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John Locke Chapter Summary

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To understand political power right, Locke explains how we must understand the state of all men; a state also of equality. In Book 2—Chapter 2 Of the State of Nature, Locke begins to explain that all men live in a state of perfect power, equality and freedom. Men are all born naturally equal in the same state, where no one has power or privilege over another. Their actions and behaviors cannot be bound by other men. Locke states that the only time a man should obey authority and obedience, is in the presence of God; God is allowed to bequeath some dominance in power of man. He then goes to quote Richard Hooker— an influential Anglican Theologian—who writes that men crave things that satisfy them, such as affection. If they crave these things …show more content…
Considering whether natural rights (rights granted to humans by God) is an acceptable approach to rights, is the first mistake Locke makes. However, during the ‘Lockean era’, this theory had a certain appeal to American views and perspectives. Involving God as an approach, no longer holds much weight nowadays. Locke states,“Though the earth, and all inferior creatures, be common to all men, yet every man has a property in his own person: this nobody has any right to but himself. The labour of his body, and the work of his hands, we may say, are properly his. Whatsoever then he removes out of the state that nature hath provided, and left it in, he hath mixed his labour with, and joined to it something that is his own, and thereby makes it his property,” (Locke Sec. 27 Pg. 504). While natural rights are apart of private property, they are no longer a part of nature once they become such. It is ironic that Locke states that property rights do exist in nature but is not a result of the social contract, which brings man out of nature and into ordered society. This proves that Locke is struggling to uphold his initial argument.
Locke's view on property, implies that property has a higher priority over society. Yes, society is important but property is approved by heavenly power. His very argument for private property as a natural right, weakens his statement by highlighting a weakness in his state of nature. This makes John Locke's views seem hypocritical because it idealizes personal liberty, but in a way slavery becomes morally acceptable even though he thinks property is an extension of human labor. Moreover, property is a part of universal human rights, so this theory it is essentially

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