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Juvenile Crime Paper Final Essay

In: Social Issues

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Juvenile Crime
Jacqueline Allen
CJS200
June 9, 2013
Charles Musselwhite

Abstract

Juvenile crime is a crime committed by minors (juveniles) younger than the statutory adult age. In most of the legal systems there are specific procedures followed when dealing with minor offenders, such as juvenile detention centers, boot camps, etc. This paper will attempt to create a better understanding of the offenses, the causes, and the procedures to deal with the criminal behavior of juveniles. In addition this paper will project ideas to reduce the criminal behavior of these minor’s through intervention and preventative measures.

Juvenile Crime

Each state has its own trenchant juvenile justice system with its own practices and laws. There are however broad underlying opinion that separates the juvenile justice system from the criminal justice system.
The fundamental rationalization of the juvenile court system is that youth are developmentally different from adults and that they are susceptible of being lead or directed. Because of this pliant behavior the justice system feels that rehabilitation and treatment, with the addition of community protection are very feasible goals.
In the adult court the defendant is provided greater Constitutional rights than are available in the juvenile court. An example of this is the criminal defendant has a right to a trial by a judge or a jury of their peers. A minor does not have that right; their fate is decided by a juvenile court judge as to their guilt and what sentence will be handed down. The terminology is different for juvenile court where the minor is considered a respondent, in adult court he is the defendant.
The outcome of the trial in criminal court is known as the verdict, in the juvenile court it is adjudication. Sentencing options in adult court are based on the state or federal statutes. For example a

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