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Causes of Deliquency Essay
Heather Ross

CRJ340 Juvenile Deliquency
Dr. George Ackerman
August 10, 2014 Siegmund Feud as well as Bowlby and Ainsworth, Glueck and Glueck all developed Attachment theories connecting delinquency to early childhood detachments from parents, or difficulties that were not conquered during childhood. These theories surmise that there is a connection between personality formation in childhood and that of subsequent criminal behavior. Freud believed that mental disturbances triggered by dissention between the id, ego and superego influence criminality – or inappropriate fixations during one of the stages of development. The id is a part of the unconscious that holds all the urges, impulses including the libido. The id limits response to the pleasure principle – meaning if it feels good do it – and does not respond to anything else – it is like a “devil” on a person’s shoulder goading them to do the wrong thing. The ego is the solitary part of the conscious personality. The awareness of when a person thinks about themselves and what they try to project to others is their ego. It is dominated by the reality principle and acts as a perpetual mediator to demands of the id and prohibitions of the superego. The superego is a part of the unconscious that is the “angel” on a person’s shoulder acting as the voice of conscience and also the origin of self-criticism. Freud suggested that we go through several stages of development that are motivated by our sexual desires. A lack in progression during the stages of development in childhood can result in personality defects that turn into criminality. Bowlby (1947) researched juvenile delinquency and revealed a link between infants that had lost contact or experienced separation with their natural mother were more likely to become delinquent during their teenage years. Comparably,

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