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Job Costing

In: Business and Management

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Job Costing

Job costing is a technique used where jobs are performed to meet the customer’s standards. It usually involves accounting for indirect and direct costs. For example, In a situation where you surveyed a week in business operations in what had looked like to be a busy week, but then the next day a bookkeeper shows a report that says the business lost money. One report says that integrators as a cohort are improving at estimating the materials side of job costing, but as jobs change and become more difficult, they tend to get the time and labor estimates wrong. They call it “scope-creep,” which the company adds time to projects like safety training, that wasn’t on the original time to be budgeted.
Spencer Bullins says that labor projections are the most difficult part of job costing because after estimating labor costs coming in they have to protect them from things that change during jobs. Commercial integrators tend to use software for job costing, but most of the time it’s programs like Excel and/or Quickbooks. These programs are too generic to generate labor values and establishing workflows. For instance, people that use these programs can do job costing effectively. For example, for the past twenty years, Ray Bailey has been using a system that uses Microsoft Excel that attaches nine labor categories to a single part. The categories range from opening, packing, installing, and cleaning products. Also, if the company has a twenty four floor building they also have a section for elevator wait time (Daley, 2011).
Some times job costing can be difficult. At times contractors may not track job costs effectively. Contractors get confused by tracking dollars instead of labor hours. If this happens, they will not be able to have the right information to predict the cost of large projects, complete the projects on time, encourage employees to work...

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