Free Essay

Joan of Arc: the Paramount of Leadership

In: Other Topics

Submitted By blaine
Words 1972
Pages 8
The birth of Joan of Arc occurred at one of the most crucial periods in French history. France was desperate for a leader to emerge from thin air. France’s cause was pathetic, until Joan of Arc arrived at the perfect time. Joan was born in January of 1412, it was a time full of despair and chaos. Joan was not quite a genius nor a great fighter, but every one of Joan’s action involved confidence and energy. The English army should have been scared the very moment they knew of Joan’s existence. As time passed, the French people gathered around her and supported every decision she made. Although, Joan was eventually captured and murdered; her life will always be vital to France’s victory. Joan of Arc is a national hero, a patron saint, and symbol of hope to every wandering soul of France. Joan’s motivation and dedication to God has inspired thousands of people over the last six centuries. Her persistence is sometimes seen as ignorance or stupidy but it is what made her the great leader that she was. Joan of Arc’s unmatched leadership, courageous mission, and tragic martyrdom propelled her to be one of the greatest military and religious heroines in Medieval France.
Joan of Arc’s steadfast dedication to complete her mission from God acted as a guide and savior to the staggering nation of France. The task was given to Joan at a young age and Joan would forever carry the burdens and responsibilities of her mission. The mission was to crown Charles the dauphin King of France, relieve the sieged town of Orleans, and then rescue France from the treacherous hands of England. (Gordon, 16) Joan’s hatred of the English fueled the fire and kept her striving towards her mission given from God. Nothing stood in her way, and her success later turned her into one of the greatest heroes in Medieval France. From a young age, Joan despised the devastation England has caused all throughout the Hundred Years’ War. Joan always had held a grudge against the English because they burned and plundered the churches in her birthplace of Doremy. (31) The corruption and bureaucratic power of England was a driving force behind Joan’s determination to fulfill her mission. The completion of her mission also meant defeating the notorious English Empire, this fact excited and motivated Joan. England’s long rule in France would eventually fall and France would gain freedom all in spite of Joan’s guidance. Her constant dedication was a future model for the nation of France. The faith Joan had in God allowed her to continue on because she knew the purpose of her mission was of utmost importance. Joan’s mission began at the age of seventeen years old. She envisioned angels who came to her, and informed her of this honorable mission that she would instantaneously embrace and go forth in completing. (Shaw, 3) Immediately, Joan began making progress to complete the task put before her. Through her perseverance, Joan was able to meet with the top French leaders and convinced them to let her lead the army to save Orleans. At Orleans, Joan and the French army rescued the city from the invading English army. (Lacy, 24) The people rejoiced and after this triumph, the nation of France experienced a new found sense of optimism and hope. From this point forward, France was united and truly believed they could defeat England in this long and exhausting war. Joan’s determination acted as guide to France because the people had something to believe in. France now understood what they were fighting for and what they were fighting for was in God’s favor. (Women Writers, 36) The integrity of Joan proved to everyone that she was genuine and her story inspired France to continue fighting with England. Her model pushed France over the top, and eventually led them to victory. The courageous military leadership of Joan was the best source of inspiration to the wandering French people. Joan was a leader because of her practicality, courage, and confidence. Also, Joan expected her men to carry a high sense of discipline and honor; Joan set the example for her men to follow and learn from. As commander, Joan required her men to confess daily to relieve themselves of their sins. ( Keller, 253) Secondly, “loose women” or prostitutes were immediately excluded from the men’s camp because Joan was fully devoted to the work of God. The men followed Joan of Arc without any complaints or grievances because of the high example she set for them. Joan remained a virgin, and this gave her a sense of purity and honor. The high respect Joan showed to God carried over to her men, and they followed her with great eagerness. Joan’s example strengthened the army and strengthened the faith the men had in her leadership. The unity of the French army was key to Joan’s success as a military commander because courage and heart allowed the French to overcome the superiority of English army. (Smith, 91) A brilliant role model for any human being, Joan also managed to display a level of confidence and courage that was of a higher standard and paid the biggest dividends in battle. Joan’s confidence inspired and energized her army before each battle, which allowed them to constantly over achieve. (Women Writers, 