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Josephs Story

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Submitted By nungaray971
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Case Study: Josephs Story
B. Assuming Joseph’s heart has stopped, what cellular processes and membrane functions are going to be affected by the loss of oxygen, blood glucose, and waste removal? The body needs the heart to always keep pumping, this is a vital part of the entire human body. When the heart stops cellular process is affected. All cells are burning up ATP. Carbon dioxide is building up in the cells and PH levels aren’t balanced. Glucose is needed to start the process for the glycolysis and oxygen is needed for mitochondria. Carbon dioxide is the byproduct and needs to be released. So the cells will begin to die and all transport pumps will come to a halt. Cells begin leaking, Na is leaking into cells and potassium is leaks out. The body’s cells will die if ATP cannot be sustained.
C. Which Intracellular organelles have membranes included in their structure? How would the breakdown of the membranes of these structures affect the function of Joseph’s heart cells? Every intracellular organelle has membranes, with ATPase’s transferring calcium from the cytosol to the endoplasmic reticulum in cardiac muscle cells. Without the membrane the levels would just rise without channels in the membrane to regulate them causing an overload that would attack cytoskeleton. If the structure is broke down the hearts function is affected. Calcium and ATP will stop moving calcium from cytosol into ER of the heart muscle cells. The buildup of calcium causes protease to spill into the cells. The enzymes will bond inside vesicles and the plasma membrane will be digested.
D. Two important pieces of information the instructions Joseph’s body needs to repair itself and his predisposition for vascular disease are both contained within the cell on which structures? Predisposition means that Joseph had inherited vascular disease. This is in his DNA which is in...

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