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Job Analysis Examination

In: Business and Management

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Running header: Job Analysis Methods

Examination of different methods utilized to create a comprehensive job analysis, including advantages and disadvantages of all approaches.

There are several methods that can be utilized to create a comprehensive job analysis. A job analysis provides a better understanding of the positions within an organization, which will allow the recruitment process to be more focused, consistent and thorough. The first method that can be employed to create an effective job analysis is the Critical Incidents Technique. This technique identifies circumstances that arise in a current position, what action was taken, and the consequences of the action, to identify the effective and ineffective behaviors in job performance. These critical situations are documented by interviewing former jobholders, supervisors, or by reviewing documents and logs from the job. Job duties are examined, and then critical incidents are identified to determine poor or good performance issues related to a specific job requirement. This technique is useful for covering job events that may not be covered in a general job description. Identifying atypical circumstances that may arise in a position can aid in finding a candidate that would be an ideal fit. Reviewing these critical incidents also enable the recruitment process to be shaped to include more pointed questions on how a particular candidate would handle a realistic situation that they may be presented with (Phillips & Gully, 2009, p. 91). Another method used to create a job analysis is called the Job Element Method. This method identifies characteristics that successful workers currently have, which are then used to identify and attain talent with similar qualities that would likely to...

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