36) Overmatched by the size and strength of the English army, Joan’s energy granted the men hope and allowed them to defeat overwhelming odds. Joan led the French army to victories at the battles of Patay and Orleans and she liberated the towns of Leon, Compige, and Senlis from English rule. (Gordon, 50) Her fearless and positive attitude influenced the army to never give up, even in the times of faintest hope. Although, Joan’s military career was short and sweet; the effects of her leadership were looked to for motivation and played an important role in defeating the English. Throughout French history, Joan has been a symbol of hope to anyone with major doubts that needs guidance. (Tiefenbrun, 470) The devout faith of Joan encouraged others to act like a true Christian, and her actions demonstrated to the French people that should fight for what they believe is right. Joan of Arc’s religious influence on the French people is remarkably strong. (Shaw, 43) The loyalty Joan shared with God was tightly knitted, and her objection to English religious authority proved to the French people of the strength that she was given from faith. Joan understood France needed her to remain true to herself because she was France’s great hope to defeat the English. If Joan had lost faith, then France may have lost its chance to snatch victory from the English.
After the English’s capture of Joan, her faith was vigorously tested by their authorities. The trial leading up to her death lasted for over a year and Joan outsmarted the so called “religious authorities” of England. (Keller, 255) Joan refused to give in to their wishes because denial meant betrayal to herself and God. Hence, everything she had achieved would have been tarnished and blackened. Joan’s stubbornness is shown in her actions and words towards the English throughout the trial. As the court questioned Joan, Scott said she made it clear that “God must be served first”. (16) This was the only matter of importance to her, and ultimately, this belief led her to the charges of heresy. (Her death too) In 1431, Pierre sentenced Joan to death by burning at the stake. English townsmen and religious leaders witnessed the burning of Joan at the stake. (Lacy, 71) As Joan died, she was said to have prayed to God peacefully because her mission had been accomplished. It is also said that Joan prayed for the forgiveness of those who sentenced her to death. Joan readily accepted death because her pride in her religion was too strong. The French people examined her, and understood the amount of pain she endured to stand up for her beliefs. Nothing could conquer Joan’s faith, and the French people truly admired this quality of hers. Joan’s strength in faith propelled France to defeat the English. Eventually Joan of Arc’s death was rectified by the Church. The Church made it public, that her death was the death of an innocent woman who did not commit any type of crime. On May 9, 1920 Pope Benedict XV canonized St.Joan of Arc for her piety, purity, bravery, and terrible martyrdom. (Women Writers, 36)The English court was unjust because no matter what Joan did or said, the English would find a way to kill her. (Legal then) Pope Benedict found the trial to be invalid and proved that St.Joan was no heretic of the Church. After her canonization, St.Joan of Arc has been seen as a national hero. The effects of her life will forever be felt because her leadership and faith to God is the perfect model to follow. Joan’s canonization or sainthood proved to the world she was special. Joan experienced more than anyone could ever imagine. She suffered through humiliation, battle, and then her tragic martyrdom to prove her faith in God. (Gordon, 75) These characteristics of courage, strength, and loyalty demonstrated why she was canonized. Joan’s sainthood added to her already great legacy, and demonstrated the importance of her life. The moment Joan became a saint is the moment her religious life proved to be worthy of consideration among the top heroines in French history. The life of Joan of Arc single handily pushed the French people towards victory. Her life not only had an effect on the present time, but it has motivated and driven people over the last six hundred years. The world has made movies of her to inspire the human mind. The world wants to see people so deeply devoted to a sole cause because they feel as if they have the potential to achieve something as great as Joan did. Charles de Gaulle believed Joan served as a symbol of national unity and sacrifice to fascist collaborators, resistance groups, and French revolutionaries. (Keller, 254) Joan of Arc is the true underdog, and the world loves to see the underdog win. Joan of Arc did that, and changed the lives of every person in France. The leadership and courage she displayed will forever allow her to be remembered as a symbol of motivation and inspiration. W.S. Scott concludes that “ there is a place for everyone to be in, and we must be in that place at all costs.” Joan represents this quote to the fullest because she gave everything to achieve her mission, and no one can match that.Many may be compared to her, although many will not prove to be better because Joan’s achievements add up to make her one of the greatest heroines France has ever seen.

