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Job Design

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MOI UNIVERSTY MAIN CAMPUS
SCHOOL OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
COURSE: ORGANIZATION BEHAVIOUR
COURSE CODE: CMM 212
NAME: MWANGI D. NDERITU
REG: BJC/47/15
INSTRUCTOR: MR. CHEMAI
DATE: 29th MARCH 2017

Job Design
Discuss how job design affects employee motivation in an organization
There has been an assumption that pay is the most motivator of work. However, as much as pay is a motivator, how a job is designed is has a significant impact on employee motivation, job satisfaction, employee citizenship, commitment to the organization productivity and turnover. For this reason, managers most organizations are putting in place strategies geared towards motivating their employees. Through job design, organizations are now focusing on raising production levels by offering non-monetary rewards.
Job design envisages all the processes and strategies that an organization employs in deciding the contents of a job with regard to duties, the methods of carrying out the job and the relationship between the employees and their supervisors and fellow colleagues. Among the various techniques used in job design exercise are job simplification, job rotation, job enlargement and job enrichment.
Job Specialization
Job specialization entails breaking down jobs into simpler components and assigning them to employees so that each of them perform a certain number of repetitive tasks. From a motivational perspective, doing the same task(s) each now and then tends to be very boring due to their repetitive nature. Hence, this may encourage negative behaviors such as absenteeism. Eventually, this leads low productivity, In addition, the rapidly changing corporate environment demands employees modify their approach towards the demands the situation which makes job specialization.
Job rotation
Job rotation has come as a mitigation to job specialization. It entails assigning employee different...

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