are protected from desecration, willful or not, until burial.

El Malei Rachamin - A funeral prayer used by the Ashkenazi Jewish community.

Hasped - This word has direct physical meaning of "enclosed with a hasp" as thus used in Garth's 'Dispensary'.

Kaddish - Hymm of praises to God found in the Jewish prayer service. Central theme is the magnification and sanctification of God's name.

Kever - The custom of visiting the graveside of parents or close relatives and praying there. ( grave of the fathers)

Kriah - Hebrew word meaning tearing. It refers to the act of tearing one's clothes of cutting a black ribbon worn on one's clothes.

Levaya - Hebrew word for funeral.

Menorah - A 9 branched candelabrum lit during the eight day holiday of Hanukkah.

Mogen David -Means "shield of David" but is used to refer to the six pointed Star of David.

Rabbi - Jewish scholar or teacher of the Torah. Meaning "My Master"

Shabbat - Jewish day of rest and the seventh day of the week, on which religious Jews remember the Biblical creation of the heavens and the earth.

Shivah- Jewish Sabath - Mourning period following the funeral and lasting for seven days, observed by Jews for a deceased parent, sibling, child, or spouse.

Sholoshim - 30 day period of mourning

Shomer - Jewish legal guardian, entrusted with the custody and care of another's object.

Synagogue - Jewish house of worship

Tachrichim - Simple white burial garments, usually made of 100% pure linen, in which Jews are dressed by the Chevra Kadisha for burial after undergoing the taharah.

Taharah - Term that refers to both the overall process of burial preparation, and the specific step of ritual purification. Generally 8 steps.

Tallith - A shawl with fringed corners worn over the head or shoulders by Jewish men especially during morning prayers.

Yahrzeit - Anniversary of the death of a parent or near relative observed annually among Jews by the recital of the Kaddish and the lighting of a memorial candle or lamp

Yamaka - Small round cap that Jewish men wear atop their heads.

Yizkor - Memorial prayer for the departed, is recited in the synagogue for times a year, following the Torah reading on the last day of Passover, on the second day of Shavout, on Shemini Atzeret, and on Yom Kippur.

Rock on Grave - Jews mark graves with piles of rocks in order to indicate to passing Koranic that they should stay back.

Tehillim - Is one of three books of the "Wisdom Literature". Sacred hymnal of the Jewish people.

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