Works Cited
Gordon, Mary. Joan of Arc. New York, New York: Viking Penguin, 2000.
Keller, Jane Eblen. “ Three Orders, Three Women.” Peace Review. Vol. 11 251-257 (1999), 2006 < http://web.ebscohost.com.proxy.oplin.org/ehost/detail?>.
Lacey, Robert. Great Tales From English History. New York, New York: Little, Brown and Company, 2004.
Lucie- Smith, Edward A. Joan of Arc. New York: W.W. Norton Company, 1977.
Scott, W.S. Jeanne D’ Arc. London, England: Harper & Row Publishers, 1974.
Shaw, George. Saint Joan. Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin Books, 1952.
Tiefenbrun, Susan. “ The Trial of Joan of Arc.” Journal of Law & Religion Vol. 21 (2005-2006): 469-473.
Women ,Writers. “Heroines” An Illustrated Anthology of Essays by Women Writers. Ed. Crescent Books. New York: Avenel, 1995. 33-37.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Joan of Arc

...Joan of Arc -- the seventeen-year-old peasant girl, who, as she said herself, "did not know ‘A’ from ‘B’, " but who, in a year and a month, crowned a reluctant king, rallied a broken people, reversed the course of a great war, and shoved history into a new path --what are we to make of her? The people who came after her in the five centuries since her death tried to make everything of her: demonic fanatic, spiritual mystic, naive and tragically ill-used tool of the powerful, creator and icon of modern popular nationalism, adored heroine, saint. She insisted, even when threatened with torture and faced with death by fire, that she was guided by voices from God. Voices or no voices, her achievements leave anyone who knows her story shaking his head in amazed wonder.’ Joan was born into a poor common family in the peasant village of Domrémy in the French province of Lorraine in 1412. She grew up a simple but unusually devout farm child during the height of the Hundred Years’ War. Disaster after disaster befell her native France -- the English invaders and their Burgundian allies conquered and occupied the northern half of France including Paris. Dauphin Charles VII, the rightful but un-crowned king of France, set up the remnants of his royal court at the town of Chinon. From here, this weak monarch of questionable competence tried to rule over the unoccupied rump of France. Starting in May, 1428, Joan, claiming that God was directing her through the saints, repeatedly......

Words: 15871 - Pages: 64

Premium Essay

Leadership

...Fourth Edition Reframing Organizations Artistry, Choice, and Leadership LEE G. BOLMAN TERRENCE E. DEAL B est- se l l i n g a u t h o rs of LEADING WITH SOUL FOURTH EDITION Reframing Organizations Artistry, Choice, and Leadership Lee G. Bolman • Terrence E. Deal Copyright © 2008 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Published by Jossey-Bass A Wiley Imprint 989 Market Street, San Francisco, CA 94103-1741—www.josseybass.com No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or otherwise, except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, 978-750-8400, fax 978-6468600, or on the Web at www.copyright.com. Requests to the publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, 201-7486011, fax 201-748-6008, or online at www.wiley.com/go/permissions. Credits are on page 528. Readers should be aware that Internet Web sites offered as citations and/or sources for further information may have changed or disappeared between the time this was written and when it is read. Limit of......

Words: 193447 - Pages: 774

Premium Essay

Ssad3Q3

...more than 60 professional and practitioner articles in periodicals such as Academy of Management Executive, Academy of Management Journal, Workforce, Personnel Journal, Human Resource Planning, Business Horizons, Training and Development, Journal of Management Development, California Management Review, S.A.M. Advanced Management Journal, Training, Supervisory Management, Journal of Management, Journal of Occupational Behavior, and Supervision. He has served on the editorial review boards for several management journals, and he is the co-author of more than 45 books in various editions and languages, including The Manager’s Bookshelf, Organizational Behavior, Supervision, Transfer of Training, Games Trainers Play, Leaders and the Leadership Process, The Big Book of Team Building Games, Leading with a Laugh, and his newest, The Fun Minute Manager. His administrative experiences include being chairperson of UMD’s Business Administration Department, director of the Center for Professional Development, acting director of ASU’s Bureau of Business and Economic Research, and chairperson of the Management Education and Development (MED) division of the Academy of Management. He has also served on (or as a strategic consultant to) the boards of directors of several organizations, such as the American Society for Training & Development, St. Louis County Heritage and Arts Center, United Developmental Achievement Center, Duluth-Superior Community Foundation, Riverwood......

Words: 270029 - Pages: 1081

Free Essay

Ihrm

...Features Spanning the Globe, Duke Leads the Way in International Law Teaching and Scholarship........................................................................................................10 Associate Dean for External Relations Linda G. Steckley Director of Communications Diana L. Nelson Editor Jonathan Goldstein Associate Editor Janse C. Haywood Melanie Dunshee Jean Brooks Design Contributing Editors September 11 Remembered, the Following Year Considered ....................................26 Alumni and Student Essays and Profiles Alumnus Promotes Duke in Argentina and Beyond: Javier Firpo LLM ’91 ..............................................................................................32 Student Takes to Leadership at Duke Law: Sebastian Kielmanovich ’04 ..................33 Venezuela: No Coup D’état, by Arturo H. Banegas Masia LLM ’00............................34 Switzerland to Join the United Nations, by Manuel Sager LLM ’85 ........................35 Around the Law School Judgment Without Democracy, by Professor Madeline Morris ..................................36 U.S. Senator Consults Duke Law Professor William Van Alstyne on War Powers ....38 Dean Katharine T. Bartlett Completes Reportership with ALI ..................................40 Book Review: Professor Jeff Powell’s The President’s Authority Over Foreign Affairs ..................................................42 Visiting Faculty 2002-2003 .............................................

Words: 58370 - Pages: 234

Premium Essay

Strategy Management

...capabilities and another for determining whether they can provide the company with a sustainable competitive advantage over its competitors. New to this edition is a more explicit reference to the widely used VRIN framework. Other topics covered in this xi xii Preface chapter include dynamic capabilities, SWOT analysis, value chain analysis, benchmarking, and competitive strength assessments, thus enabling a solid appraisal of a company’s relative cost position and customer value proposition vis-à-vis its rivals. • Chapter 5 deals with the basic approaches used to compete successfully and gain a competitive advantage over market rivals. This discussion is framed around the five generic competitive strategies—low-cost leadership, differentiation, best-cost provider, focused differentiation, and focused low-cost. It describes when each of these approaches works best and what pitfalls to avoid. It explains the role of cost drivers and uniqueness drivers in reducing a company’s costs and enhancing its differentiation, respectively. • Chapter 6 deals with the strategy options available to complement a company’s competitive approach and maximize the power of its overall strategy. These include a variety of offensive or defensive competitive moves, and their timing, such as blue ocean strategy and first-mover advantages and disadvantages. It also includes choices concerning the breadth of a company’s activities (or its scope of operations along......

Words: 219639 - Pages: 879

Free Essay

Spanning Globe

...Features Spanning the Globe, Duke Leads the Way in International Law Teaching and Scholarship........................................................................................................10 Associate Dean for External Relations Linda G. Steckley Director of Communications Diana L. Nelson Editor Jonathan Goldstein Associate Editor Janse C. Haywood Melanie Dunshee Jean Brooks Design Contributing Editors September 11 Remembered, the Following Year Considered ....................................26 Alumni and Student Essays and Profiles Alumnus Promotes Duke in Argentina and Beyond: Javier Firpo LLM ’91 ..............................................................................................32 Student Takes to Leadership at Duke Law: Sebastian Kielmanovich ’04 ..................33 Venezuela: No Coup D’état, by Arturo H. Banegas Masia LLM ’00............................34 Switzerland to Join the United Nations, by Manuel Sager LLM ’85 ........................35 Around the Law School Judgment Without Democracy, by Professor Madeline Morris ..................................36 U.S. Senator Consults Duke Law Professor William Van Alstyne on War Powers ....38 Dean Katharine T. Bartlett Completes Reportership with ALI ..................................40 Book Review: Professor Jeff Powell’s The President’s Authority Over Foreign Affairs ..................................................42 Visiting Faculty 2002-2003 .............................................

Words: 58047 - Pages: 233

Premium Essay

Religion, Fundamentalism and Ethnicity Global Perspective

...power is moderated by written or unwritten constitutional arrangements16 that limit the authority of the state and separate powers between the sovereign (in a 15 See Gamwell (1984, pp 7–9) for an elaboration of distinctions between what he terms ‘established’ and ‘reformed’ liberalism. The United States and Australia, for example, have written constitutions; New Zealand and the United Kingdom have unwritten constitutions, meaning that each country’s constitutional rules are in a mix of statutes, court decisions and customary practices. See further Palmer and Palmer (2004) and Sir Kenneth Keith’s short introduction to the Cabinet Manual (Cabinet Office, 2008, pp 1–6). Gordon Brown’s campaign for the United Kingdom Labour leadership included proposing a written constitution in order to restore popular trust in politics. 16 61 noitcudo rtnI constitutional monarchy), the executive, the legislature and the judiciary; and • resolution of conflict is sought without resort to violence. Liberalism as a political philosophy is not, however, without its critics. Anti-statist critiques such as anarchism, minarchism (minimal statism) and libertarianism seek to eliminate or at least minimise the role of the state. Various forms of collectivism and communitarianism (including Marxism, feminism, civic republicanism and multiculturalism) challenge liberalism’s emphasis on individual rights, and place a stronger emphasis on the role of social relations......

Words: 135228 - Pages: 541

Premium Essay

Databasse Management

...to acknowledge the efforts and help of Katherine Harutunian, our primary contact for the third edition. We would like to acknowledge also those persons who have contributed to the third edition and suggested various improvements to the second edition. Suzanne Dietrich wrote parts of Chapter 10 and Chapter 12, and Ed Omiecinski contributed to Chapter 17–Chapter 21. We appreciated the contributions of the following reviewers: François Bançilhon, Jose Blakeley, Rick Cattell, Suzanne Dietrich, David W. Embley, Henry A. Etlinger, Leonidas Fegaras, Farshad Fotouhi, Michael Franklin, Goetz Graefe, Richard Hull, Sushil Jajodia, Ramesh K. Karne, Vijay Kumar, Tarcisio Lima, Ramon A. Mata-Toledo, Dennis McLeod, Rokia Missaoui, Ed Omiecinski, Joan Peckham, Betty Salzberg, Ming-Chien Shan, Junping Sun, Rajshekhar Sunderraman, and Emilia E. Villarreal. In particular, Henry A. Etlinger, Leonidas Fegaras, and Emilla E. Villareal reviewed the entire book. Sham Navathe would like to acknowledge the substantial contributions of his students Sreejith Gopinath (Chapter 10, Chapter 24), Harish Kotbagi (Chapter 25), Jack McCaw (Chapter 26, Chapter 27), and Magdi Morsi (Chapter 13). Help on this revision from Rafi Ahmed, Ann Chervenak, Dan Forsyth, M. Narayanaswamy, Carlos Ordonez, and Aravindan Veerasamy has been valuable. Gwen Baker, Amol Navathe, and Aditya Nawathe helped with the manuscript in many ways. Ramez Emasri would like to thank Katrina, Riyad, and Thomas Elmasri for......

Words: 229471 - Pages: 918

Premium Essay

Daimler-Chrysler Merger Portrayal

...for Business Knowledge: Online Collaboration Tools, Knowledge Managers, and a Cooperative Culture ..................................166 James Dellow 11 Knowledge Management Processes and Tools at Ford Motor Company ...................................................................175 Stan Kwiecien 12 The Knowledge Assessment Program for Visualizing the Knowledge Dynamics of Organizations ................................185 Takahiko Nomura Contents vii 13 Hewlett-Packard: Making Sense of Knowledge Management .........................................................................197 Bipin Junnarkar and Joan Levers 14 Knowledge Networking on a National Scale: A New Zealand Case Study ..................................................206 Paul Spence 15 Technology Applications of Communities of Practice: The Nursing Leadership Academy on Palliative and End of Life Care ...................................................................214 Cynda H. Rushton and Susan S. Hanley 16 KPMG: Leveraging KM Tools for Practice Areas and Clients..................................................................222 Hemant Manohar 17 Inter-organizational KM: The Experiences of Australia’s National Office of the Information Economy .......................227 Luke Naismith 18 Knowledge Strategy in Small Organizations: The Office of Small Business, Australia ..................................................235 Christena Singh 19 A Day in the......

Words: 182966 - Pages: 732

Free Essay

Organization

...Page 305 < previous page page_13 next page > < previous page page_14 next page > Page 14 3rd Week 1st Day New Words loathe reprimand lackluster caustic wrest kô′ stik rest The Pep Talk "If there's one thing I loathe," the coach said, "it's a quitter." He had good reason to reprimand us at half-time, because the scoreboard revealed that we were losing, 4520. Our lackluster performance indicated to him that we had forgotten the rudimentary* aspects of basketball. His caustic remarks fired us up, however, and we dashed out, determined to wrest control of the game from our rivals. Sample Sentences Use the new words in the following sentences. 1. With the help of his brothers he was able to __________ the leadership of the company from his partner. 2. Speaking in a monotone, the politician was booed for his __________ address. 3. In a __________ article, the drama critic slaughtered the hapless* actors. 4. I __________ spinach but I love other green vegetables. 5. When Ed arrived late, he knew that the grocer would __________ him. Definitions Match the new words with their dictionary definitions. 6. loathe 7. reprimand (v.) 8. lackluster 9. caustic 10. wrest ____ a. dull ____ b. to hate ____ c. sarcastic, biting ____ d. take by force ____ e. to show sharp disapproval Today's Idiom crocodile tearsinsincere tears (crocodiles were said to cry while eating their prey) When the football player broke his leg, his substitute wept crocodile......

Words: 125626 - Pages: 503

Premium Essay

Trfgsgfsds

...RELATIONSHIP COMMUNICATION SKILLS 243 242 Summary 245 Human Communication in Society Online 246 Key Terms 246 Apply What You Know 246 Explore 247 Types of Communication Roles 256 Leadership in Small Groups 260 VISUAL SUMMARY 10.1 Roles in Groups 261 Effective Small Group Communication 267 Groupthink 273 Technology and Group Communication 274 THE INDIVIDUAL, SMALL GROUP COMMUNICATION, AND SOCIETY ■ ETHICS AND SMALL GROUP COMMUNICATION 280 IMPROVING YOUR SMALL GROUP COMMUNICATION SKILLS 281 Summary 282 Human Communication in Society Online Key Terms 283 Apply What You Know 283 229 Did You Know? Preventing Sexual Coercion 238 Delivering Potentially Hurtful Messages 244 Alternative V I E W 277 Power and Group Communication 277 Cultural Diversity and Small Group Communication 277 Communication in Society Is Dating Dead? 248 THE IMPORTANCE OF SMALL GROUP COMMUNICATION 250 COMMUNICATING IN FRIENDSHIPS AND ROMANTIC RELATIONSHIPS 228 Initiating Relationships 228 Maintaining Relationships 230 Ending Relationships 232 Aversive Communication Behaviors in Relationships 234 xi An Evolutionary Theory of Relationship Development 224 Alternative V I E W Enough of the T-Word ■ 283 253 Did You Know? Leadership Is an Influence Relationship Handling Conflicts in Meetings 262 272 Procedures That Help Groups Agree 273 Communication in Society COINs: The Future of......

Words: 274706 - Pages: 1099

Premium Essay

Damsel

.................................................................................................................. 40 Emergency loans ........................................................................................................... 40 Personal financial counselling........................................................................................ 40 7.6 Scholarships .................................................................................................................. 41 7.6.1 Entrance scholarships (application required) ............................................................. 41 7.6.2 Awards of Recognition (no application required) ........................................................ 41 7.6.3 Global Leadership Award for International Students (application required) ................ 41 7.6.4 Project Hero Scholarship (application required) ......................................................... 41 7.6.5 In-course scholarships ............................................................................................... 41 Section 8: Student Services ................................................................................................ 43 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 Introduction.................................................................................................................... 43 First-year student support .............................................................................................. 43......

Words: 195394 - Pages: 782

Free Essay

Stars Without Number

...implies that the character might be lumbering, fumble-fingered, or two steps behind everyone else when surprised. Constitution Hardihood, stamina, and the ability to withstand pain, sickness, and injury. High Constitution indicates a character that can take a lot of abuse before keeling over, whether or not they have an impressive musculature. Low Constitution might mean a persistent sickliness, a sedentary lifestyle, or just a low pain threshold. Charisma 10 Physical might and ability to carry heavy loads. Characters with high Strength are fearsome in hand-tohand combat, smashing through enemy defenses with brute force, while those with low Strength might be puny, unathletic, or small-framed. Charm, persuasiveness, and capacity for leadership. Not every high-Charisma character is handsome or beautiful, but all of them have a way of making others take them seriously. Whether through natural charm or an imposing presence, people tend to believe and trust them. Characters with low Charisma have a hard time getting others to respect them. Even genuine skills and talents tend to be discounted. Choosing a Character Class Once attributes are rolled, you should pick a class. A class represents your character’s general set of aptitudes, those talents and training that make him exceptionally suited for the hazards of interstellar adventure. You may choose one of three classes: Expert, Psychic, or Warrior. Every class has two attributes which are prime requisites. These are......

Words: 143564 - Pages: 575

Free Essay

The Astrology

...The New Astrology by SUZANNE WHITE Copyright © 1986 Suzanne White. All rights reserved. 2 Dedication book is dedicated to my mother, Elva Louise McMullen Hoskins, who is gone from this world, but who would have been happy to share this page with my courageous kids, April Daisy White and Autumn Lee White; my brothers, George, Peter and John Hoskins; my niece Pamela Potenza; and my loyal friends Kitti Weissberger, Val Paul Pierotti, Stan Albro, Nathaniel Webster, Jean Valère Pignal, Roselyne Viéllard, Michael Armani, Joseph Stoddart, Couquite Hoffenberg, Jean Louis Besson, Mary Lee Castellani, Paula Alba, Marguerite and Paulette Ratier, Ted and Joan Zimmermann, Scott Weiss, Miekle Blossom, Ina Dellera, Gloria Jones, Marina Vann, Richard and Shiela Lukins, Tony Lees-Johnson, Jane Russell, Jerry and Barbara Littlefield, Michele and Mark Princi, Molly Friedrich, Consuelo and Dick Baehr, Linda Grey, Clarissa and Ed Watson, Francine and John Pascal, Johnny Romero, Lawrence Grant, Irma Kurtz, Gene Dye, Phyllis and Dan Elstein, Richard Klein, Irma Pride Home, Sally Helgesen, Sylvie de la Rochefoucauld, Ann Kennerly, David Barclay, John Laupheimer, Yvon Lebihan, Bernard Aubin, Dédé Laqua, Wolfgang Paul, Maria José Desa, Juliette Boisriveaud, Anne Lavaur, and all the others who so dauntlessly stuck by me when I was at my baldest and most afraid. Thanks, of course, to my loving doctors: James Gaston, Richard Cooper, Yves Decroix, Jean-Claude Durand, Michel Soussaline and...

Words: 231422 - Pages: 926

Premium Essay

Project Management

...to Text Topics Chapter 1 Modern Project Management Chapter 8 Scheduling resources and cost 1.2 Project defined 1.3 Project management defined 1.4 Projects and programs (.2) 2.1 The project life cycle (.2.3) App. G.1 The project manager App. G.7 Political and social environments F.1 Integration of project management processes [3.1] 6.5.2 Setting a schedule baseline [8.1.4] 6.5.3.1 Setting a resource schedule 6.5.2.4 Resource leveling 7.2 Setting a cost and time baseline schedule (1.3.5) [8.1.3] 6.5.2.3 Critical chain method Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Reducing Project Duration Leadership Chapter 2 Organization Strategy and Project Selection 1.4 Projects and programs (.2) 1.4.1 Managing the portfolio 1.4.3 Strategy and projects 2.3 Stakeholders and review boards 12.1 RFP’s and vendor selection (.3.4.5) 11.2.2.6 SWAT analysis 6.5.2.7 Schedule compression 9.4.2.5 Leadership skills G.1 Project leadership 10.1 Stakeholder management Chapter 11 Teams Chapter 3 Organization: Structure and Culture 2.4.1 Organization cultures [G.7] 2.4.2 Organization structure [9.1.3] 9.1.1 Organization charts 1.4.4 Project offices Chapter 4 9.2 Building the team (.1.3) & [3.5.3] [App G.2 Building teams] 9.4 Managing the team 9.3.2 Team building activities 9.2.4 Virtual teams 9.3.3.1 Team performance [9.4.2.2] 9.4.2.3 Conflict management 9.3.2.6 Recognition and awards Defining the Project 4.1 Project charter 5.1 Gather requirements 5.2 Defining scope 5.3 Creating a......

Words: 296394 - Pages: 1186